rene brakels

rene brakels

Waterford, CT


The historical expansion and densification of Leiden in the 20th and 21st century.

This research of over 50 pages is an elaborate historical urban analysis of Leiden. As of 1896 Leiden has grown exponentially outside of its city limits. How/why did these expansions happen and why do they look the way they do. 

After 1896 there are 5 clearly different architectural styles visible. The most obvious urban changes have been the post 2nd World War area in the South West, the brainshaped area (Merenwijk) and the self-build area (Nieuw Leyden).

The conclusions have helped me to understand the gradual historic formation of our cities and their neighborhoods in which we design buildings.

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Status: School Project
Location: Leiden, NL