Nissen Richards Studio

Nissen Richards Studio

London, GB

All images by Gareth Gardner
All images by Gareth Gardner
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Nissen Richards Studio re-imagines Wordsworth's Dove Cottage

As part of Reimagining Wordsworth, the 2020 celebrations of the 250th anniversary of the birth of the great English Romantic poet, William Wordsworth, Wordsworth Grasmere has unveiled the first phase of a re-imagined visitor journey at Dove Cottage, Wordsworth’s former Lake District home. The newly-expanded Museum on the site, showcasing many of Wordsworth’s original manuscripts, will open in spring 2021 in a second phase of the project. Exhibition design and interpretative overview throughout is by Nissen Richards Studio whilst, in a separate commission, Nissen Richards Studio has also created a new Wordsworth Grasmere identity, encompassing all aspects of the site under the aegis of its governing charitable body, The Wordsworth Trust.

Reimagining Wordsworth is a celebration of people, poetry and place, of great literature, created by remarkable people in an inspirational landscape. By reimagining who we are, what we do and what we offer, we are bringing Wordsworth’s story into the 21st century and reaching out to a broader audience. Our new name – Wordsworth Grasmere – reflects this transformation, and the fundamental importance of our location’, Michael McGregor, Director of The Wordsworth Trust commented.

The Wordsworth Trust and Dove Cottage

The Wordsworth Trust was originally set up in the late 19th century, when Dove Cottage, William Wordsworth’s home from 1799 -1808, came up for sale. The cottage has always been associated with Wordsworth, as the place he wrote his most famous poems. The poet also lived in several other Cumbrian locations, including Cockermouth, where he was born in 1770; Allan Bank near Grasmere, where he moved directly after Dove Cottage and Rydal Mount near Ambleside, where Wordsworth lived from 1813 up until his death in 1850 at the age 80.

The Scope of Works

When Dove Cottage was originally purchased, the on-site museum was located within a single room of the cottage. More land and buildings were subsequently acquired and the site now encompasses Dove Cottage, the Museum and the Jerwood Centre, created at the turn of the millennium and housing a world-class collection of Wordsworth manuscripts - as well as a number of supporting buildings, gardens and a car park.

The Museum, located in a former coach house, will re-open in phase two of the project. Nissen Richards Studio has created the interpretative approach that has shaped the site and the exhibition design throughout. The overall brief to Nissen Richards Studio was to create Wordsworth Grasmere’s new exhibition design and interpretation, wayfinding and signage, including some elements of interior design, as well as branding, graphics and the art-direction of most of the project’s AV elements, including films by renowned documentary-maker Nick Street and sound designs by specialist sound designer Carolyn Downing.

The new wayfinding system devised by Nissen Richards Studio for the site uses panels of local slate, with slate-clad metal frames for larger, freestanding pieces. The wayfinding wording is an etched and ink-filled graphic in a Soleil Regular typeface, accompanied where necessary by images from a grid of consistent and easily-comprehensible pictograms. These will allow instant interpretation by the hugely-international range of visitors Wordsworth Grasmere attracts, with the pictograms indicating, for example, visiting times, walking distances, closed areas and rain- and sunshine-friendly paths.

The Refurbishment of Dove Cottage

A number of changes had been made to Dove Cottage since Wordsworth’s time, incorporating both furniture from later in his life and a number of fitted fixtures from a later period. Part of the new project’s scope was to strip back any furniture that felt out of place in order to create a more honest treatment for the Grade-I-listed cottage.

Our approach to the design’, Nissen Richards Studio Director Pippa Nissen explained, ‘was not to replicate the original state, but to intimate and evoke its past history. New furniture, commissioned from local craftsmen with specialist historic knowledge, has been built in the style of the period and now sits alongside real, surviving furniture. An object-based treatment – including a wonderful resource from the period in the form of Dorothy Wordsworth’s Grasmere journal – has been combined with film and sound design commissions to suggest a lived-in and humble home, where extraordinary writing took place.’

Nissen Richards Studio’s interpretational approach was to create a film that visitors see first, in which the cottage is full of life, working with film-maker Nick Street. This kicks off the visitor journey in the old stables, just before entry to the cottage, and sets the stage. The film ensures that visitors’ minds are full of images already as they explore the cottage further and the film also influenced the approach to the refurbishment of the cottage, which represents moments from another time, but has also been designed in fragments to allow the visitors’ imagination to fill the gaps. As visitors move to the upstairs rooms, this changes further to allow for more discussion before they transition out into the garden.

The ground floor of the cottage is made up of three main rooms – the downstairs lodging room, back kitchen and the main kitchen, a busy and domestic family space, where, increasingly, thinking and writing happened as time went on, although Wordsworth wrote in the majority of rooms in the house at some stage. The back kitchen and pantry are filled with cooking jars and the kind of foods that would have been used at the time.

‘The concept is for visitors to explore the cottage using all their senses’, Elin Simonsson, Head of Interpretation at Nissen Richards Studio explained, ‘effectively becoming ‘Wordsworthian’ as they pass through the space, walking where William and Dorothy walked, sitting where they sat, ascending the same staircase, seeing through the same windows. The house doesn’t feel like a polished historic house setting, but rather a home that is lived in. All around are the traces of human life: a book left open on a table; an open journal; unfolded letters; a chair set at an angle; leftover crumbs on a plate – even dishes next to the sink. We really want visitors to feel a connection with the Wordsworths from the moment they enter Dove Cottage.’

Sound designer Carolyn Downing has created a soundscape for the scheme that reverberates all around the ground floor, breathing life into the home and creating a sense of the real lives lived here. As the visitor proceeds, they hear subtle snatched sounds, as if from the next room or coming in through the window, creating a rich picture of everyday life and including children playing and muffled conversations, utilising a variety of voices and local accents.

‘Carolyn’s beautiful and sophisticated patchwork of sounds has been carefully programmed and balanced so that visitors won’t hear the same thing in the same way twice’, Pippa Nissen commented. ‘The sounds, which also include running water or a floor being brushed, recorded in the cottage, offer further textured fragments and complement the earlier film experience perfectly.’

This impressionistic sense of the house and its history is built on further as visitors go upstairs and discover the first objects on display, including a journal belonging William’s beloved sister, diarist, poet and writer Dorothy Wordsworth, in the sitting room, where furniture also includes an original sofa and chair from the Wordsworths’ tenure (either at this or a later home). The various objects were acquired by The Wordsworth Trust with Nissen Richards Studio working on their staging, creating ‘cluster stories’ to serve as conversation points for the Dove Cottage guides. Dorothy’s journal, for example, sits within a writing desk designed by Nissen Richards Studio, which opens to reveal the journal’s showcase.

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Status: Built
Location: Grasmere, GB
Firm Role: Interpretation, Exhibition Design, Identity Design
Additional Credits: Introductory film: Nick Street
Sound designer: Carolyn Downing
Basebuild architect: Purcell