M-Rad Inc.

M-Rad Inc.

Los Angeles, CA


Fresh Hills on Freshkills | 2nd Place Winning Entry


As we approach Fresh Hills the undulating mounds look to be natural elements growing

from the earth. The closer we get, however, it is clear this structure, like the mounds below it,
are not native to Fresh Kills. Its form rests lightly on the existing topography and creates
definition across the expansive horizon. It caresses the East mound creating a seamless
integration between utility scale energy harnessing and a program filled landscape. It creates a
harmonious relationship between earth and wind.

Fresh Hills is a remedy for the typical turbine farm that so often isolates the landscape
and deters communities from engaging the space. The artificial landscape reaches upward
towards levels of increased energy potential. The points of lift reach higher at latitudes where
more predominant wind speeds and duration exist. It is a direct relationship between energy
and land. The apparatus is generated from the grafting of Fresh Kills windrose data onto the
site, creating a seamless exchange between the site specific data and the structure used to
harness that information. The project is site specific but the scheme can transcend the global

The apparatus supports the wind turbines while also acting as a buffer that redirects and
dissipates airflow towards the turbines vortex. The expansive surface area at the mouth of the
mounds funnels wind towards the turbine and takes advantage of the fluid dynamic nature of
airflow as a low pressure system is created on the other side of each mound in the central hub.
As a result, visitors are cradled by a pastoral central plaza that they enter between any two
energy generating turbine structures. As if standing at the eye of a storm, the central hub
becomes a place to gather, reflect, play and explore. At the same time, the hub acts as a
departure point guiding the user through its valleys to the extending vista platforms. The
platforms set up a relationship between the user and the park as they reach out to frame the
surrounding context. As site lines extend beyond the immediate park all the way to the
Manhattan skyline, a richer meaning to the history of Fresh Kills transpires. Fresh Hills is more
than a CO2 filtering, energy generating landscape; Fresh Hills is a beacon tuned to its specific
frequency. It illustrates to the world what the future of Fresh Kills stands for and delivers a
promise for a healthier future. It is a symbol that people will recognize, learn from, and interact
with for many years to come.

FRESH materials
The bamboo forest sits at the centre of Fresh Hills where the native plants will not risk being
damaged and the bamboo will be shielded by the surrounding mounds. The forest will provide
an onsite maintenance solution to the skin of Fresh Hills and will reduce the post production
embodied energy of the structure in use by more than 50% as it sequesters greenhouse gases
and reduces need for transportation and manufacturing. As the bamboo skin weathers, the
damaged areas will be replaced by the on-site bamboo crop. This cyclical nature considers
the long-term future of the Fresh Hills and significantly reduces emissions and material
transportation needed in normal upkeep. The Fargesia Rufa bamboo (a strong bamboo in
winter seasons) and the Moso (a bamboo species with the tensile strength of steel and a load-
bearing capacity three times that of modern wooden structural materials) will be planted and
harvested every three to five years. The initial supply of bamboo will be provided by Southern
Bamboo in Jackson Mississippi, while further outreach will look to local educational institutions
for involvement in the development of the Fresh Hills bamboo forest. Due to the foundation

constrictions of the site, bamboo is an ideal material for Fresh Hills as it provides strength
while resting lightly on the recycled aluminum space frame and shallow concrete footings. The
footings remain shallow due to their extensive surface area that follows the contours of the
apparatus and rests on individual concrete pads below each turbine rack.

Fresh Hills will work closely with Klaus Lackner of Columbia University to incorporate CO2
scrubbers. The scrubbers will attach to the back of the turbine rack and filter the funneling air,
working to remove 1 tonne of CO2 from it every day. The CO2 is absorbed by chemical filters
and then collected via a plastic sheet which will be housed and easily accessible by engineers
and maintenance staff under the same bamboo shell as the turbines and converters. Fresh Hills
will absorb the average annual amount of one American persons CO2 consumption every day,
and will remove 7,280 tonnes of CO2 annually.

Read more

Status: Competition Entry
Location: Fresh Kills, NY, US
Firm Role: Principle Designer
Additional Credits: Emmy Maruta, Robbie Eleazer, Matt Melnyk of Nous Engineering