Archinect - Marija Brdarski Travel Blog 2024-02-21T11:10:33-05:00 Podgorica, Montenegro_ Mora&#269;a Sport and Recreation Center mbrdarski 2010-07-28T15:58:59-04:00 >2018-12-16T15:46:59-05:00 <p>Podgorica, Montenegro_ Mora&#269;a Sport and Recreation Center <br> Architect: Predrag Dmitrovi&#263;<br> Date: 1979<br><br> The Mora&#269;a Sport and Recreation Center, Mora&#269;a referring to a nearby river , is composed of two major halls, one an indoor athletic stadium opening up towards a post-war neighborhood, while the other hall containing two public pools bows down to the river&rsquo;s edge. <br><br> The two objects, formally different with some reference to Saarinen&rsquo;s Hockey Ring, both rely on the structure of the roof to create grandiose interior spaces with a unique exterior presence. The objects align linearly and mingle under the canopy of a patio strengthening the dominant axis and providing a perpendicular axis from one side of the complex to the parking. <br><br> Unfortunately, the recreational facilities of the complex were short lived when an earthquake damaged the water facilities for the pools. The damage was too complicated to resolve and the pool remains off limits to this day.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> View of complex from nearby br...</p> Sarajevo, Bosnia & Hercegovina_Museum of the Revolution mbrdarski 2010-07-23T15:42:29-04:00 >2011-09-30T06:22:58-04:00 <p>Sarajevo, Bosnia &amp; Hercegovina_Museum of the Revolution <br> Architects: Boris Magas and Edo Smidhen<br> Date: 1963<br><br> The ground and the sky materialize to form two large volumes; a plinth below and a large marble box above. The two sections are kept apart by a glazed wrapping moving in-between the volumes around their corners and continuing on away from the street. <br><br> The large cantilever of the museum&rsquo;s top volume extends far enough to block most of the direct light from entering the middle zone. The ambiance of the interior vestibule and entrance gallery smoothly transition out towards the exterior courtyard. The main gallery space located in the top volume is lit by overhead sky lights - cameras were not allowed.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Museum alongside the street<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Museum entrance away from street<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Interior entrance gallery<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Interior view of main staircase from top gallery<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> View of exterior garden near entrance<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> View from courtyard above towards exterior staircase<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> View from courtyard towards the street<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Can...</p> Mostar, Bosnia & Hercegovina _ Department Store mbrdarski 2010-07-17T14:26:39-04:00 >2021-10-15T12:01:08-04:00 <p>Mostar, Bosnia &amp; Hercegovina _ Department Store<br> Architect: A. Paljaga<br> Date: 1970<br><br> On my way to Sarajevo, I decided to prolong my Dalmatian experience with stopovers in Dubrovnik and Mostar. Highlights of the cities include the well preserved 14th century Venetian Old Town and the 16th century &lsquo;Stari Most&rsquo; (Old Bridge), respectively. <br><br> During my visit to Mostar - completely unplanned -I came across the remains of the Department store Razvitak (architect A. Paljaga, 1970).<br><br> The store was damaged in the recent war and now stands in pretty bad shape; although with most of the shell in place, it&rsquo;s easy to see the resemblance to other department stores of the ex-YU regions - most notably the Department store in Osijek by Mihelic&#769;. Unlike the Osijek project, which uses aluminum panels to clad the exterior, this store is made up of unique concrete panels with intricate imagery molded into each panel. It&rsquo;s unclear if the intention was to develope some sort of holistic thematic narrative ...</p> Split, Croatia _ Gripe Sport Stadium mbrdarski 2010-07-17T09:37:44-04:00 >2011-09-30T06:22:58-04:00 <p>Split, Croatia _ Gripe Sport Stadium<br> Architect: Slavko Rozi&#263; and &#381;ivorad Jankovi&#263; <br> Date: 1979-80<br><br> To many the city of Split is known for its fragmented remains of what once was Diocletian&rsquo;s Palace (approx. 300AD), so it was with little surprise that on a sunny Dalmatian day in July the city bustles with tourists. A few minutes walk northeast of the old city walls, in a fairly busy intersection surrounded by neighborhood dwellings, lies the large sport complex Gripe - built for the 1979 Mediterranean Games. <br><br> I approached the large winding staircase leading to the main building with intrigue. I&rsquo;m not sure if I was first blinded by the blazing white plaster and tile or the excessive signage or it could just be the scale - but whatever it was, this complex felt a little alien and I liked it. It feels like a strange foreign object perched atop a hill with accordion type arms laid out on the sloping terrain forming strange figural staircases. There is an incredibly large amount of open...</p> Dalmatia, Croatia mbrdarski 2010-07-07T17:27:45-04:00 >2011-09-30T06:22:58-04:00 <p>After Ljubljana I took an overnight bus back to Croatia, this time I headed down south towards the Dalmatian Coast. Although I have just one project to visit, I decided to mark this halfway point in my travels with a break to re-fuel. I am currently spending a couple of weeks exploring and enjoying the region. <br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> View from my balcony towards the old town of Pirovac.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> View of Pirovac.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Streets of &Scaron;ibenik.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Some of the heads of the citizens of old &Scaron;ibenik on the front of The Cathedral of St. Jakov, 1402-1555.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> A small plaza infront of a church in &Scaron;ibenik.</p> Ljubljana, Slovenia_ Ple&#269;nik and Ravinkar mbrdarski 2010-07-05T09:01:10-04:00 >2011-09-30T06:22:58-04:00 <p>My trip to Ljubljana would not be complete without a visit to some of Jo&#382;e Ple&#269;nik&rsquo;s projects. Below are a few photographs of Ple&#269;nik&rsquo;s Library and some additional projects by his student Edvard Ravinkar. One needs only to look at the fa&ccedil;ade to see the influence of Ple&#269;nik on Ravinkar.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Ple&#269;nik&rsquo;s National and University Library, 1936-41.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Ple&#269;nik&rsquo;s National and University Library, 1936-41.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Ple&#269;nik&rsquo;s National and University Library, 1936-41.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Ravnikar's Ferantov Vrt. (housing) 1964-75.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Ravnikar's Ferantov Vrt. (housing) 1964-75.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Ravnikar's Ferantov Vrt. (housing) 1964-75.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Ravnikar's Petrol Station. 1968-69.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> View of Ravnikar's Petrol Station in beyond from Miheli&#269;'s Station. 1968-69.<br><br><br></p> Ljubljana, Slovenia_ Clinical Centre mbrdarski 2010-07-05T08:33:25-04:00 >2011-09-30T06:22:58-04:00 <p>Ljubljana, Slovenia_ Clinical Centre<br> Architect: Stanko Kirstl<br> Date: 1968-77<br><br> I had no idea that the cobblestone circle motif molded in the pavement or the long bands of pale orange concrete panels cladding the hospital were going to reoccur so many times. After a few hours of carefully observing the campus I come to a realization that Kristl&rsquo;s Centre is the project that then later additions would model their design after. It&rsquo;s amazing to see a new wing of the complex being raised with the exact same pale orange panel, the same long bands of floor to ceiling windows and the same terraced truncated ends, but almost 40 years after Kristl's original design was executed.<br><br> While one side of the block is made up of large cranes, temporary parking lots, dusty streets and all the activities that go along with a construction site, the opposite end houses Kristl&rsquo;s design. A long concrete carpet moves from the street and pushes back to the main entrance. The procession leads past the openness...</p> Ljubljana, Slovenia_ Gas Station mbrdarski 2010-06-25T17:17:19-04:00 >2011-09-30T06:22:58-04:00 <p>Ljubljana, Slovenia_ Gas Station<br> Architect: Milan Miheli&#269;<br> Date: 1968<br><br> This little intervention was at one point an active gas station, but today just sits, tucked in the corner of a curved section of the street, surrounded by two much larger buildings. The ornate flowering of the column is hardly experienced from the street. You must come to the structure to witness the beautiful underbelly of the roof. <br><br> The red and white coats of paint illuminate the ceiling and reveal the subtle slippage of the canopy above the thin bar of functional space. Imagine being welcomed by this when you pulled into a gas station!<br><br> Today, in this context, the distressed details and the faded pallet of an aging city absorb the pavilion into a grim alcove of shaded parking. What do the cards have in store for a used petrol station?<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> View across the street towards the station.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Moving closer to the station from the adjacent building complex.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Underneath the canopy.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Detail of the column.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Detail of the co...</p> Maribor, Slovenia_ Social Housing Jem&#269;ev vrt mbrdarski 2010-06-25T17:11:42-04:00 >2011-09-30T06:22:58-04:00 <p>Maribor, Slovenia_ Social Housing Jem&#269;ev vrt<br> Architect: Borut Pe&#269;enko<br> Date: 1972-75<br><br> After a few short hours, the slow rhythm of northern Croatia&rsquo;s patchy landscape quickly crescendos into a field of mountains and valleys declaring the entrance into Slovenia. Maribor is the second largest city in Slovenia and only fifteen minutes south of the Austrian border. The city is located in a small valley surrounded by beautiful vineyards and mountains. Pe&#269;enko&rsquo;s takes advantage of the surroundings by citing the housing complex on a corner facing towards the distant town center and alongside the road to the vineyards. Announcing the presence of the neighborhood to the community buildings in its vicinity, the projects breaks down into a series of ascending and descending parts, with the highest building in the corner chamfering the sidewalk and providing a nice cove for a caf&eacute;.<br><br> While the corner both invites and protects the neighborhood beyond, the two arms extend out and stretch past the ...</p> Zagreb, Croatia_Workers Open University mbrdarski 2010-06-25T17:07:28-04:00 >2011-09-30T06:22:58-04:00 <p>Zagreb, Croatia_Workers Open University,<br> Architects: Ninoslav Ku&#269;an and Radovan Nik&scaron;i&#263;<br> Date: 1961<br><br> It&rsquo;s a shame how dreary buildings appear on a stormy afternoon, and how cumbersome the camera feels between cold fingers. A few minutes down the busy street from the Zagrep&#269;anka, past the 1950s neighborhood and across the street from a contemporary glass catastrophe of a complex is the public university. <br><br> Walking closer to the entrance, a long skinny portico extends past the floating mass - yes, the building floats- to unwind and prolong the procession from the corner of the block to the front door. I walk around the complex attempting to miraculously capture &ldquo;the shot&rdquo;, however that building that I saw in a photograph, that building that I am attempting to capture is lost amongst the shrubs and the trees. What lies before me are small stills, fragments of weathered marble and stained steel revealing connections, openings and reflections of the surrounding neighborhood. <br><br> I walk in...</p> Zagreb, Croatia_ Zagrep&#269;anka Business Complex mbrdarski 2010-06-20T17:12:36-04:00 >2011-09-30T06:22:58-04:00 <p>Zagreb, Croatia_ Zagrep&#269;anka Business Complex<br> Architect: Slavko Jelinek and Berislav Vinkovi&#263;<br> Date: 1976<br><br> About a 40 minute walk southwest of Trg Jela&#269;i&#263;a - Trg Jela&#269;i&#263;a is an area of Zagreb where the upper town approximately meets the lower town - is the business complex Zagrep&#269;anka. The complex consists of one building, a series of smaller buildings on one side, parking and a large sculpture. As I began my walk around the complex I was immediately wisped back to my fist impressions of Sava Center. Both projects announce the main entrance with a small plaza consisting of benches and a circular water feature. And in that moment, just like Sava Center, the plaza of the Zagrep&#269;anka remained still, empty and deserted. <br><br> As I made my way to the back of the complex I was amazed at the proximity of the tower to a neighborhood of large social housing bars. Zagrep&#269;anka&rsquo;s topographic difference between the main building and the street level must provide, or so I think, one solution for a ...</p> Zagreb, Croatia _Social/Housing Bank mbrdarski 2010-06-18T17:38:30-04:00 >2011-09-30T06:22:58-04:00 <p>Zagreb, Croatia _Social/Housing Bank<br> Architect: Ivan Vitic&#769;<br> Date:<br><br> I came across this project as I was walking around the city. I just arrived from the train station and decided to familiarize myself with the streets. Although I was not in search of this particular project, the wooden shutters caught my eye. After a quick look on the net, I learned that it is a National Bank Residential Block designed by the Croatian architect Ivan Vitic&#769;.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> View of housing looking up from the street.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Detail of windoww.</p> Novi Sad, Serbia_ Department Store mbrdarski 2010-06-18T17:16:29-04:00 >2011-09-30T06:22:58-04:00 <p>Novi Sad, Serbia_ Department Store<br> Architect: Milan Mihelic&#769;<br> Date: 1968-72<br><br> Novi Sad ,the capital of the Vojvodina province of Serbia, is located about an hour north of Belgrade. The city itself is organized with an older more historic city centre, which I found to be very active with colorful neo-classical facades, pedestrian streets and outdoor cafes. Moving outwards from the centre, Novi Sad grows both in street and building scale, most likely caused by the influence of the automobile. Mihelic&#769;&rsquo;s project is uniquely located at a point where the edge of the historic centre intersects with a major boulevard.<br><br> The proect's ground floor has access to a grocery store and a major department store, while the upper four floors house various commercial shops. It&rsquo;s comparable to a mall. I was immediately struck by the robust relief of the fa&ccedil;ade. Not only does the building turn the corner from a line of Neo-Classical street facades, but it moves to become integrated with various modern...</p> Belgrade, Serbia _ 25 May Sport Center mbrdarski 2010-06-15T16:37:39-04:00 >2011-09-30T06:22:58-04:00 <p>Belgrade, Serbia _ 25 May Sport Center<br> Architect: Ivan Antic&#769;<br> Date: 1971-74<br><br> I spent a little bit of time with this building. I will be back in Belgrade at the end of my travels, and hope to document the project a little more.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> View of Sportcenter from pedestrian walkway.<br></p> Belgrade, Serbia _ Congress Center Sava mbrdarski 2010-06-15T16:25:25-04:00 >2011-09-30T06:22:58-04:00 <p>Belgrade, Serbia _ Congress Center Sava <br> Architects: Stojan Maksimovic&#769;, Aleksandar Saletic&#769; <br> Date: 1976-77<br><br> I made my way through New Belgrade&rsquo;s many neighborhoods to find myself standing amongst taxi drivers , in the corner of the complex, amazed at the emptiness of the giant mega structure. For those of you not familiar with the project, the complex was designed to house and entertain guests coming to the area for various gatherings;meetings, confrences, performances, etc. It is made up of auditoriums and conferece rooms, a hotel and various small commercial shops providing various services for the complex. Anyway, I walked around the complex for a while taking in the various urban gestures. What appeared to be a street belonging to the city quickly became a raised entry platform for one wing of the building. Although the gestures appear very intentional, during my visit they were very inactive, with only one side branching out and stimulating pedestrian traffic from the freew...</p> Belgrade, Serbia_ Museum of Contemporary Art mbrdarski 2010-06-14T18:11:03-04:00 >2011-09-30T06:22:58-04:00 <p>Belgrade, Serbia_ Museum of Contemporary Art <br> Architects: Ivan Anti&#263; and Ivanka Raspopovi&#263;<br> Date: 1961-1963<br><br> The museum is located in the park region of U&scaron;&#263;e on the edge of New Belgrade. Although the museum is currently undergoing a renovation, I was able to see some of the larger sculptures in the park surrounding the main building. The proximity of the museum to a very active pedestrian river walk opens up part of the park to the Sava River towards Belgrades&rsquo; Kalemegdan Citadel - a fortress turned park, it is one of the oldest and , in my opinion, most beautiful parts of Belgrade. The structure is the only permanent built work in the park area and can be seen mingling with the tree canopies from Kalemegdan&lsquo;s many look out points.<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> View Across Sava River from Kalemegdan towards the Museum of Contemporary Art<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Close up of the Museum from across the river<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Museum of Contemporary Art<br><br><img src="" alt="image" name="image"><br> Museum of Contemporary Art</p> Brief Intro mbrdarski 2010-06-14T16:09:59-04:00 >2011-09-30T06:22:58-04:00 <p>The following blog is a glimpse of my travels throughout the ex-Yugoslav Republics. The documentation is part of a larger research agenda driven to uncover and examine the idiosyncrasies of the architecture that grew out of social modernism in Yugoslavia in the 60s and 70s. In the following months I will visit Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia &amp; Herzegovina, Slovenia, Montenegro and Macedonia to investigate the ways in which the architecture is informed by the historical, social and built domain of the preceding decades in Yugoslavia-i.e the relationship between the historic, &lsquo;regional&rsquo; city core, the post-war &lsquo;Yugoslavian&rsquo; new town, and increasingly &lsquo;iconic&rsquo; projects inserted amongst old and new. </p>