Archinect - News 2018-06-18T19:20:47-04:00 https://archinect.com/news/article/150069336/a-call-for-cities-to-own-the-curb-as-transit-startups-invade-the-streets A call for cities to own the curb as transit startups invade the streets Hope Daley 2018-06-15T17:14:00-04:00 >2018-06-15T17:14:58-04:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/39/39b5112a3b6e3c3dc18b038a2bef6a08.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>With more options that ever for getting around cities, and finite space, the question of how we use this infrastructure, and who controls it, is more important than ever. By regulating how these new transportation options evolve, cities can potentially bring about a more sustainable, multimodal, and less car-centric transit future.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Our city curbs are&nbsp;<a href="https://archinect.com/news/tag/347017/alternative-transportation" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">transportation</a> battles for space in the <a href="https://archinect.com/news/tag/662208/traffic-flow" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"></a><a href="https://archinect.com/news/tag/662208/traffic-flow" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">flow of traffic</a>. While private tech <a href="https://archinect.com/news/tag/322618/startup" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">startups</a> are producing popular transportation solutions, such as Bird's electric scooters, the city is the one paying to build and maintain these public spaces. An upswing in dockless vehicles has far reaching potentials for cities to achieve sustainable goals, if they can reassert their ownership.&nbsp;</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150068984/lax-announces-consortium-to-build-its-new-4-9bn-monorail-system LAX announces consortium to build its new $4.9bn monorail system Alexander Walter 2018-06-13T14:03:00-04:00 >2018-06-14T18:17:48-04:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/51/51202611722fbb6a0216d240ad37e47b.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>Bombardier Rail Technologies, ACS Infrastructure Development, Balfour Beatty, Fluor Enterprises and HOCHTIEF PPP Solutions North America have all been chosen to deliver a $4.9bn project to design, build and install an automated people mover system at Los Angeles International Airport. [...] The system will run on a 3.6km elevated dual-lane guideway and will serve six newly-built stations, creating connections between the airport, public and private transportation, and a new car rental facility.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> https://archinect.com/news/article/150062806/lawsuit-over-reports-on-fiu-bridge-collapse-declared-confidential Lawsuit over reports on FIU bridge collapse declared confidential Hope Daley 2018-05-03T16:53:00-04:00 >2018-05-03T16:53:28-04:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/oz/ozfsurage0tzjn91.png?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>Nearly two months after a brand-new South Florida bridge collapsed onto a busy roadway &mdash; killing six people &mdash; the Florida Department of Transportation is still refusing to release documents that could shed light on the tragic accident. Now, the Miami Herald is taking the state to court. On Wednesday, the Herald filed suit against FDOT in Tallahassee's Leon County Circuit Court to compel the release of emails, meeting minutes and other records relating to the bridge's design and construction.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Just days before the <a href="https://archinect.com/news/article/150054717/new-fiu-bridge-collapses-in-miami-killing-several-people" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">FIU bridge collapsed</a>, cracks had been observed on the structure. A meeting was held by the university and the FDOT the morning of the collapse on whether these cracks were a safety risk. The Miami Herald requested records from that meeting and other documents, which have been deemed confidential by the&nbsp;National Transportation <a href="https://archinect.com/news/tag/79408/safety" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Safety</a> Board.&nbsp;</p> <p><br></p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150058688/this-online-street-designing-tool-streetmix-lets-you-play-urban-planner This online street designing tool, Streetmix, lets you play urban planner Mackenzie Goldberg 2018-04-06T13:58:00-04:00 >2018-04-06T13:58:06-04:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/k4/k4cbrl0npqd696ek.png?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><p><a href="https://streetmix.net" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Streetmix</a>&nbsp;is an online tool that lets you play with <a href="https://archinect.com/news/tag/659524/street-design" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">street design</a>, allowing you to widen sidewalks, add public transportation, move around bike lanes, and more. Created by&nbsp;a small team of fellows at Code for America, a non-profit dedicated to&nbsp;finding ways to apply modern technology practices to city governments, the app allows players to imagine their dream streets and partake in the urban design process.&nbsp;</p> <p>The idea came about when&nbsp;Lou Huang, back in 2013, attended a&nbsp;community meeting&nbsp;about redesigning a street in San Francisco.&nbsp;To help brainstorm ways of improving the corridor, planners handed out paper cutouts, allowing participants to visualize their ideas. Huang, who was an urban designer at the time, got the idea that this exercise would make for a great web-based application&nbsp;where citizens and planners&nbsp; alike can mockup city street designs.</p> <p>Streetmix lets users redesign a street by dragging elements around the screen. Through the online tool, users are able to edit and arrange ...</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150058175/what-it-means-to-add-20-000-waymo-self-driving-robot-taxis-to-america-s-roads What it means to add 20,000 Waymo self-driving robot taxis to America's roads Alexander Walter 2018-04-03T18:19:00-04:00 >2018-04-11T12:01:03-04:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/5k/5kaqbwh9lpulu9kt.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>On Tuesday, Waymo announced they&rsquo;d purchase 20,000 sporty, electric self-driving vehicles from Jaguar for the company&rsquo;s forthcoming ride-hailing service. [...] They estimate that the Jaguar fleet alone will be capable of doing a million trips each day in 2020. [...] if Waymo is even within 50 percent of that number in two years, the United States will have entered an entirely new phase in robotics and technology.</p></em><br /><br /><p>In his piece for <em>The Atlantic</em>, Alexis C. Madrigal looks beyond the technological and economic implications of Waymo's latest announcement to add 20,000 electric self-driving Jaguar I-Pace SUVs to its rapidly growing ride-hailing fleet by 2020 and instead think about the social (how comfortable/uncomfortable will we be around so many robots?), legal (what if a city wants to declare itself a "robocar-free zone"?), and urban planning effects (how will infrastructure redevelopment change our existing cities in the 21st century?).</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150057280/chicago-city-council-approves-8-5-billion-o-hare-airport-expansion Chicago city council approves $8.5 billion O'Hare airport expansion Alexander Walter 2018-03-29T13:35:00-04:00 >2018-03-29T13:36:16-04:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/x1/x180n028qzlue8ld.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>Chicago&rsquo;s City Council on Wednesday approved a multibillion-dollar expansion plan for O&rsquo;Hare International Airport, after an earlier dispute between the airport&rsquo;s two largest carriers had previously threatened to snarl the project.</p></em><br /><br /><p>"The city of Chicago entered into an agreement with carriers United Airlines, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines and Spirit Airlines for airport renovations that include expanding the airport&rsquo;s existing terminals and increasing the number and availability of some gates," <em>Reuters</em> reports.</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150055484/harvard-gsd-future-of-the-american-city-initiative-begins-in-miami-with-1-million-support-from-knight-foundation Harvard GSD "Future of the American City" initiative begins in Miami with $1 million support from Knight Foundation Hope Daley 2018-03-20T15:20:00-04:00 >2018-03-23T03:01:03-04:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/zy/zyuwspiuenvzm193.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><p>The "Future of the American City" initiative led by <a href="https://archinect.com/harvard" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Harvard Graduate University School of Design</a> will begin in <a href="https://archinect.com/news/tag/7094/miami" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Miami</a> with $1 million in support from the Knight Foundation. The project will engage Miami residents in creating new approaches to address pressing <a href="https://archinect.com/news/tag/444673/urban-issues" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">urban issues</a> including affordable housing, transportation, and sea level rise.&nbsp;</p> <p>With this funding Harvard GSD will send urban <a href="https://archinect.com/news/tag/15573/research" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">researchers</a> to Miami and Miami Beach to understand the city's strengths and challenges as part of a 3-year study towards building solutions. The initiative aims to help cities tackle sustainability and resiliency challenges beginning this spring.&nbsp;</p> <p>Building on the school&rsquo;s multi-disciplinary model, the effort will use architecture, landscape architecture, and urban planning and design to come up with efficient solutions that take into account community needs. This research can also be shared with cities across the nation facing similar challenges.&nbsp;</p> <p>Harvard GSD&rsquo;s upcoming Miami research will be phase one in...</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150051495/los-angeles-keeps-expanding-its-freeway-autopia Los Angeles keeps expanding its freeway "Autopia" Alexander Walter 2018-02-23T17:42:00-05:00 >2018-02-23T17:42:34-05:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/jv/jvl51nnqa4k1ggy3.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>If no one in 2018 would argue, as a young writer named David Brodsly did in 1981, that the "L.A. freeway is the cathedral of its time and place," or that it's the spot where Angelenos "spend the two calmest and most rewarding hours of their daily lives," as British architectural historian Reyner Banham put it with almost laughable enthusiasm a decade earlier, there's no doubt that both the practical and metaphorical meanings of the freeway continue to preoccupy Southern Californians.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>Los Angeles Times</em> architecture critic Christopher Hawthorne reflects on Southern California's ongoing love-hate relationship with its freeways.</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150051265/elon-musk-starts-digging-for-the-hyperloop-in-d-c-richard-branson-plans-to-bring-it-to-india-first Elon Musk starts digging for the Hyperloop in D.C.; Richard Branson plans to bring it to India first Alexander Walter 2018-02-22T15:47:00-05:00 >2018-02-22T15:52:21-05:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/le/lez96zjewnfdyheq.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>Elon Musk&rsquo;s tunnel-boring project has received more vague government approval for its equally vague plans to build an underground hyperloop between New York and Washington, DC. Last week, Washington, DC&rsquo;s Department of Transportation issued a preliminary permit to Musk&rsquo;s Boring Company to start digging at an abandoned lot in the northeast section of the city, according to The Washington Post.</p></em><br /><br /><p>The extend of the building permit for <a href="https://archinect.com/news/tag/154376/elon-musk" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Musk</a>'s The Boring Company is still vague though and currently limited to an empty parking lot at 53 New York Avenue NE&nbsp;next to a Mc Donald's. As the <em>Washington Post</em> <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/trafficandcommuting/dc-has-given-elon-musk-a-permit-to-do-a-little-digging-for-the-hyperloop/2018/02/16/ee8d2f08-1359-11e8-9570-29c9830535e5_story.html?utm_term=.1da7c370e734" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">reports</a>: "The District&rsquo;s Department of Transportation is figuring out what other permits the Boring Company would need to cut under city roads and other public spaces."</p> <p></p> <p>Hold on to your pants.</p> <p>Meanwhile in India,&nbsp;Virgin Group founder Richard Branson, and now also Chairman of Virgin <a href="https://archinect.com/news/tag/753853/hyperloop-one" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Hyperloop One</a>, is <a href="https://www.businesstoday.in/current/economy-politics/hyperloop-one-mumbai-pune-travel-time-25-minutes-virgin-group-richard-branson/story/270975.html" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">spearheading efforts</a> to connect Mumbai with Pune via magnetically levitated pod travel within the next five to seven years, cut down travel time from several hours to 25 minutes, and make the nation with its population of 1.3 billion people home of the first operating <a href="https://archinect.com/news/tag/320195/hyperloop" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Hyperloop</a> line.</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150048736/los-angeles-has-worst-traffic-congestion-again Los Angeles has worst traffic congestion (again) Alexander Walter 2018-02-06T12:17:00-05:00 >2018-02-06T12:34:07-05:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/46/46qwx3fh30h1jn6h.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>The Los Angeles region once again topped the list of areas with the worst traffic congestion for the sixth year in a row, according to a report by INRIX, a company that specializes in car services and transportation analytics. Drivers in and around Los Angeles spent 102 hours battling traffic congestion during peak hours in 2017, INRIX's said. By contrast, New York City motorists spent 91 hours battling peak-hour congestion. New York was No. 3 on the INRIX list. No. 2 was Moscow.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Congrats <a href="https://archinect.com/news/tag/1322/los-angeles" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">L.A.</a> &mdash; you lived up to your reputation as America's most <a href="https://archinect.com/news/tag/633858/traffic-congestion" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">congested</a> city once again!&nbsp;</p> <p>Among the metro areas surveyed, "the U.S. accounted for 10 of the top 25 cities worldwide with the worst traffic congestion in the INRIX study," the <em>LA Times </em>reports.</p> <p>Help us <a href="https://archinect.com/news/article/149988930/musk-claims-his-plans-to-bore-a-tunnel-under-los-angeles-are-moving-forward" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Elon</a>, or we'll start taking <a href="https://archinect.com/news/tag/86784/public-transportation" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">public transportation</a>.</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150044017/unbuilt-highway-schemes-and-the-traces-they-left-behind Unbuilt highway schemes — and the traces they left behind Alexander Walter 2018-01-08T15:00:00-05:00 >2018-01-08T15:00:33-05:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/6n/6n3wq4xt66uqzu97.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>The postwar passion for highway construction saw cities around the world carved up in the name of progress. But as communities fought back many schemes were abandoned &ndash; their half-built traces showing what might have been</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> https://archinect.com/news/article/150036901/china-tests-driverless-bus-guided-by-sensor-tracks-in-the-road China tests driverless bus guided by sensor tracks in the road Alexander Walter 2017-11-07T17:33:00-05:00 >2017-11-07T17:33:17-05:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/tu/tu7vqqou1lihxvaf.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>The Hunan city of Zhuzhou is currently testing out an unmanned train that doesn't run on rails. You know, like a bus. The Autonomous Rail Rapid Transit (ART) is being dubbed by Chinese state media the "world's first smart rapid rail bus," whatever that means. The train/bus (trus?) was first shown off in June this year. It uses sensors to determine the dimensions of the road and make a virtual track for itself to ride along.</p></em><br /><br /><p>At first glance,&nbsp;Zhuzhou's&nbsp;Autonomous Rail Rapid Transit system that's currently being tested promises to enjoy a brighter future (and less ridicule) than the&nbsp;<a href="https://archinect.com/news/tag/788402/road-straddling-bus" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Traffic Elevated "car-eating" Bus</a> that the City of&nbsp;Qinhuangdao announced to much fanfare last summer &mdash; only to find it stalled and eventually discontinued just a few months later.</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150034924/mit-study-predicts-autonomous-vehicles-to-fuel-construction-boom MIT study predicts autonomous vehicles to fuel construction boom Alexander Walter 2017-10-24T19:46:00-04:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/jz/jza4bpwk9zus1cm4.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>It&rsquo;s 2027 (or 2037) and the age of the self-driving car. City-dwellers have traded in their car keys for ride hails. Street parking has been replaced by wider sidewalks and bike lanes, while developers are busy converting garages into much-needed housing. That&rsquo;s one vision of how self-driving cars will affect U.S. real estate, laid out in a report by MIT&rsquo;s Center for Real Estate. But it&rsquo;s not the only one.</p></em><br /><br /><p>"Even as reclaimed parking spaces fuel a downtown building boom," <em>Bloomberg</em> reports, "autonomous vehicles will encourage builders to push deeper into the exurban fringe, confident that homebuyers will tolerate longer commutes now that they don&rsquo;t have to drive, according to the report [...]."</p> <p>Read the full report <em>Real Trends: The Future of Real Estate in the United States</em> <a href="https://www.capitalone.com/commercial/decomm/media/doc/commercial/capital-one-real-trends-real-estate.pdf" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">here</a>.</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150029073/closer-look-fr-ee-s-hyperloop-one-mexico-city-guadalajara-route-proposal Closer look: FR-EE's Hyperloop One Mexico City-Guadalajara route proposal Justine Testado 2017-09-18T19:43:00-04:00 >2017-09-19T13:41:44-04:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/kf/kftxedtnnaewcqwh.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><p>Out of over 2,600 entries, a multi-disciplinary consortium led by <a href="https://archinect.com/firms/cover/8306331/fr-ee-fernando-romero-enterprise" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Fernando Romero / FR-EE</a> was recently announced as one of the <a href="https://archinect.com/news/article/150028743/from-chicago-to-pittsburgh-in-47-minutes-hyperloop-one-global-challenge-announces-10-winning-teams-routes-in-north-america-europe-south-asia" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">10 winning teams in the Hyperloop One Global Challenge</a> with the proposal &ldquo;<a href="https://www.mexloop.net/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Mexloop</a>&rdquo;, the 330-mile Mexico-Guadalajara route. The Mexloop project builds on Mexico's ambitious $600 billion public works investment under the National Infrastructure Program.&nbsp;</p> <figure><p><a href="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/3b/3bo9fnonnqj9r5z1.jpg?auto=compress%2Cformat&amp;w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/3b/3bo9fnonnqj9r5z1.jpg?auto=compress%2Cformat&amp;w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Rendering &copy; FR-EE.</figcaption></figure><figure><p><a href="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/qv/qvsb6dlm334yyg70.jpg?auto=compress%2Cformat&amp;w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/qv/qvsb6dlm334yyg70.jpg?auto=compress%2Cformat&amp;w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Rendering &copy; FR-EE.</figcaption></figure><p>The team submitted concepts for Mexloop's inter-modal station designs and locations, route infrastructure, public space, the pods, and logistics. Aiming to alleviate traffic in one of the world's most congested cities, Mexloop will connect Central Mexico&rsquo;s major population, cultural, industrial, and manufacturing centers into one new &lsquo;Megalopolis&rsquo; of 42 million people that is projected to grow to 60 million by 2050, the Mexloop team describes.&nbsp;</p> <figure><p><a href="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/za/za6ftca96uq368q3.jpg?auto=compress%2Cformat&amp;w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/za/za6ftca96uq368q3.jpg?auto=compress%2Cformat&amp;w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Image &copy; FR-EE.</figcaption></figure><figure><figure><p><a href="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/ww/wwqa9na49wswe3ce.jpg?auto=compress%2Cformat&amp;w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/ww/wwqa9na49wswe3ce.jpg?auto=compress%2Cformat&amp;w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Image &copy; FR-EE.</figcaption></figure><p>The Mexloop corridor will reduce travel time between Mexico City and Guadalajara to 38 minutes, at a spe...</p></figure> https://archinect.com/news/article/150028743/from-chicago-to-pittsburgh-in-47-minutes-hyperloop-one-global-challenge-announces-10-winning-teams-routes-in-north-america-europe-south-asia From Chicago to Pittsburgh in 47 minutes: Hyperloop One Global Challenge announces 10 winning teams & routes in North America, Europe, South Asia Alexander Walter 2017-09-15T15:21:00-04:00 >2017-09-15T15:31:35-04:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/8d/8d81mnrhk94nkp1i.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><p>Hyperloop One just announced the winners of its <a href="https://archinect.com/news/article/149985681/hyperloop-one-announces-35-semifinalists-in-17-countries-for-its-global-challenge" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">global challenge</a>, unveiling ten teams from five countries with their proposals of the strongest routes for future <a href="https://archinect.com/news/tag/320195/hyperloop" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Hyperloop</a> connections. As a next step, the company plans to work with the teams and expert business and engineering partners to determine technical feasibility and commercial viability.</p> <p>Architecture &amp; engineering giant <a href="https://archinect.com/firms/cover/106465/aecom" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">AECOM</a> was announced in a supporting function in a newly formed public-private partnership between Hyperloop One and the Colorado Department of Transportation to launch a feasibility study in Colorado examining transportation demand, economic benefits, proposed routes, regulatory environments as well as alignment with overall CDOT high-speed travel, rail and freight plans.</p> <p>The ten winning route proposals (listed below) connect 53 urban centers and impact nearly 150 million people in Canada, India, Mexico, the United Kingdom, and the United States, the company says.<br></p> <p><strong>United States: Chicago-&shy;Columbus-&shy;Pittsburgh</strong><br>4...</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150023198/plans-for-dc-s-frederick-douglass-memorial-bridge-upgrade-are-revealed Plans for DC's Frederick Douglass Memorial Bridge upgrade are revealed Mackenzie Goldberg 2017-08-17T14:18:00-04:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/y6/y6il7w5dni7arhqp.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><p>The Frederick Douglass Memorial Bridge sits across the Anacostia River in <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/35048/washington-dc" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Washington, D.C</a>. Named after the prominent American abolitionist, the <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/2899/bridge" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">bridge</a> was built in 1950 and today, makes crossing the river possible for 77,000 daily commuters.&nbsp;</p> <p>Over the decades, the bridge has deteriorated faster than maintenance can keep up with, as is quite common among America's aging infrastructure. Despite a $27 million renovation in 2007, large corrosion holes in the structural beams necessitated its complete replacement and in 2012, city officials announced plans to replace and realign the bridge.&nbsp;</p> <p></p> <p>After initial bridge designs were rejected by the National Capitol Planning Commission and the United States Commission of Fine Arts for being "uninspired," DDOT has now revealed a much bolder look for the suspension bridge.&nbsp;</p> <figure><p><a href="http://cdn.archinect.net/uploads/uo/uo02crw1ekfn1jsx.jpg" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/1028x/uo/uo02crw1ekfn1jsx.jpg"></a></p><figcaption>Mayor Muriel E. Bowser on Thursday unveiled the design of the new Frederick Douglass Memorial Bridge. (DDOT)</figcaption></figure><p>Consisting of&nbsp;three sets of parallel white arches, the 1,600 foot lo...</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150019830/cuomo-suggests-a-plan-to-allow-private-sponsorships-of-nyc-subway-stations Cuomo suggests a plan to allow private sponsorships of NYC subway stations Anastasia Tokmakova 2017-07-27T18:18:00-04:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/dn/dnynxn8trynmuwjb.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>During the speech, Cuomo suggested that one way to get more funding for the ailing transit system would be to offer companies the opportunity to sponsor subway stations for an annual fee. That money could go toward &ldquo;enhanced maintenance, additional security, and aesthetic features.&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><p>The practice of letting corporations put their stamp on the subway has precedents&mdash; in 2009, the MTA sold the naming rights for&nbsp;Atlantic Ave&ndash;Pacific St station in Brooklyn to Barclays, which according to <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2009/06/24/nyregion/24naming.html" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">NY Times</a>, gets MTA&nbsp;$200,000 per year for the next two decades.</p> <p>However, many crucial aspects of Cuomo's proposal, like maintenance&nbsp;of stations, are still unclear. MTA chair Joe Lhota said that the details of the plan are still being worked out.&nbsp;</p> <p><em>It&rsquo;s easy to see a corporation fighting to put its name on Union Square or a similarly well-trafficked station; but will stations deep in the outer boroughs then go ignored? Similar issues play out in city parks, where those with deep-pocketed donors&mdash;the High Line, Central Park, etc.&mdash;are well-maintained, while those without &hellip; well, not so much.</em></p> <p>During that same speech, the governor also announced that the new Tappan Zee Bridge&mdash;renamed the Mario Cuomo Bridge will have its grand opening (presumably with a&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/150018573/amid-mta-s-disastrous-summer-cuomo-moves-forward-with-expensive-plan-to-turn-ny-s-bridges-into-a-light-show" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">flashy light show</a>) on August 25.&nbsp;</p>... https://archinect.com/news/article/150019326/la-s-union-station-is-getting-a-multi-billion-dollar-makeover LA's Union Station is getting a multi-billion dollar makeover Mackenzie Goldberg 2017-07-25T15:16:00-04:00 >2017-07-25T15:16:43-04:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/zz/zzghc085kf152d69.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><p>When built, <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/55118/union-station" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Union Station</a> was called the "Last of the Great Railway Stations." Designed by&nbsp;father and son team John and Donald B. Parkinson, the landmark opened in 1939 at a time when railway service was already beginning to wane. Combining Art Deco, Spanish Colonial, and Mission Revival styles, the site has perhaps become better known for its beauty as an architectural gem&mdash;it has starred in movies such as&nbsp;<em>Blade Runner</em>&mdash;than for being a site of major transport despite its designation as the largest railroad passenger terminal in the Western United States.&nbsp;</p> <figure><p><a href="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/1028x/gh/ghdg8rzpjgtjvy5z.jpg" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/1028x/gh/ghdg8rzpjgtjvy5z.jpg"></a></p></figure><figure><p><a href="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/1028x/cy/cytzokw3xu9k26xo.jpg" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/1028x/cy/cytzokw3xu9k26xo.jpg"></a></p></figure><figure><p><a href="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/1028x/tq/tqcmd668qviy0hwg.jpg" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/1028x/tq/tqcmd668qviy0hwg.jpg"></a></p></figure><p>However, Los Angeles' population continues to grow, more and more people are ditching cars, and a high-speed rail line is potentially on the horizon, all of which are expected to cause patronage of the station to explode by 2040. In preparation for the expected growth, <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/112334716/grimshaw-gruen-s-l-a-union-station-master-plan-approved-for-implementation" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">LA Metro has been working on a massive master plan</a> alongside <a href="http://archinect.com/gruenassociates" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Gruen Associates</a> and <a href="http://archinect.com/grimshaw" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Grimshaw Architects</a> for the 78-year old transit hub. Visions for its future include...</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150019318/the-amish-men-that-are-building-america-s-rvs The Amish men that are building America's RVs Anastasia Tokmakova 2017-07-25T13:38:00-04:00 >2017-07-25T15:08:01-04:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/1t/1tu1n1cfe1r2a3dw.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>When most Amish men were farmers, it was common for them to work seasonally with non-Amish in town, on more traditional things like cabinet making or carpentry, or even making cigar boxes, boats and band instruments. Nolt, who conducted interviews in the late &lsquo;90s with Amish workers in the boat-making industry, said interviewees pointed to the fact that making the wooden boats was similar to wood working.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>According to Steve Nolt, Senior Scholar at the Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies at Elizabethtown College, most of the Amish men under 65 work in factories. The majority of these manufacturing plants either assemble RVS or supply parts such as cabinets or windows.</em></p> <p>Such increased involvement of the Amish&nbsp;in the non-Amish workplaces has had significant and transformative consequences on their community. Northern Indiana Amish, in particular, have always had some relationship to the outside world. According to Nolt's date, 56.3 percent&nbsp;of men in the Nappanee settlement and 53 percent in the Elkhart-LaGrange settlement are now employed by the RV industry. How did their working patterns shift so dramatically?&nbsp;</p> <p><em>The big reason, says Nolt, is what he called an &ldquo;economic squeeze and demographic crisis,&rdquo; a shift in the 1980s that pushed the Amish (and other farmers across the country) from the farms into the factory. By the time the 1980s Farm Crisis hit, Amish families had alre...</em></p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150019106/lyft-joins-the-race-in-building-its-own-self-driving-technology Lyft joins the race in building its own self-driving technology Justine Testado 2017-07-24T14:36:00-04:00 >2017-07-24T14:36:31-04:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/vo/vopsdcfqlh45x0c8.png?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>[P]erhaps enticed by predictions of a $7 trillion autonomous driving industry, Lyft is saying it wants a build its own technology stack so it can operate its own self-driving cars. To accomplish this, Lyft is opening a new 50,000-square-foot engineering facility in Palo Alto, California, that it&rsquo;s calling the &ldquo;Level 5&rdquo; center in reference to the most advanced level of autonomous driving. Kapoor said the goal is to have &ldquo;hundreds&rdquo; of engineers working out of the facility by the end of 2018.</p></em><br /><br /><p>According to The Verge, Lyft is yet to release more concrete details of their plan, including which components of a self-driving car they will build themselves or how much money they plan to spend. Last month, Lyft announced their partnership with self-driving car startup NuTonomy to launch a test pilot of NuTonomy's cars in Boston later this year.</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150018575/elon-musk-tweets-about-receiving-an-approval-for-an-underground-ny-phil-balt-dc-hyperloop Elon Musk tweets about receiving an approval for an underground NY-Phil-Balt-DC Hyperloop Anastasia Tokmakova 2017-07-20T13:24:00-04:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/29/29qiz9vpo1n3bl9a.png?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>Just received verbal govt approval for The Boring Company to build an underground NY-Phil-Balt-DC Hyperloop.</p></em><br /><br /><p>NY-DC in 29 mins?...</p> <p></p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150016993/the-sideways-elevator-that-will-revolutionize-building-has-arrived The sideways elevator that will revolutionize building has arrived Anastasia Tokmakova 2017-07-11T13:06:00-04:00 >2018-03-27T15:08:47-04:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/mf/mfg35av5y8kjsz85.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>Until now, architects have had to design around the elevator shafts, which can comprise 40 percent of a building's core. Multi could allow them to install elevators almost anywhere, including the perimeter. Strong magnets on every Multi car work with a magnetized coil running along the elevator hoistway&rsquo;s guide rails to make the cars float. Turning these coils on and off creates magnetic fields strong enough to pull the car in various directions.&#8203;&#8203;</p></em><br /><br /><p>After three years of work, <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/64325/thyssenkrupp" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">ThyssenKrupp</a>, a&nbsp;company synonymous with elevators, is testing the Multi in a German tower and finalizing the safety certification. Zooming up, down, left, right, and diagonally the new <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/219791/elevators" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">elevator</a> was just sold to a residential building under construction in Berlin, and is expected to be sold to other developers soon.</p> <p>"Multi moves to-and-fro through exchangers, which you can think of as sophisticated railway switches that guide the cars. Bearings called "slings" mounted to every elevator car allow it to change direction&mdash;say, move to the left, or even go diagonally&mdash;while keeping the car level with the ground. &ldquo;The cabin never moves during an exchange,&rdquo; company CEO Patrick Bass says.&nbsp;</p> <p><a href="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/1028x/ls/lstv1m6nl1izef4h.jpg" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/1028x/ls/lstv1m6nl1izef4h.jpg"></a></p> <figcaption>Image courtesy of ThyssenKrupp</figcaption><p>Designed to move 1,000 to 1,400 feet per minute, far slower than the 1,968 fpm experienced in Dubai&rsquo;s <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/223781/burj-khalifa" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Burj Khalifa</a>, the new elevator prioritizes volume over speed. (Speeds over 2,000 feet per minute lead to ear problems and nausea.) Free of the cable...</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150016411/facebook-and-oma-new-york-to-collaborate-on-mixed-use-masterplan-in-menlo-park Facebook and OMA New York to collaborate on mixed-use masterplan in Menlo Park Anastasia Tokmakova 2017-07-07T13:09:00-04:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/az/azdqq8e2fyzsgpua.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/13898/facebook" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Facebook</a> announced today that it has partnered with <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/10974/oma" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">OMA</a> to design the masterplan for Willow Campus, a mixed-use neighborhood adjacent to their existing headquarters in <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/582826/menlo-park" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Menlo Park</a>.&nbsp;</p> <p>"The first official step will be the filing of our plan with Menlo Park in July 2017. We will begin more formal conversations with local government officials and community organizations over the course of the review process, which we expect to last approximately two years."&mdash;writes John Tenales,<em>&nbsp;</em>VP Global Facilities and Real Estate.&nbsp;"We envision construction will follow in phases, with the first to include the grocery, retail, housing and office completed in early 2021, and subsequent phases will take two years each to complete."</p> <p><a href="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/1028x/c4/c4fdfs2dg9p827j1.jpg" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/1028x/c4/c4fdfs2dg9p827j1.jpg"></a><br></p> <p>Facebook also plans on building 1,500 units of housing on the campus, 15% of which will be offered at below market rates to mitigate traffic impacts from growth. "These efforts complement our ongoing work to address the issue, including the&nbsp;<a href="https://newsroom.fb.com/news/2016/12/a-partnership-to-strengthen-our-local-community/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Catalyst Housing Fund</a>&nbsp;for <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/110562/affordable-housing" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">affordable ho...</a></p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150015054/driverless-future-challenge-finalists-envision-autonomous-transit-solutions-for-nyc Driverless Future Challenge finalists envision autonomous transit solutions for NYC Justine Testado 2017-06-28T14:39:00-04:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/za/za1fex3qdu8oqw6w.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><p>With the rise of autonomous transportation technology&nbsp;in the U.S., what&nbsp;implementable&nbsp;strategies&nbsp;can help&nbsp;a&nbsp;dense urban landscape&nbsp;like New York City prepare efficiently for a driverless future? Design teams from around the world proposed their ideas in the&nbsp;<a href="http://driverlessfuture.blankspaceproject.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Driverless Future Challenge</a>, organized by <a href="http://archinect.com/firms/cover/111435344blank-space" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Blank Space</a> (the creators of the&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/419532/fairy-tales-architecture-competition" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Fairy Tales Architecture Competition</a>) and the City of New York.</p> <p>Participants from over 25 countries sent proposals&nbsp;that ranged from driverless food cards to using NYC's 311 system as a driverless dispatching center. Now, the jury has selected the four finalist teams.</p> <p>Find each proposal below &mdash; plus project videos!</p> <p><strong>&ldquo;Public Square&rdquo; by FXFOWLE Architects with Sam Schwartz Engineering</strong></p> <figure><figure><a href="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/1028x/db/dbb3mf8jg2y6ybk5.jpg" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/1028x/db/dbb3mf8jg2y6ybk5.jpg"></a><figcaption>&ldquo;Public Square&rdquo; by FXFOWLE Architects with Sam Schwartz Engineering. Image courtesy of Blank Space.</figcaption></figure><p>Project summary: &ldquo;Public Square provides New York City an adaptable, responsive, and environmentally friendly way to rethink its streets and reclaim space for pedestrians. Public Squ...</p></figure> https://archinect.com/news/article/150008899/pittsburgh-disappointed-with-uber-s-self-driving-car-experiment Pittsburgh disappointed with Uber's self-driving car experiment Alexander Walter 2017-05-23T11:58:00-04:00 >2017-05-23T11:58:31-04:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/s1/s1k4sce3p2ed4fcj.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>When Uber picked this former Rust Belt town as the inaugural city for its driverless car experiment, Pittsburgh played the consummate host. [...] Nine months later, Pittsburgh residents and officials say Uber has not lived up to its end of the bargain. [...] The deteriorating relationship between Pittsburgh and Uber offers a cautionary tale, especially as other cities consider rolling out driverless car trials from Uber, Alphabet&rsquo;s Waymo and others.</p></em><br /><br /><p>"Starting later this month," <a href="http://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2016-08-18/uber-s-first-self-driving-fleet-arrives-in-pittsburgh-this-month-is06r7on" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">wrote <em>Bloomberg</em></a> less than one year ago, "Uber will allow customers in downtown Pittsburgh to summon self-driving cars from their phones, crossing an important milestone that no automotive or technology company has yet achieved." Since then, Pittsburgh appears to have fallen out of love with the ride-sharing giant's promises for the city.</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150008714/elon-musk-confirms-boring-tunnels-are-for-hyperloop Elon Musk confirms Boring Tunnels are for Hyperloop Mackenzie Goldberg 2017-05-22T17:10:00-04:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/4d/4d0pwzzqvs8r1rz3.png?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>Since the company&rsquo;s introduction, many (including Futurism) have speculated that the tunnels&rsquo; true purpose was to work in tandem with the Hyperloop. This is the real clincher here. It seems like The Boring Company isn&rsquo;t just going to be for cars. &ldquo;The electric skate can transport automobiles, goods, and/or people. And if one adds a vacuum shell, it is now a Hyperloop Pod which can travel at 600+ miles per hour,&rdquo; the site explains.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Back in December, the business magnate Elon Musk tweeted his frustration of being stuck in LA traffic along with a half-joking suggestion of building a tunnel to fix his gridlocked woes.</p><p></p><p>Well as it turns out, this simple musing <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149988930/musk-claims-his-plans-to-bore-a-tunnel-under-los-angeles-are-moving-forward" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">has become a full-blown startup</a>. The Boring Company, it is called, hopes to build a series of underground tunnels that will save Angelenos from such "soul-destroying traffic." The company has already found a way to dig tunnels at a much more cost effective and efficient rate and is now revealing the tunnel's potential to work in tandem with the <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/320195/hyperloop" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Hyperloop</a>.</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150003454/developing-flexible-parking-garages-for-a-rideshare-dependent-la Developing flexible parking garages for a rideshare-dependent LA Justine Testado 2017-04-18T13:37:00-04:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/t0/t0sxr2csk6duns8u.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>The strategy reflects a consensus among some developers and planners that California&rsquo;s vaunted car culture is inevitably going to run out of gas...[Andy] Cohen, co-chief executive of Gensler, predicts car ownership will peak around 2020 and then start to decline, with more Americans relying on some form of ride-sharing than their own vehicles by 2025. That means cars gradually would disappear from home garages, curbs and parking structures, freeing up acre upon acre of real estate for new uses.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Some developers are already planning for a not-so-far-off future Los Angeles where more people primarily rely on ridesharing (including from autonomous vehicles) than driving their own car, particularly in the form of parking garages that can be redesigned for other uses like commercial spaces or live/work units.</p><p><em>&ldquo;...despite what some believe is the inevitability of a transportation revolution, many builders are reluctant to pay for flexibility until changes in driving habits are more pronounced, said Los Angeles real estate attorney Justin Thompson of Nixon Peabody. A lot of developers may think, &lsquo;Well, that&rsquo;s going to be on the back burner for a while,&rsquo; Thompson said, &lsquo;but the progressive developers are going to factor this in.&rsquo;&rdquo;</em></p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150002360/hyperloop-one-plan-would-take-travelers-from-nyc-to-d-c-in-20-minutes Hyperloop One plan would take travelers from NYC to D.C. in 20 minutes Dana Schulz 2017-04-10T17:04:00-04:00 >2017-04-10T17:04:45-04:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/nd/ndw1clywq07g2ja2.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>Passengers and cargo are loaded into a pod which gradually accelerates with electric propulsions through a low-pressure tube. Then, the pod lifts above the track using magnetic levitation and moves at airline speeds. This would connect 80 percent of the country, making a cross-country trip just about five hours long.</p></em><br /><br /><p><a href="https://hyperloop-one.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Hyperloop One</a>&ndash;whose transportation concept was first proposed by Elon Musk&ndash;has revealed a plan that would take travelers from NYC to D.C. in just 20 minutes via magnetically levitating pods that move by electric propulsion and travel faster than 700 miles per hour.</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/150000605/georgia-gov-nathan-deal-declares-state-of-emergency-after-i-85-bridge-in-atlanta-collapses-from-fire Georgia Gov. Nathan Deal declares state of emergency after I-85 bridge in Atlanta collapses from fire Justine Testado 2017-03-31T15:03:00-04:00 >2017-03-31T15:07:57-04:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/js/js9r9ancw4yyr2ln.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><em><p>Transportation officials in Georgia are scrambling to cope with a crisis, after a huge fire caused a bridge on Interstate 85 to collapse in Atlanta on Thursday night. Gov. Nathan Deal has declared a state of emergency, and with the heavily used road closed in both directions, drivers are being told to find other options &mdash; from detours to mass transit. Friday morning, officials said they don't yet know what caused the fire or how long repairs will take.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Atlanta's Interstate 85 was first built&nbsp;in 1953 and reconstructed in 1985 to accommodate increased traffic. The closure affects a crucial 3-mile portion, which carries up to 400,000 vehicles a day.&nbsp;U.S. DOT Secretary <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/860112/elaine-chao" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Elaine Chow</a>&nbsp;directed Federal Highway Administration officials <a href="http://www.transportation.gov/briefing-room/dot2817" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">to grant $10 million</a> in emergency funds to begin repairing the bridge.</p><p>&ldquo;Approximately 700 feet of the roadway &ndash; 350 feet northbound and 350 feet southbound &mdash; will be removed and replaced including support columns. Demolition will begin this weekend and will continue into Monday, April 3,&rdquo; the Georgia DOT <a href="http://www.dot.ga.gov/AboutGeorgia/Pages/GDOTAnnouncementDetails.aspx?postID=159" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">announced</a> today.</p> https://archinect.com/news/article/149997225/how-should-cities-prepare-for-a-driverless-car-future-here-are-six-tips How should cities prepare for a driverless car future? Here are six tips Julia Ingalls 2017-03-14T20:47:00-04:00 >2017-03-15T01:31:05-04:00 <img src="https://archinect.imgix.net/uploads/fc/fc0ipbzr2lxa8gs8.jpg?fit=crop&auto=compress%2Cformat&w=1200" border="0" /><p>The days of driving your own car are coming to a close: as many as seven million driverless cars could be making their self-directed way around major urban hubs across the U.S. within the next few decades. So what should cities do to keep up with these changes? This white paper by Arcadis gives six tips for city planners to prepare for the automated onslaught:</p><p>A study by transportation, economics and urban planning experts has found that ridesharing and ridesourcing services using autonomous vehicles (AV) could shift millions of drivers away from personal cars in major U.S. cities.</p><p>&ldquo;Driverless Future: A Policy Roadmap for City Leaders,&rdquo; the study prepared by Arcadis, HR&amp;A Advisors and Sam Schwartz Consulting, shows that the move to ridesharing and ridesourcing services that don&rsquo;t have a driver could cause a shift of up to 60 percent (3.6 million cars) from traditional to autonomous vehicles in the New York metro area alone over the next 15-20 years.</p><p>The Los Angeles metro area could see...</p>