Archinect - News 2018-02-25T06:50:55-05:00 Los Angeles keeps expanding its freeway "Autopia" Alexander Walter 2018-02-23T17:42:00-05:00 >2018-02-23T17:42:34-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>If no one in 2018 would argue, as a young writer named David Brodsly did in 1981, that the "L.A. freeway is the cathedral of its time and place," or that it's the spot where Angelenos "spend the two calmest and most rewarding hours of their daily lives," as British architectural historian Reyner Banham put it with almost laughable enthusiasm a decade earlier, there's no doubt that both the practical and metaphorical meanings of the freeway continue to preoccupy Southern Californians.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>Los Angeles Times</em> architecture critic Christopher Hawthorne reflects on Southern California's ongoing love-hate relationship with its freeways.</p> Elon Musk starts digging for the Hyperloop in D.C.; Richard Branson plans to bring it to India first Alexander Walter 2018-02-22T15:47:00-05:00 >2018-02-22T15:52:21-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Elon Musk&rsquo;s tunnel-boring project has received more vague government approval for its equally vague plans to build an underground hyperloop between New York and Washington, DC. Last week, Washington, DC&rsquo;s Department of Transportation issued a preliminary permit to Musk&rsquo;s Boring Company to start digging at an abandoned lot in the northeast section of the city, according to The Washington Post.</p></em><br /><br /><p>The extend of the building permit for <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Musk</a>'s The Boring Company is still vague though and currently limited to an empty parking lot at 53 New York Avenue NE&nbsp;next to a Mc Donald's. As the <em>Washington Post</em> <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">reports</a>: "The District&rsquo;s Department of Transportation is figuring out what other permits the Boring Company would need to cut under city roads and other public spaces."</p> <p></p> <p>Hold on to your pants.</p> <p>Meanwhile in India,&nbsp;Virgin Group founder Richard Branson, and now also Chairman of Virgin <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Hyperloop One</a>, is <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">spearheading efforts</a> to connect Mumbai with Pune via magnetically levitated pod travel within the next five to seven years, cut down travel time from several hours to 25 minutes, and make the nation with its population of 1.3 billion people home of the first operating <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Hyperloop</a> line.</p> Infrastructure is not neutral; case studies of communities decimated by highways Hope Daley 2018-02-22T15:06:00-05:00 >2018-02-23T22:48:47-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Making the case that infrastructure itself can be exclusionary is hardly straightforward. Many of the worst decisions in US planning were made decades ago to intentionally disenfranchise, marginalise and separate communities; policies such as redlining and &ldquo;blight clearing&rdquo; are well-documented embarrassments. But many decisions that segregated communities were unintentional. The stop sign and one-way street might seem benign, but they shape our lives in ways we sometimes don&rsquo;t even realise.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Through focusing in on 5 case studies where communities have been obliterated by <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">infrastructure</a> decisions, the direct impact of highways and walls take on greater levels of meaning and urgency. The power of <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">city planning</a>&nbsp;also comes into greater consideration presently as the US takes on a massive infrastructure revitalization project.&nbsp;</p> <p>"Too big to replace, too expensive to tear down", Miller emphasizes the importance of digging into the history of our country's <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">development</a> in order to understand past injustices, prevent future abuse, and address current issues as they stand right now.&nbsp;</p> <p>An in depth look focuses on Detroit&rsquo;s 8 Mile and historical Black Bottom neighborhoods, West Oakland in California, West Baltimore, and&nbsp;Jackson Ward in Richmond, Virginia.&nbsp;Arresting images of overlapping interstates where communities used to be reveal a truth many of us drive on in our everyday lives.</p> <p>Please read&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Johnny Miller's full piece</a> on how infrastructure decisions impact communities and are dir...</p> Harvard GSD awards The High Line with 2017 Veronica Rudge Green Prize in Urban Design Justine Testado 2018-02-21T15:47:00-05:00 >2018-02-21T15:48:00-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><p><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Harvard GSD</a>&nbsp;awarded the 13th Veronica Rudge Green Prize in Urban Design to <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The High Line</a> in New York. The Green Prize committee awarded the $50,000 prize to the Friends of the High Line for their continued stewardship behind the project, which has long been hailed as a model example of urban revitalization and collaboration.&nbsp;</p> <p>In 2004, the Friends of the High Line and the City of New York selected&nbsp; <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">James Corner Field Operations</a>, <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Diller Scofidio + Renfro</a>, and Piet Oudolf to design the linear public park. Stretching a mile and a half on a freight rail 30 feet above Manhattan's streets, the &ldquo;floating promenade&rdquo; welcomes over 8 million visitors and hosts over 450 public programs every year.</p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Photo: Timothy Schenck, via The High Line/Facebook.</figcaption></figure><p>In selecting the winner, the 2017 Green Prize jury traveled to all the finalist projects. They chose to award The High Line &ldquo;not only for its exceptional design quality, but also because it was a cooperatively-orchestrated, multifaceted endeavor in wh...</p> William Kaven unveil full proposal for Portland's Broadway Corridor Hope Daley 2018-02-15T13:42:00-05:00 >2018-02-20T22:51:33-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><p><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">William Kaven Architecture</a> have just released additional renderings of the firm's redevelopment proposal for <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Portland</a>'s Broadway Corridor,&nbsp;giving a more complete picture of their broader scheme.&nbsp;</p> <p>In addition to the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">initial release of Portland's tallest towers</a> last November, the firm has now fleshed out what the rest of the 5 million square foot development will entail.&nbsp;</p><figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Portland Broadway Corridor conceptual plan by William Kaven Architecture. Image: William Kaven Architecture. </figcaption></figure><p>Their concept of reconnecting Union Station to the Pearl District involves removing the Broadway ramp and creating a pedestrian-centric district organized around an extension of the North Park Blocks.&nbsp;<br></p> <p>The firm also plans major shifts to public transportation, integrating a central hub for a high-speed rail and underground mass public transit next to Amtrack's Union Station.&nbsp;</p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Portland Broadway Corridor conceptual plan by William Kaven Architecture. Image: William Kaven Architecture. </figcaption></figure><p>This pedestrian friendly pla...</p> RPA report envisions New Jersey’s Meadowlands as the first "Climate Change National Park" devingannon 2018-02-14T19:30:00-05:00 >2018-02-15T12:45:25-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Released last fall, the Regional Plan Association&rsquo;s (RPA) Fourth Plan includes 61 recommendations focused on improving and expanding the area&rsquo;s deteriorating infrastructure, transportation, and affordability, much of which revolves around climate change and its transformation of the region</p></em><br /><br /><p>Released last fall, the&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Regional Plan Association</a>'s&nbsp;(RPA) Fourth Plan includes 61 recommendations&nbsp;focused on improving and expanding the area&rsquo;s deteriorating infrastructure, transportation, and affordability, much of which revolves around <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">climate change</a> and its transformation of the region. According to the report, more than one million people and 650,000 jobs are at risk&nbsp;of flooding due to <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">rising sea levels</a>. In the plan, the RPA ambitiously&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">recommends</a>&nbsp;that the New Jersey Meadowlands, 21,000 acres of low-lying wetlands, becomes a national park&nbsp;as a way to mitigate impacts of climate change. Designating the region&rsquo;s largest wetland as a national park would restore the natural habits, protect nearby communities, and create a recreational space, becoming, the report says, a &ldquo;Climate Change National Park.&rdquo; The Meadowlands National Park would adapt and grow with climate change by drawing and redrawing the boundaries of the park as coastlines change.</p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p></figure><p>By the end of this century, flooding a...</p> The World is coming back to life in Dubai Alexander Walter 2018-02-14T14:26:00-05:00 >2018-02-14T14:32:40-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Underwater bedrooms, &lsquo;Lohan Island&rsquo; and snow all year round &ndash; a decade after it was scuppered by the financial crash, the fantasy archipelago of 300 artificial &lsquo;countries&rsquo; is back in business. Has anybody learned anything?</p></em><br /><br /><p>Remember <em>The World</em>? Dubai's lofty vision a decade-and-a-half ago to recreate the globe's map with artificial, celebrity-owned islands dredged from the Gulf floor that was just as grandiose and monumental as its financial crash in 2008? Well, it appears to be back in business again<em>.<br></em></p> <p><em>The Guardian</em>'s Oliver Wainwright takes a trip to the long-abandoned and now-bustling-with-development-again artificial archipelago of 300 islands 2.5 miles off Dubai's coast and confirms: "After a decade in limbo, The World is back &ndash; with more ambitious plans than ever before."</p> <p>And yes, Lindsay Lohan <em>is</em> designing her own island, too.<br></p> Couple fined for using a fake garage door to disguise a residential property Mackenzie Goldberg 2018-02-13T13:16:00-05:00 >2018-02-13T13:16:47-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>At Leicester magistrates court, Herzallah and Almasri, of Enderby, Leicestershire, were each ordered to pay a &pound;770 fine, legal costs of &pound;1,252 and a &pound;77 victim surcharge.</p></em><br /><br /><p>A couple, who had disguised housing on their property with a fake garage door, has been fined by Leicester Magistrates Court. The case was brought about by the Blaby district council after they were notified about unauthorized work being carried out at the couple's home and discovered the hoax garage.</p> <p>The couple, Reeta Herzallah and Hamdi Almasri, had wanted to bypass planning regulations. In 2007, the duo had been granted permission to develop the property under the condition that car-parking facilities, including the now converted garage, remain permanently available. Beyond the illegal living quarters, the couple had also undertook illegal works within the highway and created an unauthorized vehicle access onto the busy B4114 dual carriageway.</p> <p>Beyond the legal costs, the court has also ordered that the garage be restored to its former use. Blaby district councillor Sheila Scott spoke of the case, sending a strong warning. "The message from this case is clear. If you breach planni...</p> Pier 40 concept envisions an offshore apartment complex in Chelsea that allows for sea-level rise Dana Schulz 2018-02-12T20:21:00-05:00 >2018-02-12T20:21:58-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Local multidisciplinary creative firm DFA has come up with a concept for the rehabilitation of Chelsea's rapidly disintegrating Pier 40 that would provide housing and other services but would also adapt to the predicted rising sea levels of future NYC. The future-proof housing, commercial, and recreation complex would rise from the Hudson River and be able to remain above water in the event of rising sea levels while addressing the city&rsquo;s dire need for affordable housing.</p></em><br /><br /><figure><img src=";auto=compress%2Cformat&amp;w=1500"><figcaption>Renderings courtesy of DFA</figcaption></figure><figure><img src=";auto=compress%2Cformat&amp;w=1500"><figcaption>Renderings courtesy of DFA</figcaption></figure> The Power of Smallness by Aina Coll Torrent MAGAZINEONURBANISM 2018-02-08T00:24:00-05:00 >2018-02-08T00:24:41-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>MONU magazine's current issue #27 on "Small Urbanism" shows how small things can have a great impact on city life and planning, exploring themes such as micro-occupations as political protest, urban furniture to recover public spaces and fight criminality, acupunctural interventions for refugee settlements or tiny models used for military strategies.</p></em><br /><br /><p>There are architectural spaces that capture you through their smallest details. Almost five years ago, I visited the Crematorium building by Asplund in the Woodland Cemetery, in Stockholm. After crossing the artificial landscape along a seemingly introverted building, I remember entering a forecourt, grabbing a beautiful door handle and entering a waiting room before reaching the chapel. A wooden bench was softly emerging from the wall, like a curved silk fabric, oriented towards a long window to an enclosed courtyard. The warmth of the space, enhanced by the metaphor of a domestic carpet and the rounding and softness of the corners, was suddenly disturbed by the image of a very small window which was framing very precisely the artificial hills and trees that were guiding the visitor when entering the site. The feeling of connection to an endless outside world condensed in a window was, somehow, sublime. </p><figure><img src=";w=1200"><figcaption>View through the window at the Woodland Crematorium, by Erik Gunnar Asplund....</figcaption></figure> Rebuilding the American City: Patty Heyda on "the politics behind the design" Liam Otten 2018-02-07T12:42:00-05:00 >2018-02-07T12:42:47-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><p>How do you restore community? Do you honor local context? Or do you bulldoze everything and try to start again?</p> <p>Few places embody that choice more starkly than Botanical Heights, the St. Louis neighborhood formerly known as McRee Town. Looking east from Thurman Avenue, one sees gated blocks of large, suburban-style new construction. To the west, homeowners are rehabbing existing properties and redeveloping vacant parcels. The old commercial district bustles with shops, restaurants and a Montessori school.</p> <p>&ldquo;As architects and urban designers, we tend to focus on form,&rdquo; said&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Patty Heyda</a>, associate professor in the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Sam Fox School of Design &amp; Visual Arts at Washington University in St. Louis</a>. &ldquo;But there are so many forces, especially in our increasingly privatized economy, that underlie those formal decisions. What are the politics behind the designs?&rdquo;</p> <p>In&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">"Rebuilding the America City"</a>&nbsp;(2016), Heyda and co-author David Gamble, of <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Harvard University</a>, offer Botanical Heights as a case study...</p> Los Angeles has worst traffic congestion (again) Alexander Walter 2018-02-06T12:17:00-05:00 >2018-02-06T12:34:07-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>The Los Angeles region once again topped the list of areas with the worst traffic congestion for the sixth year in a row, according to a report by INRIX, a company that specializes in car services and transportation analytics. Drivers in and around Los Angeles spent 102 hours battling traffic congestion during peak hours in 2017, INRIX's said. By contrast, New York City motorists spent 91 hours battling peak-hour congestion. New York was No. 3 on the INRIX list. No. 2 was Moscow.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Congrats <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">L.A.</a> &mdash; you lived up to your reputation as America's most <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">congested</a> city once again!&nbsp;</p> <p>Among the metro areas surveyed, "the U.S. accounted for 10 of the top 25 cities worldwide with the worst traffic congestion in the INRIX study," the <em>LA Times </em>reports.</p> <p>Help us <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Elon</a>, or we'll start taking <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">public transportation</a>.</p> What are the odds: Who will host Amazon's second North American Headquarters Mackenzie Goldberg 2018-01-23T15:32:00-05:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><p>Amazon <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">recently released</a> their "shortlist" of 20 cities, whose proposals to host the company's second North American Headquarters have successfully moved forward in the bidding war. Amazon will now spend the next few months diving deeper into each individual offer, no doubt utilizing the spirit of the competition in order to maximize the incentives, subsidies, and other giveaways thrown their way by luring municipalities.&nbsp;</p> <p>Moving into round two, many are starting to wage bets based off of clues within the shortlist. Richard Florida, an influential&nbsp;urban studies theorist at the University of Toronto, has already put his money on New York, where the company tapped two potential locations (New York City and Newark), and D.C, where they have picked three (D.C, Northern Virginia, and Montgomery County). That said, the popular Irish bookmaker Paddy Power places Atlanta, Georgia at the top of the list, with&nbsp;2-to-1 odds of winning the bid.&nbsp;</p> <p>The retail giant has publicly stated that it is l...</p> Mallification: The shopping mall isn't so dead after all Alexander Walter 2018-01-23T14:13:00-05:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>[...] the ever increasing mallification of our environment threatens to undermine the public common ground on which our societies were founded: public places should address an abstract, inclusive notion of the public, instead of a defined, limited, and exclusive (in the literal sense of the word) audience. Conversely, we should not confuse or conflate trite stores (even if they place trees inside and call themselves town squares) to be an ersatz public domain.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Janno Martens' essay for <em>Failed Architecture</em> explores the many deaths and resurrections of the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">shopping mall</a> and highlights three phenomena of <em>mallification&nbsp;&mdash;</em>&nbsp;the creeping privatization of public spaces and replacement of the organically grown city with an imagineered 'experience' of what only resembles an urban, collective space.</p> The Modern Urbanism of Cook's Camden Places Journal 2018-01-23T14:08:00-05:00 >2018-01-24T10:16:03-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>The council housing designed 50 years ago for a progressive London borough remains a potent symbol of the achievements of postwar social democracy.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Prompted by Mark Swenarton's recent book,&nbsp;<em><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Cook's Camden</a>,&nbsp;</em>Douglas Murphy looks at the radically experimental public housing estates built by the London borough from 1966 to 1975, and the reevaluation of these extraordinary projects currently underway in our own era of unaffordable cities and triumphant privatization.</p> Charging in Style: Danish firm COBE is rethinking fueling stations Anthony Morey 2018-01-22T13:40:00-05:00 >2018-01-24T10:16:03-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><p>Shortly, electricity will replace petrol and diesel as the fuel for our cars, and such a change could radically shift our urban landscape as the formal aspects of gas stations is then open to <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">reimagining</a>. Danish Architecture firm <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">COBE</a> is looking to do just that. Understanding that under current technological trends the average charging time for an electric vehicle is upwards of 45 minutes, COBE is looking to use such a newly established time frame as a possible opportunity for rethinking the traditional <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">gas station</a> as a place and less of a transient space.&nbsp;</p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Ultrafast Charging Station: Small. Image: COBE</figcaption></figure><figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Ultrafast Charging Station: Medium. Image: COBE</figcaption></figure><figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Ultrafast Charging Station: Large. Image: COBE</figcaption></figure><p>&ldquo;Electric vehicles are the future. In our design, we want to offer drivers a much-needed and meaningful break in a green oasis. The energy and the technology are green, and we want the architecture, the materials and the concept to be green as well. Therefore, we&rsquo;ve designed a sculptural charg...</p> Studying a Brazilian favela via VR Alexander Walter 2018-01-18T16:00:00-05:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>[...] Penn State landscape architecture professor Timothy Baird and architecture professor Jos&eacute; Duarte taught a new studio that engaged students in the study of one Brazilian favela via virtual reality (VR) technology. The studio, which paired architecture students with landscape architecture students, posited VR as a proxy for expensive site visits. &ldquo;Developing countries can&rsquo;t always afford consultants because of the distance and difficulty to travel,&rdquo; says Baird [...]</p></em><br /><br /><p>"Duarte, who has studied informal settlements across the globe, believes in their power to model emergent patterns of more sustainable resource consumption in the developing world, and in the ability for contemporary technology to decode how they work," the&nbsp;<em>Landscape Architecture Magazine</em> writes and quotes Duarte saying: "They are not a problem. They are a solution with many problems."</p> Amazon releases short list of 20 cities for its second headquarters Mackenzie Goldberg 2018-01-18T12:35:00-05:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Now that it&rsquo;s down to a final list, Amazon says that it plans to &ldquo;dive deeper into their proposals&rdquo; and evaluate whether these locations can actually support the company&rsquo;s plan to add up to 50,000 jobs. The final list is full of mostly expected choices. Amazon is looking primarily at major metro areas with lots of people, transit options, and access to airports.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Here are the 20 finalists:</p> <ul><li>Atlanta, Georgia </li><li>Austin, Texas</li><li>Boston, Massachusetts</li><li>Chicago, Illinois</li><li>Columbus, Ohio</li><li>Dallas, Texas</li><li>Denver, Colorado</li><li>Indianapolis, Indiana</li><li>Los Angeles, California</li><li>Miami, Florida</li><li>Montgomery County, Maryland</li><li>Nashville, Tennessee</li><li>Newark, New Jersey</li><li>New York City, New York</li><li>Northern Virginia, Virginia</li><li>Philadelphia, Pennsylvania</li><li>Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania</li><li>Raleigh, North Carolina</li><li>Toronto, Ontario</li><li>Washington, DC.</li></ul> Requiem - Lahdelma & Mahlmäki’s Museum for the Defense and Siege of Leningrad Lahdelma & Mahlamäki 2018-01-16T23:44:00-05:00 >2018-01-17T02:35:09-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><p><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Lahdelma &amp; Mahalm&auml;ki Architects</a> have unveiled Requiem, their competition proposal for the Museum for the Defense and Siege of Leningrad, St. Petersburg. The project was undertaken in partnership with <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Ralph Appelbaum Associates</a> who, together, formed the only international team amongst the four final designs. The design sees an elegant spiral, buried in the landscape, reaching up from the exhibitions which are buried in a vast cavern underground. The route corkscrews out the top of the riverside, reaching outwards to give views over the new St. Petersburg.</p> <figure><img src=";auto=compress%2Cformat&amp;w=514&amp;dpr=2"><figcaption>Images credit to: Brick Visuals</figcaption></figure><p><strong></strong>The Museum for the Defense and Siege of Leningrad and its several components form a powerful spatial composition, connecting to the character and history of the city. The Thread of Life, the Memorial of Heroes of Leningrad and the Square of Testimony all sit against the backdrop of a newly created tranquil river side park.</p> <figure><img src=";auto=compress%2Cformat&amp;w=514&amp;dpr=2"><figcaption>Images credit to: Brick Visuals</figcaption></figure><p>&nbsp;The &lsquo;Thread of Life&rsquo; refers to the museum and ex...</p> Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners and Aedas unveil major boundary crossing facility for Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge Alexander Walter 2018-01-16T15:38:00-05:00 >2018-01-16T15:45:19-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners (RSHP) and Aedas today unveiled their involvement in a boundary crossing which will provide a new entry point into Hong Kong. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge Hong Kong Boundary Crossing Facilities (HKBCF) is a joint project between the two architects, working with AECOM, which will provide new connections between Hong Kong, mainland China, and Macao, and which will bring wider benefits across the Pearl River Delta.</p></em><br /><br /><p>After years of delay and enormous cost overruns, work seems to be picking up again on the ambitious&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Hong Kong&ndash;Zhuhai&ndash;Macau Bridge</a> project; connecting <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Hong Kong</a> International Airport with <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Macau</a> across the Lingdingyang channel and Zhuhai in mainland China via a series of bridges and one undersea tunnel which, once completed, would be one of the world's longest at 34 miles/55 kilometers.</p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Image via Wikipedia</figcaption></figure><p><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners</a> and <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Aedas</a>, working with <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">AECOM</a>, now revealed designs and construction images of one the bridge project's key elements, the&nbsp;Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge Hong Kong Boundary Crossing Facilities (HKBCF).&nbsp;</p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>HKBC Construction</figcaption></figure><p>From the architects: "The HKBCF will cover 130 hectare on a new 150-hectare artificial island reclaimed from the open waters to the north-east of Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA), and will benefit from the proximity to the HKIA&rsquo;s transport links, including the SkyPier Ferry Terminal, and the MTR&rsquo;s Airport Express and Tung Chung line...</p> Spirit of apartheid still alive in the architecture of South Africa's gated communities Alexander Walter 2018-01-15T15:35:00-05:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>The prevalence of gated communities may also reveal what South Africans think constitutes middle class life. As it did under apartheid, it often means avoiding the poor unless they are servants, nannies or gardeners. Instead of creating racial segregation, gated communities often broaden the economic gap in South Africa and restricts development to privatized progress.</p></em><br /><br /><p>"As state institutions flounder, estate living has gone on to offer attached private schools and clinics," Lynsey Chutel writes for <em>Quartz Africa</em>. "Privatized amenities in gated communities mean citizens don&rsquo;t have to hold the city accountable, which is a shame because these are the citizens who often have the power to pressure the city to do better."</p> Going from bad to worse: Penn Station's massive tunnel system is aging rapidly Alexander Walter 2018-01-11T17:35:00-05:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>I&rsquo;d been assigned to write a story about Pennsylvania Station, but I wanted to get a caboose-eye view of the decaying tunnels leading up to it, because the only imaginable way the station could be any worse is if it were underwater. Penn, the Western Hemisphere&rsquo;s busiest train station, serves 430,000 travelers every weekday&mdash;more than LaGuardia, JFK, and Newark airports combined.</p></em><br /><br /><p>"As the gateway to America&rsquo;s largest city," Devin Leonard writes in his piece for <em>Bloomberg Businessweek</em>, "Penn Station should inspire awe, as train stations do in London, Paris, Tokyo, and other competently managed metropolises. Instead, it embodies a particular kind of American failure&mdash;the inability to maintain roads, rails, ports, and other necessary conduits."</p> Social housing goes green with another urban forest designed by Stefano Boeri Hope Daley 2018-01-11T14:15:00-05:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><p>A social housing project&nbsp;in the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Netherlands</a> plans to adopt a <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Vertical Forest</a> designed by&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Stefano Boeri Architetti</a>. Now Eindhoven will join the list of Vertical Forest cities Milan,&nbsp;Nanjing, Utrecht, Tirana, Lausanne, and Paris.&nbsp;</p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p></figure><p>The client,&nbsp;Sint-Trudo, has instigated the first Vertical Forest project to be used by&nbsp;low-income social groups&mdash;tackling climate change and housing shortages in one project. The building will have 125 social housing units within 19 floors of apartments, which will be rented out at affordable rates and include balconies with hundreds of trees and plants.&nbsp;<br></p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p></figure><p>Promoting <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">sustainable architecture</a> worldwide, the firm is committed to improving city environments for both the climate and its inhabitants.&nbsp;<br></p> <figure><figure><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></figure></figure> From Search Engines to Sidewalks? Anthony Morey 2018-01-10T12:22:00-05:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Yet what has drawn the most concern and curiosity with regards to Quayside is a uniquely 21st-century feature: a data-harvesting, wifi-beaming &ldquo;digital layer&rdquo; that would underpin each proposed facet of Quayside life. According to Sidewalk Labs, this would provide &ldquo;a single unified source of information about what is going on&rdquo;&mdash;to an astonishing level of detail&mdash;as well as a centralized platform for efficiently managing it all.</p></em><br /><br /><p>While tech companies struggle to discover the new way to get a glimpse into our daily habits&mdash;attempting to discover how and where we spend our time and money&mdash;Alphabet might have just brought the &lsquo;<em>Truman Show</em>&rsquo; approach to marketing.&nbsp;</p> <p>With <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Sidewalk Labs</a>, a subsidiary of Alphabet, announcing its first ever Urban Development in Toronto earlier this year, it is no surprise that tech companies have switched gears and begun to see the city itself as a device, rather than just the thing in your hand. Tech giants are beginning to turn architecture into a tool for data collection and that data is then becoming the perspective in which the Architecture is critiqued. What does that spell for the discipline at large?&nbsp;</p> <p>Beyond our discipline, if every decision is based on its ability to produce more data, how does that impact privacy and freedom of choice? What would the pop-up ad equivalent become if it is capable of leaving the digital screen and becoming an urban phenomenon and where would the ...</p> Unbuilt highway schemes — and the traces they left behind Alexander Walter 2018-01-08T15:00:00-05:00 >2018-01-08T15:00:33-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>The postwar passion for highway construction saw cities around the world carved up in the name of progress. But as communities fought back many schemes were abandoned &ndash; their half-built traces showing what might have been</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><head><meta></head></html> HUD announces delay of AFFH, an Obama-era rule combating housing segregation Mackenzie Goldberg 2018-01-08T14:24:00-05:00 >2018-01-08T14:24:29-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Last week, HUD published a notice in the Federal Register announcing its intentions to suspend enforcement of the rule until 2020, the New York Times reports. The notice &ldquo;tells cities already at work on the detailed plans required by the rule that they no longer need to submit them, and the department says it will stop reviewing plans that have already been filed,&rdquo; according to the paper.</p></em><br /><br /><p>In 2015, the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development</a>, under the Obama administration, issued legislation intended to bolster the enforcement of the Fair Housing Act, a decades-old law designed to combat segregation across the country. The new, Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing rule, required cities and towns that receive federal funding to examine their local housing patterns for racial bias and to design a plan to address any measurable bias.</p> <p>However, HUD announced last week, issuing a <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">notice</a>, that it is will be suspending enforcement of the AFFH, now giving cities until 2020 to submit their evaluations. The notice also states that the department will stop reviewing plans that have already been filed by cities.&nbsp;</p> <p>While the decision does not necessarily repeal the Obama-era legislation, fair housing experts believe the suspension effectively guts the ruling and significantly waters down the government's assessment tools for fair housing by delaying enforcement. Communiti...</p> Bordering on Art. Anthony Morey 2018-01-08T12:45:00-05:00 >2018-01-08T12:45:31-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>The notion that the prototypes could qualify as conceptual art might seem somewhat far-fetched. They were designed to United States Customs and Border Protection specifications, built to withstand a 30-minute assault from sledgehammers to acetylene torches, and to be difficult to scale or tunnel beneath. Aesthetic considerations are largely secondary to brute strength, but, when viewed up close, the walls collectively have the undeniable majesty of minimalist sculpture.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Cadillac Ranch, Prada Marfa, The Gates from the Met and The Border Wall. As excessive, fantastical, dismal and maddening as that list may sound, it may be closer to reality than we would think. For artist, Christoph B&uuml;chel, the possibility that the expected role of the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Border Wall proto-types</a> and their contentious implications should be classified as art is a interesting turn of events. The artist&rsquo;s hope is to have the prototypes declared a national monument under the Antiquities Act of 1906, which protects naturally, culturally, or scientifically significant sites and for better or worse, we could agree that their cultural signification of the current state of America is undeniable. What do you think? Are they worth saving and what should their story be?&nbsp;</p> Australians outraged over plans for an Apple store at Federation Square in Melbourne Mackenzie Goldberg 2018-01-05T14:39:00-05:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Announced on Wednesday, the two-level glass-walled pavilion was unveiled with a promise from Apple that the planned project "increases public space and provides a daily program of activity to inspire and educate the community." But it's this element of public space that has people a little concerned.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Residents of <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Melbourne</a> are angered by <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Apple</a>'s plans to locate its new flagship store at Federation Square, a public center commonly used to house gatherings, protests, sports screening, concerts and Council-organized events. The site is also home to the Australian Centre for the Moving Image, the National Gallery of Victoria's Ian Potter Centre, the headquarters for public broadcaster SBS, and the Yarra Building&mdash;the latter of which will be destroyed to make room for the store.&nbsp;</p> <figure><img src=";auto=compress%2Cformat&amp;w=1028"><figcaption>Federation Square is a civic center and cultural precinct in the city of Melbourne.</figcaption></figure><p>The Yarra Building, a large, deconstructivist&nbsp;structure, houses the Koorie Heritage Trust, an Aboriginal arts and cultural organization that will be displaced by the decision. Apple has promised to foot the bill for the building's demolition and the Trust has plans to move into a larger space also within Federation Square. However, the Yarra building's quartz-like design is in keeping with the deconstructivist character of the ...</p> Cost of the Long Island Rail Road project balloons to be the most expensive in the world Mackenzie Goldberg 2017-12-29T15:57:00-05:00 >2018-01-30T06:16:04-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>The estimated cost of the Long Island Rail Road project, known as &ldquo;East Side Access,&rdquo; has ballooned to $12 billion, or nearly $3.5 billion for each new mile of track &mdash; seven times the average elsewhere in the world. The recently completed Second Avenue subway on Manhattan&rsquo;s Upper East Side and the 2015 extension of the No. 7 line to Hudson Yards also cost far above average, at $2.5 billion and $1.5 billion per mile, respectively.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Against the back drop of the&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">New York subway system's</a>&nbsp;massive<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">&nbsp;delays</a>,&nbsp;<em>the New York Times</em> looks into why project costs for a 3.5-mile tunnel connecting Grand Central Terminal to the Long Island Rail Road ballooned to nearly $3.5 million for each new mile of track.&nbsp;</p> Gamespace Urbanism: understanding reality through simulation Alexander Walter 2017-12-29T12:18:00-05:00 >2017-12-29T12:18:33-05:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>The following examples show how gamespace can become the stage for a social, political and ethical critique: from a nondescript city under the effect of gentrification, to a barren luxury estate and a set of playful and absurd buildings for London. These examples suggest that, rather than allowing architects to indulge Piranesi&rsquo;s power-hungry ideal, games could work as a means of showing how dysfunctional reality really is.</p></em><br /><br /><p>In her essay <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Gamespace Urbanism: City-Building Games and Radical Simulations</a> for <em>Failed Architecture</em>, Federica Buzzi looks at a new crop of indie city-planning computer games that promise fresh potential for simulation and exploration of radical urban scenarios &mdash; and subsequent social, political, and ethical critique: "Beyond critique and virtual entertainment, the question they open up is whether games can be used as reliable systems to study and solve actual and theoretical conflicts."</p>