Archinect - News 2018-08-15T18:47:09-04:00 BIG designs first prototype for affordable vacation home company Klein Hope Daley 2018-08-15T15:12:00-04:00 >2018-08-15T15:12:32-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Behold the first prototype of the Brooklyn-based Klein, a new company that wants to make the process of building small houses more affordable all over the world.&nbsp;A45 is a 13-foot-long wood and glass cabin for one, two, or three people (if one of them is tiny) designed by the&nbsp;Danish architectural firm&nbsp;Bjarke Ingels Group [...] meant to be the first of many designs [that will fulfill the fantasy] of having a home outside the city...</p></em><br /><br /><p>Founder Soren Rose started Klein after leading the firm S&oslash;ren Rose Studio&nbsp;based in New York and Copenhagen. By providing small, cheap, <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">prefab</a> houses the company aims to make vacation <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">home ownership</a> more affordable to a wider audience.&nbsp;</p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Klein prototype A45 by BIG. Image: Matthew Carbone.</figcaption></figure><p>While there are currently no set prices, homes are projected to range from&nbsp;$50,000 to $300,000.&nbsp;</p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Klein prototype A45 by BIG. Image: Matthew Carbone.</figcaption></figure><p>The first prototype, designed by <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">BIG</a>, is the start of several options which will be fully customizable and ready within 6 months of placing an order.&nbsp;<br></p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Klein prototype A45 by BIG. Image: Matthew Carbone.</figcaption></figure><p>Klein is currently taking preorders on a case by case basis.&nbsp;<br></p> <figure><figure><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a><figcaption>Klein prototype A45 by BIG. Image: Matthew Carbone.</figcaption></figure></figure> Notre Dame is falling apart and relying on US donations for major repairs Hope Daley 2018-08-15T14:21:00-04:00 >2018-08-15T14:21:50-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>One of Europe&rsquo;s most visited sites, with about 12 million tourists a year, is in dire need of repairs. Centuries of weather have worn away at the stone. The fumes from decades of gridlock have only worsened the damage. &ldquo;Pollution is the biggest culprit,&rdquo; says Philippe Villeneuve, architect in chief of historic monuments in France. &ldquo;We need to replace the ruined stones. We need to replace the joints with traditional materials. This is going to be extensive.&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><p><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Notre Dame</a> faces major <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">repairs</a> as the historic Cathedral's structure decays due largely to pollution. Funding for the repairs needed were difficult to raise as the cathedral is owned by the French government, yet their arrangement allows the&nbsp;Catholic archdiocese of Paris&nbsp;to use it for free. Both claimed the other responsible for raising funds, however the&nbsp;archdiocese stepped up <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">creating&nbsp;Friends of Notre Dam last year</a>.&nbsp;</p> <p>The organization allows US citizens to make tax deductible contributions to the renovation of this historic landmark. Friends of Notre Dame hope to raise $114 million within the next five to 10 years.&nbsp;</p> The Lotus House Explores the Potential of 3D Printing for Sustainable Construction Liam Otten 2018-08-15T12:21:00-04:00 >2018-08-15T13:41:02-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><p>From consumer goods to medical devices, <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">3D printing</a> is reshaping the manufacturing world. But what about construction? Could this technology change the way buildings are made?</p> <p>That&rsquo;s the question posed by a team from Washington University in St. Louis.&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Over the past eight months</a>, students from the&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Sam Fox School of Design &amp; Visual Arts</a> and the&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">School of Engineering &amp; Applied Science</a>&nbsp;&mdash; with support from the&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">International Center for Energy, Environment and Sustainability (InCEES)</a>&mdash;&nbsp;have used 3D printing to design and fabricate elements of&nbsp;Lotus House, an energy-efficient prototype residence unveiled this month as part of&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Solar Decathlon China 2018</a>.</p> <p>In this Q&amp;A, project manager Kinga Pabjan, a master&rsquo;s candidate in architecture and construction management, discusses Lotus House, 3D printing and the future of sustainable construction.</p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Project manager Kinga Pabjan. (Courtesy Team WashU)</figcaption></figure><p><strong>Describe Lotus House. What inspired the design?</strong><br></p> <p>Lotus House is a 650-square-foot, single-story home. The...</p> Global heatwave is symptom of early stage cycle of civilisational collapse Orhan Ayyüce 2018-08-13T18:59:00-04:00 >2018-08-15T13:52:40-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>This summer&rsquo;s extreme weather has hit home some stark realities. Climate disaster is not slated to happen in some far-flung theoretical future. It&rsquo;s here, and now.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Penned by Nafeez Ahmed, investigative journalist, recovering academic, tracking the Crisis of Civilization, the article points to a more urgent than urgent times in terms of civilisation and not merely the climate change.&nbsp;<br></p> <p>Also an urgent quote from a friend internalizing the article for architecture, "I am surprised that with contemporary conditions that require a radical re-orientation and re-conceptualization of discipline and profession, architecture professors continue to talk about elements, tectonic, "Fundamentals", context, composition, scale, poche, sustainability... Bla,bla...&nbsp;Let's build a new ontology..."<br></p> <p>-Alex Santander, Architect. Tijuana, Mexico</p> BIG completes Shenzhen Energy Company's new “undulating” office skyscrapers Justine Testado 2018-08-13T18:41:00-04:00 >2018-08-15T17:02:03-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><p>Back in 2009, <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">BIG</a> in collaboration with <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">ARUP</a> and <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Transsolar</a> won the international competition to design Shenzhen Energy Company's new office skyscraper. After six years of construction that began in 2012, the development has been completed at a time when <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Shenzhen</a> is continuously evolving into &ldquo;China's Silicon Valley&rdquo;.</p> <figure></figure><figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Photo: Chao Zhang.</figcaption></figure><figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Photo: Laurian Ghinitoiu.</figcaption></figure><p>A 220-meter tower and a 120-meter tower are linked by a 34-meter, ground-level podium that houses the main lobbies, conference center, cafeteria, and exhibition space. The Shenzhen Energy Company's offices are located on the highest floors, while the remaining floors are rentable office space.<br></p> <p>No stacked blocks to be seen in this BIG design this time around either.&nbsp;The towers feature an&nbsp;undulating envelope that creates&nbsp;&ldquo;a rippled skin around both towers and breaks away from the traditional glass curtain wall,&rdquo; BIG says.&nbsp;<br></p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Photo: Chao Zhang.</figcaption></figure><p></p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Photo: Chao Zhang.</figcaption></figure><p>The facade oscillates between transparency on one side and opacity on ...</p> Architecture professor defends brutalism against Trump's call for demolition Hope Daley 2018-08-13T14:40:00-04:00 >2018-08-15T09:06:39-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Depending on who you ask, brutalist buildings like the FBI's J. Edgar Hoover Building in Washington, D.C., are little more than misshapen mounds of concrete. But architecture professor Mark Pasnik&nbsp;says the structures were built with a much deeper meaning in mind. "People think of them as communistic or as alienating," says Pasnik, who came to brutalism's defense in a recent Boston Globe op-ed.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Architecture professor Mark Pasnik makes the argument for preservation of <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">brutalist</a> buildings in an&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">opinion piece for the Boston Globe</a>. Pasnik's piece was in response to <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Trumps recent outcry to tear down the FBI headquarters</a>. He explains the style's history of material honesty, along with reasons to preserve brutalist architecture. Even if the style does not appeal to an individual, Pasnik advocates the historic importance and sustainability of renovation over demolition are worth keeping brutalist buildings intact.</p> NEH announces $13.2 million in grants for cultural infastructure Hope Daley 2018-08-10T18:04:00-04:00 >2018-08-13T13:45:58-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><p><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)</a> has just announced $13.2 million in grants for cultural infrastructure. <a href=";utm_source=govdelivery" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">29 U.S. cultural institutions&nbsp;were awarded</a> with matching grants&nbsp;including libraries, museums, archives, colleges, universities, historic sites, scholarly associations, and other cultural institutions which build institutional capacity for long-term sustainability. The <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation</a> was among those awarded, receiving a grant of $576,106.&nbsp;</p> NCARB announces a commitment to diversity in leadership Hope Daley 2018-08-02T14:58:00-04:00 >2018-08-07T13:18:41-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><p>The <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">NCARB</a> Board of Directors recently announced a Policy for <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Diversity</a> in which the organization states a commitment to greater diversity, with respect to&nbsp;gender, race, geography, age, perspective (architect vs. non-architect), and physical ability, when electing leadership positions. The NCARB has worked to diversify their volunteer pool, transformed key programs for inclusion, and promoted wider access to <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">licensure</a>. Yet, President and Chair of the Board states more can be done: <br><br>"While diversity at the licensing board level is largely controlled by governors or other appointing authorities, more can be done to influence the appointment process [...] And internally, we will strive to more fully utilize existing licensing board members who bring the perspective of under-represented groups."</p> <p><em><strong>Policy for Diversity </strong><br><br>This Policy on Diversity is designed to encourage consideration of underrepresented groups when the NCARB Board of Directors or the Council membership selects individuals to p...</em></p> A floating university by Berlin firm Raumlabor explores the future of architecture schooling Hope Daley 2018-07-30T16:31:00-04:00 >2018-07-31T06:13:00-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Created by architects&nbsp;Raumlabor, the&nbsp;Floating University in Berlin invites students and experts from all over the world to explore solutions for future urban challenges. It&rsquo;s said that the things we learn at university today will be outdated by the time we graduate. So what does a learning environment look like where students research cities of the future?</p></em><br /><br /><p>Berlin-based firm <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Raumlabor</a> have created a <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">floating</a> university running through the summer months to explore new <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">learning environment</a> possibilities. Located in a rainwater basin in Berlin, the temporary structure is under constant development with students, professors, and experts implementing their ideas.&nbsp;</p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Floating University by Raumlabor, located in Berlin. Image: Raumlabor.</figcaption></figure><p>The floating university includes a library, workspaces, an auditorium with a pool, an experimental kitchen and bar, and a water-filtering system. Students are invited from the fields of architecture, design, arts, and sustainable technology to participate in this hands-on program. The University will be dismantled in September with all materials either rented and returned or used for upcoming projects.<br></p> Liverpool aims to be world's first climate-positive city with blockchain technology Hope Daley 2018-07-26T16:20:00-04:00 >2018-07-26T16:20:46-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Liverpool City Council (LCC) has announced a new partnership with a blockchain platform company to offset more than 110% of its carbon emissions, with the city announcing its bid to become the world's first climate-positive city by the end of 2020. LCC will conduct a year-long trial with the Poseidon Foundation to use a blockchain platform to offset the carbon impact of all products and services in the city by supporting global forest conversation projects.</p></em><br /><br /><p><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Liverpool</a>'s ambition to become the world's first climate-positive city by 2020 has been announced with the city's <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">blockchain</a> technology partnership. Committing to a year-long trial of this sustainable technology,&nbsp;Liverpool City Council strives to reduce its <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">carbon impact</a> by installing more than 15,000 energy saving LED streetlights across 2,000 streets to reduce streetlight energy consumption by 82%.&nbsp;</p> <p>The Poseidon&rsquo;s Foundation, Laszlo Giricz stated, &ldquo;This is a ground-breaking partnership not just for Poseidon and Liverpool, but globally. For the first time, a city will use blockchain technology to go beyond rebalancing its carbon footprint &ndash; leading the way in the fight against climate change."&nbsp;</p> Researchers develop method to 3D-print inexpensive houses from peat Alexander Walter 2018-07-25T15:07:00-04:00 >2018-07-31T07:01:35-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Cut peat blocks were already being used for building houses thousands of years ago. Now, scientists at the University of Tartu have developed a material which could make it possible to print energy-efficient houses out of milled peat and oil shale ash using a 3D printer.</p></em><br /><br /><p>"As peat and oil shale ash are not very expensive, house builders would be especially happy about the price of the material. According to Liiv, scientists calculated that the cost for the construction of a house shell printed from this material with a floor surface of 100&ndash;150 square meters could be about &euro;5,000 (compared to the construction of the shell of a framed building of equivalent size, which would cost about ten times more). Thus, peat material could be used to build a very cheap house with an energy class A."</p> <p>H/T <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Global Construction Review</a></p> Vienna leads globally in affordable housing and quality of life Hope Daley 2018-07-25T15:05:00-04:00 >2018-07-27T12:14:53-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>With its affordable and attractive places to live, the Austrian capital is fast becoming the international gold standard when it comes to public housing, or what Europeans call &ldquo;social housing&rdquo; &#8213; in Vienna&rsquo;s case, government-subsidized housing rented out by the municipality or nonprofit housing associations. Unlike America&rsquo;s public housing projects, which remain unloved and underfunded...</p></em><br /><br /><p>In Vienna 62% of its citizens reside in <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">public housing</a>, standing in stark contrast with less than 1% living in US social housing. The Austrian capital boasts regulated rents and strongly protects tenant's rights, while US public housing functions as a last resort for low-income individuals. Earlier this year Vienna was listed at the top of <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Mercer's Quality of Living Ranking</a>, beating every city in the world&nbsp;for the ninth year in a row. Needless to say US cities have <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">much to learn from Vienna's urban housing model</a>.&nbsp;</p> Should New York's subway rails be paved over for driverless cars? Hope Daley 2018-07-24T19:03:00-04:00 >2018-07-30T07:47:59-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Visions of the future [autonomous vehicles] will bring have already crept into City Council meetings, political campaigns, state legislation and decisions about what cities should build today. That unnerves some transportation planners and transit advocates, who fear unrealistic hopes for driverless cars &mdash; and how soon they&rsquo;ll get here &mdash; could lead cities to mortgage the present for something better they haven&rsquo;t seen.</p></em><br /><br /><p>With <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">new technologies emerging</a>, cities are debating the most effective transportation systems to fund. Caught in the midst of this struggle is the proposition of paving over the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">New York subway</a>&nbsp;in order to create an underground highway for <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">autonomous vehicles</a>. Those championing the idea believe this system would move the most people using the least amount of space, when theoretically services like Lyft and Uber no longer have to pay drivers.&nbsp;</p> <p>Many, however, believe this is an unrealistic faith in new technology to solve all of our cities transportation problems. If everyone uses their own private, self-driving car this could create enormous amounts of traffic. Not to mention the belief that there is something inherently better about everyone traveling together on public transit rather than in their own isolated vehicles. Should cities invest in these new transit models replacing <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">public&nbsp;infrastructure&nbsp;with private systems</a>? Or hold out for unknown future technologies?</p> Yale University teams with UN Environment to unveil new eco-housing module Mackenzie Goldberg 2018-07-23T16:19:00-04:00 >2018-07-24T11:54:13-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><p>Representing more than a third of global greenhouse gas emissions, and using up 40% of the planet's total resources, the housing sector is going to have to play a key role in <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">effective climate policy</a>.&nbsp;By building green, we can lessen the impact our buildings have on contributing to climate change while also building resilience into our homes and communities.<br></p> <p>Seeking new solutions, the United Nations Environment Programme and UN Habitat recently teamed up with the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Yale Center for Ecosystems in Architecture</a> to explore&nbsp;how sustainable design can limit the overuse of natural resources and climate change while also&nbsp;providing decent, affordable housing.&nbsp;&ldquo;We clearly need more housing,"&nbsp;said Erik Solheim, head of UN Environment. "But the key thing is that we also need smarter housing&rdquo; he added.</p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Courtesy of UN Environment.</figcaption></figure><p>As tends to be the case these days, the result of their collaboration is a 22-square-meter "tiny house."&nbsp;Efficient and multi-functional, the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">eco-housing</a> module is&nbsp;fully pow...</p> MIT's mass timber longhouse is more sustainable than concrete Hope Daley 2018-07-23T15:15:00-04:00 >2018-07-23T15:15:30-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Changing the mindset behind short-term wooden constructions is MIT. A group of researchers at the university are leading an initiative to investigate new mass timber designs- wood-based buildings designed to be more efficient and cheaper than, yet just as durable as, concrete and steel buildings. The team proposes building mass timber longhouses - large wooden engineered houses built from massive pieces of timber.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Mass Timber Design, MIT's architecture workshop exploring <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">sustainable building design</a> at the intersection of architecture and technology, has developed a Longhouse prototype.&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Mass timber</a>, a wood-based building design and construction technology,&nbsp;has continued to be explored for its sustainability over other materials such as <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">concrete</a>.&nbsp;</p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>The Longhouse prototype by MIT's Mass Timber Design Workshop. Image: MIT.</figcaption></figure><p>A major environmental concern, concrete production accounts for about 5 percent of global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions alone.<br></p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>The Longhouse prototype by MIT's Mass Timber Design Workshop. Image: MIT.</figcaption></figure><p>The Longhouse draws on its historical background serving as a multi-functional building designed for shared communal space.&nbsp;<br></p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>The Longhouse prototype by MIT's Mass Timber Design Workshop. Image: MIT.</figcaption></figure><p>The structure consists of a series of timber laminated veneer lumber (LVL) arches spanning across the building&rsquo;s shorter dimension.&nbsp;</p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>The Longhouse prototype by MIT's Mass Timber Design Wo...</figcaption></figure> Biogenic, bacteria-powered solar cells can generate electricity even under overcast skies Alexander Walter 2018-07-20T15:00:00-04:00 >2018-07-20T15:01:46-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Their cell generated a current stronger than any previously recorded from such a device, and worked as efficiently in dim light as in bright light. This innovation could be a step toward wider adoption of solar power in places like British Columbia and parts of northern Europe where overcast skies are common. With further development, these solar cells&mdash;called &ldquo;biogenic&rdquo; because they are made of living organisms&mdash;could become as efficient as the synthetic cells used in conventional solar panels.</p></em><br /><br /><p>While this isn't the first&nbsp;effort to build biogenic,&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">bacteria</a>-powered solar cells, scientists at the&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">University of British Columbia</a> claim to have <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">discovered</a> a novel, highly cost-effective, and much more sustainable way to use the photosynthesis capabilities of certain bacteria to convert light (even dim&nbsp;light) to energy.&nbsp;</p> <p>"They genetically engineered E. coli to produce large amounts of lycopene&mdash;a dye that gives tomatoes their red-orange colour and is particularly effective at harvesting light for conversion to energy," explains the UBC announcement. "The researchers coated the bacteria with a mineral that could act as a semiconductor, and applied the mixture to a glass surface. With the coated glass acting as an anode at one end of their cell, they generated a current density of 0.686 milliamps per square centimetre&mdash;an improvement on the 0.362 achieved by others in the field."</p> <p>More research is needed to turn this newly discovered method into market-ready biogenic solar panels.</p>... A call to embrace automation in the job market with a collaborative vision Hope Daley 2018-07-18T17:17:00-04:00 >2018-07-18T19:07:47-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>This partnership between human and machine is what lies ahead as automation tools permeate our lives at a quickening pace. As many worry about the potential for robots to steal our jobs (or lead a violent overthrow of society), the reality may be more nuanced: They may end up being something more like creative collaborators [...] We must re-tool the workforce, be ever learning, and open to rapid change to reduce the negative impact.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Brooks Rainwater asserts <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">urban spaces</a> as the testing grounds for the impending automation revolution and asks whether this will simply eliminate <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">jobs</a> or create new, better ones. While job displacement estimations vary, there is no denying the tremendous impact <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">emerging technologies</a> will have on our future workforce. Rainwater empowers present decisions of embracing these inevitable changes through forming collaborative partnerships with automation.&nbsp;</p> Will the Los Angeles Times Mirror Square complex become a historic monument? Hope Daley 2018-07-18T15:11:00-04:00 >2018-07-21T13:14:05-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>The 378-page recommendation report filed by a group of preservationists, including preservationist Richard Schave and architect and 20th century architectural historian Alan Hess, calls on the city to protect the three most iconic structures of the Los Angeles Times complex [...] Purely from a design perspective, preserving The Times complex &mdash; once known as Times Mirror Square &mdash; is a difficult proposition.</p></em><br /><br /><p>The <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Los Angeles Times</a> complex consists of three iconic structures which <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">preservationists</a> are pushing to make historic monuments. There is the 1935 building by Gordon B. Kaufmann featuring&nbsp;&ldquo;The Times&rdquo; neon sign and the grand Globe Lobby, Rowland Crawford&rsquo;s late moderne style Mirror Building built in&nbsp;1948, and the luxe Times Mirror corporate headquarters&nbsp;designed by William Pereira in 1973. Old enough to be out of date but not enough to necessarily be revered as historic, these structures hang in limbo with an undermined fate in&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Los Angeles history</a>.&nbsp;</p> New report presents staggering amount of parking in US cities Hope Daley 2018-07-16T15:13:00-04:00 >2018-07-16T15:13:56-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Groundbreaking research presents credible estimates of the total parking supply in several American cities, and it's not pretty. Parking spaces are everywhere, but for some reason the perception persists that there&rsquo;s &ldquo;not enough parking.&rdquo; And so cities require parking in new buildings and lavishly subsidize parking garages, without ever measuring how much parking exists or how much it&rsquo;s used.</p></em><br /><br /><p>A new report from&nbsp;Eric Scharnhorst at the Research Institute for Housing America, an arm of the Mortgage Bankers Association,&nbsp;estimates the total parking supply in&nbsp;five US cities. Looking at satellite imagery and tax record data,&nbsp;Scharnhorst tallied&nbsp;on-street <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">parking</a>, surface parking, and garage parking in New York, Seattle, Philadelphia, Des Moines, and Jackson, Wyoming. The results show staggeringly high amounts of <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">land use</a> dedicated to parking with low use percentages.&nbsp;</p> Will the Los Angeles 2028 Olympics truly be low-impact? Hope Daley 2018-07-12T16:04:00-04:00 >2018-07-12T16:04:22-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>The only profitable games in modern Olympic history, LA 1984 was a case study in public&ndash;private partnerships, corporate sponsorship, and municipal storytelling [...] It&rsquo;s proof, say LA 2028 organizers, that the city can do it again: re-use the city&rsquo;s wealth of existing and under-construction stadiums and athletic facilities, house athletes and the media at local universities, and host an Olympics that won&rsquo;t require new publicly-funded infrastructure...</p></em><br /><br /><p>The Olympics have been promoted to cities as a vehicle for ushering in investment, attention, and urban growth. The reality, however, is often contradicting with failed developments and <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">infrastructure</a>&nbsp;left in the aftermath. As <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Los Angeles</a> prepares to <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">host the 2028 games</a>, large questions remain on how this will impact the city with an affordable housing and a homelessness crisis.&nbsp;</p> Is vertical farming the future of agriculture? Hope Daley 2018-07-11T14:36:00-04:00 >2018-07-11T16:18:49-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>The astronomical capital costs associated with starting a large hydroponic farm (compared to field and greenhouse farming), its reliance on investor capital and yet-to-be-developed technology, and challenges around energy efficiency and environmental impact make vertical farming anything but a sure bet. And even if vertical farms do scale, there&rsquo;s no clear sense of whether brand-loyal consumers, en masse, will make the switch from field-grown produce to foods grown indoors.</p></em><br /><br /><p>A look at the benefits and costs to <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">vertical farming</a> taking into account new technologies, the architecture and economics of production, and consumer demand. In these indoor spaces food is being grown hydroponically, meaning without soil and using artificial LED lighting. As new innovations emerge disrupting the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">agriculture</a> industry, the impact of indoor farming remains open ended.&nbsp;</p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>LED lighting used for an indoor farming operation. Image: Agritecture.</figcaption></figure> How mushroom architecture is being used to address Cleveland's housing crisis​ Justine Testado 2018-07-09T17:53:00-04:00 >2018-07-09T17:53:07-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Inspired by the work of inventor Philip Ross and his company MycoWorks, Maurer argues that one of the keys to addressing Cleveland&rsquo;s housing crisis lies in an unlikely source: mushrooms. Specifically, in using mycelium &ndash; the vegetative part of a fungus &ndash; and Cleveland&rsquo;s other &ldquo;natural&rdquo; resource, construction waste, in a process called &ldquo;biocycling&rdquo;, which essentially recycles old buildings into new ones using plant materials.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>&ldquo;I like to refer to Cleveland as &lsquo;ground zero&rsquo; for biocycling,&rdquo; says Maurer, who believes the city has the perfect conditions and challenges to serve as a prototype for the process.</em><br></p> <p>Cleveland architect Christopher Maurer of <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Redhouse Studio</a> argues how mycotecture (architecture that uses mushrooms and fungi) and <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">&ldquo;biocycling&rdquo;</a> can be used to help solve his hometown's dire housing challenges, and how these methods will hopefully become a model of sustainable construction in cities everywhere.</p> Fair Housing Act ruling now vulnerable with Justice Kennedy’s retirement Hope Daley 2018-06-28T15:49:00-04:00 >2018-06-28T15:49:03-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Justice Anthony Kennedy wrote the most important decision on fair housing in a generation. He&rsquo;ll almost certainly get to see it overturned in his lifetime. When Kennedy announced his long-rumored retirement on Wednesday, he shined a spotlight on the tenuous political balance of the U.S. Supreme Court. Famously a swing vote, Kennedy sided with the court&rsquo;s four liberal justices on defining decisions on reproductive rights, same-sex marriage, the death penalty, and other hot-button social issues.</p></em><br /><br /><p>The "disparate impact" ruling of the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Fair Housing Act</a> is <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">now being reconsidered</a> by HUD. This could lead to the department repealing altogether, despite the fact that the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Supreme Court</a> already affirmed its constitutionality. Justice Kennedy's legacy of further integrating society is vulnerable to be overruled under Trump.&nbsp;</p> Startup Katerra wants to revolutionize the construction industry Hope Daley 2018-06-27T15:18:00-04:00 >2018-06-27T17:58:33-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>A Menlo Park company called Katerra announced that it had acquired Michael Green Architecture, a 25-person architecture firm in Vancouver, British Columbia. On June 12, the company revealed that it had bought another, larger architecture firm, Atlanta-based Lord Aeck Sargent. This comes five months after Katerra raised $865 million in venture capital from funders led by SoftBank&rsquo;s Vision Fund, which has also invested heavily in the co-working startup WeWork.</p></em><br /><br /><p><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Startup</a> Katerra looks to revolutionize the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">construction</a> industry through streamlining the entire process with their design-build model. The company has acquired <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Michael Green Architecture</a>, known for&nbsp;designing tall wood buildings, and&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Lord Aeck Sargent</a>.&nbsp;</p> <p>With these two firms obtained, Katerra will now consolidate by designing and building its products in house. <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Michael Green Architecture</a>'s influence can be seen as Katerra is developing a catalog of mass timber products for residential and commercial building projects. Uniquely Katerra has also created a system to guarantee price early on, a rarity in the industry.</p> How big tech companies are shaping US city development Hope Daley 2018-06-25T16:05:00-04:00 >2018-06-25T16:05:57-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>I&rsquo;m not saying America&rsquo;s cities are turning into dystopian technocapitalist hellscapes in which corporations operate every essential service and pull every civic string. But let&rsquo;s take a tour of recent news from the metropolises.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Farhad Manjoo unpacks the extreme impact big tech companies have on US city construction citing cases from <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Amazon</a>,&nbsp;Elon Musk's <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Boring Company</a>, and <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Bird's electric scooters</a>. Are these <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">innovations</a> simply breaking through the red tape of <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">local government</a> or are they dominating with no input from the public?&nbsp;</p> BIG's 'Humanhattan 2050' promotes resilient design for NYC waterfront at the Venice Architecture Biennale Alexander Walter 2018-06-20T14:40:00-04:00 >2018-06-21T10:04:51-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Lower Manhattan could be the first to test out an innovative system that is being proposed as a way to protect cities from rising sea levels and future storms. Called &ldquo;Humanhattan 2050,&rdquo; a visionary idea from Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG) that&rsquo;s on view in the 2018 Venice Architecture Biennale, the project not only proposes new infrastructure to safeguard the waterfront for the next hundred years, it will also make these spaces more accessible and enjoyable.</p></em><br /><br /><figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Image via @BIGstertweets/Twitter.</figcaption></figure><p>Avid Archinect readers will remember the "Humanhattan 2050" scheme from its initial iteration, <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">BIG</a>'s 2014&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Rebuild by Design competition</a>-winning proposal "<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The BIG U</a>" in response to the most devastating storm ever to hit New York, Hurricane Sandy, and the need for resilient, disaster-prepared city planning.</p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Image via @BIGstertweets/Twitter.</figcaption></figure><p>"The 'Humanhattan 2050' exhibit for the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Venice Architecture Biennale</a> is a vision that expands upon BIG&rsquo;s winning idea by enlarging the boundaries of Lower Manhattan with a building development created on an extension of land it cleverly calls MOMA, which is short for MOre MAnhattan," writes Paul Laster for the <em>Observer</em>.</p> A call for cities to own the curb as transit startups invade the streets Hope Daley 2018-06-15T17:14:00-04:00 >2018-06-21T12:23:55-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>With more options that ever for getting around cities, and finite space, the question of how we use this infrastructure, and who controls it, is more important than ever. By regulating how these new transportation options evolve, cities can potentially bring about a more sustainable, multimodal, and less car-centric transit future.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Our city curbs are&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">transportation</a> battles for space in the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"></a><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">flow of traffic</a>. While private tech <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">startups</a> are producing popular transportation solutions, such as Bird's electric scooters, the city is the one paying to build and maintain these public spaces. An upswing in dockless vehicles has far reaching potentials for cities to achieve sustainable goals, if they can reassert their ownership.&nbsp;</p> Trump considers tent cities to house unaccompanied migrant children Hope Daley 2018-06-13T19:29:00-04:00 >2018-06-14T18:53:29-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>The Trump administration is looking to build tent cities at military posts around Texas to shelter the increasing number of unaccompanied migrant children being held in detention. The Department of Health and Human Services will visit Fort Bliss, a sprawling Army base near El Paso in the coming weeks to look at a parcel of land where the administration is considering building a tent city to hold between 1,000 and 5,000 children...</p></em><br /><br /><p>Over 11,200 <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">migrant</a> children are held without a parent or guardian by The Office of Refugee Resettlement at HHS who oversees around 100 <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">shelters</a>. As these shelters fill up with children separated from their parents, the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Trump</a> administration considers building tent cities to accommodate this rapidly increasing population who await processing.&nbsp;</p> Estonia is the first country to offer free public transit nationwide Alexander Walter 2018-06-07T14:01:00-04:00 >2018-06-07T14:06:25-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><em><p>Tallinn, known for its digital government and successful tech startups, is often referred to as Europe&rsquo;s innovation capital. Now celebrating five years of free public transport for all citizens, the government is planning to make Estonia the first free public transport nation.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>Pop-Up City</em>'s Regina Schr&ouml;ter interviews the Head of the Tallinn European Union Office,&nbsp;Allan Alak&uuml;la, about <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Estonia</a>'s plans to expand the successful fare-free public transport model from the capital to the entire country on July 1: "Before introducing free public transport, the city center was crammed with cars. This situation has improved &mdash; also because we raised parking fees. When non-Tallinners leave their cars in a park-and-ride and check in to public transport on the same day, they can&rsquo;t only use public transport for free but also won&rsquo;t be charged the parking fee. We noticed that people didn&rsquo;t complain about high parking fees once we offered them a good alternative."</p> <p>A number of other European cities, <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">most notably Paris</a>, also offer, or are considering, free public transport to ease traffic, reduce pollution, and boost local businesses.</p> <p>Previously:&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Can offering free rides invigorate public transit?</a></p> Manuel Herz Architect's rural hospital expansion in Senegal Hope Daley 2018-06-05T16:12:00-04:00 >2018-06-07T12:15:40-04:00 <img src="" border="0" /><p>The Switzerland-based firm&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Manuel Herz Architect</a> has been selected to design an important new expansion for a rural <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">hospital</a> in&nbsp;the&nbsp;Tambacounda region of Senegal. Conceived and funded by the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Josef and Anni Albers Foundation</a>&nbsp;and <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Le Korsa</a>,&nbsp;the facility's expansion will help alleviate a current overcrowding issue.&nbsp; &nbsp;<br></p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>Connection between the existing buildings and the new extension. Image by Play-Time, &copy; Manuel Herz Architects.</figcaption></figure><p>The hospital currently serves 20,000 patients per year from the surrounding area and is in desperate need of more space to accommodate these numbers.&nbsp;<br></p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>View of the corridor and the brick screen. Image by Play-Time, &copy; Manuel Herz Architects.</figcaption></figure><p>Manuel Herz&rsquo;s design aims to sensitively address the brief with a focus on greater coherence and comfort within the space. The design consists of a winding curvilinear building with lattice brickwork to help alleviate the region's extreme temperatures.</p> <figure><p><a href=";w=1028" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img src=";w=514"></a></p><figcaption>View of the building from the east. Image by Play-Time, &copy; Manuel Herz Architect...</figcaption></figure>