Archinect - The Architectural Venn Diagram 2014-12-22T21:15:51-05:00 http://archinect.com/blog/article/75418381/tokyo-drift-17-hours-in-japan Tokyo Drift - 17 Hours in Japan Alexander Morley 2013-06-17T12:22:00-04:00 >2013-07-23T16:30:30-04:00 <p> <em>In the last entry,&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/blog/article/75175957/beijing-rising-of-walls-and-walkways" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Beijing Rising - Of Walls and Walkways</a>, I introduced my summer fellowship and the groundwork and research of Beijing that I have so far compiled. In this entry, I give a brief snapshot of a quick layover I had on my way to China.&nbsp;</em></p> <p> Arriving in Tokyo at 23:00 on a Saturday night, my good friend and roommate of two years in St. Louis, <a href="http://archinect.com/dewtiful" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><strong>Ryunoshin (Dew) Hirai</strong></a>, picked me up at Haneda airport. Dew is a Tokyo native and one of the most talented and driven designers I have ever met. You can check out his <a href="http://dewtiful.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">website here</a> He currently works in the office of <a href="http://www.klein-dytham.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Klein Dytham Architecture</a>. Our 17 hours together was non-stop and relentless as he gave me the most enjoyable and thorough whirlwind experience of his impressive city.</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/4k/4k4hbac225d0kgom.jpg" title=""><br><em>In typical Dew fashion, he whipped up this awesome mapping of our tour.</em></p> <p> There was little time for sketching, and at the pace we went I did more observing with my own eyes than my camera. From the food, to the architecture offices, high profile buildings...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/75175957/beijing-rising-of-walls-and-walkways Beijing Rising - Of Walls and Walkways Alexander Morley 2013-06-13T13:25:00-04:00 >2013-08-13T06:30:40-04:00 <p> This past spring I was honored and deeply grateful to be named the 2013 graduate level recipient of the Steedman Summer Traveling Fellowship.&nbsp;</p> <p> <em>Awarded annually to two students of architecture, in Sam Fox School of Design &amp; Visual Arts at Washington University in St. Louis (one graduate student one undergraduate student), the fellowship supports summer travel and investigation of an architectural topic of the student's choosing. Recipients are selected by the Steedman Fellowship Governing Committee on the basis of their proposed study outline, portfolio of work, and academic achievement, and must present their research to the student body in the fall.</em></p> <p> <strong>I am spending the summer in China to investigate, document, and research traditional Chinese urban communities.</strong> Focusing&nbsp;specifically&nbsp;on the Hutongs in Beijing and the Longtangs of Shanghai, my analysis revolves around the complex tension between these neighborhoods and the current state of Chinese development.</p> <p> For the month of ...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/67145670/spain-of-pilgrim-paths-and-galician-granite Spain: of Pilgrim Paths and Galician Granite Alexander Morley 2013-02-08T16:16:00-05:00 >2013-02-13T14:30:33-05:00 <p> <em>"Any reader who has come with me so far through the Iberian&nbsp;Peninsula&nbsp;should be prepared for a pilgrimage across northern Spain to the sanctuary at Santiago de Compostela, the finest journey in Spain and one of the two or three best in the world. It is a twofold pilgrimage to a long-dead form of art and to a living religious shrine."</em><br> James Michener,&nbsp;<em>Iberia</em><img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/nr/nr7yvfglr7fnye7o.jpg" title=""></p> <p> <em>Last June, my father and I cycled 803 kilometers across Northwestern Spain&nbsp;</em><em>along the Camino de Santiago&nbsp;</em><em>from Madrid to Finisterre. </em></p> <p> <em>Several months ago, <a href="http://archinect.com/blog/article/57706272/spain-of-roman-roads-and-castle-kingdoms" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">I </a></em><em><a href="http://archinect.com/blog/article/57706272/spain-of-roman-roads-and-castle-kingdoms" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">documented the first phase of the journey from Madrid to Sahg&uuml;n</a>, the much less known 320 km route that runs north over the Guadarrama Mountains and over the Spanish plains and mesas of Castilla. <strong>T</strong></em><em><strong>his entry tells the remaining story of our journey</strong> from Sahag&uacute;n, the confluence between the ruta Madrd into the most popular and traditional route of the pilgrimage, el Camino Franc&eacute;s, to Santiago de Compostella and Cabo Finistere. &nbsp;&nbsp;</em></p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/mg/mg634t7yil1x551n.jpg" title=""></p> <p> <strong><em>Part II of Camino de Santiago Installment...</em></strong></p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/59943425/barcelona-architecture-of-the-old-and-the-new Barcelona: Architecture of the Old and the New Jennifer Wong 2012-10-24T04:49:00-04:00 >2012-10-29T23:14:09-04:00 <p> <em>In the <a href="http://archinect.com/blog/34195726/the-architectural-venn-diagram" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">previous post on Barcelona</a> I introduced El G&ograve;tic, the heart of Barcelona&rsquo;s old city, and Las Ramblas, the city wall turned promenade.&nbsp; A bike ride through the neighborhoods of Barceloneta, Vila Ol&iacute;mpica and Sant Mart&iacute; introduced some of the more recent architectural constructs of last few decades.&nbsp; Now I follow the expansion of the city beyond El G&ograve;tic, and the architecture of the old and new Barcelona.</em><br><br><img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/uo/uobrsyq43tfpuare.jpg" title=""><br><br><em>The next phase of Barcelona&rsquo;s expansion was El Raval, located to the left of Las Ramblas.&nbsp; The Roman core of Barcelona expanded into the Gothic quarters it further expanded to engulf El Raval, at which point a new city wall was built to incorporate El Raval.</em><br><br><img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/on/on8pe1acapvuaj33.jpg" title=""></p> <p> <strong><a href="http://www.palauguell.cat/index_en.html" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Antoni Gaud&iacute;</a></strong><strong><a href="http://www.palauguell.cat/index_en.html" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">: Palau G&uuml;ell</a></strong><br> Located in El Raval this residential palace was designed by Antoni Gaud&iacute; for the Catalan tycoon Eusebi G&uuml;ell.&nbsp; The same tycoon who commissioned the housing district of what would later become the Park G&uuml;ell.</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/dw/dwm5dfcre7t15w89.jpg" title=""><br><br><strong>Passeig de Gr&agrave;cia</strong><br><em>Prior to the 1800&rsquo;s the Passeig de Gr&agrave;cia, known as Cam&iacute; de Jes&uacute;s (...</em></p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/58921271/barcelona-sensuous-city Barcelona: Sensuous City Jennifer Wong 2012-10-09T01:55:00-04:00 >2012-10-24T14:10:49-04:00 <p> <em>After a semester abroad in the cool quiet blue of Helsinki and an <a href="http://archinect.com/blog/article/54013918/digestion-of-a-cultural-tasting-menu" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">exhilarating journey across Eastern Europe</a>, I begin my summer semester with <a href="http://samfoxschool.wustl.edu/node/7393" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">WUSTL's Sam Fox School</a> in the colorful loud vibrant Barcelona as Alexander embarks on his <a href="http://archinect.com/blog/article/57706272/spain-of-roman-roads-and-castle-kingdoms" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">cycling&nbsp;pilgrimage&nbsp;to the Camino de Santiago</a> with his father.&nbsp;<br><br> The entry is punctuated with excerpts from my Barcelona summer seminar project entitled: &nbsp;</em><strong>A Quixotic City</strong><em>. &nbsp;It is an A5 sized book (a.k.a. misalito)&nbsp;describing my experience of Barcelona</em>.<br><br> "Sandwiched somewhere between the sky and the earth you find Barcelona.&nbsp; A sensuous city nestled in a dimple of the Serra de Collserola ridge, between the mouths of the Llobregat and Bes&ograve;s rivers, and perched on the coast of the Balearic Sea.&nbsp; I inhabit a point in this plane dubbed District 1, Obradores 9&deg;. From this point, lines radiate outwards tracing a personal journey throughout the city of Barcelona."<br> - excerpt from <em>A Quixotic City</em></p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/vv/vvi09h4mfb72lvim.jpg" title=""><br><em>View of El Gotic and Barcelonetta from&nbsp;Montju&iuml;c</em><br><br><img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/57/57gexc9y7yqlad9j.jpg" title=""><br><br> Being so replete...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/57706272/spain-of-roman-roads-and-castle-kingdoms Spain: of Roman Roads and Castle Kingdoms Alexander Morley 2012-09-21T02:13:00-04:00 >2013-02-08T06:51:31-05:00 <p> <em><a href="http://archinect.com/blog/article/54013918/digestion-of-a-cultural-tasting-menu" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">After finishing our journey south through Eastern Europe</a>, Jennifer and I parted ways. While she remained in Barcelona to partake in a <a href="http://samfoxschool.wustl.edu/node/7393" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">summer studio with WUSTL&rsquo;s Sam Fox School</a>, I ventured on to reunite with my father to cycle the Camino de Santiago across Northwestern Spain from Madrid to Finisterre, the westernmost point of continental Europe and the sacred point once thought to be the end of the world before the discovery of the Americas.</em></p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/vl/vl9h23osx4n60zwl.jpg" title=""></p> <p> <em><strong>Part I of Camino de Santiago Installment, Madrid to Sahag&uacute;n</strong></em></p> <p> <strong>In a nutshell:</strong></p> <ul><li> 803 Kilometers.</li> <li> 498 Miles.</li> <li> 187 Spanish towns and just as many churches</li> <li> 67 Kilometers a day</li> <li> 15 Castles</li> <li> 6 Distinct regional landscapes and cultures</li> <li> 5 Major Spanish cities</li> <li> 3 Mountain Ranges</li> <li> 2 Flat Tires</li> <li> 1 Absolutely profound experience</li> </ul><p> <strong>The Way to Santiago</strong></p> <p> <a href="http://www.caminodesantiago.me.uk/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The Camino to Santiago de Compostella</a> is one of the most famous and ancient pilgrimages in western civilization. Going by way along various routes of the historic Camino de...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/54013918/digestion-of-a-cultural-tasting-menu Digestion of a Cultural Tasting Menu A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-07-23T00:37:00-04:00 >2013-02-08T16:49:39-05:00 <p> <em>Eastern Europe in a Wink, Conclusions</em></p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/lx/lxao24bklk3snteu.jpg" title=""></p> <p> It is difficult to absorb the intense, non-stop nature of the trip we had just completed. Every day was jammed with as much as we could see. The loose itinerary we left for ourselves was liberating, but it took a lot of focused, on the spot planning to make it efficient. The short timeframe required the majority of our traveling to happen overnight. We were constantly tired, but the wanderlust kept us going all the same.</p> <p> In this sense, it is only fitting that the last day of our trip was a brief and exhausted encounter with the Italian Port city of Trieste. As our overnight bus arrived into the terminal from Split, we took our stiff and tired bodies into the sleepy early morning streets in search of a good place to sketch and some&nbsp;cappuccinos. In a few hours, we would hop on a flight to Barcelona (and encounter the biggest asshole of a cab driver), where our adventure would continue at a more relaxed pace.</p> <p> <strong>Sketching</strong> is something that ...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/53661224/croatia-of-old-walls-and-red-roofs Croatia: of Old Walls and Red Roofs A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-07-16T22:23:00-04:00 >2012-07-25T01:46:04-04:00 <p> <i>Eastern Europe in a Wink, Part IV</i></p> <p> Riding high on the heels of our eye opening experience in Serbia, we continued our journey by bus down through the dramatic mountains of Bosnia into Croatia.</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/9g/9gcokgkqynrk5ijh.jpg" title=""></p> <p> <strong>COUNTRYSIDE</strong></p> <p> By the end of the exhaustive 16 hour passage (packed, hot, and no leg room) the sparkling blue <strong>Adriatic Sea</strong> opened before us, and we spent the last 2 hours captivated by this picturesque Mediterranean landscape. The road hugged tightly to the steep winding hillsides high above the sea and dropped straight into the waters below. Along the way every few kilometers below the road were small idyllic villages of white walls and red roofs that occupied every sheltered harbor. The timeless towns were as much an integrated natural element of the landscape as the thousands of white boulders and knob-bly trees that littered the Dalmation coast.</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/pv/pv4hmudz2fy3gmvn.jpg" title=""><br><em>Typical Croatian town tucked into the hillside below.&nbsp;</em><img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/6n/6n5wuidh9rmd3rnl.jpg" title=""><br><i>The Dalmatian Coast is sheltered by thousands of islands that run parallel up the c...</i></p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/53138285/serbia-scars-of-modern-conflict-and-diplomacy-in-the-white-city Serbia: Scars of Modern Conflict and Diplomacy in the White City A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-07-07T21:38:00-04:00 >2012-07-23T00:51:53-04:00 <p> <em>Eastern Europe in a Wink, Part III</em></p> <p> Continuing our 10-day gambol through Eastern Europe, we jumped on a last minute opportunity to fly to Serbia.</p> <p> Our initial interest in coming to Serbia stemmed from a friendship we formed with Uros Kostic, a native of Belgrade also studying abroad in Aalto University. He was part of the <a href="https://blogs.aalto.fi/smokesauna/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Wood Program a very special design-build studio</a> that designed a contemporary smoke sauna to be located on the property of <a href="http://www.archdaily.com/214209/ad-classics-muuratsalo-experimental-house-alvar-aalto/%20" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Alvar Aalto&rsquo;s experimental summer house</a> in&nbsp;Muuratsalo, Finland. It looked like a fantastic experience and we were envious them.&nbsp;</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/d8/d8jesksdead4ftqw.jpg" title=""></p> <p> <strong>Scars of Modern Conflict and Diplomacy in the White City&nbsp;</strong><br> Officially the Republic of Serbia, the country is located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe, a desirable and strategic location at the top of the Balkan Peninsula. This, coupled with a region struggling to come to terms with each other&rsquo;s autonomous identities and sovereignties, has cast Serbia into much conflict. It was in this count...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/53021294/poland-of-harvest-death-and-perseverance Poland: of Harvest, Death, and Perseverance A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-07-05T21:14:00-04:00 >2012-07-25T01:46:04-04:00 <p> <em><strong>Eastern Europe in a Wink, Part II</strong></em></p> <p> <em>After our short flirtation with the Estonians, the two of us set forth to continue our hopscotch south through Eastern Europe.</em><em>This seemingly aimless pouncing resulted from a combination of our curiosities, contacts, and ability to take advantage of Europe&rsquo;s many discount airlines.</em></p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/5v/5vqxfy65s6iwyux6.jpg" title=""></p> <p> <strong>Of Harvest, Death, and Perseverance</strong></p> <p> With a population of over 38 million, Poland is the European Union&rsquo;s largest post-communist member. The country gained its independence just before the 1920&rsquo;s, only to have its youthful aspirations and optimism crushed with the invasion of the Germans in 1939. Indeed, Poland&rsquo;s hinge location between Western and Eastern Europe has served itself for better and for worse throughout the ages. In medieval times its location provided a pivotal anchor point for the salt trades, a time without refrigeration, when salt was deemed as valuable as gold. It was Poland&rsquo;s proximity to Germany and central location that the Germans strategical...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/51919014/estonia-eastern-europe-in-a-wink Estonia: Eastern Europe in a Wink Jennifer Wong 2012-06-19T06:05:00-04:00 >2012-07-05T20:19:43-04:00 <p> <em>As the country of the midnight sun finally lives up to its name we depart Helsinki with fond memories.&nbsp; With 10 days to get from Helsinki to Barcelona, Spain the whirlwind tour of Eastern Europe begins with a 3 hour ferry ride across the Baltic Sea.</em><br><br><img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/dx/dxv2i7g337gooedz.jpg" title=""></p> <p> <strong>TALLINN, ESTONIA</strong> <em>(May 25, 2012)</em><br> The immediate impression of Tallinn, especially coming from Helsinki, was a feeling of a long history.&nbsp; Where Helsinki is a relatively young city, established in 1550, Tallinn&rsquo;s history stretches as far back as 5000 years.&nbsp; However, there has been a long history between the Estonians and the Finns as they are both descendants of the Baltic Finns.<br><img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/mt/mtpdx3ay19csvnre.jpg" title=""><br><em>A view of the Stenbock House from the base of the Toompea hill.&nbsp; It is the seat of the Estonian Government.</em><br><br> Located at a strategic point between Russia and Scandinavia, the history of Tallinn is riddled with struggles for independence.&nbsp; There is a very strong Soviet presence that manifests in streets of Tallinn.&nbsp; The struggle culminated on February 24th, 1918...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/51158693/finland-west-the-sacred-and-the-profane Finland West: The Sacred and The Profane Jennifer Wong 2012-06-12T16:16:00-04:00 >2012-06-21T13:25:47-04:00 <p> <em>Following the excursion to the northern <a href="http://archinect.com/blog/article/39001718/deep-north-light-snow-and-alvar-aalto" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Arctic Circle</a>, and to the eastern <a href="http://archinect.com/blog/article/47316398/lakelands-finland-east" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Lakelands of Finland</a>, the semester in Helsinki was capped with a final tour through western Finland.&nbsp;</em></p> <p> In just two days we visited multiple chapels and cemeteries such as Erik Bryggman&rsquo;s Resurrection Chapel, and Reima Pietila&rsquo;s Kaleva Church.&nbsp; One of the largest highlights of the trip was Alvar Aalto&rsquo;s famous Villa Mairea.&nbsp; <a href="http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss?url=search-alias%3Daps&amp;field-keywords=jari+jetsonen" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Jari Jetsonen</a>, the husband of our history professor Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen, took the reins on this journey.</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ym/ymmfjj7unuiwk1h3.jpg" title=""></p> <p> In western Finland, Tampere and Turku are the third and fifth largest cities in Finland respectively with a long and rich history.&nbsp; Tampere was once the center of the Finnish industry.&nbsp; Turku was the capital of Finland before that title was moved to Helsinki in 1812.&nbsp; It remains the oldest city and was designated as the European Capital of Culture in 2011.</p> <p> <strong>Villa Mairea.</strong><br> The most highly anticipated building of the trip was the Villa Mairea.&nbsp; It was designed by Alvar Aalto in t...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/47419815/vappu-celebrating-the-sun Vappu: Celebrating the Sun A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-05-05T17:18:00-04:00 >2012-07-08T16:13:18-04:00 <p> A few posts ago we spoke of Helsinki&rsquo;s spring awakening. One week ago, however, we experienced Finland&rsquo;s Spring Explosion.<img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/my/myhdnfrcbl8lkipg.jpg" title=""><i>Explosive street life at the steps of Senate Cathedral</i></p> <p> We speak of May Day, the traditional spring festival celebrated across northern and central Europe. Internationally it is known as worker&rsquo;s day or labor day, but that just barely scratches the surface. In Finland, it is known as <strong>Vappu</strong>, and it is much more than this. It is the Finn&rsquo;s very own carnival - a day when kings behave as if they were fools and fools as if they were kings. There is much more lore to all of this, but when everything boils down, it is two fantastic days for commemorating the coming of spring, and the much desired sun.</p> <p> Although the unofficial celebrations for Vappu started roughly a month ago with several university students (identifiable by their overalls with colors that designate their schools), the official ceremony begins on <strong>Vappu Eve</strong>, or April 30, where tens of thousands of pe...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/47316398/lakelands-finland-east LAKELANDS: Finland East A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-05-04T20:00:00-04:00 >2012-05-05T14:57:32-04:00 <p> <em>In addition to our personal travels, our semester program includes three architectural study tours throughout the diverse regions of Finland. A few months ago, we reported on <a href="http://archinect.com/blog/article/39001718/deep-north-light-snow-and-alvar-aalto" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">our excursion to the Arctic Circle</a>.</em></p> <p> Here, we present to you our adventure through the deep woods of Finland&rsquo;s eastern Lakelands, led by our history professor <a href="http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss?url=search-alias%3Daps&amp;field-keywords=sirkkaliisa+jetsonen" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen</a>, an accomplished author of Finnish architecture, and a celebrated expert on all things Alvar Aalto.</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/af/afbxl6ajfiui7f4b.jpg" title=""><br><em>Two weeks ago, the eight of us crammed into a van with Sirkkalissa and set forth on our non-stop 3-day adventure</em></p> <p> The <strong>Finnish Lake District</strong> is a hilly, forest-covered landscape dominated by beautiful eskers and sinuous drumlins. The innumerable lakes, about 55,000 of them, (there is no Finnish consensus as to what constitutes a lake, so there are nearly 200,000 if you count those narrower than 200 meters), were long ago carved out by glaciers and make up about 25% of the landscape. It is a remote area with low population density, ...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/46372314/helsinki-under-construction Helsinki Under Construction A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-04-26T15:44:00-04:00 >2012-04-29T23:09:31-04:00 <p> The last time we touched base about Helsinki it was early April, and we found ourselves caught in the middle of a tug-of-war between sun and snow. It seems, and we must stress with fingers crossed, it <em><strong>seems</strong></em>, that good weather is here to stay, and that Spring has overcome. Almost all the snow has melted and the frozen harbors have opened up, adding a beautiful addition of reflected, rippling light to the city. Though the days are still chilly, the sun doesn&rsquo;t set until after 9pm, and the city is alive like we have never seen before. Indeed, the Finns have come out of hibernation and brought with them their street caf&eacute; tables and idiosyncratic <a href="http://www.hel-looks.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">sense of style</a>. With each day we get 5 additional minutes of light, and after a long, dark, and snowy winter, people just can&rsquo;t get enough of it, including ourselves. Now that we are through cataloguing our exhaustive spring break tour, we have a lot to share with you about what&rsquo;s going on and what we are doing in Finland. Here you have it:<img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/8g/8gj9pqjkge2xvf7y.jpg" title=""><em>Pan...</em></p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/46046221/oslo Oslo A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-04-23T20:00:00-04:00 >2012-04-27T09:21:11-04:00 <p> <em>Part III of Spring Break installment</em></p> <p> For the final leg of our adventure west of Finland, we journeyed up to Oslo, the capital city of Norway. Hopping on an overnight ferry out of Copenhagen, we cut our way up into the choppy North Sea and awoke in the early morning to watch Norwegian Fjords pass and Oslo&rsquo;s harbor rise into the horizon.</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/h0/h0jkrkkv8s4w0m7d.jpg" title=""><em>Just off the ferry: our immediate view upon arrival.</em></p> <p> Slightly over the population of Helsinki (and slightly under the latitude), Oslo was founded nearly one thousand years ago. Indeed, the city is a blend of old and new, and what distinguishes Oslo from all the other Nordic towns we have visited thus far is the topography; its buildings and grid are comfortably nested into the surrounding hillsides that tumble down into the ocean. Though Helsinki does have significant topography, it is not as severe.<img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/66/66nn4q5jb0nipso5.jpg" title=""><br><em>Holmenkollen Ski Jump designed by JDS Architects (Formerly PLOT with Bjarke Ingalls) It was the recipient for the Norwegian Steel Construction Pri...</em></p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/44774028/malm Malmö A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-04-12T19:31:00-04:00 >2012-04-26T12:51:12-04:00 <p> <i>Part II of Spring Break installment</i></p> <p> Just 15 miles beyond the windmills of Copenhagen&rsquo;s shore we have Malm&ouml;, a Swedish city that has boldly rebranded and reconceptualized itself over the past decade.</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/bo/boor64ze6r67t9yl.jpg" title=""><br><em>Malm</em><em>&ouml; skyline from atop the ferry as we leave Copenhagen for Oslo. This panorama was taken with a telephoto lens; Calatrava's Turning Torso tower is normally the only structure visible from Copenhagen.</em></p> <p> Once home to one of the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kockums" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">most prominent shipyards in Europe</a>&nbsp;and the iconic <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kockums_Crane" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Kockums Crane</a>, the industry went bankrupt in the 1990&rsquo;s and Malm&ouml; saw its economic lifeline and identity slipping. The city has since made a conscious decision to transform itself from an industrial city into a city for people, students, culture, and new high tech business.</p> <p> Through an aggressive agenda of phased investments in infrastructure, transportation, new housing, old housing, museums, universities, libraries, and business centers, and strict energy policies, Malm&ouml; is now a city of 300,000 (the third...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/44308297/k-benhavn København A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-04-08T18:47:00-04:00 >2012-04-26T12:54:16-04:00 <p> <em>Part I of Spring Break installment</em></p> <p> <strong>K&oslash;benhavn</strong></p> <p> Back in March, the two of us ventured back across the Baltic to visit our warmer Nordic neighbors to the west. This is the first installment of three entries covering our spring break adventure.</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/r5/r59mks260q8e1o13.jpg" title=""><br><em>The iconic windmills of Copenhagen</em></p> <p> Much like Finland has bits and pieces of Russian influence in its culture, one can sense the very same in Denmark in its relation to Dutch culture: loose morals, Dutch gables and pediments, pastel colors, and canals. Denmark is the only Nordic country with a geographical connection to the rest of Europe. A cultural bridge of sorts.&nbsp;</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/6m/6mj8i1jhbjrboltd.jpg" title=""><br><i>Caught between the Royal Gardens the Royal Library and the Danish Jewish Museum&nbsp;</i><img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/75/75o648fo4gowgfio.jpg" title=""><br><em>Landmark Spire of Christianshavn&nbsp;</em></p> <p> A city of spires, windmills, bicycles, the Danish Crown, hippy communities, and some of the most bold and optimistic new architecture and development either of us have seen, Copenhagen is at once as old as it is new. Cosmopolitan in every sense, in few other ...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/44083502/the-tall-office-building-efficiently-considered The Tall Office Building Efficiently Considered A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-04-06T20:01:00-04:00 >2012-04-09T13:37:12-04:00 <p> Much has happened, and it seemed, for a fleeting moment, spring was here to stay in&nbsp;Helsinki; we found ourselves with consecutive days of sunshine, blue skies, melting&nbsp;snow, thawing sea ice, and the clocks jumping forward one hour.</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/6x/6xn713q6ud9hrcoh.jpg" title="">Then on April 1, like a sick joke, we got 4 more inches of snow. No Finns seemed too<br> shocked about it. We even got more snow today, though it seems the sun is finally<br> winning the battle. Our understanding is that this back and forth can very well go on<br> into early May. At least we don&rsquo;t have to wear hats.</p> <p> Things are very very busy. Here is the next installment.</p> <p> <strong>The Tall Office Building Efficiently Considered</strong></p> <p> As an ongoing component of building and firm visits for our Building Technologies class, yesterday we went to&nbsp;the <a href="http://www.kone.com/corporate/en/Pages/default.aspx" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Kone</a> Headquarters outside of Helsinki for a fascinating meeting with <a href="http://www.ctbuh.org/AboutCTBUH/OrganizationPeople/PeopleAZ/JohannesdeJong/tabid/369/language/en-GB/Default.aspx" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Johannes&nbsp;De Jong</a>, Head of&nbsp;Technology at Kone.</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/jf/jfhbf3lrbyd9r3db.jpg" title=""></p> <p> Kone is one of the world leaders in escalators and elevators. They operate around<br> the world and work with ...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/41528217/designing-a-place-to-sit Designing a Place to Sit A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-03-15T17:03:00-04:00 >2012-03-19T11:07:37-04:00 <p> Hello, Archinect!</p> <p> In our last chair post, <a href="http://archinect.com/blog/article/39083518/prototyping-a-place-to-sit" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Prototyping a Place to Sit</a>, we created molds and laminated foam core prototype shells of a variety of Finish wood case study chairs. Taking in our new understandings of ergonomics, profiles, seat dimensions, and discussions of comfort, aesthetics, and form of these and other Nordic chairs, we move forward into our own designs.</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/rn/rnqlgozdp20n1272.jpg" title=""></p> <p> Designing at 1:1 offers new advantages in that one can test ideas immediately at the full scale and not lose the details in a scaled down model. It is an amazing realization that every single centimeter (yes, we are on the metric system here) needs to be impeccably articulated, and that with the slightest alteration of a curvature or bend, the entire nature or attitude of the chair can change.&nbsp;</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/nw/nwwfzf64w7ylcxvk.jpg" title=""></p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/fy/fyfsma4q5bxboljz.jpg" title=""></p> <p> We have been simultaneously thinking about the legs: what material, the connection, the joint, and the form. The Finnish attitude is that while the legs are obviously as a fundamental ingredient, they serve are ...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/41040536/sights-sounds-and-observations-volume-1 Sights, Sounds, and Observations: Volume 1 A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-03-11T11:33:00-04:00 >2012-03-12T18:45:33-04:00 <p> As we experience Finland and Helsinki we continue to catalog and document the plethora of details, nuances, and findings that cross our path. We hope to share these findings with you.</p> <p> Here you have it, our first installment of an ongoing series:</p> <p> <strong>Sights, Sounds, and Observations.</strong></p> <p> Enjoy, and please share your thoughts!</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/36/36d66yn4rguey0dl.jpg" title=""></p> <p> Aalto's signature plaque: Rovaniemi City Library<img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/85/85pdq7aa65h64we5.jpg" title=""></p> <p> Aalto's signature plaque: Maison Aho</p> <p> <strong>the "HANDSHAKE OF THE BUILDING" - Juhani Pallasmaa</strong></p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/kb/kbijc26zcf27hpru.jpg" title=""></p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/2b/2b0raw8ciiy2v4l3.jpg" title=""></p> <p> Aalto: Maison Aho<img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/4b/4b56j3fwx3hkh03a.jpg" title=""></p> <p> Alvar Aalto Door Handle 1952-1957<br> The single door handle was originally designed for the National Pensions Institute in Helsinki.&nbsp; The double door handle was first designed for the Rautatalo (Iron House) office building located in Helsinki.&nbsp; Aalto&rsquo;s handles could be stacked at varying levels to accommodate various heights.&nbsp;</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/1b/1bbosdmp0ai16uy9.jpg" title=""><img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ay/aye4twm82ss7xwty.jpg" title=""></p> <p> Aalto: National Pensions Building</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/we/we1beg1sgfnsy0cs.jpg" title=""></p> <p> Aalto: National Pensions Building</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/le/le8jtb4t3o9op01l.jpg" title=""></p> <p> Juhani Pallasmaa's handshake: Korundi Art Museum in Rovaniemi</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/no/no0tqtuy14eftkff.jpg" title=""></p> <p> Dipoli Center by Re...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/39083518/prototyping-a-place-to-sit Prototyping a Place to Sit A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-02-23T11:58:00-05:00 >2012-02-23T16:26:14-05:00 <p> In our last chair post, <a href="http://archinect.com/blog/article/38277790/digitizing-a-place-to-sit" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Digitizing a Place to Sit</a>, we showed you our initial process of digitizing our 4 Finnish bent wood case-study chairs (we have since uploaded a video to better demonstrate the process).</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/wm/wmahpkgq7czqq0m7.jpg" title=""></p> <p> &nbsp;</p> <p> We now take our measured drawings to produce a 1:1 prototype of the shells in accordance with Finnish practice.</p> <p> Taking the initial point cloud measurements in rhino, we clean up the files and surface the curve networks into a digital model. We then cut 25mm sections through the chair profiles and wire cut each section on 25mm foam.</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/vl/vlsks3me4a2qzemm.jpg" title=""></p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/57/57o4ynasif6soeln.jpg" title=""></p> <p> After laminating the foam profiles to create a mold, we sand down the edges to produce the proper curvature. Bent wood veneer is easily imitated by striping one face of foam core and gluing two pieces together at the stripped side. It is a two-person job, but the curvature holds almost immediately after adhesive is applied.</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/l5/l5ae56vp9zxo4cqr.jpg" title=""></p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/hu/huw2kt3gdgl4uxv9.jpg" title=""></p> <p> In the final step, we trim the ends and sides to size, and cut out the cymized detail at the corner...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/39001718/deep-north-light-snow-and-alvar-aalto DEEP NORTH: Light, Snow, and Alvar Aalto A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-02-22T18:47:00-05:00 >2012-02-22T19:21:35-05:00 <p> <em>Rovaniemi: Home to the arctic circle, Santa Claus, reindeer, world class skiers, and of course, a wealth of Alvar Aalto works.</em></p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/6k/6kmcler2ned3zqwk.jpg" title=""></p> <p> <strong>Excursion</strong></p> <p> As our colleagues Brian and Brownyn of the <a href="http://archinect.com/blog/37713944/red-herring" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Red Herring</a> mentioned in an earlier post, we traveled to the northern Finnish City of Rovaniemi for a study tour. This is the first component of what will be three excursions throughout Finland: the North (Lapland), the East, and ultimately the West.&nbsp;</p> <p> This was not your typical whirlwind of an architecture tour; the spirit of the excursion remained true to the nature of Lapland &ndash; relaxed, restful, and an escape from the schedule-obsessed pace of the city.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p> A twelve hour night train sweeps us out of Helsinki, through the forests and up the coast into Lapland. By early morning we arrive, where we are greeted by <a href="http://www.arrak.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Matti Rautiola</a>, Rovaniemi native, our studio professor, and guide for the weekend.</p> <p> Fortunately (and unfortunately) we arrive on a particularly warm (by arctic standards) and snowy weeke...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/38277790/digitizing-a-place-to-sit Digitizing A Place To Sit A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-02-16T11:24:00-05:00 >2012-02-24T17:15:43-05:00 <p> Of the four classes we are taking in Helsinki, one of them is Furniture Design with Julie Scheu.&nbsp; A product designer, Julie is also in the process of obtaining her masters degree at TaiK, the industrial, fashion, interior, and furniture design department at the Aalto University in Arabia.&nbsp;</p> <p> The course goals of the semester is to design and build a 1:1 scale prototype of a bent plywood production chair for use in a public space. Before we begin our individual designs, we are engaging in a short exercise to familiarize ourselves with the process of measuring, casting molds, and prototype modeling bent lamination. We are divided into 4 groups of two and are assigned 4 Finnish bent plywood chairs.&nbsp; There are no current digital drawings or models that exist of these chairs.&nbsp; In addition to studying the chairs for our understanding of how to create a casting mold, we are also contributing to a future publication that documents particular aspects of bent plywood lamination.</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/f4/f4cudzq8or98dtu7.jpg" title=""></p> <p> Kari 3 ...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/37750014/welcome-to-hel Welcome to Hel A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-02-11T21:37:00-05:00 >2012-02-20T19:09:52-05:00 <p> &nbsp;</p> <p> (January 20-30, Orientation)</p> <p> Here we are.<br> Its cold, its dark, and its snowy.</p> <p> These are the immediate subjective impressions, all of which we knew were coming.</p> <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/f5/f5h0xovv99ypsu69.jpg" title=""></p> <p> We arrive early morning by sea, with less than a few hours of sleep on the ferry. Tired, hungover, and wanderlust, we force ourselves up from the depths of our C-Class cabin (located below the car storage) to the ship&rsquo;s bow to watch the passing of countless islands as Helsinki harbor emerges through the misty horizon.</p> <p> With literally no time to rest, orientation begins within a few hours of arrival.<br> Under the close guidance of our program director/Associate Dean of the Sam Fox School, Peter MacKeith, we began with an intensive weeklong orientation of all things culturally, socially, politically architecturally and linguistically Finnish.</p> <p> As not to exhaust you with every single detail, here is a quick breakdown of our week:</p> <p> &bull; Numerous architectural tours around the city<br> &bull; History lessons on Helsinki City ...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/37391841/stockholm Stockholm A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-02-08T19:13:00-05:00 >2012-02-12T08:19:00-05:00 <p> <strong>JANUARY 20-21, 2012</strong></p> <p> It is time to begin our Spring Adventure abroad in Helsinki. We go by way of Stockholm for two days, unite with two friends, and carry on to Finland.</p> <p> Both of us were working internships in New York City over our winter break, and on the evening of January 19th we flew with high anticipation on a red eye out of Newark Airport on SAS Airlines.</p> <p> &nbsp;</p> <p> After landing in Arlanda International Airport outside of Stockholm, neither of us had slept a wink on the plane; somewhere over Greenland we were lucky enough to witness the Aurora Borealis. It was greenish in color and looked at times like a ribbon with its lights streaming upwards.&nbsp; This particular haze of light fluttered slowly across the sky for about 2 hours before it faded out.</p> <p> After checking into our hostel and meeting up with two of our colleagues also partaking in the semester, (Brian and Bronwyn) we were ridden with anticipation and did not want to waste a moment of our two days in Stockholm. So... ti...</p> http://archinect.com/blog/article/35938092/subjective-principles Subjective Principles A.D.Morley & J.A.Wong . 2012-01-27T05:08:00-05:00 >2012-02-12T08:43:50-05:00 <p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/1s/1sdom4o7wds2lxig.jpg" title=""></p> <p> Architecture is subjectively founded on principles. The key word is<strong> subjectively</strong>.&nbsp;</p> <p> In school, in practice, and in life, we as architects attempt to make sense of, digest, and argue subjective principles as an attempt to find a greater meaning to shaping space. Whether it is our peers, our professors, non-architects, family, or historical characters, there is a constant urge to validate or improve our profession by the avocation of principles.</p> <p> Our response? Embrace it, learn from it, argue against it, disagree with it, but do not reject it. If one takes too severe a stance he or she will never reach full potential. To paraphrase the Director of our Graduate Program, Kathryn Dean, &ldquo;architecture is a game of constraints: be it clients, budget, materials, location, zoning, or time it is about creative solutions within constraints.&rdquo;&nbsp;</p> <p> We live in one of the most exciting times to be alive. Never before has the world been so explorable and had the ability to communicate and chang...</p>