Archinect - News 2016-09-25T08:24:12-04:00 http://archinect.com/news/article/149965268/without-the-projects-would-we-have-hip-hop Without the projects would we have hip-hop? Julia Ingalls 2016-08-25T12:44:00-04:00 >2016-09-01T23:01:56-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/i3/i3kena6tjkltv0m7.jpg" width="514" height="514" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Mike Ford, a lead architect for the Universal Hip Hop Museum, has studied and written about the relationship between disastrous urban planning/architecture and the rise of hip hop. Essentially, Ford's argument is that the ghettoization of African Americans in the 20th century via ill-conceived public housing projects created the conditions for the musical art form. As an article in <a href="http://www.vibe.com/2016/08/poor-urban-planning-led-to-hip-hop/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">VIBE</a> puts it:</p><p><em>Grandmaster Flash&rsquo;s &ldquo;The Message&rdquo;, Wutang Clan&rsquo;s &ldquo;S.O.S&rdquo;, and Nas&rsquo;s &ldquo;Project Window&rdquo; demonstrate the importance of understanding the role that these conditions created in influencing hip-hop. &ldquo;Hip-hop lyrics are [filled] with first-hand accounts of living conditions in the projects,&rdquo; Ford states. &ldquo;The hip-hop MC used lyrics to create a dialogue, to give commentary and counterpoints to the modernist vision [that birthed towers like 1520 Sedgwick Ave].&nbsp;The MCs served as a voice for disenfranchised communities and often un-consulted end users of public housing.&rdquo;</em></p><p>More on the intersection between a...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149964731/editor-s-picks-452 Editor's Picks #452 Nam Henderson 2016-08-23T12:42:00-04:00 >2016-08-23T21:10:53-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/f0/f01bxbz9nlc3wef1.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/Julia_Ingalls" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Julia Ingalls</a>&nbsp;took readers on <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/149956316/touring-some-of-the-world-s-most-attractive-public-housing-projectsd" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">a tour of some of the world's most attractive public housing projects</a>, from the last decade.&nbsp;<strong>ChrisDx</strong> commented "<em>The projects certainly appear innovative in images taken most likely when they were first built. I wonder how &lsquo;successful&rsquo; they have been in meeting the resident's needs and what they look like now</em>."</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/fs/fsgvfa9x6gj9cq8k.jpg"></p><p>Plus, <a href="http://archinect.com/nicholaskorody" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Nicholas Korody</a> investigated how <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/149962603/ethical-dwellings-for-generation-y-explores-new-forms-of-living-and-owning-in-a-changing-london" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">ED/GY, or Ethical Dwellings for Generation Y</a>, hopes to address "<em>new forms of living and owning in a changing London</em>".&nbsp;<strong>Olaf Design Ninja_</strong> &nbsp;was terrified "<em>holy shit is this dystopic!</em>" <a href="https://twitter.com/BirdsofVenice/status/765384048365547520" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The Birds of Venice</a> noted the "<em>Marxist sideboob.</em><em><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/housing?src=hash" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"> #housing</a></em>".</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/0j/0jyykbdccjqaicjv.jpg"><br>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>News</strong><br>In <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149962108/museum-at-the-front-line-one-to-one-33-with-dora-epstein-jones-executive-director-of-the-a-d-museum" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Archinect Sessions One-to-One #33</a>&nbsp;executive director of the A+D Museum Epstein Jones, imagines how A+D could become the L.A version of <a href="http://archinect.com/firms/cover/1920121/storefront-for-art-and-architecture" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Storefront</a>, while working to keep it accessible to the local community.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/dq/dqtmz2cihg28ii35.jpg"></p><p>Senior editor&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/orhan" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Orhan Ayy&uuml;ce</a>&nbsp;reminded readers that&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149961944/dan-graham-hates-conceptual-art" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Dan Graham hates conceptual art</a>.&nbsp;<strong>Thayer-D</strong>&nbsp;"<em>was enjoying him quite well until he drew an arbitrary line between ar...</em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149947505/london-fails-to-achieve-any-targets-for-affordable-housing London fails to achieve any targets for affordable housing Nicholas Korody 2016-05-25T17:32:00-04:00 >2016-05-25T17:59:59-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/x2/x29xrkqjwmqgw4iz.jpg" width="514" height="349" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Private property developers are outmanoeuvring councils in housing negotiations and routinely delivering fewer affordable homes than town halls want, an industry analysis has revealed. Amid growing anger at the sale to foreign buyers of almost two-thirds of London&rsquo;s tallest residential skyscraper, which includes no affordable housing, it has emerged that not one London borough which set targets met them in the last six years.</p></em><br /><br /><p>For more on the increasingly dire state of housing in London, take a look at some past coverage:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/143145697/london-s-bleak-housing" target="_blank">London's Bleak Housing</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149942752/950-for-a-mouldy-central-flat-welcome-to-london" target="_blank">&pound;950 for a mouldy 'central' flat? Welcome to London.</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149941650/the-root-of-london-s-housing-crisis-lies-beyond-its-borders" target="_blank">The root of London's housing crisis lies beyond its borders</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149938805/london-s-housing-crisis-is-creating-a-chasm-between-the-rich-and-poor" target="_blank">London's housing crisis is creating a chasm between the rich and poor</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/149942984/public-housing-italian-style-the-corrupt-mismanagement-of-rome-s-housing-stock Public housing, Italian-style: the corrupt mismanagement of Rome's housing stock Nicholas Korody 2016-04-29T15:07:00-04:00 >2016-05-06T00:30:57-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/8r/8r2x9it1bopyu2te.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Back in 2004, Elio Ciampanella was evicted from his apartment of three decades...So he applied for an apartment in Rome&rsquo;s public housing. And he waited. More than a decade passed. Then, in February, [Ciampanella] unexpectedly had his choice of several apartments. His tale might be considered one of patience rewarded, but there was a twist: It turned out Rome&rsquo;s municipal government never really had a shortage of properties.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>"Instead, the government actually owned so many thousands of apartments and buildings that no one was quite certain how many there were, who lived in them or where they were. That was, until staff members for Rome&rsquo;s new interim administrator, Francesco Paolo Tronca, discovered nine boxes containing roughly 1,200 case files left languishing by past mayors.</em></p><p><em>What quickly became clear was that most of the apartments had been rented for years &mdash; in some cases, decades &mdash; for as little as 10 euros per month."</em></p><p>According to the article, while some of these <em>insane</em> deals were for charities and other nonprofit organization, most of them were the by-product of Italy's notoriously corrupt political system.</p><p>The discovery has, unsurprisingly, become a scandal in Italy after details emerged like the story of one man who was earning&nbsp;&euro;700,000 a month but living in public housing.</p><p>Now we just have to find out where the cheap housing is hidden in these cities:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/143145697/london-s-bleak-housing" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">London's Bleak Housing</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/135460042/finding-shelter-in-los-angeles-housing-chaos" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Finding "Shelter" in Los An...</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/146668906/michael-kimmelman-on-the-state-of-affordable-housing-in-nyc Michael Kimmelman on the state of affordable housing in NYC Alexander Walter 2016-01-26T17:28:00-05:00 >2016-02-10T23:02:38-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/d6/d614d3067fcce7406e9c9b417704aa9a.jpg" width="514" height="342" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>New York City once set the standard for subsidized housing. The city started out building and maintaining tens of thousands of apartments for working families, sponsoring job training and social programs. It ran a budget surplus. [...] Now the Village is like a gated playground for runaway wealth. Subsidized apartments all across town are converting to market-rate rentals and condos faster than City Hall can build affordable units or preserve old ones.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Related stories in the Archinect news:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/127597504/nyc-s-public-housing-woes" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">NYC's public-housing woes</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/139598283/the-promising-affordable-housing-of-hunters-point-south" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The promising affordable housing of Hunters Point South</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/141813298/my-micro-nyc-apartment-complex-is-officially-renting" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">My Micro NYC Apartment Complex Is Officially Renting</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/135731795/requirements-for-affordable-housing-in-chicago-under-attack-from-developers Requirements for affordable housing in Chicago under attack from developers Nicholas Korody 2015-09-02T15:24:00-04:00 >2015-09-05T18:59:18-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/j0/j05gylrjnywcq1sl.jpg" width="514" height="425" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>As Chicago prepares to enter a new era of ramped-up affordable-housing development, a key question is whether private developers will go along with the city&rsquo;s new guidances. A lawsuit filed... last Thursday shows signs of possible peril for the city&rsquo;s low-income housing agenda. At the heart of the lawsuit is the Affordable Requirements Ordinance (ARO), which is part of Chicago&rsquo;s five-year &ldquo;Bouncing Back&rdquo; plan for increasing affordable housing. [...]</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/135337269/why-we-blame-buildings Why we blame buildings Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-08-28T12:40:00-04:00 >2015-08-28T12:40:50-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/8f/8f1ce4da3b488d0b5529437c40529608.jpg" width="514" height="348" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Accepted wisdom has it that the continuing social unrest in the banlieues, as these suburbs are called, is a direct result of their built form: repetitive slabs and blocks of modern housing, often in large isolated estates. [...] In fact, environmental determinism accompanied the very making of the French suburbs in the postwar period and the development of modern urbanism more generally. Why is it that we assign so much power to buildings?</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/135212787/editor-s-picks-428 Editor's Picks #428 Nam Henderson 2015-08-27T12:18:00-04:00 >2015-08-27T13:29:17-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/x6/x6g1j0m61g484udv.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/nicholaskorody" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Nicholas Korody</a>&nbsp;interviewed Smiljan Radi&#263;. They discussed <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/134655300/architecture-at-the-limits-of-instability-an-interview-with-smiljan-radi" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Architecture at the limits of instability</a>.&nbsp;Therein Radi&#263; explains&nbsp;</p><p>"<em>In Chile, it&rsquo;s better to do it really brut rather than try to do it perfectly...And here to do something brut it's cheap, but in Europe it's really expensive.</em>"&nbsp;</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/5c/5cd8rfpshyjazh07.jpg"></p><p><strong>News</strong></p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/orhan" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Orhan Ayy&uuml;ce</a>&nbsp;posted an <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/134433610/architecture-of-segregation/50" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">article</a> by Paul Jargowsky (a fellow at The Century Foundation) which lays out the facts and statistics of decline and poverty's impact on American cities.&nbsp;</p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/orhan" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Orhan</a>&nbsp;editorialized "<em>architecture must pay much more attention to this issue and start producing solutions instead of getting shamelessly high on celebrating star architect designed luxury condominiums for the globally rich clientele and elitist minimalist lakeside homes, and teaching their renderings in schools...We are inadequate and limited with our current scope as architects.</em>" &nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/people/cover/118068376/marc-miller" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Marc Miller&nbsp;</a>later added "<em>It's a hard road, but the ability to define what you do- or the working towards that is one of the things that defines ...</em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/134645640/red-road-towers-built-to-combat-glasgow-s-slums-in-the-1960s-now-slated-for-demolition Red Road towers, built to combat Glasgow's slums in the 1960s, now slated for demolition Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-08-19T13:13:00-04:00 >2015-08-19T13:46:02-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/8h/8h0d33qypo2j07qs.jpg" width="514" height="308" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>They were once the tallest residential structures in Europe and a beacon of hope for residents of Glasgow&rsquo;s slums. Now ... the remaining structures of the Red Road flats will, at last, be demolished. [...] Built in the 1960s on Glasgow&rsquo;s north-eastern edge, the flats were intended to house almost 5,000 people as part of an effort to ease overcrowding and combat slum conditions. But in the decades that followed, they were plagued by a range of problems, social and structural.</p></em><br /><br /><p>More news from Glasgow:</p><ul><li><a title="Page\Park Architects to lead Glasgow School of Art restoration" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/124201653/page-park-architects-to-lead-glasgow-school-of-art-restoration" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Page\Park Architects to lead Glasgow School of Art restoration</a></li><li><a title="Faulty tower: Glasgow's &pound;10m white elephant" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/74500783/faulty-tower-glasgow-s-10m-white-elephant" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Faulty tower: Glasgow's &pound;10m white elephant</a></li><li><a title="Mackintosh&rsquo;s best friend ...or worst foe?" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/1082300/mackintosh-s-best-friend-or-worst-foe" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Mackintosh&rsquo;s best friend ...or worst foe?</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/134584775/british-public-housing-is-not-all-that-bad-now-thanks-largely-to-architects British public housing is not all that bad now, thanks largely to architects Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-08-18T18:07:00-04:00 >2015-08-26T18:25:17-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/2h/2hvpnzrqf9o1blnj.jpg" width="514" height="308" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Regulations have progressively made homes more sustainable and energy-efficient, and voluntary codes take these standards further. Architects like to push them further still [...] There are now housing associations and developers who can see the point of good design, and others who can&rsquo;t quite, but still feel as if they should employ it. The public, too, perhaps encouraged by the TV programmes of Kevin McCloud, are more open to contemporary architecture.</p></em><br /><br /><p>According to <em>The Guardian</em>'s Rowan Moore at least, who takes the long-view on how Britain's public housing policy and execution have changed in the last 50 years.</p><p>Related on Archinect:&nbsp;</p><ul><li><a title="4 Public Housing Lessons the U.S. Could Learn From the Rest of the World" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/107478346/4-public-housing-lessons-the-u-s-could-learn-from-the-rest-of-the-world" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">4 Public Housing Lessons the U.S. Could Learn From the Rest of the World</a></li><li><a title="London is eating itself" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/130714691/london-is-eating-itself" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">London is eating itself</a></li><li><a title="Housing mobility vs. America's growing slum problem" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/134268383/housing-mobility-vs-america-s-growing-slum-problem" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Housing mobility vs. America's growing slum problem</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/127597504/nyc-s-public-housing-woes NYC's public-housing woes Alexander Walter 2015-05-19T20:24:00-04:00 >2015-05-19T20:28:43-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/83/8301c173afd8b98e7631ca949884db38.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Still, when Mayor Bill de Blasio today unveiled his plan for New York&rsquo;s troubled housing authority, NYCHA, dismantling these aging towers was not a piece of it. The plan calls for charging more for parking, redeploying staff to other agencies to save costs and leasing land within the housing complexes to private developers to save money. [...] So why does New York City still have so many high-rise housing projects?</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/113343922/residents-of-nyc-adult-home-asked-to-repay-fema-aid-from-hurricane-sandy Residents of NYC Adult Home Asked to Repay FEMA Aid From Hurricane Sandy Nicholas Korody 2014-11-10T14:21:00-05:00 >2014-11-11T08:26:38-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/p8/p8bb7ai2wqw983hr.jpg" width="430" height="261" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The residents of Belle Harbor Manor spent four miserable months in emergency shelters after Superstorm Sandy's floodwaters surged through their assisted-living center on New York City's Rockaway peninsula. Now, the home's disabled, elderly and mostly poor residents have a new headache: The Federal Emergency Management Agency has asked at least a dozen of them to pay back thousands of dollars in disaster aid.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/107478346/4-public-housing-lessons-the-u-s-could-learn-from-the-rest-of-the-world 4 Public Housing Lessons the U.S. Could Learn From the Rest of the World Alexander Walter 2014-08-26T12:53:00-04:00 >2014-08-27T16:13:40-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/b7/b718069f289296cd8130c629da81c6cc.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Public housing in the United States is associated with failure and misery. The very words conjure up visions of concrete tower blocks, drug-related violence and concentrated poverty. But contrary to popular belief, public housing in the U.S. has not been an utter disaster [...]. Many of public housing&rsquo;s failures can be traced to the American political and economic context, especially easy to see when compared with the success of similar policies around the world.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/99476731/by-2011-atlanta-had-demolished-all-of-its-public-housing-projects-where-did-all-those-people-go By 2011, Atlanta Had Demolished All of Its Public Housing Projects. Where Did All Those People Go? Alexander Walter 2014-05-09T13:25:00-04:00 >2014-05-13T22:58:27-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/47/477e6c6a85ebb57bddd18abcfce0e9b1.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>For most of the 20th century, Atlanta was known for its public housing. The city had pioneered the concept in the 1930s [...] Two decades later, that proportion has fallen all the way to zero. [...] Looking at these two decades of rapid residential change, Atlanta native and filmmaker King Williams is looking for an answer to a seemingly obvious question. With his in-production documentary The Atlanta Way, Williams asks: Where did all of these people end up?</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/99476730/a-scheme-on-a-bluff-the-view-from-todt-hill-houses A Scheme on a Bluff: The View from Todt Hill Houses Alexander Walter 2014-05-09T13:22:00-04:00 >2014-05-13T22:58:42-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/39/39d8be35786c3c1e0554f211fded0369.jpg" width="514" height="342" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>In the third article in our Typecast series, writer Brad Fox travels to Todt Hill Houses on Staten Island. Safe, suburban, and well-maintained, Todt Hill defies many of the stereotypes of New York City housing projects. Unlike the Lower East Side&rsquo;s Smith Houses, which were constructed in the place of demolished tenements, Todt Hill predates most of the single-family homes in its surrounding neighborhood.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/52425032/the-housing-question The Housing Question Places Journal 2012-06-25T13:48:00-04:00 >2012-07-09T16:40:47-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/gu/gu3tyj2qjm9ugrp0.jpg" width="514" height="347" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Foreclosed is controversial because it suggests that the state, or the public sector &mdash; conceived along with civil society in terms of multiple, overlapping, virtual and actual publics &mdash; might play a more active, direct and enlightened role in the provision of housing and, by extension, of education, health care and other infrastructures of daily life in the United States.... Simply put, can we no longer imagine architecture without developers?</p></em><br /><br /><p> Earlier this year <em>Foreclosed: Rehousing the American Dream</em> opened at MoMA in New York. The exhibition quickly became controversial, with some decrying it as elitist and paternalistic, others defending it as powerful and ambitious. On Places, Reinhold Martin, co-organizer of Foreclosed, and Raphael Sperry and Amit Price Patel, of Architects/Designers/Planners for Social Responsibility, continue the debate &mdash; in a virtual roundtable &mdash; along with IDEO.org fellow Liz Ogbu and urban planner Tom Angotti of Hunter College.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/38747826/chicago-public-housing-after-cabrini-green Chicago Public Housing after Cabrini-Green Places Journal 2012-02-20T13:08:00-05:00 >2012-02-25T10:12:39-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/kp/kpvptyeghskwwe9j.jpg" width="514" height="344" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The saga of Cabrini-Green compels us to engage some hard and fundamental questions. It is not enough to ask: who benefits from public housing redevelopment? We must also ask: how we measure such benefits and who gets to do that measuring?</p></em><br /><br /><p> When the last of the Cabrini-Green towers was demolished by the Chicago Housing Authority a year ago, where did the residents go? Urban historian Lawrence Vale looks at the politics and policies of subsidized housing in the city and interviews the developer of the mixed-income "village" that replaced the old public housing projects (and excluded many of their residents).</p> <p> In a <a href="http://places.designobserver.com/feature/chicago-public-housing-photographs/32788/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">related feature</a>, sociologist David Schalliol documents this transition in a slideshow featuring photographs of CHA projects and sites.</p>