Archinect - News 2015-09-04T00:06:31-04:00 http://archinect.com/news/article/134507579/sunshine-and-noir-peter-zumthor-s-new-los-angeles-county-museum-of-art Sunshine and noir: Peter Zumthor's new Los Angeles County Museum of Art Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-08-17T18:48:00-04:00 >2015-08-24T21:53:41-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ce/cers7ut3e6wb2127.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Many have challenged the logic of a Swiss building in Los Angeles [...] In a sense, all of the criticisms can be boiled down to a single accusation: quality architecture does not belong in Los Angeles. [...] Contextualism in Los Angeles requires more innovation than matching roof heights or aligning cornices; its ecology is one of large and oversized cultural objects that act as signposts amid sprawl.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Situating LACMA in "master builder" Peter Zumthor's career overall, architects Sharon Johnston and Mark Lee (of the LA-based firm&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/firms/cover/4256960/johnston-marklee" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Johnston Marklee</a>) discuss what distinguishes his work in a city with a somewhat confused attitude towards icons and context.</p><p>More on Zumthor's LACMA:</p><ul><li><a title="Is Zumthor's inkblot the right size for LACMA's art?" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/126728059/is-zumthor-s-inkblot-the-right-size-for-lacma-s-art" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Is Zumthor's inkblot the right size for LACMA's art?</a></li><li><a title="&quot;The Erection, the Inkblot, and the RFRA Riff-Raff&quot;: Morphosis' Vals tower, Zumthor's LACMA, and Hoosier hospitality confronts RFRA on Archinect Sessions Episode #23" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/124302971/the-erection-the-inkblot-and-the-rfra-riff-raff-morphosis-vals-tower-zumthor-s-lacma-and-hoosier-hospitality-confronts-rfra-on-archinect-sessions-episode-23" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">"The Erection, the Inkblot, and the RFRA Riff-Raff": Morphosis' Vals tower, Zumthor's LACMA, and Hoosier hospitality confronts RFRA on Archinect Sessions Episode #23</a></li><li><a title="Peter Zumthor at LACMA: A Preacher in the Wrong Church" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/125751245/peter-zumthor-at-lacma-a-preacher-in-the-wrong-church" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Peter Zumthor at LACMA: A Preacher in the Wrong Church</a></li><li><a title="Christopher Hawthorne dissects Zumthor's inkblot with LACMA Director Michael Govan" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/123916644/christopher-hawthorne-dissects-zumthor-s-inkblot-with-lacma-director-michael-govan" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Christopher Hawthorne dissects Zumthor's inkblot with LACMA Director Michael Govan</a></li><li><a title="LACMA latest: Zumthor reins in his inkblot redesign" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/123660296/lacma-latest-zumthor-reins-in-his-inkblot-redesign" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">LACMA latest: Zumthor reins in his inkblot redesign</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/133907266/editor-s-picks-426 Editor's Picks #426 Nam Henderson 2015-08-10T09:55:00-04:00 >2015-08-11T17:12:12-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/1w/1wv8f29tphdkkk8y.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/Julia_Ingalls" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Julia Ingalls</a>&nbsp;reviewed "<a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/133034307/work-on-work-exhibition-turns-public-space-into-office-space" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Work on Work</a>" the current exhibition at Los Angeles&rsquo; Architecture + Design Museum, co-organized by Gensler and UCLA&rsquo;s cityLAB.&nbsp;</p><p>Therein she writes "<em>This feeling of being at an un-airconditioned business conference is not helped by the next section of the exhibit, in which the banners stop talking about history and start getting real about Gensler and cityLAB's speculation on the future of the work environment...the privileged and oversimplified overtones of the exhibit, paired with its refusal to envision a more distinguished balance between productivity and (unstructured, unmonitored, human) downtime make it a bit chilling.</em>"</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/gh/ghiedlko02xoj99a.jpg"></p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/AmeliaTH" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Amelia Taylor-Hochberg</a>&nbsp;Editorial Manager for Archinect <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/133512302/looking-to-frank-gehry-after-paris-but-before-los-angeles" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">dissects</a> the upcoming monographic LACMA (by way of the Pompidou) <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/111797408/an-architect-s-big-parisian-moment" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">&ldquo;Frank Gehry&rdquo;</a> exhibition, opening September 13.&nbsp;Responding to her question about critical distance given Gehry&rsquo;s involvement,&nbsp;<strong>midlander</strong> writes&nbsp;"<em>It's inherently difficult to create a critical exhibit on a living architect....</em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/129959849/between-the-temporary-and-the-monumental-a-review-of-shigeru-ban-s-lecture-at-lacma Between the Temporary and the Monumental: A Review of Shigeru Ban's Lecture at LACMA Nicholas Korody 2015-06-19T18:29:00-04:00 >2015-06-23T17:46:38-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/40/406tcrgbdsubifj2.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>&ldquo;I hate to throw things away,&rdquo; explained the Pritzker Prize-winning architect <a href="http://archinect.com/shigeru_ban" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Shigeru Ban</a> to a packed audience at the <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/578675/los-angeles-county-museum-of-art" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Los Angeles County Museum of Art</a> last night. On the projection screen, one of his first works as an architect was displayed: an exhibition of the work of Alvar Aalto, who Ban cited as one of his primary influences. The exhibition was the first time Ban worked with paper tubes, which has become one of his signature strategies. &ldquo;I couldn&rsquo;t afford wood like Aalto,&rdquo; so he turned to the large tubes that had once supported reams of tracing paper. Finding the tubes surprisingly strong, Ban began testing their viability &ndash; and the rest has become history.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/tk/tkna4il1v89u9ms6.jpg"></p><p>Throughout the evening&rsquo;s lecture, Ban spoke with refreshing humility, a quality that often seems lacking among his peers. Many of his most iconic design decisions he attributed to chance, like his use of paper. As Ban worked his way through a retrospective survey of his career, he made frequent quips that enlivened the mood a...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/126728059/is-zumthor-s-inkblot-the-right-size-for-lacma-s-art Is Zumthor's inkblot the right size for LACMA's art? Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-05-04T20:10:00-04:00 >2015-05-12T22:54:33-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/hc/hcnu6ks3mst6bk3m.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>What will Zumthor's plan do for the museum's art and its audience? An art museum presents our histories in visual form; is LACMA making room for enough stories? [...] Los Angeles is one of the world's four major centers of art production. Yet the museum has no permanent-collection galleries that tell a California-authored story of contemporary art. [...] The proposed Zumthor building is also awfully expensive given its modest gain in exhibition space.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/126389943/editor-s-picks-413 Editor's Picks #413 Nam Henderson 2015-04-29T00:18:00-04:00 >2015-04-29T12:42:22-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ff/ffmlnpf7w9hs5aaj.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Senior editor <a href="http://archinect.com/orhan" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Orhan Ayy&uuml;ce</a>&nbsp;published the first in a series of mini-interviews for a new feature <strong>Touching Base</strong>: In which he profiled <a href="http://www.alkanoglu.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Volkan Alkanoglu</a><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/125518443/touching-base-with-volkan-alkanoglu" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">, founding principal of </a><a href="http://archinect.com/firms/cover/125517637/volkan-alkanoglu-design-llc" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Volkan Alkanoglu | DESIGN LLC</a>. It was a reminder for&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/people/cover/1906872/donna-sink" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Donna Sink</a>&nbsp;of&nbsp;how small the world is, as her "<em>husband's company</em><em><a href="http://indianapolisfabrications.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"> Indianapolis Fabrications </a>made and installed Volkan's piece <a href="http://www.alkanoglu.com/Memorial" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Memorial</a></em><em>&rdquo;. Plus, she did some &ldquo;shop drawing work on it!</em>"</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/lk/lkob6tp22j462kha.jpg"><br><br><strong>News</strong><br><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/125745578/le-corbusier-militant-fascist-claims-overshadow-50th-death-anniversary" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Two new books claim</a> Le Corbusier was a 'militant fascist'.&nbsp;<strong>Lightperson</strong> thought it was "<em>a leap to say he was a nazi because of a sort of anti-Semitic note to mom</em>". Yet, <strong>Jayness</strong> wanted to stand against false idols who aligned themself "<em>with those in power (Vichy, France), and which by default is the act of a coward. No amount of design or expressive talent can overcome this shortcoming</em>".</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/pg/pgf8q09hty95bqtg.jpg"></p><p>Over at The Los Angeles Review of Books, Joseph Giovannini <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/125751245/peter-zumthor-at-lacma-a-preacher-in-the-wrong-church" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">examined</a> plans for the new Peter Zumthor at LACMA.&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/orhan" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Orhan Ayy&uuml;ce</a>&nbsp;only wished "<em>Giovannini had given more hi-end decision-making board of truste...</em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/125751245/peter-zumthor-at-lacma-a-preacher-in-the-wrong-church Peter Zumthor at LACMA: A Preacher in the Wrong Church Orhan Ayyüce 2015-04-20T19:32:00-04:00 >2015-04-28T22:57:36-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/h8/h85gqike31aplp81.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Not to worry, Gowan said, we&rsquo;ll just pop in extra entrances if and when we need them.</p></em><br /><br /><p><img alt="" src="http://larb.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/lacma_plan3.jpeg"></p><p>Veteran architecture critic Joseph Giovannini writes a long format, meticulous, repetitious, detailed, campy, foxy, fundamental, accurate, conjectural, civic, economic, organizational, institutional, back of the house, sobering, exemplifying, nerdy and most serious to date criticism of LACMA Director Michael Govan commissioned and Swiss architect Peter Zumthor designing/designed/perpetually preliminary plans for LA's most extensive museum which considered architects like Mies van der Rohe early on and Rem Koolhaas in 2004. Existing museum was designed by William Pereira in 1968, later remodeled by&nbsp;Hardy Holzman Pfeiffer Associates in early 80's with recent additions by, who else, Renzo Piano, the Museum Man.</p><p>I wish Giovannini had given more hi-end decision-making board of trustees&nbsp;0.1%&nbsp;dirt instead of talking about pancakes and curves repeatedly. Of course, his secret architect allies are not saying a word.&nbsp;</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/125447647/christopher-hawthorne-remembers-the-lacma-that-once-was Christopher Hawthorne remembers the LACMA that once was Alexander Walter 2015-04-16T17:42:00-04:00 >2015-04-20T20:31:43-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/05/056dqu8x77zqcvua.jpg" width="514" height="243" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>As the museum turns 50 this year and debate continues about LACMA Director Michael Govan's plan to replace the Pereira buildings (and a later addition by Hugh Hardy) with a giant new wing by Swiss architect Peter Zumthor, it's worth remembering how the original LACMA campus was greeted &mdash; as well as a few things about the Los Angeles into which it was born.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Related:&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/123916644/christopher-hawthorne-dissects-zumthor-s-inkblot-with-lacma-director-michael-govan" target="_blank">Christopher Hawthorne dissects Zumthor's inkblot with LACMA Director Michael Govan</a></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/124614456/editor-s-picks-410 Editor's Picks #410 Nam Henderson 2015-04-06T10:10:00-04:00 >2015-04-13T19:30:49-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/lt/lt4q0gppm7v42l5d.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>For the latest edition of <a href="http://archinect.com/features/tag/1149/working-out-of-the-box" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Working out of the Box</a> Archinect talked with <a href="http://abrahamburickson.com/?page_id=130" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Abraham Burickson</a><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/123744704/working-out-of-the-box-abraham-burickson-poet-conceptual-artist-and-founder-of-odyssey-works" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">, founder of </a><a href="http://www.odysseyworks.org/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Odyssey Works</a>.</p><p>&nbsp;He explained "<em>Architecture school required total commitment, and in Odyssey Works that&rsquo;s the case as well &ndash; absolute, total commitment. Because otherwise nothing new is possible, and it&rsquo;s almost not worth it, that was the other thing I walked out of architecture with, that it&rsquo;s not really worth it to go into any project without a total commitment.</em>"</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/x6/x6w46b6qjj34etas.jpg"></p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/people/cover/1906872/donna-sink" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Donna Sink</a>&nbsp;commented "T<em>his was a great read, and I really appreciate the very close links to architecture and daily experience that somehow moves you out of a set mindframe and into a new one. &nbsp;Mr. Burickson is an excellent example of how it can be beneficial to get degrees in (or learn a lot about) other disciplines and apply a more general knowledge to our experience of living in a built world</em><em>.</em>"</p><p><br><strong>News</strong></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/zq/zqwczn9g0gxdxcxs.jpg"></p><p>Reacting to the <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/123660296/lacma-latest-zumthor-reins-in-his-inkblot-redesign" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">latest iteration of Peter Zumthor's desig</a>n for the Los Angeles County Museum of Art,&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/evanchakroff" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Evan Chakroff</a>&nbsp;criticized "...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/124302971/the-erection-the-inkblot-and-the-rfra-riff-raff-morphosis-vals-tower-zumthor-s-lacma-and-hoosier-hospitality-confronts-rfra-on-archinect-sessions-episode-23 "The Erection, the Inkblot, and the RFRA Riff-Raff": Morphosis' Vals tower, Zumthor's LACMA, and Hoosier hospitality confronts RFRA on Archinect Sessions Episode #23 Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-04-02T19:25:00-04:00 >2015-04-15T08:51:53-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/3e/3et5ujpw2tag66t7.jpg" width="514" height="333" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>It&rsquo;s been a strange week, especially in Indiana. On this episode, before getting to the RFRA-ff, we hit on a neat architectural inversion: LA-heavyweight <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/123741481/morphosis-turns-vals-into-skyscraper-village" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Morphosis designs a "middle-finger" luxury tower in the quaint mountain town of Vals</a>, Switzerland, while the subtly grand Swiss museum-master <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/123916644/christopher-hawthorne-dissects-zumthor-s-inkblot-with-lacma-director-michael-govan" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Peter Zumthor pushes a calligraphic inkblot for LACMA</a> on LA's Miracle Mile. Vals is already home to Zumthor's Therme Spa. It&rsquo;s like Trading Spaces, but with starchitects!</p><p>On the latter-half of our show, Amelia, Donna and Ken talk with Brian Newman, Archinect Sessions&rsquo; legal correspondent, about <a href="http://www.indystar.com/story/news/politics/2015/03/31/indianas-rfra-similar-federal-rfra/70729888/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Indiana&rsquo;s controversial revisions to the Religious Freedom Restoration Act</a> &ndash; with our own Donna Sink on the ground in Indianapolis, we dig into how this national and local issue would affect architects and the profession.</p><p>Paul is away this week, on vacation in the outer reaches of Peru, blissfully out of Skype's reach. He'll be back as soon as he re-enters the connected world.</p><p>As always, you can send us&nbsp;y...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/123916644/christopher-hawthorne-dissects-zumthor-s-inkblot-with-lacma-director-michael-govan Christopher Hawthorne dissects Zumthor's inkblot with LACMA Director Michael Govan Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-03-28T09:02:00-04:00 >2015-05-12T09:32:00-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/h7/h7n29tlrpiua5mr2.jpg" width="514" height="685" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Since opening the doors of its original William Pereira buildings in 1965, the Los Angele County Museum of Art has grown along with its home. The version of the city beloved by Reyner Banham and Pereira was alive then on the historic Miracle Mile, proselytizing megasized car-infrastructure and New Suburban models of living. From the 1980s through the 2000s, the museum expanded and reorganized, adding Bruce Goff&rsquo;s Japanese Pavilion and Renzo Piano&rsquo;s additions. Now, the entire conglomerate is slated for a redesign, into a singular swath by famed museum architect Peter Zumthor, with new attention paid to an incoming Metro station. And according to the <em>Los Angeles Times&rsquo;</em> architecture critic, Christopher Hawthorne, this is distinctly on track with where the megaregion as a whole is going &ndash; part of his so-called &ldquo;Third Los Angeles&rdquo;.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/v9/v9mcgcj2evjrd34l.jpg"></p><p>This third stage of Los Angeles is &ldquo;<a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/122585949/the-days-of-infinite-thinking-what-city-of-quartz-means-for-los-angeles-25-years-later" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">an altogether more integrated, metropolitan-oriented</a>&rdquo; place, and is the namesake for Hawthorne&rsquo;s ongoing lecture series exp...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/123660296/lacma-latest-zumthor-reins-in-his-inkblot-redesign LACMA latest: Zumthor reins in his inkblot redesign Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-03-24T13:54:00-04:00 >2015-04-04T23:03:07-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/22/227710a0510cce73bc2a63fd375d915d.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Once a free-flowing, biomorphic design inspired by the La Brea Tar Pits and the work of the Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer, the design has become noticeably more angular and muscular in recent weeks. It now features double-height galleries made of white or light-gray concrete and poking up above the roofline of the rest of the museum [...] "No one will call it a blob anymore," LACMA Director Michael Govan said ... "Peter hasn't given up the curve. But he's really, really reined it in."</p></em><br /><br /><p>Related news:&nbsp;</p><ul><li><a title="Peter Zumthor pushes LACMA redesign to the curb to make room for tar pits" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/102705026/peter-zumthor-pushes-lacma-redesign-to-the-curb-to-make-room-for-tar-pits" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Peter Zumthor pushes LACMA redesign to the curb to make room for tar pits</a></li><li><a title="L.A. County supervisors approve initial funding for new LACMA building" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/113033373/l-a-county-supervisors-approve-initial-funding-for-new-lacma-building" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">L.A. County supervisors approve initial funding for new LACMA building</a></li><li><a title="Peter Zumthor's $450,000,000 'Black Flower' for LACMA" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/74507137/peter-zumthor-s-450-000-000-black-flower-for-lacma" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Peter Zumthor's $450,000,000 'Black Flower' for LACMA</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/123293427/protectcity-campaign-launched-in-support-of-michael-heizer-s-city #ProtectCity campaign launched in support of Michael Heizer's "City" Alexander Walter 2015-03-19T19:00:00-04:00 >2015-03-20T14:16:25-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/1m/1mzp8222h66dfaom.jpg" width="514" height="167" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Located in Garden Valley, Nevada, Michael Heizer&rsquo;s City is one of the most significant works of art in the United States. Begun by Heizer in 1972, the project is now in its final stage of completion. It will, in the future, be accessible by the public. [...] To see the land developed into a site for military, energy, or waste purposes, would ruin it forever. After 43 years of work, can it really be destroyed like this?</p></em><br /><br /><p>Notable American museums publicly expressed their support on Twitter via&nbsp;<a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/ProtectCity?src=hash" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">#protectCITY</a>. The LACMA petition to protect Michael Heizer's&nbsp;<em>City</em>&nbsp;and the Basin and Range can be reached&nbsp;<a href="https://www.facebook.com/protectbasinandrange/app_335652843138116" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">here</a>.</p><p>Previously on Archinect:&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/112893574/michael-heizer-s-massive-desert-sculpture-city-will-make-you-cry" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Michael Heizer's massive desert sculpture, "City", will make you cry</a></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/113345531/look-back-move-forward-weekly-news-round-up-for-november-3-2014 Look back, move forward: Weekly News Round-Up for November 3, 2014 Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2014-11-10T18:55:00-05:00 >2014-11-10T19:00:23-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/vp/vpnz58j7jk1p1zz0.jpg" width="514" height="287" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><strong><em>Friday, November 7:</em></strong></p><ul><li><a title="8,000 Glowing Balloons Recreate the Berlin Wall" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/113115295/8-000-glowing-balloons-recreate-the-berlin-wall" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">8,000 Glowing Balloons Recreate the Berlin Wall</a>: A 10 mile chain of balloons will line the path where the Wall previously stood, to commemorate the 25th anniversary of its demolition.</li><li><a title="First Ever Chicago Architecture Biennial Taking Shape for 2015" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/113108869/first-ever-chicago-architecture-biennial-taking-shape-for-2015" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">First Ever Chicago Architecture Biennial Taking Shape for 2015</a>: The Biennial's theme of "The State of the Art of Architecture" (named after Stanley Tigerman's 1977 conference),&nbsp;is starting to take shape<em>,</em>&nbsp;and will include a photo exhibition on Chicago from Iwan Baan.</li></ul><p><strong><em>Thursday, November 6:</em></strong></p><ul><li><a title="Massive Hollywood project sits atop quake fault" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/113055876/massive-hollywood-project-sits-atop-quake-fault" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Massive Hollywood project sits atop quake fault</a>: The California Geological Survey confirmed that the Millenium Hollywood skyscraper sits on top of an active fault, despite the fact that the developer's consultants find no evidence of an active fault in their analysis of the data. LA's Department of Building and Safety will ultimately determine whether the Millenium can be built.</li><li><a title="Centre Pompidou To Open Design and Architecture Gallery" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/113035783/centre-pompidou-to-open-design-and-architecture-gallery" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Centre Pompidou To Open Design and Architecture Gallery</a>: Upon the opening of its new photography gallery, the renowned Parisian...</li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/113033373/l-a-county-supervisors-approve-initial-funding-for-new-lacma-building L.A. County supervisors approve initial funding for new LACMA building Alexander Walter 2014-11-06T13:22:00-05:00 >2014-11-06T13:29:40-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/5f/5fc0c95da4502d7ffaca4046cce4c09b.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The Board of Supervisors has approved a road map for the Los Angeles County Museum of Art as it plans a $600-million makeover that would tear down and rebuild most of its Miracle Mile campus [...]. If there are no serious bumps in the road ahead, the plan would yield a streamlined, curving 410,000-square-foot new museum building designed by Swiss architect Peter Zumthor that would open in 2023, spanning Wilshire Boulevard with an enclosed bridge that doubles as gallery space.</p></em><br /><br /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/524084/lacma-makeover" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Previously</a></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/112893574/michael-heizer-s-massive-desert-sculpture-city-will-make-you-cry Michael Heizer's massive desert sculpture, "City", will make you cry Archinect 2014-11-04T17:37:00-05:00 >2014-11-12T23:04:17-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/o7/o7q6t8x4ywjz18ml.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>&ldquo;He didn&rsquo;t like people coming into the studio and seeing the paintings before they were finished,&rdquo; he said. &ldquo;This is one of the most ambitious artworks ever envisioned, certainly in the United States.&rdquo; Heizer's mammoth masterpiece in the desert is called "City." &ldquo;It was in 1994 when I first saw it, unfinished,&rdquo; Govan said. &ldquo;You do cry. You think, what an incredibly beautiful ambition.&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/112259973/los-angeles-cultural-boom-gives-city-s-artists-spaces-they-can-call-home Los Angeles cultural boom gives city’s artists spaces they can call home Alexander Walter 2014-10-27T13:30:00-04:00 >2014-10-29T19:51:05-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/df/dfc412c65bea37363e7ea8e7b76fd3b1.jpg" width="514" height="308" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>&ldquo;People used to complain that people went to New York to buy what they could buy in LA,&rdquo; said Kathy Halbreich, the associate director of the Museum of Modern Art in New York. &ldquo;I don&rsquo;t think that happens anymore. I think there&rsquo;s a recognition that the city matters, that the people aren&rsquo;t just there for the weather. You see a level of ambition that&rsquo;s been ratcheted up.&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/109717512/wild-architecture-makes-german-cinema-come-alive-at-lacma Wild architecture makes German cinema come alive at LACMA Alexander Walter 2014-09-24T14:05:00-04:00 >2014-09-24T14:05:57-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/fa/fa30a6fa1e80710db955a65ccaf39198.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Movies can be great. Art can be great. But put them together in a museum exhibition, and the combination can be not-so-great. [...] A new exhibition of early 20th-century cinema at the L.A. County Museum of Art (LACMA), however, rethinks that equation. [...] Designed by Amy Murphy, a professor of architecture at USC, and Michael Maltzan of Michael Maltzan Architecture, the exhibition design is the antithesis of the traditional framed-stuff-on-a-wall model.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/104246142/in-praise-of-lacma-s-vulgar-architecture In Praise of LACMA’s Vulgar Architecture Alexander Walter 2014-07-15T13:43:00-04:00 >2014-07-16T19:01:07-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/qb/qbsut8kg1xlczd3b.jpg" width="514" height="353" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>It would be better to reconsider this wholesale demolition. Especially as the proposed replacement, designed by the Swiss architect Peter Zumthor, leaves much to be desired. [...] Or maybe it&rsquo;s the quintessential Angeleno building? After all, replacing an aging faithful spouse with a younger, more stylish trophy wife is an established Hollywood custom.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/103857482/frank-gehry-being-considered-for-art-tower-across-from-zumthor-s-lacma Frank Gehry being considered for art-tower across from Zumthor's LACMA Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2014-07-10T13:42:00-04:00 >2014-09-24T14:35:44-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/vu/vu6uyq9ye5ppt8li.jpg" width="514" height="291" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>"We're working with the other owners of the property and with Metro," said LACMA Director Michael Govan. "There's good reason to build a major development there. You've got subway access and density on Wilshire. My dream is some beautiful piece of architecture with an architecture and design museum at the base, which would add to Museum Row." If built, the tower would offer a dramatic vertical complement to the relentlessly horizontal LACMA gallery building by Swiss architect Peter Zumthor</p></em><br /><br /><p>How's this for a yin-yang in the new Los Angeles: if this goes through, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) would be responsible for two majorly different impositions on Wilshire Blvd., the city's foremost thoroughfare and itself an icon. One: a street-straddling horizontal art institution, aligning contemporary culture and Zumthor's sleek Swiss aesthetics with the form and culture of driving. Two: a relentless residential skyscraper, designed by another LA-icon, Gehry, positioned for density and to maximize access to public transportation.</p><p>Wilshire becomes a looking glass, where the old and new romances of LA can look back and forth at each another.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/d7/d7ac4ay9rzf5sq2d.jpg"></p><p>No final word on any of this yet, but according to the&nbsp;<em>Los Angeles Times</em>&nbsp;piece, Govan is considering the possibility of including Gehry's archive at the base of the new tower as well, as part of a potential architecture and design wing for LACMA. The site in question currently houses, ironically enough, the <a href="http://aplusd.org/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Architecture + Design ...</a></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/103264159/editor-s-picks-374 Editor's Picks #374 Nam Henderson 2014-07-02T19:47:00-04:00 >2014-07-07T17:05:04-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/z5/z51wh4g9c8r9dydi.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/nicholaskorody" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Nicholas Korody</a>&nbsp;penned a review - <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/102872267/the-trouble-with-a-bird-s-eye-view-la-forum-s-exhibition-looks-at-los-angeles-from-afar" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The Trouble with a Bird&rsquo;s Eye View</a>.&nbsp;The piece dissects a summer exhibition of the <a href="http://laforum.org/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Los Angeles Forum for Architecture and Design</a>. He concludes the pairing of aerial photographs by Los Angeles-based <a href="http://www.lanebarden.com/en/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Lane Barden</a> with a geo-mapping project by the German-American duo <a href="http://benedikt-gross.de/log/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Benedikt Gro&szlig;</a> and <a href="http://jk-lee.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Joseph K. Lee</a>, is proof that &nbsp;"<em>For Barden, Gro&szlig; and Lee, the position and involvement of humans in a greater ecology is only clear from high above</em>".</p><p><strong>citizen</strong> shared <em>"This reminds me of that story of the 1933 CIAM meeting. &nbsp;Participants compared scale plan/maps of major cities around the world. &nbsp;Neutra's graphic of LA covered a wall and then some</em>".</p><p>Plus, for the fifth edition of <strong>Cutting Room</strong>,&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/AmeliaTH" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Amelia</a> interviewed <a href="http://www.mehruss.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Mehruss Jon Ahi</a><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/102327403/cutting-room-interiors-takes-classic-films-back-to-the-drawing-board#" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"> and </a><a href="http://www.armenkaraoghlanian.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Armen Karaoghlanian</a>,<a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/102327403/cutting-room-interiors-takes-classic-films-back-to-the-drawing-board#" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"> the architect and filmmaker behind </a><a href="http://intjournal.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Interiors</a>.&nbsp;The project is a journal in which the authors reconstruct sections taken from famous scenes in classic films.</p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/people/cover/22610164/eric-chavkin" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Eric Chavkin</a>&nbsp;suggested "<em>The interest for me is not the reproduction of arch...</em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/102705026/peter-zumthor-pushes-lacma-redesign-to-the-curb-to-make-room-for-tar-pits Peter Zumthor pushes LACMA redesign to the curb to make room for tar pits Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2014-06-25T13:03:00-04:00 >2014-07-02T17:48:44-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/9c/9c1e0d355389eeb45990c5de19e4348f.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Architect Peter Zumthor has dramatically revised his design for a new Los Angeles County Museum of Art, creating a new bridge-like section of the building that would span Wilshire Boulevard. The new design is meant to address concerns that the original plan would encroach on, and potentially damage, the La Brea Tar Pits at the neighboring Page Museum, casting a shadow over the largest pit.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/93393291/billy-al-bengston-and-frank-gehry-discuss-their-1968-collaboration-at-lacma Billy Al Bengston and Frank Gehry discuss their 1968 collaboration at LACMA Metropolitan Monk 2014-02-11T18:54:00-05:00 >2014-02-17T20:23:42-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/id/idawhzgdx4298i02.jpg" width="514" height="372" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>In 1968, artist Billy Al Bengston enlisted the help of Frank Gehry to design the LACMA exhibition&rsquo;s scenography [...] East of Borneo publishes a conversation between the two: FG: I was a hanger-on to the art scene because the architects that I was collegiate with at the time thought I was nuts. Even my friends at the time and those who are still my friends thought I was weird, but I didn&rsquo;t know I was weird. And when the art guys embraced me, I was declared weird by association probably.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/88985154/frank-gehry-designs-new-alexander-calder-show-at-lacma Frank Gehry designs new Alexander Calder show at LACMA Archinect 2013-12-16T13:55:00-05:00 >2013-12-23T18:41:33-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/df/df1ddf611a3375c17ff912e7bef1db9a.jpg" width="514" height="372" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>&ldquo;I always remember the Calder show at the Guggenheim in New York,&rdquo; Gehry told LA Confidential, &ldquo;and how the work responded to the curves of the museum. It was spectacular. LACMA didn&rsquo;t have such a space for the show, so we designed one. I hope to at least give the art its individual space and let the architecture help reveal the dynamism of each piece.&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/75825120/light-perception-manipulation-the-future-of-architecture Light Perception Manipulation: The Future of Architecture Cameron Picardi 2013-06-25T14:33:00-04:00 >2013-08-14T20:55:08-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/cu/cuke2jjppx79m9xl.jpg" width="390" height="594" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>"Turrell has continued to develop a series of works that address architecture and the space of the viewer. As part of his evolving practice, he has utilized architectural interventions, created immersive environments, designed and erected autonomous outdoor spaces, and continues to build structures within Roden Crater-an extinct volcano in Arizona."</p></em><br /><br /><p> As the world is transitioning to a more sustainable lifestyle the implications of such a shift have already permeated the architecture &amp; design realm. From the Starbucks prototype-cafe in Tukwilla, Washington, to the establishment of Masdar City in Abu Dhabi, it is evident that a change towards ecologically friendly construction &amp; design is upon us. The future of net zero energy and waste is now rapidly approaching.&nbsp; By the advent of human determination and perseverance it is highly likely that functioning at net zero energy and waste will be the norm in the future. This design ideal may very well be the quotidian for Gen-Y's descendants, but what will the future hold for their grandchildren? Without relying on clairvoyance abilities, one can posit that the future of design may rely heavily on perception manipulation. With inspiration from world-renowned artist, James Turrell, the distant future of design may utilize light &amp; perception illusion to bring spaces to life.</p> <p> James Tur...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/75004861/editor-s-picks-319 Editor's Picks # 319 Nam Henderson 2013-06-11T11:52:00-04:00 >2013-06-11T18:51:13-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/cn/cnf963f139lii3pv.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> <img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/rh/rh9wiiui4vhkvwt3.jpg"></p> <p> <a href="http://archinect.com/paul" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Paul Petrunia</a>&nbsp;spoke with Ali Jeevanjee and Ben Anderson from the <a href="http://fluxfoundation.org/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Flux Foundation</a>, an Oakland based organization dedicated to producing large scale public art via a collaborative process. To this end they installed <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/73629983/the-sidewalk-s-end-by-flux-foundation-for-coachella-2013" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Sidewalk's End at this year&rsquo;s Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival, California, back in April 2013</a>.</p> <p> <br><strong>News</strong><br><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/74507137/peter-zumthor-s-450-000-000-black-flower-for-lacma" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Over at the LA Times Christopher Hawthorne reported on LACMA's unfurled Peter Zumthor's design</a>. Mr. Hawthorne wrote "<em>Still a work in progress, the design is full of gestures that are more speculative, even searching, than fully formed. One crucial element that remains under-developed is how it will feel to walk beneath the museum's raised main floor &mdash; and how the underside of the building will be clad or look as seen from the ground. (In such a large, dark piece of architecture it will be important to keep that space from feeling cave-like.) The plan so far has little to say about landscape architecture</em>".&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/people/cover/2532608/gregory-walker" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Gregory Walker</a>&nbsp;had a few questions "<em>is this really any ...</em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/74507137/peter-zumthor-s-450-000-000-black-flower-for-lacma Peter Zumthor's $450,000,000 'Black Flower' for LACMA Gregory Walker 2013-06-03T14:10:00-04:00 >2014-09-24T14:36:40-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ss/ss8h44u1e87746op.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>"Bracingly forward-looking, Zumthor's design for LACMA would give the city a much-needed jolt of architectural energy."</p></em><br /><br /><p>Zumthor's design, which obliterates the original campus of LACMA, would cost an estimated $450M to construct, with another $200M in soft and operating costs built in.</p><p>A few questions abound: is this really any different (in overall approach) than OMA's ill-fated masterplan from roughly 10 years ago? Will this truly solve LACMA's core collections questions? And would the money raised be much better allocated towards improving those, the existing facilities and creating a long term operations fund to help stabilize the institution?</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/72632485/editor-s-picks-314 Editor's Picks #314 Nam Henderson 2013-05-07T13:14:00-04:00 >2013-05-09T20:05:13-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/8c/8cf77sgbcvp5r8ep.jpg" width="514" height="197" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Over at the LA Times, Christopher Hawthorne reported on LACMA Director Michael Govan&rsquo;s plan&rsquo;s for $650-million new building by Swiss architect Peter Zumthor...Eric Chavkin commented "New construction has always been fundraising tail that wags the museum dog. Big names to draw bigger money...Now that AMPAS is leveraging it's Oscar prestige to be a part of LACMA, a new name to entice donor dollars is Zumthor, a name that means absolutely nothing to most.</p></em><br /><br /><p> <strong>News</strong><br><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/72101910/hitler-s-words-into-stone-can-architecture-itself-be-fascist" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Michael Z Wise reviewed the newest edition of Albert Speer, Architecture by L&eacute;on Krier for the Wall Street Journal</a>.&nbsp;Mr. Wise concluded his review "<em>Though he is again bemoaning a contemporary inability to regard classicism in a detached manner, it is L&eacute;on Krier who is in a delirious thrall to a malevolent aesthetic</em>".</p> <p> <a href="http://archinect.com/people/cover/1970535/will-galloway" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Will Galloway</a>&nbsp;was surprised "<em>wow, i didn't need another reason to dislike krier, but this one certainly seems more than enough to set aside any other complaint about the guy and never revisit them.&nbsp; its amazing that someone could hate modernism so much that even hitler's vision for the world seems palatable to him. nasty</em>". For his part <a href="http://archinect.com/stevenward" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Steven Ward</a><br> argued "<em>I'd rather see the swastika redeemed for its original associations (<a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swastika" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swastika</a>) than see any redemption of Speer's work. It's not that the style(s) from which he borrowed were bad so much as his intentional bombastic over-scaling of everything. These buildings were meant to communicat...</em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/72295165/lacma-taps-zumthor-for-650-million-new-look LACMA taps Zumthor for $650-million new look Archinect 2013-05-01T14:08:00-04:00 >2013-05-24T00:50:56-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/d2/d2e234c1451d31586ce49605e120d804.jpg" width="514" height="329" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>At the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, an acclaimed Swiss architect is hoping to pull off what an acclaimed Dutch one could not. Next month LACMA will publicly unveil a $650-million plan by Pritzker Prize winner Peter Zumthor for a dramatic new museum building along Wilshire Boulevard.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/71780583/editor-s-picks-312 Editor's Picks #312 Nam Henderson 2013-04-23T12:37:00-04:00 >2013-05-15T16:41:41-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/np/nps33fbv64q8xaq7.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The LA Times reported that Renzo Piano, Los Angeles architect Zoltan Pali and officials from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences unveiled preliminary designs for a $300-million film museum. Eric Chavkin concluded "A toy chest of architectures related only by location. From the Bruce Goff Japanese Pavilion to the black box Mies bookstore to Hugh Hardy's disco streamlined moderne to Luckmans sorry start. Renzo Piano's 'back-to-the-future cinema spheres just continues the trajectory"</p></em><br /><br /><p> In an essay titled <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/71339262/unexpected-costs-big-ticket-design-software-versus-alternate-methodologies" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">UNEXPECTED COSTS ~ Big ticket design software versus alternate methodologies</a>, <a href="http://archinect.com/people/cover/7473497/ann-lui" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Ann Lui</a> a designer and freelance writer reflected on the fact that "<em>Not twenty years ago, if you wanted to start your own firm, you could do so on a Mayline drafting board in your basement...Today, my partner and I sit on our couch as we write up a wishlist of basic softwares we might need for a fledgling practice...tally the price tags, and the bottom line drops like an anvil: just over $15,000</em>".</p> <p> <strong>mfischer3387</strong> echoed <strong>curtkram</strong>, "<em>its much tougher to start an architecture business than most other fields, because yes, the start up costs are enormous, as outlined in the article. I would argue that software package costs are not necessarily always for the benefit of design, but for liability purposes</em>". Other commentator's like <a href="http://archinect.com/jmiller" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Jeremy Miller</a> offered advice "<em>You could get the Revit LT suite for&nbsp; about $1,800...Also, Archicad has a rental model...Be creative</em>" and <a href="http://archinect.com/stevesanderson" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Steve Sanderson</a> (founding par...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/53231645/at-lacma-art-on-a-grand-scale At LACMA, art on a grand scale Archinect 2012-07-09T12:22:00-04:00 >2012-07-09T12:45:25-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/4b/4b32149d977158eb6f6667b1df08de18.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Its character is determined not just by the color and texture of the boulder itself but also by the detailing and proportions of the ramp. To experience the piece, you descend the ramp, you stand in the shadow of the rock and then you ascend. That trajectory is an architectural one; in fact, Heizer has been upfront that he takes cues in his work directly from architecture.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html>