Archinect - News 2017-07-22T09:09:21-04:00 Socialism and Nationalism on the Danube Places Journal 2017-05-09T15:57:00-04:00 >2017-05-09T15:58:14-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="433" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Both Vienna and Budapest can be viewed as battlefields in an unfolding European crisis of identity and confidence that threatens the continent&rsquo;s political unity and raises fundamental questions about what exactly it means to be European, to be Europe. Can we read these crises at the level of architecture?</p></em><br /><br /><p>In light of contemporary political turmoil in the region, Owen Hatherley examines key moments in the architectural histories of two quintessentially European cities, from the development of Vienna's monumental public housing to Budapest's experimentation with an ethnonationalist style.&nbsp;</p> Hong Kong, Grounded Places Journal 2017-05-02T18:44:00-04:00 >2017-05-02T18:44:54-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="433" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Even in this relentlessly vertical city, famous for walkways that feel like aerial labyrinths, you can&rsquo;t levitate forever. Where the mountain rises up faster than the towers, you bump into a hillside and come back to earth. In Hong Kong, the ground is everywhere.</p></em><br /><br /><p>The terrain that weaves between streets, through public spaces, and beneath buildings in Hong Kong reminds observers of the tenuous relation between the city and its geology. Karl Kullmann photographs these zones of contact between the multilevel metropolis and the mountain, reflecting on the city's genuine landscape infrastructure and the urban experiences that it grounds.</p> History of the Present: Mexico City Places Journal 2017-02-17T15:51:00-05:00 >2017-02-20T10:21:22-05:00 <img src="" width="650" height="432" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>An unpopular president, a myth-making architect, and a multibillionaire tycoon are building an oversize airport in a nature preserve. Can they make Mexico great again?</p></em><br /><br /><p>The progressive capital of Mexico has&nbsp;a long history of massive infrastructure projects&nbsp;&mdash;&nbsp;<em>megaproyectos</em>&nbsp;&mdash; with egalitarian aims. Daniel Brook looks at the social, political, and environmental issues surrounding the latest&nbsp;&mdash; a $13bn new airport rising on a sinking lakebed. This article is part of <em>Places'</em> ongoing series, <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">History of the Present</a>, on global cities in transition.&nbsp;</p> New Fairy Tale Architecture in Places Journal Places Journal 2016-12-22T16:46:00-05:00 >2016-12-23T23:27:04-05:00 <img src="" width="650" height="650" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>How many architects, young and old, have been inspired by a hero or heroine who must imagine new realms and new spaces &mdash; new ways of being in this strange world?&nbsp;This project presents a line of flight into architecture as a fantastic, literary realm of becoming.</p></em><br /><br /><p>This week,&nbsp;our series on Fairy Tale Architecture returns with four new designs by Sn&oslash;hetta, Ultramoderne, Smiljan Radi&#263;, and Bernheimer Architecture. Each one explores&nbsp;the relationship between the domestic structures of fairy tales and the imaginative realm of architecture. But&nbsp;don&rsquo;t expect a light escape into fantasy. These fantastical worlds draw their power from engagement with the real.</p><p><br><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Tiddalik the Frog, designed by&nbsp;Sn&oslash;hetta</a></p><p><br><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Flatland, designed by&nbsp;Ultramoderne</a></p><p><br><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Gripho, designed by&nbsp;Smiljan Radi&#263;</a></p><p><br><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The Seven Ravens, designed by&nbsp;Bernheimer Architecture</a></p> 14 to 1: Post-Katrina Architecture by the Numbers Places Journal 2016-07-13T15:44:00-04:00 >2016-07-13T21:11:29-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="650" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The thousands of new old houses in New Orleans reveal the ethos of a people in a place nearly destroyed. New Orleanians have embraced their city&rsquo;s architectural heritage as they&rsquo;ve rebuilt for an uncertain future.</p></em><br /><br /><p>What does post-Katrina architecture look like in New Orleans? And what does it reveal about its society? In their survey in Places, Richard Campanella and Cassidy Rosen discover that historical styles are 14 times more popular than contemporary styles in the rebuilt city, despite the focus of media coverage on experimental projects like Make It Right. The retro revival pays homage to 19th-century New Orleans and a past that has become both a refuge from the present and a cicerone to the future.&nbsp;</p> The Arab City Places Journal 2016-06-01T15:00:00-04:00 >2016-06-03T01:06:44-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="406" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>In a region at once feared and exoticized, we have been witnessing for more than a generation the devastation of old centers and the rise of new ones. Today there is no better context in which to investigate the complexities of global practice in architecture than that of the rapidly changing Arab city.</p></em><br /><br /><p>How does the deeply traditional meet the hypermodern in the older centers of Beirut, Damascus, and Cairo, and in the emerging new cities of Dubai, Doha, and Abu Dhabi? In Amale Andraos&rsquo; new article on Places, and in the new book, <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><em>The Arab City: Architecture and Representation</em></a>, she explores the region&rsquo;s complex relationship with modernity, questions the risks of essentialism in the enlisting of its cultural heritage, and asks what architecture has to do with identity in today&rsquo;s Arab cities.</p> The History and the Future of the Urban Skyway Places Journal 2016-05-18T18:26:00-04:00 >2016-05-21T01:09:44-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="433" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The grade-separated pedestrian systems built in the 20th century have a variety of names: skyways, skywalks, pedways, footbridges, the +15, and the Ville Souteraine. But they have one thing in common &mdash; they have radically altered the form and spatial logic of cities around the world.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Despite its fundamental role in the production of urban space, the skyway has received scant critical attention. In their article on Places, and new Walker Arts Center book&nbsp;<em><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Parallel Cities: The Multilevel Metropolis</a>,</em>&nbsp;Jennifer Yoos and Vincent James take a closer look at the history of urban skyways. From their experimental origins to the emerging new wave of 21st-century skyways, Yoos and James uncover the far-reaching ways that three-dimensional urbanism has shaped cities around the world.&nbsp;</p> Has preservation become too conservative and elitist? Nicholas Korody 2015-10-28T19:05:00-04:00 >2016-10-08T13:34:55-04:00 <img src="" width="615" height="434" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>I would like to argue that a more potent threat to the ongoing political viability of historic preservation is the perception that the preservation industry has become a conservative, indeed revanchist force; that it is elitist and sometimes even racist in its abetment of gentrification. How did this happen? Historic preservation in New York, according to the favored creation myth, was born in the postwar era as a progressive grassroots movement...</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><head><meta></head></html> The Best New Yorker Articles on Buildings, Cities, and Landscapes Places Journal 2014-07-29T18:45:00-04:00 >2014-07-29T18:46:02-04:00 <em><p>Cities that are growing and cities that are shrinking, climate change, environmental health and equity, resource scarcity, technological change &mdash; all demand that we rethink how we plan, design, construct, and maintain the built environment. These challenges also demand that serious design journalism and scholarship move from the margins to the center of the larger cultural discussion.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Last week The New Yorker opened up part of its archive, setting off a mad dash through the corridors in search of great summer reading.</p><p>The editors at Places Journal have rounded up some of the best articles on architecture and urbanism, including profiles of David Adjaye and Bjarke Ingels, interviews with window-washers and elevator testers, reviews of the Google car and the Oslo Opera House, and searing reports from Elizabeth Kolbert and George Packer.</p><p>Places also announces a major transition: "After five valuable years in partnership with Design Observer, we're deepening our commitment to public scholarship and critical journalism by launching a new, independent website at <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"></a>."</p> Real Estate and the Responsibility of Architects Places Journal 2014-05-19T13:44:00-04:00 >2014-05-28T20:57:25-04:00 <img src="" width="525" height="363" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>To sever instances of &ldquo;architecture&rdquo; from the deaths of indentured construction workers on a building site in Qatar, or from the property lines measured out at Twin Lakes, is an elemental act, comparable to flushing a toilet, turning on the water, or switching on a light... Understanding these infrastructures, and contesting their hegemony with that knowledge, is therefore as basic as it gets.</p></em><br /><br /><p>For the 2014 Venice Architecture Biennale, curator Rem Koolhaas has chosen as his theme "fundamentals," meaning the "inevitable elements of all architecture ... the door, the floor, the ceiling, etc." To this list Reinhold Martin proposes Fundamental #13: real estate, the land itself, without which "all the rest is inconceivable." He then asks difficult questions about architects' complicity in the uses to which land is put by the "transnational, translocal, global and otherwise border-violating and border-producing system of real estate."</p> Urban Interfaces Places Journal 2014-05-09T14:40:00-04:00 >2017-03-04T23:40:17-05:00 <img src="" width="525" height="322" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Most discourse on &ldquo;smart&rdquo; and &ldquo;sentient&rdquo; cities, if it addresses people at all, focuses on them as sources of data feeding the algorithms. Rarely do we consider the point of engagement &mdash; how people interface with, and experience, the city&rsquo;s operating system.</p></em><br /><br /><p>As we enter the era of so-called &ldquo;smart&rdquo; cities, Shannon Mattern argues on Places, we need to consider how citizens interface with the city&rsquo;s operating system. What does a &ldquo;right to the city&rdquo; mean for our future cities? &ldquo;Can we envision interfaces that honor the multidimensionality and collectivity of the city, the many kinds of intelligence it encompasses, and the diverse ways in which people can enact their agency as urban subjects?&rdquo; And can we think beyond the screen?</p> Flora of the Future & Projective Ecologies Places Journal 2014-04-29T16:46:00-04:00 >2014-05-06T22:13:18-04:00 <img src="" width="525" height="394" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Landscape architects &mdash; and anyone else who works directly with vegetation &mdash; need to acknowledge that a wide variety of so-called novel or emergent ecosystems are developing before our eyes.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Places is featuring two chapters from the new book&nbsp;<em>Projective Ecologies</em>, edited by Chris Reed and Nina-Marie Lister and co-published by Actar and the Harvard Graduate School of Design.</p><p>In "<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The Flora of the Future</a>," botanist Peter Del Tredici argues that the native plants movement has got it all wrong: &ldquo;The task facing tomorrow&rsquo;s landscape architects is not so much how to eliminate these novel ecosystems but rather how to manage them to increase their ecological, social and aesthetic values.&rdquo; In an engaging photo survey of ecological niches in the city, Del Tredici makes the case for spontaneous urban plants as flora of the future.</p><p>In "<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Ecology and Design: Parallel Genealogies</a>," the book's editors trace the origins and evolution of the over-extended&nbsp;term "ecology" and explain how contemporary ecological models of &ldquo;open-endedness, flexibility, resilience and adaptation&rdquo; can inform design thinking.</p> City: Ways of Making, Ways of Using Places Journal 2014-02-28T18:53:00-05:00 >2014-02-28T18:54:29-05:00 <img src="" width="525" height="426" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>In the projects shown here, architects and artists reflect on the problems and possibilities of economic and urban growth. How is rapid urbanization happening? Who is benefiting, and who is being displaced or excluded? What can architects and citizens do to exert leverage on processes at once local and global?</p></em><br /><br /><p>On Places, Jonathan Massey reviews the 10th Sao Paulo Architecture Biennial, and presents a slideshow of selected works.</p> Gezi Park: Architecture and the Aestheticization of Politics Places Journal 2014-02-14T13:39:00-05:00 >2014-02-14T15:56:22-05:00 <img src="" width="525" height="695" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Our task &mdash; and we should well speak as architects &mdash; must be making the invisible visible, uncovering and retracing the concealed limits of the city. We must construct barriers and counter-spaces within and against the processes that tame and dissolve the crucial loci of democracy.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Within a few years, rapidly growing Istanbul will overtake London and Moscow as Europe&rsquo;s largest metropolis. Not coincidentally, Turkey is undergoing a profound shift toward privatization, as seen in the government's plan to redevelop Taksim Gezi Park into a shopping mall with a nostalgic Ottoman facade. On Places, architect&nbsp;Pedro Levi Bismarck examines the plan as a reflection of a larger democratic crisis, following Siegfried Kracauer&rsquo;s observation: &ldquo;Wherever the hieroglyphics of any spatial image are deciphered, there the basis of social reality presents itself.&rdquo;</p> Incomplete Architecture Places Journal 2014-01-30T15:40:00-05:00 >2014-02-03T14:11:58-05:00 <img src="" width="525" height="294" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>"All great public squares have a monument with a statue, right? ... Everyone in town can agree about that. But whenever we discuss which historical figure should go up on that column, it turns into a fight. We can&rsquo;t come to a consensus. So we&rsquo;ve decided to leave it empty. One day, this person will come. And when they do, we will have a place waiting for their statue. This will bring great pride to Anse-&agrave;-Pitres.&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><p>On Places, artist and filmmaker Joseph Redwood-Martinez shares photographs and anecdotes from a research project investigating examples of incomplete architecture around the world: "buildings and structures that are activated or inhabited even though their construction is not complete."</p> On the Magical Thinking of TED Places Journal 2014-01-21T17:05:00-05:00 >2014-01-27T19:14:05-05:00 <img src="" width="525" height="570" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The particular danger of TEDification to the design disciplines, I think, is its core message that the chief obstacle to our discovering grand solutions to global problems &mdash; to achieving the grand design, to "making a comprehensive entity," as that reviewer of Big History applauded &mdash; is our lack of sufficient connection. What we need, we're told, is a seamless web of ideas, capital, products and data.</p></em><br /><br /><p> "We are living through the era of the TED Talk, much like an earlier generation lived through the era of the World's Fair, wondrous about our new world in the making," writes Simon Sadler on Places. "TEDification endows capitalism and globalization with a credible spiritual and ethical mission, just as the art of the Renaissance lent to the ruthless bankers of the Italian city states an enduring moral sheen." Sadler explores the magical thinking and many contradictions of the TED juggernaut &mdash; and the implicit threats to design and education.</p> On the legacy of the Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies Places Journal 2014-01-13T16:59:00-05:00 >2016-04-26T18:16:18-04:00 <img src="" width="525" height="359" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>I wish that it still existed. &mdash; Frank Gehry It would be the world's biggest nightmare if the Institute were still alive. &mdash; Mark Wigley It was the moment for something to happen. &mdash; Diana Agrest //</p></em><br /><br /><p> In 1967 Peter Eisenman founded the Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies, and until it closed in 1985 the Institute &mdash; a heady mix of think tank, exhibit space, journal publisher and cocktail party &mdash; was one of the centers of American architecture culture. Belmont Freeman describes the new documentary by Diana Agrest, <em>The Making of an Avant-Garde</em>, as a remarkable contribution to the record, and a fascinating glimpse at the early years of many of today's stars: "There is something almost (almost) touching about listening to today&rsquo;s titans of corporate and haute institutional architecture remind us that once upon a time they were young, idealistic, radical thinkers."</p> Lina Bo Bardi: "I Am Somehow Special" Places Journal 2013-11-12T17:12:00-05:00 >2013-11-13T10:10:24-05:00 <img src="" width="525" height="615" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Lina Bo Bardi was loyal more to an emancipating concept of modernity than to the abstract, formal language of modern architecture. Her thinking and practice were situated at the intersection of different worldviews: north and south, city and hinterland, privilege and deprivation, modernism and tradition, past and present, abstraction and social realism. As she declared in 1989, &ldquo;I didn&rsquo;t make myself alone. I am curious and this quality broadens my horizons. ... I am somehow special.&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><p> Lina Bo Bardi's career spanned two continents and six decades, but we are only just beginning to appreciate what Zeuler Lima describes as the "vast and original body of work that emerged from her prolific but discontinuous trajectory as architect, designer, illustrator, writer, editor and curator."</p> <p> Places has published an excerpt of Lima's new monograph,<em> <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Lina Bo Bardi</a></em> (Yale University Press), with a slideshow of major projects.</p> Methodolatry and the Art of Measure Places Journal 2013-11-06T17:41:00-05:00 >2013-11-11T21:14:43-05:00 <img src="" width="650" height="508" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The default recourse to data-fication, the presumption that all meaningful flows and activity can be sensed and measured, is taking us toward a future in which the people shaping our cities and their policies rarely have the opportunity to consider the nature of our stickiest urban problems and the kind of questions they raise.</p></em><br /><br /><p> What do corporate smart-city programs have in common with D.I.Y. science projects and civic hackathons? &ldquo;Theirs is a city with an underlying logic,&rdquo; writes Shannon Mattern, &ldquo;made more efficient &mdash; or just, or sustainable, or livable &mdash; with a tweak to its algorithms or an expansion of its dataset.&rdquo;</p> <p> On Places, Mattern argues that the new wave of urban data science (and solutionism) is trending toward an obsession with data-for-data&rsquo;s-sake and an idolization of landscape research methods.</p> Evil Architecture: When Buildings Kill Places Journal 2013-10-30T17:36:00-04:00 >2013-10-30T18:38:34-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="406" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>We&rsquo;ve seen the movies, read the books, toured the spooky attractions. This we know: haunted houses are dangerous places. They&rsquo;re built on evil ground, or on sites where bad things happened, or above the graves of people who don&rsquo;t want company. ... But that&rsquo;s not what I want to talk about here. Sometimes buildings are born bad.</p></em><br /><br /><p> Just in time for Halloween, Eggener takes us on a tour of evil architecture in books and movies.</p> <p> &ldquo;'Organic architecture must come from the ground up into the light by gradual growth,'" he writes. "So said Frank Lloyd Wright, though none of his buildings ever murdered a client."</p> NYC Design Chief on Climate Resilience after Hurricane Sandy Places Journal 2013-10-10T19:20:00-04:00 >2013-10-14T18:32:57-04:00 <img src="" width="525" height="418" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>I step out into the street but realize that I&rsquo;d better not &mdash; there&rsquo;s a current &mdash; and as my hallway fills, I remember the electrical panel in the basement. It shorts out, and I hear the breakers fall. Then there is an explosion outside, and the neighborhood goes dark.</p></em><br /><br /><p> In October 2012, as Hurricane Sandy approached New York, Alexandros Washburn defied evacuation orders and stayed fast in his home in Red Hook, watching as his street flooded and became a "full-fledged river." But he had good reason; the city's chief urban designer wanted to observe first-hand "the dynamics of the storm surge and its effect on our streets and structures." In an excerpt on Places from his new book <em>The Nature of Urban Design</em>, Washburn&nbsp;recounts his experience during the storm and the hugely complicated &mdash; and ongoing &mdash; municipal recovery and response.</p> Smart Cities: Buggy and Brittle Places Journal 2013-10-07T20:26:00-04:00 >2013-10-07T21:24:23-04:00 <img src="" width="525" height="354" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>My bewilderment quickly yields to a growing sense of dread. How is it that even in the heart of Silicon Valley it&rsquo;s completely acceptable for smart technology to be buggy, erratic, or totally dysfunctional? ... We are weaving these technologies into our homes, our communities, even our very bodies &mdash; but even experts have become disturbingly complacent about their shortcomings. The rest of us rarely question them at all.</p></em><br /><br /><p> Electric car sharing in Paris, dynamic road pricing in Singapore, nationwide smart meters in the UK.&nbsp;&ldquo;The technology industry is asking us to rebuild the world around its vision of efficient, safe, convenient living,&rdquo; writes Anthony M. Townsend in an excerpt on Places from his new book, <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><em>Smart Cities</em></a>. But wireless sensor networks and integrated communications systems are vulnerable to power failure and hacking, not to mention software errors. What if the smart cities of the future are chock full of bugs?</p> Beyond the Pritzker: What's Next for Women in Architecture? Places Journal 2013-07-30T20:07:00-04:00 >2013-07-31T12:44:59-04:00 <img src="" width="525" height="641" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>My own conviction is that the most meaningful prolonged response to the Pritzker &mdash; but much more, to the entrenched discrimination it both reflects and reinforces &mdash; will involve political action directed toward measureable change. It will involve ramping up the current professional and cultural conversation &mdash; now focused on sharing experiences, promoting awareness, influencing leaders in the field &mdash; and articulating specific goals, definable outcomes.</p></em><br /><br /><p> Lately the subject of women's status in architecture &mdash; long dismissed as essentialist and unnecessary &mdash; has bounded back onto the agenda. As recent articles, books, exhibitions, online discussions and petition campaigns all attest, the full integration of the profession remains a fraught and unfinished business. Nancy Levinson, editor of Places Journal, argues that it's time to engage the larger sphere of political activism &mdash; to translate the widespread awareness of tenacious inequality into an ongoing campaign with concrete goals.</p> Infrastructural Tourism Places Journal 2013-07-02T17:00:00-04:00 >2013-07-08T19:47:31-04:00 <img src="" width="525" height="510" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>One of the most gratifying bits of feedback I ever received from one of my Ranger projects came from a 60-something woman who&rsquo;d attended a campfire program on freeway landscapes in Los Angeles. Months later, she told me that she never looked at a freeway in the same way. Who knows what this kind of change in perception might ultimately lead to?</p></em><br /><br /><p> For decades intrepid tourists have been journeying to the monumental dams of the American West to marvel at the infrastructures of hydroelectric power. These days they're just as likely to be on a field trip to trace the pathways of the Internet, or the footprint of communication satellites, or the transport of nuclear waste. On Places, Shannon Mattern reviews diverse works by environmental artists and media scholars, all seeking "to understand the material and immaterial workings of interconnected infrastructural systems."</p> Who's Your Data? Urban Design in the New Soft City Places Journal 2013-06-25T14:55:00-04:00 >2013-07-01T18:59:11-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="457" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Smart city infrastructure can augment the ability of managers, planners, designers and engineers to define and implement a fundamentally better next generation of buildings, cities, regions &mdash; right? Maybe. For that to be a serious proposition, it&rsquo;s going to have to be normal for planners and designers not only to collaborate productively with engineers, but to do so with the full and competent participation of the only people they mistrust more than each other ... customers.</p></em><br /><br /><p> "A city is not a BMW," writes Carl Skelton. "You can't drive it without knowing how it works." In a weighty think-piece on Places, he argues that the public needs new tools of citizenship to thrive in a "new soft world" increasingly shaped by smart meters, surveillance cameras, urban informatics and big data. "To be a citizen of a digital city requires understanding what the databases do and don&rsquo;t contain, and what they could contain, and how the software used to process that data and drive design decisions does, doesn&rsquo;t, and might yet perform."</p> A Manifesto for Hyperdensity Places Journal 2013-06-14T13:39:00-04:00 >2013-06-18T22:36:52-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="377" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>We cannot expect big American cities to reach their potential when the very professions that purport to defend and perpetuate urbanism recoil at the presence of towers. Left rudderless by the experts, we are forced to inhabit the bleak consequences of a poorly regulated marketplace, analogous to a population that must operate on its own cancers due to the confused surgeons who keep cutting away at the healthy tissue.</p></em><br /><br /><p> Americans are famously conflicted about urban development: somehow we've demonized both sprawl and density. But today there is a new conversation about the future of cities, driven by diversifying social desires, evolving technologies, and pressing environmental constraints.</p> <p> On Places, in an excerpt from the new book <em><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">A Country of Cities: A Manifesto for an Urban America</a>,&nbsp;</em>Vishaan Chakrabarti contributes a bold argument for hyperdensity. The very dense city, he says, not only promotes prosperity, sustainability and delight; it will also determine our strength as a nation.</p> Unforgetting Women Architects Places Journal 2013-06-03T17:15:00-04:00 >2013-06-10T11:15:04-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="841" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>A historian might spend decades undertaking research in archives and writing up discoveries in scholarly journals, but if the work does not have a presence online &mdash; and, specifically, a presence that is not behind a paywall &mdash; it is all but invisible outside academia. As Ridge states, &ldquo;If it&rsquo;s not Googleable, it doesn&rsquo;t exist.&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><p> Over the decades women architects have received scant attention from historians and prize juries. On Places, Despina Stratigakos writes, "The painful cancellation of Denise Scott Brown in the awarding of the Pritzker Prize solely to her husband and collaborator, Robert Venturi, is an important but hardly exceptional example of how female partners are written out of history by a profession suffering from Star Architect Disorder, or SAD." Stratigakos argues that it's time to write women back into history &mdash; and that the place to start is Wikipedia.</p> New York Design Commissioner David Burney on the Politics of the Public Places Journal 2013-05-28T20:33:00-04:00 >2013-06-02T17:34:16-04:00 <img src="" width="525" height="525" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Increasingly it's been cities that have taken the lead on critical issues, from gun control to immigration reform to economic stimulus to climate change. Given the migration of people into cities worldwide, this trend is sure to continue. We might even be in a de facto transition to a society dominated by economically and politically powerful cities &mdash; a contemporary version of the great city-states that arose in the 13th century and ruled Europe until the consolidation of modern nation-states.</p></em><br /><br /><p> For almost a decade David Burney has been Commissioner of the Department of Design and Construction in New York City.</p> <p> In an interview with Places editor Nancy Levinson, he reflects on the urban design record of the Bloomberg years, focusing especially on PlaNYC, the ongoing post-Sandy recovery effort, and the potential for cities to take the lead in 21st-century sustainability planning.</p> Architectural Photography without Architecture Places Journal 2013-05-13T13:44:00-04:00 >2013-05-15T21:04:11-04:00 <img src="" width="525" height="525" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Slowly it dawned on me that this was not a photograph of a real building but a total digital fabrication. I was shocked, not in a moralistic way but, rather, with amazement at the masterful deception and amused pique at being fooled.</p></em><br /><br /><p> The technologies of representing architecture have advanced steadily over the years, from drawing to photography to digital rendering &mdash; and have lately taken a new leap.</p> <p> On Places, Belmont Freeman argues, "the crafts of architectural rendering and photography have now merged into a common activity of digital image-making &mdash; so completely that one can conceive a work of architecture and produce a 'photograph' of it without having to go through the expensive, tedious and corrupting intermediate step of actually building the building. Welcome to the world of architectural photography without architecture."</p> <p> He discusses the Metropolitan Museum of Art exhibitions "After Photoshop: Manipulated Photography in the Digital Age" and "Faking It: Manipulated Photography Before Photoshop"; the MoMA exhibition "9 + 1 Ways of Being Political: 50 Years of Political Stances in Architecture and Urban Design," and recent books of photography by&nbsp;Fr&eacute;d&eacute;ric Chauban and Ezra Stoller.</p>... On the Folk Art Museum: Save Modernism from the Modern Places Journal 2013-05-07T13:20:00-04:00 >2013-05-10T16:36:11-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="836" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The Modernism worth pursuing &mdash; worth protecting &mdash; is the one where Gregor Samsa wakes up transformed into a large insect, and ends up with an apple embedded in his carapace, which is exactly what the Folk Art Museum is to the Museum of Modern Art, right now, right where it is.</p></em><br /><br /><p> On Places, David Heymann presents an incisive critique of MoMA's decision to raze the Folk Art Museum building, by Tod Williams Billie Tsien Architects.</p> <p> From a quiet beginning &mdash; "Here is why I think the American Folk Art Museum is a great Modernist building" &mdash; Heymann works his way to a pointed conclusion: "Modernism in the architecture of the Modern is just another sad Historical Revival Style, the very thing Modernism as an ideology set out so intently to destroy."</p>