Archinect - News 2014-12-19T02:20:10-05:00 BUSTLER’S CALL FOR ENTRIES: Share your Guggenheim Helsinki Stage One proposals! Justine Testado 2014-12-10T11:18:00-05:00 >2014-12-17T12:11:59-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="340" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>If you've been following the Guggenheim Helsinki Design Competition, Stage One attracted an astounding 1,715 entries from 77 countries. However, only six of those entries made it as finalists to proceed to Stage Two, which will begin in the early months of 2015. With that said, we know many of you that participated in the competition want to share what you submitted.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Unless you happened to look through all 1,715 submissions (did you really, though), wouldn't you want to see more of the designs that your fellow participants around the world had in mind?</p><p><strong>TO SHARE YOUR STAGE ONE SUBMISSION:</strong> You will have to create an Archinect <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">people</a> or <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">firm</a> profile. Just click the "Log in/Join" button on the left-hand side in the black navigation bar.</p><p>If you already have an Archinect profile, you're one step ahead. Simply log into your account and upload your submission to your Project Portfolio. Don't have a Project Portfolio yet? Click <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">here</a> to get started.</p><p>As more entries are uploaded, we will continuously highlight the ones that pique our interest. (On that note, we would <strong>honestly love</strong> to learn more about the submission used as the cover image <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">here</a>.)</p> UNESCO accepting entries for Bamiyan Cultural Centre in Afghanistan Justine Testado 2014-11-17T17:55:00-05:00 >2014-11-19T20:00:14-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="288" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Afghanistan continues to build toward reconciliation, restoring peace, and economic redevelopment after decades of political conflict and turmoil. To contribute to this process, UNESCO recently launched a single-stage open competition seeking the winning design of the Bamiyan Cultural Centre in the Bamiyan Valley, Afghanistan. The Centre will serve as a space to promote cross-cultural understanding and heritage safe-guarding.</p></em><br /><br /><p>UNESCO and the Ministry of Information and Culture of Afghanistan (with the financial support of the Republic of Korea) will collaborate to implement the project. The Centre will be located near the boundary of the World Heritage property, the Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley.</p><p>Submissions are being accepted now until January 22, 2015, 11:59 P.M. GMT.</p><p>Learn more about the competition on <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Bustler</a>.</p> Call for Submissions: MONU #22 - Transnational Urbanism MAGAZINEONURBANISM 2014-11-03T13:17:00-05:00 >2014-11-03T15:07:33-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="284" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>With this new issue of MONU we would like to expand on, and complement, the topic of "Border Urbanism" through the topic of "Transnational Urbanism" as cross-border processes are not just limited to cities that are located close to nation-state borders, but impact cities anywhere else as well by trans-border relations. Bernd Upmeyer, Editor-in-Chief, October 2014</p></em><br /><br /><p>Around six years ago, our <strong>issue #8</strong> entitled <strong><em>"Border Urbanism"</em></strong> focused on urban phenomena that appear in cities that are located close to nation-state borders. We were fascinated by the fact that when cities are located close to borders, they often foster very specific economic features or urban anomalies, which cannot be found in cities located in the very centre of a country. Wherever two jurisdictions come into contact, special opportunities seem to arise. We showed how cities that are located close to borders could be described as isolated islands, where a different type of life is possible, and as places conducive to experiments, utopia and dystopia.</p><p>With this new issue of MONU we would like to expand on, and complement, the topic of <strong><em>"Border Urbanism"</em></strong> through the topic of <strong><em>"Transnational Urbanism"</em></strong> as cross-border processes are not just limited to cities that are located close to nation-state borders, but impact cities anywhere else as well by<em><strong> trans-border relations</strong></em>. That is why we...</p> MAS Context LEGACY is now accepting entries until December 1 Justine Testado 2014-10-27T19:39:00-04:00 >2014-10-29T19:46:23-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="342" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>MAS Studio is back with their latest competition, MAS CONTEXT: LEGACY. The open competition explores how the most influential people, places, buildings, ideas, films, etc. have affected -- and continue to affect -- the way we experience the urban environment. And LEGACY not only looks to the past, it also theorizes what legacies may define the future.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Submissions can be in the form of critical essays, photo essays, analytical studies, data visualizations, visual explorations, films, or interviews.</p><p>So get started on those entries. The deadline to submit is Monday, December 1, 2014.</p><p><strong>Learn more important competition details on <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Bustler</a>.</strong></p> Submit your Vision42 entries to transform Manhattan's 42nd Street – Registration due September 8 Archinect 2014-08-20T19:04:00-04:00 >2014-08-20T19:08:00-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="190" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>You don't have to be a New Yorker to submit design ideas for a river-to-river, auto-free light rail boulevard in Manhattan's iconic 42nd Street: Open to all architects, planners, and urban designers, the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Vision42 design competition</a> invites proposals from around the world to transform the street into a "world-class boulevard complete with a high-quality public spaces and a light-rail tram."</p><p>Registration ends September 8, 2014, and (digital) submissions for phase 1 are expected by October 1. And did we mention that $10,000 are waiting for the lucky winner as well as a feature in the <em>Architect's Newspaper</em> for the jury&rsquo;s top selected projects? Well, there you go.</p><p>From the competition brief:</p><p>"The first phase of the competition will be entirely digital, permitting applicants to submit their entries electronically, greatly expanding opportunities for participation globally. Upon selection of finalists by the jury, those selected shall prepare and send boards for the exhibition to a designated...</p> CALL FOR SUBMISSIONS: Vision42 is now accepting proposals to repurpose NYC’s iconic 42nd Street Justine Testado 2014-07-02T21:12:00-04:00 >2014-07-07T17:05:02-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="190" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Vision42's Design International Competition</a> is inviting architects, planners, and urban designers worldwide to send their ideas for a river-to-river and auto-free light rail boulevard in New York City's 42nd Street.</p><p>To address the iconic street's heavy traffic and noise, Vision42 set up the competition to garner interest in their initiative and potentially repurpose 42nd Street into a pedestrian-friendly urban space. From there, they hope the competition will serve as a 21st-century model for a live/work urban environment and transportation hub.</p><p>More details below:</p><p>"The first phase of the competition will be entirely digital, permitting applicants to submit their entries electronically, greatly expanding opportunities for participation globally. Upon selection of finalists by the jury, those selected shall prepare and send boards for the exhibition to a designated address in New York City.</p><p>The winning design will be one that utilizes the potential of the boulevard to inspire New Yorkers...</p> New call for submissions MONU #21 - INTERIOR URBANISM MAGAZINEONURBANISM 2014-04-30T15:17:00-04:00 >2014-04-30T15:18:06-04:00 <img src="" width="268" height="375" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>This new issue of MONU aims to investigate interiors, and especially public interior spaces, on an urban scale and their meaning for cities as social, political, economical, ecological, open and accessible spaces, whether publicly or privately owned. (Bernd Upmeyer, Editor-in-Chief, April 2014)</p></em><br /><br /><p>When a few years ago we at MONU made the huge mistake of travelling in August to Tokyo, the warmest month of the year in this part of the humid subtropical climate-zone, we were constantly forced to find shelter in the public air-conditioned interiors of the city. But what we experienced there had, due to the dimensions and quality of the spaces, very little to do with the interconnected public interior spaces of bad repute of the past, and neither was their quality entirely based on the incredibly sophisticated public toilets featuring amenities such as bidet washing, seat warming, and deodorization; nor had it to do solely with the functional additions of experiences such as theatres, libraries, and other attractions. Rather, their value was based on a multiplicity and complexity of features, spaces, and aspects that interacted, creating public spaces of a quality that can usually only be found outdoors or in connection with the outdoors. That is why these public interior spaces s...</p> UPDATE: ACADIA 2014 Call for Papers deadline extended to April 22 Justine Testado 2014-04-15T13:55:00-04:00 >2014-04-15T13:56:29-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="417" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><em><strong>UPDATE:</strong> The Call For Papers deadline has been extended to April 22nd 12AM PDT.</em></p><p>Due to popular demand, the final deadline to submit papers for the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">ACADIA 2014 | Design Agency conference</a> has been<strong> updated to</strong> <strong>April 22 at 12 a.m. PDT</strong>.</p><p>Submissions are welcome from specialized researchers, practitioners, students, and others interested in computational design of architecture. Submissions can include the disciplines of science and art, engineering, fabrication, computer science, construction and design.</p><p>This year's conference -- including workshops and tour -- will be held at the University of Southern California campus in Los Angeles this October.</p><p>Conference: October 23-25, 2014<br>Workshops and Tour: October 20-22 &amp; 26, 2014.</p><p><strong><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Submission details</a><br><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Submit a paper</a></strong><br><a href="http://;id=af21a3606d&amp;e=21d689acf4" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><strong>ACADIA 2014 Consent to Publish form</strong></a></p><p>You can find more details about the conference <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">here</a>.</p> Last reminder! BRACKET [takes action] accepting submissions until March 10 Justine Testado 2014-03-07T11:01:00-05:00 >2014-03-07T14:51:28-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="333" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>One last reminder that BRACKET's latest call for submissions, <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">[takes action]</a>, is accepting submissions <strong>until midnight on Monday, March 10</strong>.<strong> </strong>Submit your entries <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">here</a>. If you've already submitted an entry, or plan to submit one soon, please note that you can continue editing your submission until the deadline. Just click on your name at the top of the submission system and select your submission to review and/or edit.</p><p><strong>Bracket [takes action]</strong></p><p>Our young century has already seen contested claims of design&rsquo;s role in the public realm by George Baird, Lieven De Cauter, Markus Meissen, Jan Gehl, among others. Perhaps we could characterize these tensions as a &lsquo;design deficit&rsquo;, or a sense that design does not incite &lsquo;action&rsquo;, in the Arendtian sense. Amongst other things, this feeling is linked to the rise of neo-liberal pluralism, which marks the transition from public to publics, making a collective agenda in the public realm often illegible. Bracket [takes action] explores the complex relationsh...</p> BRACKET [takes action] accepting submissions until March 10 Justine Testado 2014-02-22T17:59:00-05:00 >2014-08-07T12:46:10-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="333" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>If you haven't seen it already, the new <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><em>BRACKET </em>submission page</a> is now live! We also want to remind our readers that the deadline for <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><em>BRACKET</em>'s latest Call for Submissions</a> -- whose theme this year is [takes action] -- has been extended to March 10.</p><p>Keep reading for more details<strong>.<br><br>Bracket [takes action]</strong></p><p>Our young century has already seen contested claims of design&rsquo;s role in the public realm by George Baird, Lieven De Cauter, Markus Meissen, Jan Gehl, among others. Perhaps we could characterize these tensions as a &lsquo;design deficit&rsquo;, or a sense that design does not incite &lsquo;action&rsquo;, in the Arendtian sense. Amongst other things, this feeling is linked to the rise of neo-liberal pluralism, which marks the transition from public to publics, making a collective agenda in the public realm often illegible. Bracket [takes action] explores the complex relationship between spatial design, and the public(s) as well as action(s) it contains. How can design catalyze a public and incite platforms for act...</p> BRACKET [takes action]: Call for Submissions Archinect 2013-12-09T19:43:00-05:00 >2013-12-16T19:47:48-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="333" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> The 4th issue of <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">BRACKET</a> just launched its Call for Submissions, and this time the theme is<em> [takes action]</em>.</p> <p> The deadline for submissions is February 28, 2014.</p> <p> Following is the full submission brief:</p> <p> <strong>Bracket [takes action]</strong></p> <p> <em>&ldquo;When humans assemble, spatial conflicts arise. Spatial planning is often considered the management of spatial conflicts.&rdquo;</em> &mdash;Markus Miessen</p> <p> <br><strong>Call for submissions</strong><br> Hannah Arendt&rsquo;s 1958 treatise The Human Condition cites &ldquo;action&rdquo; as one of the three tenants, along with labor and work, of the <em>vita active</em> (active life). Action, she writes, is a necessary catalyst for the human condition of plurality, which is an expression of both the common public and distinct individuals. This reading of action requires unique and free individuals to act toward a collective project and is therefore simultaneously &lsquo;bottom-up&rsquo; and &lsquo;top-down&rsquo;. In the more than fifty years since Arendt&rsquo;s claims, the public realm in which action materializes, and the means by which action is exp...</p> Submit your proposal to the AIANY ENYA “Queensway Connection” competition by January 2014 Justine Testado 2013-11-14T12:36:00-05:00 >2014-07-07T20:10:21-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="710" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> "<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Queensway Connection: Elevating the Public Realm</a>," the sixth biennial competition from the AIANY's Emerging New York Architects (ENYA) committee is open for submissions until <strong>January 6th, 2014.</strong></p> <p> The competition will support <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">the feasibility study</a> &mdash; currently being conducted by <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">WXY Architecture + Urban Design</a> and <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">dlandstudio</a> &mdash; as part of the process to transform the abandoned railway into a recreational area for the surrounding communities in central and southern Queens.</p> <p> "Queensway Connection" welcomes all design student and young professionals &mdash; not limited to architects, artists, engineers, landscape architects, urban designers and planners &mdash; to submit their ideas.</p> <p> After the submissions deadline, the Jury will deliberate in February. Winners will be announced in March 2014.</p> <p> The Jury:</p> <ul><li> <strong>Susan Chin</strong>, FAIA, Executive Director of the Design Trust for Public Space.</li> <li> <strong>Margaret Newman</strong>, FAIA, LEED AP, Chief of Staff to Commissioner Janette Sadik-Khan at New York City Department ...</li></ul> NEW CALL FOR SUBMISSIONS FOR MONU #19 - GREATER URBANISM MAGAZINEONURBANISM 2013-05-15T11:36:00-04:00 >2013-05-21T18:06:46-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="307" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Are cities becoming "greater" these days? (Bernd Upmeyer, Editor-in-Chief, May 2013)</p></em><br /><br /><p> Are cities becoming "greater" these days? When two years ago, in our 14th issue of MONU Magazine entitled "Editing Urbanism", we claimed that in the Western world, the need for new buildings and city districts was decreasing or even ceasing to exist altogether due to demographic changes and financially difficult times, we did not believe in all those new, big-scale, and long-term urban development strategies for the metropolitan areas of certain European cities that were being proposed at the time. The growth numbers that plans such as "Greater Helsinki" envisioned for the year 2050, trying to brand the city as one of the most dynamic metropolises in Europe, predicting a population growth from 1.3 million to 2 million, were too exuberant and too vast. However, other European cities, such as Paris, seem to be changing substantially within their metropolitan areas, their "greater" areas. Paris needs to build 70.000 new housing units per year. Mainly because of such requirements, but...</p> IABR 2014 Urban By Nature: Call for Projects Orhan Ayyüce 2013-04-24T12:33:00-04:00 >2013-04-25T14:47:05-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="398" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> The sixth edition of the International Architecture Biennale Rotterdam, IABR&ndash;2014&ndash;URBAN BY NATURE&ndash;, opens in May 2014 in the Kunsthal in Rotterdam. The Dutch landscape architect Dirk Sijmons is the curator and the theme is Urban by Nature.</p> <p> The IABR calls for best practices from all over the world to support and substantiate the Biennale&rsquo;s main exhibition&rsquo;s narrative. Prospective participants who have designed or are designing concrete projects that deal with the relationship between man, nature and city, are invited to respond to the IABR&ndash;2014&ndash; Call for Projects&ndash;, and submit their applications by June 9, 2013.</p> <p> <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Apply Here</a></p> <p> &nbsp;</p> <p> Previously on Archinect:<br> &nbsp;</p> <p> <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Archinect Interviews George Brugmans, IABR - Part 1, Making City</a></p> <p> <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Archinect Interviews George Brugmans, IABR - Part 2, Arnavutk&ouml;y, Istanbul</a></p> <p> <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Archinect Interviews George Brugmans, IABR - Part 3, S&atilde;o Paulo, Rotterdam and Beyond</a></p> EXPO 1: NEW YORK Rockaway Call for Ideas Archinect 2013-02-28T14:27:00-05:00 >2013-03-01T15:51:10-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="287" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>In an effort to foster the creative debate on urban recovery after Hurricane Sandy, MoMA PS1 and MoMA&rsquo;s Department of Architecture and Design are calling out for ideas to create a sustainable waterfront. Artists, architects, designers, and others are welcome to present ideas for alternative housing models, creation of social spaces, urban interventions, new uses of public space, the rebuilding of the boardwalk, protection of the shoreline, and actions to engage local communities.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><head><meta></head></html> Editor's Picks #288 Nam Henderson 2012-11-05T23:50:00-05:00 >2012-11-26T19:05:52-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="773" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> In 2012, <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">the DRX (The Design Research Exchange a non-profit residency program for researchers hosted by HENN Architekten) took place in Berlin from July 16th, 2012 through September 7th, 2012</a>. Participants included four invited DRX Experts and eight invited DRX Researchers all of whom focused on the topic Minimal Surface Highrise Structures. As part of the DRX 2012, three prototypic 500m (1,640ft) tall Highrise Structures were developed as so-called ProtoTowers.</p> <p> The latest edition of the <strong>Working out of the Box</strong> series <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">features Skip Schwartz</a> who is currently the CEO of a heath care service/technology company that provides primary healthcare to people mostly on a virtual basis.&nbsp; The two main lessons that he gained from architecture school and the architecture industry were that "<em>Design counts</em>" and "<em>Project management counts</em>".</p> <p> <br><strong>News</strong><br> The world lost three very talented architects last week including, <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Lebbeus Woods</a> dead at 72, <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">John M. Johansen</a> the last surviving member of the Harvard...</p> Journal of Universal Rejection Archinect 2012-10-10T13:53:00-04:00 >2012-10-10T13:59:17-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="184" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>After submitting your work, the decision process varies. Often the Editor-in-Chief will reject your work out-of-hand, without even reading it! However, he might read it. Probably he'll skim. At other times your manuscript may be sent to anonymous referees. Unless they are the Editor-in-Chief's wife or graduate school buddies, it is unlikely that the referees will even understand what is going on.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><head><meta></head></html> A’ Design Award and Competition - Deadline Approaching! Archinect 2012-09-27T14:34:00-04:00 >2012-09-30T17:53:53-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="514" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The standard submission deadline for the next edition of the A&rsquo; Design Award is just around the corner, so get your entries ready and send them in the race by September 30, 2012!</p></em><br /><br /><p> The A' Design Award and Competition is for designers, innovators and companies that want to highlight themselves to attract the attention of media, publishers and buyers. Submissions can be entered in 80 categories, including architecture, landscape design, interior design, graphic design, product design, and many, many others.</p> NEW CALL FOR SUBMISSIONS FOR MONU #17 - NEXT URBANISM MAGAZINEONURBANISM 2012-04-30T06:09:00-04:00 >2012-04-30T11:03:07-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="365" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Over the past ten years a lot has been researched, analyzed, written and said about cities in the largest developing countries and emerging economies such as Brazil, Russia, India, and China. (Bernd Upmeyer, Editor-in-Chief of MONU Magazine, April 2012)</p></em><br /><br /><p> Over the past ten years a lot has been researched, analyzed, written and said about cities in the largest developing countries and emerging economies such as Brazil, Russia, India, and China. Let us call it "BRIC Urbanism" as BRIC is the acronym that refers to these countries. Recently, however, things have changed and while time moved on, a new generation of emerging economies is on the march that might feature an urbanism different from anything seen before. This development has triggered our curiosity and we see it as urgent and necessary to understand what is happening in the cities of these newly emerging economies.</p> <p> Although our new theme "Next Urbanism" sounds like a name for a conference around emerging urban design practices, in this context it should be understood as "Next Eleven Urbanisms". What we are talking about here in particular are the cities of the so-called "Next Eleven" or "N-11", a term that was coined by the Goldman Sachs Investment Bank in 2005, including ...</p> Live/Work Design Contest Calls for Submissions Alexander Walter 2012-03-02T19:19:00-05:00 >2012-03-05T19:34:17-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="233" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Got a brilliant design idea in the live/work realm that is ready to take the world by storm? Well, now is your time to shine: Our friends at Dwell teamed up with Design Within Reach and launched the Live/Work Design Contest, which challenges designers to create a workspace &ldquo;classic of tomorrow&rdquo; &ndash; a new home-office solution that DWR could potentially manufacture and sell. Dwell will host the DWR-sponsored contest through the end of June [...].</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><head><meta></head></html> U.S. Pavilion at 13th Venice Architecture Biennale Launches Website and Open Call for Projects Alexander Walter 2012-01-19T15:06:00-05:00 >2012-08-27T18:02:52-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="272" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The U.S. Pavilion at the 13th Venice Architecture Biennale, devoted to the theme Spontaneous Interventions: Design Actions for the Common Good, has launched a new website to share information about the exhibition and to broaden the call for projects to be considered for inclusion.</p></em><br /><br /><p> <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Click here</a> to see more Archinect News posts related to the 13th International Architecture Exhibition of the Venice Biennale.</p> NEW CALL FOR SUBMISSIONS FOR MONU #15 - POST-IDEOLOGICAL URBANISM MAGAZINEONURBANISM 2011-05-02T11:27:00-04:00 >2011-05-03T07:23:40-04:00 <img src="" width="502" height="375" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>MONU - magazine on urbanism has released its new call for submissions for MONU #15 on the topic of Post-Ideological Urbanism</p></em><br /><br /><p> Today we find ourselves in a jealous mood, yet at the same time disillusioned, looking back to the times when revolutionary urban ideologies were not only conceived but actually, unlike today, also truly believed in. Just think about the passionate ideas of the Situationist International, who tried to overthrow the advanced capitalist society in the late 1950s and 1960s. Guy Debord, one of its founding members, argued in 1967 that spectacular features such as mass media and advertising play a central role in an advanced capitalist society, presenting us with a fake reality in order to mask the actual capitalist degradation of human life. This issue of MONU is not supposed to celebrate Marxism, our society should not make that mistake again, but at present we find ourselves once again surrounded and confronted by innumerable fake realities and hypocritical urban ideologies such as Green Urbanism or Neo-Urban Socialism, to name but a few. Conceived with the best of intentions, they ...</p>