Archinect - News 2014-10-22T18:52:06-04:00 http://archinect.com/news/article/108640634/refugees-reshape-their-camp-at-the-risk-of-feeling-at-home Refugees Reshape Their Camp, at the Risk of Feeling at Home Alexander Walter 2014-09-10T14:38:00-04:00 >2014-09-10T19:10:10-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/b5/b5bfb3682fda093b54d4a4ffb34d3dca.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Public space like the plaza in Al Fawwar is mostly unheard-of in Palestinian camps across the West Bank. Architectural upgrades raise fundamental questions about the Palestinian identity, implying permanence, which refugees here have opposed for generations. [...] Camps were conceived as temporary quarters. The absence of public space was then preserved over the years to fortify residents&rsquo; self-identification as refugees, displaced and stateless.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/107953878/what-does-the-syrian-refugee-crisis-mean-to-architecture What Does the Syrian Refugee Crisis Mean to Architecture? Nicholas Korody 2014-09-02T15:22:00-04:00 >2014-09-03T00:43:32-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/mb/mbjcjlk5dt7lcgrf.jpg" width="514" height="315" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>As a result of the Syrian civil war, there are now 3 million Syrian refugees registered in neighboring countries &mdash; an exodus that began in March 2011 and shows no sign of abating, the United Nations refugee agency said on Friday. The record figure was 1 million refugees more than a year ago, and an additional 6.5 million are displaced within Syria, meaning that "almost half of all Syrians have now been forced to abandon their homes and flee for their lives," it said.</p></em><br /><br /><p>As the Islamic State rampages through Syria and Iraq, thousands are being displaced to add to the growing refugee population created by a civil war against Bashar al-Assad. <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/107492865/water-wars-the-islamic-state-and-the-mosul-dam" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The Islamic State actively uses infrastructure, specifically hydoinfrastructure, as a militaristic tactic exacerbating conditions for these displaced people.</a>&nbsp; Many architects have developed projects specifically oriented to the global refugee crisis, of which Syria is part. In a past <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/105264254/architectures-of-the-disaster" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">article</a>, I asserted that this is not just a general ethical imperative, but also specific to architecture. The problems of a refugee camp or urban enclave are often architectural issues that require design solutions. Additionally, architecture can be considered complicit in the forces generating the crisis as millions are displaced because of climate changes, which architecture contributes to significantly.&nbsp;</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/102197126/relocation-or-adaptation-preparing-for-global-warming Relocation or Adaptation: Preparing for Global Warming Nicholas Korody 2014-06-19T13:11:00-04:00 >2014-06-19T17:27:38-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/bu/bu5he0xyea7dmvfr.jpg" width="514" height="341" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>"...just as planning for response to an industrial accident doesn&rsquo;t make an industrial accident more likely, so too planning for relocations should not make them more likely... It is .... likely that the slow-onset effects of climate change will lead many to voluntarily migrate in anticipation that conditions will worsen. Those who are left behind &ndash; and who will need government assistance to relocate &ndash; thus may be particularly vulnerable."</p></em><br /><br /><p>The pressure to start preparing for inevitable relocations due to global warming and the resultant rise in sea levels is growing for many communities around the world. For some, the time for preparation is already running out and the time for action is now. In the United States, <a href="http://www.npr.org/2013/05/18/185068648/impossible-choice-faces-americas-first-climate-refugees" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">the first "climate refugees" are in the largely-native communities along Alaska's coastline</a>. Many of the small island nations of Oceania are beginning to<a href="http://www.npr.org/2013/05/18/185068648/impossible-choice-faces-americas-first-climate-refugees" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"> ask their neighbors for asylum</a> preemptively. This will certainly present one of the most challenging realities facing architects in the future as the global refugee population begins to increase. An important strategy will be to learn from existing "refugee cities" such as <a href="http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/settlement.php?id=176&amp;region=77&amp;country=107" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Zaatari</a> in Lebanon, currently the country's fourth largest city. Populated by people fleeing the violence in neighboring Syria, a <a href="http://www.euronews.com/2014/06/12/water-resources-under-strain-in-zaatari/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">current water shortage crisis</a>&nbsp;proves that, today, nearly every situation is in some ways affected by environmental conditions.</p><p>For places without as drastic a d...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/93446416/how-to-build-a-perfect-refugee-camp How to Build a Perfect Refugee Camp Alexander Walter 2014-02-13T14:13:00-05:00 >2014-02-17T17:17:17-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/d9/d9555d93d49058de5e736d47308be851.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Many of the world&rsquo;s displaced live in conditions striking for their wretchedness, but what is startling about Kilis is how little it resembles the refugee camp of our imagination. It is orderly, incongruously so. Residents scan a card with their fingerprints for entry [...]. Inside, it&rsquo;s stark: 2,053 identical containers spread out in neat rows. No tents. None of the smells &mdash; rotting garbage, raw sewage &mdash; usually associated with human crush and lack of infrastructure.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/75895603/ikea-designs-a-better-home-for-refugees IKEA designs a better home for refugees Archinect 2013-06-26T12:03:00-04:00 >2013-07-11T14:49:57-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/qk/qki3hlcjychqlnd3.jpg" width="514" height="329" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The prototype of the shelter is now being tested in a refugee camp in Ethiopia. The refugee families who would be making the shelter their homes will have a direct say in how the product is developed, putting their experience at the heart of this collaborative process.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html>