Archinect - News 2014-10-20T20:48:05-04:00 http://archinect.com/news/article/110716179/nobel-prize-in-medicine-is-awarded-to-three-who-discovered-brain-s-inner-gps Nobel Prize in Medicine Is Awarded to Three Who Discovered Brain’s ‘Inner GPS’ Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2014-10-07T13:15:00-04:00 >2014-10-16T00:03:34-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ho/hovky45lv8w6kpta.jpg" width="514" height="308" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The three scientists&rsquo; discoveries &ldquo;have solved a problem that has occupied philosophers and scientists for centuries &mdash; how does the brain create a map of the space surrounding us and how can we navigate our way through a complex environment?&rdquo; said the Karolinska Institute in Sweden, which chooses the laureates. The positioning system they discovered helps us know where we are, find our way from place to place and store the information for the next time</p></em><br /><br /><p>Back in 1971, John O'Keefe identified "place cells" in the brain &ndash; neurons that were selectively activated in relation to the subject's place in an environment. He concluded these nerves were composing a mental map of the space, and the collection of multiple place cells constituted a spatial memory of the environment.</p><p>Then in 2005, May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser identified another group of nerve cells, the so-called "grid cells", that create a coordinate system in the brain. Together, place cells and grid cells create a precise understanding of space in the brain, allowing for navigation and spatial memory.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/93382204/labeling-the-city-ghana-s-initiative-to-name-its-streets Labeling the city: Ghana's initiative to name its streets Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2014-02-11T15:14:00-05:00 >2014-02-17T17:52:20-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/7s/7sqrc4oeubwcn2v2.jpg" width="514" height="286" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>In a city with no addresses, it&rsquo;s difficult for local authorities to tax property. And without tax revenues, it&rsquo;s difficult to upgrade infrastructure and services in the slums [...] To fix these problems, Ghana is on a national quest to name its city streets. [...] Giving names to streets is only a means to an end. The real problem cities are trying to solve is service delivery. When properties have actual addresses and those addresses reside in databases, all kinds of things become possible.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/60972125/macy-s-introduces-indoor-gps-navigation Macy's introduces indoor GPS navigation Paul Petrunia 2012-11-08T11:28:00-05:00 >2012-11-13T12:20:20-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/fc/fce31d2da374258d8f105a00db60b8f5.jpg" width="514" height="321" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Macy&rsquo;s has added a new feature to its iPhone app that provides indoor turn-by-turn directions for its massive flagship location in New York City&rsquo;s Herald Square, courtesy of Meridian, the software startup behind an indoor GPS platform.</p></em><br /><br /><p> Is indoor GPS navigation the new wayfinding?</p> <p> <em>Since launching last year, <a href="http://mashable.com/2011/03/22/meridian/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Meridian</a> has worked with a handful of prominent institutions to build indoor mapping systems from the ground up, including the American Museum of Natural History in New York and the Venetian hotel and casino in Las Vegas. The service uses a unique combination of GPS and WiFi data to pinpoint the precise location of the smartphone user indoors. By opening up its SDK to developers, Meridian should see plenty more locations incorporate this technology.</em></p>