Archinect - News 2016-07-28T00:50:46-04:00 http://archinect.com/news/article/149957978/may-government-abolishes-climate-change-department May government abolishes climate change department Nicholas Korody 2016-07-14T19:49:00-04:00 >2016-07-17T19:58:15-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/q5/q5brnfk8z2xrd6wn.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The decision to abolish the Department for Energy and Climate Change has been variously condemned as &ldquo;plain stupid&rdquo;, &ldquo;deeply worrying&rdquo; and &ldquo;terrible&rdquo; by politicians, campaigners and experts. One of Theresa May&rsquo;s first acts as Prime Minister was to move responsibility for climate change to a new Department for Business, Energy &amp; Industrial Strategy.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>"Only on Monday, Government advisers had warned of the need to take urgent action to prepare the UK for floods, droughts, heatwaves and food shortages caused by climate change."</em></p><p>In related news:</p><ul><li><a href="http://uk.archinect.com/news/article/149935283/in-a-surprise-announcement-uk-gov-to-provide-540m-for-flood-protection" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">In a surprise announcement, UK gov to provide &pound;540m for flood protection</a></li><li><a href="http://uk.archinect.com/news/article/143664937/britain-s-last-deep-pit-coal-mine-closes-the-end-of-the-industrial-revolution" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Britain's last deep-pit coal mine closes &mdash; the end of the industrial revolution?</a></li><li><a href="http://uk.archinect.com/news/article/149952025/global-warming-is-redrawing-national-borders" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Global warming is redrawing national borders</a></li><li><a href="http://uk.archinect.com/news/article/149935981/global-warming-may-be-much-more-catastrophic-and-happen-much-quicker-than-we-imagined" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Global warming may be much more catastrophic (and happen much quicker) than we imagined</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/149953515/cold-war-era-spy-photography-finds-second-life-as-climate-change-record Cold War-era spy photography finds second life as climate change record Nicholas Korody 2016-06-23T13:24:00-04:00 >2016-06-30T20:35:57-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/aj/ajegogb7ji2xjrui.jpg" width="514" height="745" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>It was revealed earlier this month that declassified U.S. spy satellite photographs taken above the Antarctic have inadvertently also documented how that continent has been affected by climate change. In this case, deep in the archives of national intelligence agencies are satellite photos half a century old in which scientifically useful data has been hiding in plain sight. These now-outdated spy photographs have thus found an unexpected second life as important tools of planetary science...</p></em><br /><br /><p>For more on the often unexpected sources of climate data, check out these links:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149942776/the-700-year-old-climate-data-recorded-by-japanese-monks" target="_blank">The 700-year old climate data recorded by Japanese monks</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149935981/global-warming-may-be-much-more-catastrophic-and-happen-much-quicker-than-we-imagined" target="_blank">Global warming may be much more catastrophic (and happen much quicker) than we imagined</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/146194305/last-year-was-the-warmest-since-at-least-1880" target="_blank">Last year was the warmest since (at least) 1880</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/126783591/architecture-of-the-anthropocene-pt-3-getting-lost-in-the-ozone" target="_blank">Architecture of the Anthropocene, Pt. 3: Getting Lost in the Ozone</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/149952025/global-warming-is-redrawing-national-borders Global warming is redrawing national borders Nicholas Korody 2016-06-16T12:35:00-04:00 >2016-06-16T12:35:16-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/f2/f2z85svbr5lt70u2.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>"Climate change is happening so fast and on such a huge scale that it's forcing us to change the borders of a country," said head of the mapping expedition, Marco Ferrari... The borders of a country are "something we always consider as stable, as a political device, the foundation of the modern state, the most sacred thing, but this huge natural transformation makes clear how disruptive and alarming these changes are," he said.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>"Even the biggest and most stable things, like glaciers, mountains&mdash;these huge objects, they can change in a few years. We live on a planet that changes, and we try to make rules, to give meaning, but this meaning is completely artificial because nature, basically, doesn't give a shit."</em></p><p>Global warming is one of the most visible aspects of the <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/112035318/archinect-s-lexicon-anthropocene" target="_blank">Anthropocene</a>, a name for the era in which humans activity registers on the geological record. For more on the Anthropocene and its relation to architecture, check out past some past Archinect coverage:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/109656462/architecture-of-the-anthropocene-part-1" target="_blank">Architecture of the Anthropocene, Part 1</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/114117296/architecture-of-the-anthropocene-pt-2-haunted-houses-living-buildings-and-other-horror-stories" target="_blank">Architecture of the Anthropocene, Pt. 2: Haunted Houses, Living Buildings, and Other Horror Stories</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/126783591/architecture-of-the-anthropocene-pt-3-getting-lost-in-the-ozone" target="_blank">Architecture of the Anthropocene, Pt. 3: Getting Lost in the Ozone</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/142453636/ways-of-seeing-in-the-anthropocene-review-of-the-geological-imagination-and-the-underdome-guide-to-energy-reform" target="_blank">Ways of Seeing in the Anthropocene: Review of "The Geological Imagination" and "The Underdome Guide to Energy Reform"</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/149951472/icelandic-researchers-turn-co2-into-stone Icelandic researchers turn CO2 into stone Nicholas Korody 2016-06-14T13:06:00-04:00 >2016-06-17T23:45:37-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/sz/sz8zmyy524qz7jnb.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Scientists think they have found a smart way to constrain carbon dioxide emissions - just turn them to stone. The researchers report an experiment in Iceland where they have pumped CO2 and water underground into volcanic rock. Reactions with the minerals in the deep basalts convert the carbon dioxide to a stable, immobile chalky solid. Even more encouraging, the team writes in Science magazine, is the speed at which this process occurs: on the order of months.</p></em><br /><br /><p>It feels rare to hear good news from the climate front these days. Here's some more:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149945857/copenhagen-divests-from-fossil-fuels" target="_blank">Copenhagen divests from fossil fuels</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149941807/architect-turned-sea-flooding-specialist-keeps-panama-city-afloat" target="_blank">Architect turned sea-flooding specialist keeps Panama City afloat</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149941589/san-francisco-to-mandate-solar-panels-for-new-constructions" target="_blank">San Francisco to mandate solar panels for new constructions</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149936413/the-scientists-trying-to-harness-the-power-of-waves" target="_blank">The scientists trying to harness the power of waves</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/149950019/nearly-a-quarter-of-the-great-barrier-reef-has-been-killed-by-warming-oceans Nearly a quarter of the Great Barrier reef has been killed by warming oceans Nicholas Korody 2016-06-07T13:49:00-04:00 >2016-06-07T13:52:05-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/qi/qi3s1hcdkotyx70g.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Surveys have revealed that 93% of the almost 3,000 individual reefs have been touched by bleaching, and almost a quarter &ndash; 22% &ndash; of coral over the entire Great Barrier Reef has been killed by this bleaching event... Since tourists usually go diving and snorkelling in the middle and southern sections, there are plenty of spectacular corals for them to see there. But they shouldn&rsquo;t be fooled by that &ndash; the reef is in the midst of a major environmental catastrophe.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>"Many scientists are now saying it is almost too late to save it. Strong and immediate action is required to alleviate water pollution and stop the underlying cause: climate change."</em></p><p>For other news from the front lines of our warming planet, check out these links:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149943477/america-s-first-climate-refugees-head-for-higher-ground" target="_blank">America's first "climate refugees" head for higher ground</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149943500/the-uae-might-build-an-artificial-mountain-to-increase-rainfall" target="_blank">The UAE might build an artificial mountain to increase rainfall</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/146194305/last-year-was-the-warmest-since-at-least-1880" target="_blank">Last year was the warmest since (at least) 1880</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/143667350/what-the-paris-agreement-means-for-architecture" target="_blank">What the Paris Agreement means for architecture</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/149945857/copenhagen-divests-from-fossil-fuels Copenhagen divests from fossil fuels Nicholas Korody 2016-05-17T18:32:00-04:00 >2016-05-20T23:44:27-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/7b/7bprc3evjpvepi77.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The City of Copenhagen will pull its investments out of coal, oil and gas companies. The city council have agreed to divest the fossil fuel holdings of the city&rsquo;s &euro;920 million investment fund [...] "Copenhagen decided to ban investments in companies that gain more than 5 percent of their revenue from coal, oil and gas. The criteria apply to companies that engage in prospecting, extracting or refining coal, oil and gas..."</p></em><br /><br /><p>Good work Danes! For other urban efforts to curb our collective fossil fuel addiction, check out these links:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/143667350/what-the-paris-agreement-means-for-architecture" target="_blank">What the Paris Agreement means for architecture</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/143664937/britain-s-last-deep-pit-coal-mine-closes-the-end-of-the-industrial-revolution" target="_blank">Britain's last deep-pit coal mine closes &mdash; the end of the industrial revolution?</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/138435289/the-climate-is-getting-hotter-and-we-re-not-doing-nearly-enough" target="_blank">The climate is getting hotter, and we're not doing nearly enough</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149941589/san-francisco-to-mandate-solar-panels-for-new-constructions" target="_blank">San Francisco to mandate solar panels for new constructions</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/149943500/the-uae-might-build-an-artificial-mountain-to-increase-rainfall The UAE might build an artificial mountain to increase rainfall Nicholas Korody 2016-05-03T15:03:00-04:00 >2016-05-06T00:38:15-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/m3/m3g95kv86dqy3rqs.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The UAE is currently in the first stage of a man-made mountain development project as the country mulls different approaches to maximising rainfall. Experts from the US-based University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), which manages the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) are in the &ldquo;detailed modelling study&rdquo; phase, as per NCAR scientist and lead researcher Roelof Bruintjes.</p></em><br /><br /><p>For more attempts to geoengineer our way out of eco-trouble, check out some past articles:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/130872169/new-satellite-images-show-progress-in-china-s-island-building-project" target="_blank">New satellite images show progress in China's island-building project</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/107197418/scientists-propose-using-lasers-to-fight-global-warming" target="_blank">Scientists Propose Using Lasers to Fight Global Warming</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/109118485/can-cloud-seeding-clear-singapore-s-skies" target="_blank">Can cloud-seeding clear Singapore's skies?</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/124816981/could-scientists-engineer-synthetic-organisms-to-stop-climate-change" target="_blank">Could scientists engineer synthetic organisms to stop climate change?</a></li></ul><p>Also, this:&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/139829407/unchecked-climate-change-will-make-the-gulf-uninhabitable-claims-new-study" target="_blank">Unchecked climate change will make the Gulf uninhabitable, claims new study</a></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149943493/silicon-valley-campuses-at-risk-as-sea-levels-rise Silicon Valley campuses at risk as sea levels rise Nicholas Korody 2016-05-03T14:29:00-04:00 >2016-05-06T00:37:40-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/hu/hu65zz2uv3cm1ijz.jpg" width="514" height="288" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Sea level forecasts by a coalition of scientists show that the Silicon Valley bases for Facebook, Google and Cisco are at risk of being cut off or even flooded, even under optimistic scenarios where rapid cuts in greenhouse gas emissions avoid the most severe sea level increases. Without significant adaptation, Facebook&rsquo;s new campus appears most at risk.</p></em><br /><br /><p>San Francisco to mandate solar panels for new constructionsWhile the Frank Gehry-designed campus was elevated to prevent flooding, even a 1.6 ft rise &ndash; on the low end of predictions &ndash; will "inundate" the campus. Google is a little better off but will also be swamped if the Antarctic ice sheet starts breaking up, as <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/mar/30/sea-levels-set-to-rise-far-more-rapidly-than-expected" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">evidence</a> suggests may happen imminently.</p><p>For more news on rising tides in the Bay Area:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/146267509/king-tides-give-a-glimpse-of-what-the-near-future-s-rising-seas-will-look-like" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">"King tides" give a glimpse of what the (near) future's rising seas will look like</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/141300588/can-silicon-valley-save-the-bay-area" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Can Silicon Valley save the Bay Area?</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149941589/san-francisco-to-mandate-solar-panels-for-new-constructions" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">San Francisco to mandate solar panels for new constructions</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/146886678/cliff-side-apartments-on-the-brink-of-collapse-following-el-ni-o-storms-in-california" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Cliff-side apartments on the brink of collapse following El Ni&ntilde;o storms in California</a></li></ul><p><em>This month, Archinect's news and editorial are organized around a special theme &ndash; <strong><a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/741197/may-help" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Help</a></strong> &ndash; with focused coverage on social and humanitarian issues affecting the built environment with an eye towards ways architects can mobilize and enact positive change.&nbsp;</em></p><p><em>Have related projects of your own? Submit to our <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149942369/open-call-for-submissions-help" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">open call</a> before Sunday, May ...</em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149943477/america-s-first-climate-refugees-head-for-higher-ground America's first "climate refugees" head for higher ground Nicholas Korody 2016-05-03T13:33:00-04:00 >2016-05-06T01:37:42-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ql/qlzq66s3r128sbc4.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>In January, the Department of Housing and Urban Development announced grants totaling $1 billion in 13 states to help communities adapt to climate change, by building stronger levees, dams and drainage systems. One of those grants, $48 million for Isle de Jean Charles, is something new: the first allocation of federal tax dollars to move an entire community struggling with the impacts of climate change.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>"The divisions the effort has exposed and the logistical and moral dilemmas it has presented point up in microcosm the massive problems the world could face in the coming decades as it confronts a new category of displaced people who have become known as climate refugees."</em></p><p>Precisely determining who qualifies as a "climate refugee" is a notoriously difficult challenge. While the UN Refugee Agency <a href="http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646c10a.html" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">estimates</a> 22 million people were displaced by "disasters brought on by natural hazard events," evidence linking, for example, the civil war raging in Syria and Iraq with a prolonged drought would up that number.</p><p>In short, it's difficult to clearly isolate environmental factors, which tend to happen on large temporal and geographic scales, from sociopolitical causes of mass displacement, which are often more visible.</p><p>In any case, while a <a href="http://Ways%20of%20Seeing%20in%20the%20Anthropocene:%20Review%20of%20%22The%20Geological%20Imagination%22%20and%20%22The%20Underdome%20Guide%20to%20Energy%20Reform%22" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">sizable chunk of the American government</a> still doesn't believe in anthropogenic climate change, its citizens are already being displaced because of its effects....</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149942776/the-700-year-old-climate-data-recorded-by-japanese-monks The 700-year old climate data recorded by Japanese monks Nicholas Korody 2016-04-28T13:05:00-04:00 >2016-05-06T00:03:59-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/7i/7infwy2c90zxh7ky.jpg" width="514" height="352" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>When [Lake Suwa] freezes over, daily temperature changes cause the ice to expand and contract, cracking the surface and forcing it upward into a ridge [...] Every year since at least 1443, the priests who live at the shrine on the edge of Lake Suwa have carefully recorded the date the ridge appears. In 1693, on the other side of the world, a Finnish merchant named Olof Ahlbom started recording the date and time of the spring ice breakup on the Torne River [...]</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>"When scientists want to glimpse the climate of the ancient past, they almost always have to use indirect evidence&mdash;changes in tree rings, ice-core layers, or pollen deposits. But the ice records from Japan and Finland, which are the longest of their kind, give us a more direct look at the climate our distant ancestors experienced."</em></p><p>Climate science is a much more interdisciplinary project than one might imagine. Henry David Thoreau's notes from Walden document changes in annual blooming times. Pieter Breugel the Elder's paintings record climatological events, in particular the "<a href="http://www.spectator.co.uk/2014/12/climate-change-bruegel-style/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Little Ice Age</a>."</p><p>For more on the complex business of studying our planetary abode:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/126783591/architecture-of-the-anthropocene-pt-3-getting-lost-in-the-ozone" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Architecture of the Anthropocene, Pt. 3: Getting Lost in the Ozone</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/122586756/did-florida-ban-environmental-workers-from-talking-about-climate-change" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Did Florida ban environmental workers from talking about climate change?</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/146118787/to-better-predict-sea-level-rise-scientists-resort-to-crowdsourcing-and-ask-drone-owners-to-help-create-data" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">To better predict sea level rise, scientists resort to crowdsourcing and ask drone owners to help create data</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/116047218/relocation-or-adaptation-is-a-2-degree-limit-for-global-warming-not-enough" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Relocation or Adaptation: Is a 2-Degree Limit for Global Warming Not Enough?</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/149941807/architect-turned-sea-flooding-specialist-keeps-panama-city-afloat Architect turned sea-flooding specialist keeps Panama City afloat Julia Ingalls 2016-04-21T18:33:00-04:00 >2016-05-04T23:42:01-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/fk/fkit9c0oq5h7xwkk.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Banfield&rsquo;s dedication to environmental issues was born by chance in 2000, when she moved with her husband and three children to Clayton...Together with Carlos Varela, her legal-minded neighbor, Banfield created a community association to defend the rainforest. She remained on the front lines for years, sacrificed her architectural career and eventually began public campaigns for a variety of environmental causes.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Although <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/140875921/the-gsd-vs-the-sea-school-s-new-office-for-urbanization-tackles-climate-change-in-miami-beach" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">the Harvard GSD formed the Office for Urbanization</a> recently to study the effects of sea rise and climate change, Vice Mayor of Panama City Raisa Banfield has taken a more direct approach, physically halting flood-prone projects during construction and connecting with like-minded colleagues around the globe to find solutions.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/tl/tl1720tzmg4j7yyo.jpg"></p><p>As the article notes, <em>"As glaciers melt and oceans flow higher, 'sea-level rise is an issue on almost every coast,' says Rosetta Elkin, landscape architect and professor at Harvard University Graduate School of Design. It&rsquo;s particularly tough in Panama City, because the entire town was built too far to the east, 'where sea levels are precipitously low' &mdash; thanks in part to American bases &mdash; says Arosemena. As Banfield goes through the rigmarole of finding a solution and calling together a global group of problem-solvers like the Dutch, she may stand a chance at creating some scaffolding for the many other cities that will have to look this same issue in th...</em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149941589/san-francisco-to-mandate-solar-panels-for-new-constructions San Francisco to mandate solar panels for new constructions Nicholas Korody 2016-04-20T13:44:00-04:00 >2016-05-04T23:03:17-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/y4/y4hukyf2aotz4aj4.jpg" width="514" height="367" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The solar power industry is about to get a big boost in San Francisco. On April 19, the city&rsquo;s Board of Supervisors voted unanimously to become the first major US metropolitan area requiring that new buildings install solar photovoltaic (PV) panels on their roofs. California already mandates that new buildings with 10 floors or less designate at least 15% of their rooftop area (pdf, p8) as being ready for solar panel installation.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>"The city of San Francisco now requires that builders actually install solar panels in these areas (at a minimum) starting in 2017. Larger buildings are exempt for now."</em></p><p>Curious about other efforts to make American cities reduce their carbon footprint through harvesting solar energy? Check out these articles:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149512391/us-government-agency-develops-new-batteries-that-could-revolutionize-energy-infrastructure" target="_blank">US government agency develops new batteries that could revolutionize energy infrastructure</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/144964221/turn-the-2-into-housing-or-a-park-or-a-solar-array-christopher-hawthorne-s-pitch-for-one-of-la-s-most-awkward-freeways" target="_blank">Turn the 2 into housing (or a park or a solar array): Christopher Hawthorne's pitch for one of LA's most awkward freeways</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/145501201/mit-researchers-have-created-a-new-material-that-stores-and-releases-solar-energy" target="_blank">MIT researchers have created a new material that stores and releases solar energy</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/139121978/students-endure-the-final-home-stretch-at-the-u-s-solar-decathlon-2015" target="_blank">Students endure the final home stretch at the U.S. Solar Decathlon 2015</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/149940897/the-scientists-trying-to-assist-evolution-and-breed-super-coral The scientists trying to assist evolution and breed "super-coral" Nicholas Korody 2016-04-15T12:47:00-04:00 >2016-04-15T13:05:00-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/2j/2jf77tqghizlgmpt.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>&ldquo;A lot of people want to go back to something,&rdquo; [said Ruth Gates]. &ldquo;They think, If we just stop doing things, maybe the reef will come back to what it was. [...] Our project is acknowledging that a future is coming where nature is no longer fully natural.&rdquo; [...] The power of selective breeding is all around us. Dogs, cats, cows, chickens, pigs [...] But the super-coral project pushes into new territory. Already there&rsquo;s a term for this sort of effort: assisted evolution.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>&ldquo;'I</em><em>n the food supply, in our pets, you name it&mdash;everywhere you turn, selectively bred stuff appears,' Gates observed. 'For some reason, in the framework of conservation&mdash;or an ecosystem that would be preserved by conservation&mdash;it seems like a radical idea. But it&rsquo;s not like we&rsquo;ve invented something new. It&rsquo;s hilarious, really, when you think about it.'&rdquo;</em></p><p>As the world heats up, seas begin to rise, and farmland goes dry, our inherited ideas of "nature" are put under pressure. Here's some Archinect-exclusive features on unnatural nature and other aspects of life in <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/112035318/archinect-s-lexicon-anthropocene" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">the Anthropocene</a>:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/149934079/timothy-morton-on-haunted-architecture-dark-ecology-and-other-objects" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Timothy Morton on haunted architecture, dark ecology, and other objects</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/109656462/architecture-of-the-anthropocene-part-1" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Architecture of the Anthropocene, Part 1</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/114117296/architecture-of-the-anthropocene-pt-2-haunted-houses-living-buildings-and-other-horror-stories" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Architecture of the Anthropocene, Pt. 2: Haunted Houses, Living Buildings, and Other Horror Stories</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/126783591/architecture-of-the-anthropocene-pt-3-getting-lost-in-the-ozone" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Architecture of the Anthropocene, Pt. 3: Getting Lost in the Ozone</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/142453636/ways-of-seeing-in-the-anthropocene-review-of-the-geological-imagination-and-the-underdome-guide-to-energy-reform" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Ways of Seeing in the Anthropocene: Review of "The Geological Imagination" and "The Underdome Guide to Energy Reform"</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/125765734/between-sampling-and-dowsing-field-notes-from-grnasfck" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Between Sampling and Do...</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/149936413/the-scientists-trying-to-harness-the-power-of-waves The scientists trying to harness the power of waves Nicholas Korody 2016-03-24T19:09:00-04:00 >2016-03-24T19:09:22-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/7l/7lhjqyx1l50y9c40.jpg" width="514" height="337" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>For four decades, the problem of how to create an economically viable business producing power from waves has fascinated a specialized group of engineers, many of whom are concentrated around the sea-beaten coast of Scotland. Inventors have created all sorts of strange and wonderful devices to coax energy out of the water; investors have poured millions of pounds into the effort.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>"The problem is arguably one of the most perplexing in energy production. And maybe, just maybe, the answer is getting closer."</em></p><p>Interested in other articles on the renewable energy? Take a look at these links:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149936222/a-river-of-solar-power-a-scheme-for-the-tijuana-river" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">A river of solar power: a scheme for the Tijuana river</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149512391/us-government-agency-develops-new-batteries-that-could-revolutionize-energy-infrastructure" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">US government agency develops new batteries that could revolutionize energy infrastructure</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/138417575/werner-sobek-believes-we-could-live-in-entirely-renewable-energy-powered-cities-by-2020" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Werner Sobek believes we could live in entirely renewable-energy-powered cities by 2020</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/137353975/major-international-companies-to-set-targets-to-switch-to-renewable-energy" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Major international companies to set targets to switch to renewable energy</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/124996166/vancouver-is-the-latest-city-to-announce-100-green-energy-goals" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Vancouver is the latest city to announce 100% green energy goals</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/149935981/global-warming-may-be-much-more-catastrophic-and-happen-much-quicker-than-we-imagined Global warming may be much more catastrophic (and happen much quicker) than we imagined Nicholas Korody 2016-03-22T13:50:00-04:00 >2016-03-22T19:14:58-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/6d/6df1c7d0eb2fd65ad9565f8791b8451b.jpg" width="514" height="397" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>An influential group of scientists led by James Hansen,&nbsp;the former NASA scientist often credited with having drawn the first major attention to climate change in 1988 congressional testimony, has published a dire climate study that suggests the impact of global warming will be quicker and more catastrophic than generally envisioned.</p></em><br /><br /><p>James Hansen, an indisputably important climate scientist and activist, alongside a group of other influential experts, has released a new, 52-page paper that revises much of mainstream expectations for global warming. Hansen has called it the most important work he's done.</p><p>A synthesis of paleoclimatology, climate models, and modern observations, the document suggests that global warming will have a more violent and catastrophic impact than previously expected.</p><p>The scientists involved believe that Greenland and Antarctica could experience ice melt at much faster rates than imagined (up to several meters in a century), and that the melt could create a feedback loop further intensifying the effects of global warming.</p><p>In short, the cold, fresh water from the melted ice sheets would trap a layer of warm seawater beneath it, leading to a process known as "stratification." Such "blobs" of cold water &ndash; which could perhaps already be forming off the coast of Greenland (see image above) &ndash; would...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/148273321/a-cardboard-and-carbon-emission-economy-the-long-term-effects-of-our-desire-for-instant-gratification A cardboard and carbon-emission economy: the long-term effects of our desire for instant gratification Nicholas Korody 2016-02-16T14:00:00-05:00 >2016-02-27T23:06:32-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/q7/q7j1zqbmut0w0wyx.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>A handful of scientists and policy makers are...grappling with the long-term environmental effect of an economy that runs increasingly on gotta-have-it-now gratification [...] The environmental cost can include the additional cardboard &mdash; 35.4 million tons of containerboard were produced in 2014 in the United States, with e-commerce companies among the fastest-growing users &mdash; and the emissions from increasingly personalized freight services.</p></em><br /><br /><p>As internet retailers compete to provide as-close-to-instant services to satiate our increasing desire for rapid gratification, our collective ecological footprint grows. The problem isn't just the cardboard boxes piling up on your doorstep, but also the carbon emissions required to get that Postmates or Amazon Prime delivery into your hands.</p><p>And according to experts (or at least those profiled by the <em>Times)</em>, the responsibility lies equally with consumers as it does with the companies providing the services. In short, we need to "slow down consumption," states Robert Reed, spokesman for Recology, the main recycling processor in San Francisco.</p><p>For more on the ecological impact of our consumptive patterns, take a look at these links:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/146135676/we-have-probably-hit-peak-stuff-says-ikea-boss" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">"We have probably hit peak stuff," says Ikea boss</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/144962617/our-cities-must-adapt-to-climate-change-and-growing-populations-within-a-single-generation-according-to-the-head-of-arup" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Our cities must adapt to climate change and growing populations within a single generation, according to the head of Arup</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/134267895/it-s-only-august-but-humans-have-already-consumed-a-year-s-worth-of-resources" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">It's only August but humans have already consumed a year's worth of resources</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/106114990/shitting-architecture-the-dirty-practice-of-waste-removal" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Shitting Ar...</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/146662467/madrid-is-about-to-get-a-lot-more-green Madrid is about to get a lot more green Nicholas Korody 2016-01-26T15:31:00-05:00 >2016-02-10T23:02:30-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/pv/pvmem2wsuat96jgx.jpg" width="514" height="344" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Nature is poised to reconquer Madrid. Faced with rising summer temperatures, Spain&rsquo;s capital has announced plans, reported in today&rsquo;s El Pais, to seam the city so thoroughly with new green patches that its face could be quite transformed. City parks will be expanded and restored, and 22 new urban gardens created. Vacant public land will be freed up to create community gardens while the banks of the city&rsquo;s scrappy Manzanares River will be thickly planted with trees...</p></em><br /><br /><p>According to the report, other components of the initiative include funding and encouragement for green roofs and fa&ccedil;ades. Plants beds would be added to paved squares and ponds may be created to catch excess stormwater <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/146346245/copenhagen-copes-with-extreme-weather-by-building-parks-that-turn-into-ponds" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">like in Copenhagen</a>.&nbsp;</p><p>Madrid's location &ndash; perched high on a plateau that receives little rain &ndash; has always brought harsh winters and grueling summers. But according to a study made by Arup, rainfall could drop by 25% by the midcentury. When it does arrive, it's probably going to be in massive summer storms that can have more averse effects than positive.</p><p>If put into action, this plan could greatly improve the city today &ndash; and save it from tomorrow.</p><p><strong>Related:</strong></p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/tag/506696/anthropocene" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Architecture of the Anthropocene</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/146346245/copenhagen-copes-with-extreme-weather-by-building-parks-that-turn-into-ponds" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Copenhagen copes with extreme weather by building parks that turn into ponds</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/146194305/last-year-was-the-warmest-since-at-least-1880" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Last year was the warmest since (at least) 1880</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/144962617/our-cities-must-adapt-to-climate-change-and-growing-populations-within-a-single-generation-according-to-the-head-of-arup" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Our cities must adapt to climate change and growing populations within a single generation, according to the head of Arup</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/146267509/king-tides-give-a-glimpse-of-what-the-near-future-s-rising-seas-will-look-like "King tides" give a glimpse of what the (near) future's rising seas will look like Nicholas Korody 2016-01-21T12:29:00-05:00 >2016-02-09T23:16:02-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/d6/d6ea0ewcvenroc55.jpg" width="514" height="299" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>King tides&mdash;a type of perigean spring tide (there&rsquo;s your science jargon)&mdash;occur&nbsp;when extra-high tides line up with some other meteorological anomalies. They&rsquo;re not a huge deal: The water flowing over the seawall is part novelty, part nuisance. But these rare days hint at a new normal, when sea level rise will render current coastlines obsolete [...] On January 21 and 22, the king tide will bring San Francisco&rsquo;s shoreline about a foot higher than average high tide.</p></em><br /><br /><p><strong>Related:</strong></p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/141300588/can-silicon-valley-save-the-bay-area" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Can Silicon Valley save the Bay Area?</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/140875921/the-gsd-vs-the-sea-school-s-new-office-for-urbanization-tackles-climate-change-in-miami-beach" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The GSD vs. the sea: school's new Office for Urbanization tackles climate change in Miami Beach</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/137735976/climate-change-is-increasing-the-risk-of-severe-flooding-in-new-york" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Climate change is increasing the risk of severe flooding in New York</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/135588607/sea-level-rise-accelerating-according-to-new-data-from-nasa" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Sea level rise accelerating, according to new data from NASA</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/146194305/last-year-was-the-warmest-since-at-least-1880 Last year was the warmest since (at least) 1880 Nicholas Korody 2016-01-20T13:32:00-05:00 >2016-01-20T13:41:11-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/k2/k2h72rf6mzir5cld.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Last year was the Earth's warmest since record-keeping began in 1880, the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and NASA said Wednesday. It's been clear for quite some time that 2015 would steal the distinction of the hottest year from 2014, with 10 out of the 12 months last year being the warmest respective months on record -- and those records go back 136 years.</p></em><br /><br /><p>The news that 2015 was the warmest year on record didn't exactly take climate scientist by surprise. But what is startling is by just how much: the average global temperature was 1.62&#730;F above the 20th century average.</p><p>December, in particular, reached new heights of heat, becoming the first month to ever exceed temperature averages by 2 degrees Fahrenheit.</p><p>According to reports, El Ni&ntilde;o played a significant role in bringing up temperatures. It's <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/146139696/have-these-heavy-rains-alleviated-the-california-drought" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">still bearing down</a> on the Western US right now &ndash; although not yet dumping enough precipitation to rescue California from its historic drought.</p><p><a href="http://www.cnn.com/2016/01/19/weather/major-snowstorm-this-weekend/index.html" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">In other weather news</a>, the East Coast is about to receive some heavy snow. Early predictions suggest this could be one of the biggest snowstorms in history.</p><p>While unusual and severe weather events comprise perhaps the most visible &ndash; and dangerous &ndash; effects of global climate change, they have been <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/142453636/ways-of-seeing-in-the-anthropocene-review-of-the-geological-imagination-and-the-underdome-guide-to-energy-reform" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">frequently co-opted</a> by certain American politicians in the last few years to deny the reality of anthropogenic g...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/146139696/have-these-heavy-rains-alleviated-the-california-drought Have these heavy rains alleviated the California drought? Nicholas Korody 2016-01-19T20:45:00-05:00 >2016-01-19T22:17:57-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/cz/czfqo7b4678z0p68.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>...this week's higher temperatures and sunny skies serve as a reminder that one watery week doesn't erase the years of hardcore drought that have dragged on in SoCal and all of California. The record-breaking rains are a reason to be excited, certainly, but "Although this is a favorable start to the year, there are still 3-4 more critical months that will determine how much rain/snow will fall and accumulate during the wet season," [says] David Miskus, a meteorologist ...</p></em><br /><br /><p><strong>Relevant:</strong></p><ul><li><a title="Drought reveals 16th century church beneath Mexican reservoir" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/139317744/drought-reveals-16th-century-church-beneath-mexican-reservoir" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Drought reveals 16th century church beneath Mexican reservoir</a></li><li><p><a title="In face of drought, San Diego's desalination efforts won't stop there" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/136648960/in-face-of-drought-san-diego-s-desalination-efforts-won-t-stop-there" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">In face of drought, San Diego's desalination efforts won't stop there</a></p></li><li><p><a title="Thirst-quenching as Los Angeles heats up: Next Wave @ UCLA" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/142904746/thirst-quenching-as-los-angeles-heats-up-next-wave-ucla" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Thirst-quenching as Los Angeles heats up: Next Wave @ UCLA</a></p></li><li><p><a title="Fatal shores? Sea snakes wash up on Southern California beaches" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/140811641/fatal-shores-sea-snakes-wash-up-on-southern-california-beaches" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Fatal shores? Sea snakes wash up on Southern California beaches</a></p></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/146135676/we-have-probably-hit-peak-stuff-says-ikea-boss "We have probably hit peak stuff," says Ikea boss Nicholas Korody 2016-01-19T19:24:00-05:00 >2016-01-20T12:27:14-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/fm/fmuoqmvv5ldu6hzs.jpg" width="514" height="341" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The appetite of western consumers for home furnishings has reached its peak &ndash; according to Ikea, the world&rsquo;s largest furniture retailer. The Swedish company&rsquo;s head of sustainability told a Guardian conference that consumption of many familiar goods was at its limit. &ldquo;If we look on a global basis, in the west we have probably hit peak stuff. We talk about peak oil. I&rsquo;d say we&rsquo;ve hit peak red meat, peak sugar, peak stuff &hellip; peak home furnishings,&rdquo; Steve Howard said [...]</p></em><br /><br /><p><strong>Related:</strong></p><ul><li><a title="Ikea and Airbnb: a match made in globalized heaven?" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/138800384/ikea-and-airbnb-a-match-made-in-globalized-heaven" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Ikea and Airbnb: a match made in globalized heaven?</a></li><li><p><a title="Get a glimpse of these hacked IKEA kitchens by BIG, Henning Larsen, and NORM Architects" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/133974036/get-a-glimpse-of-these-hacked-ikea-kitchens-by-big-henning-larsen-and-norm-architects" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Get a glimpse of these hacked IKEA kitchens by BIG, Henning Larsen, and NORM Architects</a></p></li><li><p><a title="UN Refugee Agency Commissions 10k Ikea-designed Better Shelters" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/124209727/un-refugee-agency-commissions-10k-ikea-designed-better-shelters" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">UN Refugee Agency Commissions 10k Ikea-designed Better Shelters</a></p></li><li><p><a title="Why is Ikea a Non-profit?" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/109025204/why-is-ikea-a-non-profit" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Why is Ikea a Non-profit?</a></p></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/144962617/our-cities-must-adapt-to-climate-change-and-growing-populations-within-a-single-generation-according-to-the-head-of-arup Our cities must adapt to climate change and growing populations within a single generation, according to the head of Arup Nicholas Korody 2016-01-04T13:43:00-05:00 >2016-01-17T22:00:00-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/pe/pedq2rn1ax5zgz3l.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Cities around the world have only one generation to meet the twin challenges of climate change and a rapidly growing urban population, the head of a global engineering firm has warned. Gregory Hodkinson, chairman of the Arup group, said that with more than half the world&rsquo;s population already living in cities, and the proportion set to rise to 70% by 2050, city leaders need to take urgent action.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Gregory Hodkinsin, the chairman of the engineering giant Arup Group, has warned that cities must adapt to climate change and booming population growth within the timespan of a single generation.&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;If we don&rsquo;t, in my view, we&rsquo;re screwed: my children and my grandchildren and everybody else&rsquo;s children," Hodkinsin told <em>the Guardian</em>.&nbsp;"We need to find a way to do this rapid urbanisation in a way that&rsquo;s not going to kill us &ndash; and to do it once.&rdquo;</p><p>Climate change and urban population growth are "twinned" challenges for a variety of reasons. As global temperatures rise, an increase in natural disasters and resource-driven conflict will likely drive displaced populations to urban centers, where shelter and access to basic necessities are more available. This is a pattern already <a href="http://www.cnn.com/2015/11/23/world/is-the-syrian-conflict-linked-to-climate-change/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">emerging</a>, for instance,&nbsp;in the mass migration of refugees from Syria and Iraq into Europe and elsewhere.</p><p>Cities currently house more than half of the world's population &ndash; and will most likely have to shelter up to 70% in t...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/143667350/what-the-paris-agreement-means-for-architecture What the Paris Agreement means for architecture Nicholas Korody 2015-12-18T13:23:00-05:00 >2015-12-24T02:16:19-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/pw/pw1bvpq8iz5ul5xt.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Last weekend in the outskirts of Paris, the rap of a green-tipped gavel announced an historically-unprecedented <a href="http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/international/negotiations/future/index_en.htm" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">international climate agreement</a>. A sense of accomplishment suffused the crowds gathered locally and the official statements broadcast globally &ndash; President Obama <a href="http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2015/12/12/paris-climate-accord-turning-point-world-obama-says/77218562/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">called the deal</a> &ldquo;a turning point for the world&rdquo; &ndash; but it followed some real moments of tension, as years worth of planning for the COP21 <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/dec/13/paris-climate-deal-cop-diplomacy-developing-united-nations" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">nearly came undone</a> in the face of disputed verbiage and policy.&nbsp;</p><p>Now, with the details announced, debate continues over the merits of the &ldquo;<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris_Agreement" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Paris Agreement</a>.&rdquo; But first it should be noted that it won&rsquo;t be official until at least 55 of the 195 pledge countries have ratified it, with the 55 ratifiers in turn accounting for at least 55% of global emissions. This pretty much necessitates ratification by the US government, whose Congress is currently run by the Republican party, a majority of whom <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/nov/23/climate-change-republican-party-trump-inhofe" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">refute</a> mainstream scientific consensus and deny the existence of anthropogenic climate chang...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/143664937/britain-s-last-deep-pit-coal-mine-closes-the-end-of-the-industrial-revolution Britain's last deep-pit coal mine closes — the end of the industrial revolution? Alexander Walter 2015-12-18T12:25:00-05:00 >2015-12-21T12:18:59-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/iw/iwd8dl0squ4ax0g5.jpg" width="514" height="368" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The last deep-pit coal mine in the U.K. plans to shut its doors here next week, heralding the end of a centuries-old industry that helped fuel the industrial revolution and build the British Empire. The shutdown [...] represents a victory for advocates of reducing carbon emissions after world leaders gathered in Paris to discuss how to combat global warming, with coal in the cross hairs. It also reflects a glut of energy on world markets, from crude oil to natural gas and coal itself.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/142904746/thirst-quenching-as-los-angeles-heats-up-next-wave-ucla Thirst-quenching as Los Angeles heats up: Next Wave @ UCLA Nicholas Korody 2015-12-08T19:18:00-05:00 >2015-12-15T23:55:57-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/v6/v6m2ltvvspq7l9qj.jpg" width="514" height="282" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Last week, UCLA&rsquo;s Hammer Museum hosted the final iteration of its 2015 program "<a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/122213377/the-pragmatics-of-adaptating-to-sea-level-rise-the-next-wave-ucla" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Next Wave: Quality, Quantity, and Accessibility of Water in the 21st Century</a>," a robust discussion series that has gathered experts in various fields to explicate and consider the most pressing issues surrounding water in the 21st century. This final event, subtitled "<a href="http://hammer.ucla.edu/programs-events/2015/12/thriving-in-a-hotter-los-angeles/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Thriving in a Hotter Los Angeles</a>," grappled with issues closest to home, largely under the purview of the goals articulated by the ambitious "<a href="http://grandchallenges.ucla.edu/sustainable-la/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Sustainable LA Grand Challenge</a>," a UCLA initiative dedicated to achieving water and energy sustainability in the county by 2020.</p><p><strong>Claudia Bestor</strong>, the director of public programs at the Hammer, began the evening by introducing the speakers: <strong>Mark Gold</strong>, Associate Vice Chancellor for Environment and Sustainability (among other titles) at the Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA; <strong>Alex Hall</strong>, the faculty director at the UCLA Center for Climate Change Solutions; <strong>Eric Hoek</strong>, the founder and CEO o...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/141300588/can-silicon-valley-save-the-bay-area Can Silicon Valley save the Bay Area? Nicholas Korody 2015-11-17T19:09:00-05:00 >2015-11-18T23:13:42-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/fu/fu74wukrzwxt9iv3.jpg" width="514" height="399" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>The subject of a thousand think pieces and endless dinner table conversations, the considerable changes unleashed on the Bay Area by the tech industry over the past few decades are pretty undeniable. An influx of money &ndash; and its attendant culture &ndash; has remade San Francisco and the valley to its south largely in its own image, and has touched just about every other city in the Bay in some way.<br><br>But even bigger changes for the Bay Area are on the horizon, as is made clear in a new "interactive documentary" entitled&nbsp;<em>The Water at Bay. </em>Comprising a map, videos, and text, the website highlights&nbsp;the risks posed to region by rising sea levels, and waCs created in part by a coalition of Silicon Valley business leaders.<br><br>Can the same forces blamed for ruining the Bay Area now come to its rescue?<br><br><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/lm/lmel9lqctxi142yu.jpg"><br><br>In order to educate local people about the dangers and challenges posed by rising sea levels, the Silicon Valley Leadership Group teamed up with the Bay Area Council and Save the Bay under the banner&nbsp;<em><a href="http://ourbayonthebrink.org/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Our B...</a></em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/139829407/unchecked-climate-change-will-make-the-gulf-uninhabitable-claims-new-study Unchecked climate change will make the Gulf uninhabitable, claims new study Nicholas Korody 2015-10-26T21:03:00-04:00 >2015-10-27T08:04:05-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/0a/0alhzradf9urmvbt.jpg" width="514" height="382" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The Gulf in the Middle East, the heartland of the global oil industry, will suffer heatwaves beyond the limit of human survival if climate change is unchecked, according to a new scientific study. The extreme heatwaves will affect Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Doha and coastal cities in Iran as well as posing a deadly threat to millions of Hajj pilgrims in Saudi Arabia, when the religious festival falls in the summer.</p></em><br /><br /><p>"The study shows the extreme heatwaves, more intense than anything ever experienced on Earth, would kick in after 2070 and that the hottest days of today would by then be a near-daily occurrence."<br><br><strong>Related:</strong></p><ul><li><a title="Luxury Anthropocene: Dubai gets its first private floating islands" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/129327717/luxury-anthropocene-dubai-gets-its-first-private-floating-islands" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Luxury Anthropocene: Dubai gets its first private floating islands</a></li><li><a title="It's only August but humans have already consumed a year's worth of resources" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/134267895/it-s-only-august-but-humans-have-already-consumed-a-year-s-worth-of-resources" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">It's only August but humans have already consumed a year's worth of resources</a></li><li><a title="The climate is getting hotter, and we're not doing nearly enough" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/138435289/the-climate-is-getting-hotter-and-we-re-not-doing-nearly-enough" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The climate is getting hotter, and we're not doing nearly enough</a></li><li><a title="Scientists Propose Using Lasers to Fight Global Warming" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/107197418/scientists-propose-using-lasers-to-fight-global-warming" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Scientists Propose Using Lasers to Fight Global Warming</a><br>&nbsp;</li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/139317744/drought-reveals-16th-century-church-beneath-mexican-reservoir Drought reveals 16th century church beneath Mexican reservoir Nicholas Korody 2015-10-19T13:59:00-04:00 >2015-10-21T20:15:36-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/hr/hrvnh4uand4i4tb7.jpg" width="514" height="309" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The ruins of a 16th century church have emerged from the waters of a reservoir in Mexico. The water level in the Nezahualc&oacute;yotl reservoir in Chiapas state has dropped by 25m (82ft) because of a drought in the area. The church, known as the Temple of Santiago or the Temple of Quechula, has been under nearly 100ft of water since 1966. The church, which is believed to have been built by Spanish colonists, is 183ft long and 42ft wide, with a bell tower that rises 48ft above the ground.</p></em><br /><br /><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/4g/4gi3aqh8kf1m5mwm.jpg"><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/4s/4sgg2q1pz3jsebwi.jpg"><br>&nbsp;</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/138435289/the-climate-is-getting-hotter-and-we-re-not-doing-nearly-enough The climate is getting hotter, and we're not doing nearly enough Nicholas Korody 2015-10-07T20:27:00-04:00 >2015-10-07T20:27:34-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/qg/qg4ohvoc57i8n9qh.jpg" width="514" height="364" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>To stand a fair chance of keeping warming to just 2&deg;C by the end of the century&mdash;the de-facto goal of global climate policy&mdash;the stock of atmospheric carbon dioxide must be kept under 1 trillion tonnes ... If emissions continue on their present course around 140 billion tonnes of greenhouse gases will be released each year and temperatures could rise by 4.5&deg;C by 2100. And even if countries fully honour their recent pledges, temperatures may still increase by 3.5&deg;C by then.</p></em><br /><br /><p>In the article, the author lays out an argument that "when negotiators meet in Paris, they need to keep in mind that the world is already suffering from the effects of global warming." At the crux of it lies the fact that the current, so-called "ambitious" plans of the world's largest economies, like the US and China, still fall short of what's needed.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/137735976/climate-change-is-increasing-the-risk-of-severe-flooding-in-new-york Climate change is increasing the risk of severe flooding in New York Nicholas Korody 2015-09-28T17:49:00-04:00 >2015-09-28T17:49:37-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ro/roa0svd5pzocfi1l.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Flood risk in New York City has increased in recent decades due to human-caused sea level rise and the related storm surge that occurs during cyclones, according to a new study. Climate change threatens to exacerbate the risk storms pose to the largest city in the United States. [...] &ldquo;This is going from something you probably won&rsquo;t see in your lifetime to something you may see several times in your lifetime,&rdquo; said Andra Reed, a researcher at Penn State University.</p></em><br /><br /><p>According to a <a href="http://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1513127112" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">report</a>&nbsp;published in the journal <em>PNAS&nbsp;</em>that looked at sediment at different point of the New Jersey shore, before 1800, a flood that rose 7.4 ft above sea level would occur about once every 500 years.</p><p>Now &ndash; or, more precisely, since 1970 &ndash; we can expect a storm like that to hit the Big Apple every 24 years.</p><p>Between 850 CE and 1800, there was a slight, natural, and gradual rise in sea levels. But in the last few decades, sea level has risen an average of 2 millimeters per year.</p><p>According to Time, "Nearly 90% of that rise has been the result of human activity."</p>