Archinect - News 2014-09-15T23:14:05-04:00 http://archinect.com/news/article/108434944/the-end-of-history The End of History? Orhan Ayyüce 2014-09-08T00:14:00-04:00 >2014-09-15T17:41:23-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/yy/yyhsi06w9vfgrvjb.jpg" width="514" height="359" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>One index of human impact is the extinction of species, now estimated to be at about the same rate as it was 65 million years ago when an asteroid hit the Earth. That is the presumed cause for the ending of the age of the dinosaurs, which opened the way for small mammals to proliferate, and ultimately modern humans. Today, it is humans who are the asteroid, condemning much of life to extinction.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Probably one of the most prompt and tell it the way it is style of Noam Chomsky, 'where we are going account' of recent history and our as a matter of factly demise depicted. Enjoy your last milleniums.., humans!</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/107496087/recently-discovered-underwater-methane-leaks-contribute-to-global-warming Recently-Discovered Underwater Methane Leaks Contribute to Global Warming Nicholas Korody 2014-08-26T18:30:00-04:00 >2014-08-26T19:16:09-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/n2/n2aku23qhfbpyi4y.jpg" width="514" height="324" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Scientists have recently discovered deep deposits of a powerful warming gas leaking into the ocean from previously hidden vents just off North America's East Coast, kicking up underwater carbon dioxide levels [...] Most of the vents are located about 1,600 feet down, the perfect spot for the ocean's temperature and water pressure to combine and create an oozing mix of ice and methane gas, a powerful substance with an impact on global warming that's 20 times more damaging than that of [CO2].</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/107197418/scientists-propose-using-lasers-to-fight-global-warming Scientists Propose Using Lasers to Fight Global Warming Nicholas Korody 2014-08-24T23:21:00-04:00 >2014-08-28T09:05:05-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/yz/yzcaf4xwshpvkx87.jpg" width="514" height="319" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>At the world's first major geoengineering conference, two separate scientists put forward proposals to use lasers to modify the Earth's climate and fight global warming, from space. One suggested that a satellite equipped with a high-powered laser could grow clouds in the atmosphere below; the other proposed lasers that would blast greenhouse gases from orbit to effectively erase the agents of climate change.</p></em><br /><br /><p>For those unaware, <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_engineering" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">geoengineering</a>, in this context, refers to large-scale, intentional interventions in the Earth's climate, particularly towards the end of fighting global warming. There are two main categories of proposed technologies: carbon-dioxide removal and solar radiation management. In general, many in the scientific community and general public reject most proposed geoengineering projects for various technical reasons, as well as feasibility, cost, and their potentially devastating repercussions. Moreover, one could contend that the hubris behind the idea that humans can tinker with delicate systems that we don't fully understand is exactly what got us in this "mess." On the other hand, the other two ways to potentially combat climate change or reduce future devastation &ndash; mitigation and adaptation &ndash; <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/nov/05/carbon-emissions-must-be-cut-significantly-by-2020-says-un-report" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">aren't exactly going accordingly to plan</a>.&nbsp;</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/7m/7mx8vn94i41xi3qf.jpg"></p><p>While generally sounding more like science fiction than reality, weather manipulation has actually been going on for decades although ...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/104722607/relocation-or-adaptation-construction-on-steel-wall-along-jersey-shore-set-to-begin Relocation or Adaptation: Construction on Steel Wall Along Jersey Shore Set to Begin Nicholas Korody 2014-07-21T18:10:00-04:00 >2014-07-21T18:10:10-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/fw/fwv3scadh9uze9ec.jpg" width="514" height="347" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Construction of a four-mile long steel wall going up along a stretch of the Jersey Shore ripped apart during Hurricane Sandy is expected to begin next month [...] The state Department of Environmental Protection awarded a $23.8 million contract to Springfield-based EIC Associates in May to build the steel wall that will stretch from Lyman Street in Mantoloking through Brick.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/103936244/miami-the-great-world-city-is-drowning-while-the-powers-that-be-look-away Miami, the great world city, is drowning while the powers that be look away Alexander Walter 2014-07-11T13:11:00-04:00 >2014-07-16T19:59:53-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/1a/1a5cc05d2bd5875dcf39f3d33f9ef447.jpg" width="460" height="276" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Low-lying south Florida, at the front line of climate change in the US, will be swallowed as sea levels rise. Astonishingly, the population is growing, house prices are rising and building goes on. The problem is the city is run by climate change deniers.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/103718360/typhoon-threatens-japan-s-already-vulnerable-infrastructure Typhoon Threatens Japan's Already Vulnerable Infrastructure Nicholas Korody 2014-07-08T17:29:00-04:00 >2014-07-08T17:29:51-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/p0/p0tqjo5ww41xn3bw.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>As Okinawa and Kyushu prepare to take the brunt of what was until Monday categorized as a &ldquo;super typhoon,&rdquo; local infrastructure will be pushed to its limits, especially in Kyushu, where the area is saturated from heavy rains last week.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Typhoon Neoguri is the strongest typhoon of the 2014 season, thus far. As it barrels through the Ryukyu island chain and towards mainland Japan, the storm is already taking its toll. Reports claim <a href="http://www.weather.com/news/weather-hurricanes/typhoon-neoguri-japan-okinawa-pacific-20140708" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">25 people have been injured, thousands are without electricity, and 540,000 have been ordered to evacuate to temporary shelters.</a></p><p>Japan is particularly vulnerable as it struggles to recover from the tsunami that led to the catastrophic&nbsp;Fukushima Daiichi nuclear reactor meltdown in 2011. While new national policies have temporarily shut down other nuclear facilities, apparently <a href="http://www.ibtimes.com/super-typhoon-threatens-three-japans-nuclear-power-plants-1620626" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">three are currently at risk from Typhoon Neoguri.</a>&nbsp;</p><p>Scientists believe that <a href="http://www.usatoday.com/story/weather/2013/07/08/climate-change-global-warming-hurricanes/2498611/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">hurricanes and typhoons will continue to increase in severity as global warming raises ocean temperatures</a>. Maintaining aging infrastructure systems will become increasingly difficult in the next few decades, particularly for countries with extensive coastlines. And without them, providing adequate shelter and resources to temporary climate refuge...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/103244853/relocation-or-adaptation-kiribati-buys-land-in-fiji Relocation or Adaptation: Kiribati buys land in Fiji Nicholas Korody 2014-07-02T13:23:00-04:00 >2014-07-08T23:30:22-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/13/13qppanvx00re5k5.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Aiming to avoid a humanitarian crisis, Kiribati recently purchased land in Fiji &mdash; about 1,200 miles away &mdash; where its residents would be relocated in the event that sea-level rise drowns the Pacific island nation and displaces its population of just over 100,000 people [...] Contributing very little to the greenhouse gases that most scientists agree fuel climate change, Kiribati is among the least responsible for the present climate crisis.</p></em><br /><br /><p>As atmospheric CO2 levels near 402 ppm without any significant curtailing of industrial production by the major nations of the global economy, time is running out for many of the poorest and most vulnerable countries. The UN and other transnational bodies are beginning to seem like echo chambers for the leaders of island nations like Kiribati and the Marshall Islands. The sad irony of global warming is that it is countries least responsible for it that will bear the most burden.</p><p>Some architects are producing imaginative designs for adaptive structures. For example, <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/76244" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">LILYPAD</a> is a project by Belgian architect&nbsp;&nbsp;Vincent Callebaut. Described as a "prototypical auto-sufficient amphibious city," the project would adapt to rising sea levels while serving as a shelter for &nbsp;climate refugees.</p><p>But let's be real: adaptive strategies are fundamentally out of the question for countries without the resources for expensive architectural projects &ndash; ie. the countries that need them the most. Efforts by n...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/102558685/relocation-or-adaptation-creating-resilience-against-natural-disaster Relocation or Adaptation: Creating resilience against natural disaster Nicholas Korody 2014-06-23T15:34:00-04:00 >2014-06-23T15:38:18-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/jh/jhd0h5t0w9om58r7.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>U.S. disaster rebuilding has traditionally focused on merely replacing what has been lost. But a little-noticed federal design competition, Rebuild by Design, has done something different: engage communities to develop a more porous relationship between land and water that recognizes the dynamism of rising seas and more violent storms...</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/102197126/relocation-or-adaptation-preparing-for-global-warming Relocation or Adaptation: Preparing for Global Warming Nicholas Korody 2014-06-19T13:11:00-04:00 >2014-06-19T17:27:38-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/bu/bu5he0xyea7dmvfr.jpg" width="514" height="341" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>"...just as planning for response to an industrial accident doesn&rsquo;t make an industrial accident more likely, so too planning for relocations should not make them more likely... It is .... likely that the slow-onset effects of climate change will lead many to voluntarily migrate in anticipation that conditions will worsen. Those who are left behind &ndash; and who will need government assistance to relocate &ndash; thus may be particularly vulnerable."</p></em><br /><br /><p>The pressure to start preparing for inevitable relocations due to global warming and the resultant rise in sea levels is growing for many communities around the world. For some, the time for preparation is already running out and the time for action is now. In the United States, <a href="http://www.npr.org/2013/05/18/185068648/impossible-choice-faces-americas-first-climate-refugees" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">the first "climate refugees" are in the largely-native communities along Alaska's coastline</a>. Many of the small island nations of Oceania are beginning to<a href="http://www.npr.org/2013/05/18/185068648/impossible-choice-faces-americas-first-climate-refugees" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"> ask their neighbors for asylum</a> preemptively. This will certainly present one of the most challenging realities facing architects in the future as the global refugee population begins to increase. An important strategy will be to learn from existing "refugee cities" such as <a href="http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/settlement.php?id=176&amp;region=77&amp;country=107" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Zaatari</a> in Lebanon, currently the country's fourth largest city. Populated by people fleeing the violence in neighboring Syria, a <a href="http://www.euronews.com/2014/06/12/water-resources-under-strain-in-zaatari/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">current water shortage crisis</a>&nbsp;proves that, today, nearly every situation is in some ways affected by environmental conditions.</p><p>For places without as drastic a d...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/100283174/lawsuit-could-make-climate-change-readiness-the-city-s-burden Lawsuit could make climate change readiness the city's burden Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2014-05-23T12:37:00-04:00 >2014-05-28T20:07:22-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/6u/6uh2lpquxskumlzj.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>A major insurance company is suing Chicago-area municipal governments saying they knew of the risks posed by climate change and should have been better prepared. The class-action lawsuits raise the question of who is liable for the costs of global warming. [...] &ldquo;What the insurers are saying is: &lsquo;We&rsquo;re in the business of covering unforeseen risks... But we&rsquo;re now at a point with the science where climate change is now a foreseeable risk.&rsquo;&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/98205597/11-reasons-the-un-should-make-cities-the-focus-of-its-forthcoming-sustainable-development-goals 11 Reasons the UN Should Make Cities the Focus of Its Forthcoming Sustainable Development Goals Alexander Walter 2014-04-17T13:44:00-04:00 >2014-04-21T20:55:11-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/65/65379ae8956a57d00d111e2abf85ea4d.jpg" width="514" height="242" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Last week I attended the seventh World Urban Forum in Medell&iacute;n, Colombia, where more than 20,000 city leaders, urbanists, and planners from more than 160 countries met to discuss the future of cities across the globe. [...] Unfortunately, a number of important countries, the U.S. and Canada among them, remain worryingly undecided about joining this widespread call for a city-specific SDG from countries as diverse as Germany, Colombia, and Ghana.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/88985159/a-tale-of-two-cities-america-s-bipolar-climate-future A Tale of Two Cities: America's Bipolar Climate Future Alexander Walter 2013-12-16T14:01:00-05:00 >2013-12-23T18:41:23-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/b7/b7nxufsoeghsk3pu.jpg" width="514" height="284" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>New York City and New Bern, North Carolina both face the same projected rise in sea levels, but while one is preparing for the worst, the other is doing nothing on principle. A glimpse into America's contradictory climate change planning.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/84833004/investing-in-risk-how-the-gherkin-became-a-british-icon Investing in risk: How the Gherkin became a British icon Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2013-10-23T20:50:00-04:00 >2013-12-05T18:52:21-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/i9/i9nwbezmtuqhr3r2.jpg" width="514" height="685" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> Architecture is stuck between past and future -- years of anticipatory planning designs a structure that, once constructed, is stuck referring to all that came before.&nbsp; A building can't actually predict the future, although it seems like the best ones always run the risk of trying. Jonathan Massey's essay "Risk Design", perceives architecture as a mediator and optimizer of risks, using&nbsp;Foster + Partner's fantastically phallic skyliner in London's financial district, known as the "Gherkin", as a case study. Massey turns the Gherkin inside out, mapping details of its design onto local and global concerns such as terrorism and global warming, in an attempt to understand how architecture negotiates risks, and whether it succeeds. That the Gherkin's major tenant, Swiss Re, is a reinsurance company adds no small irony to his study.</p> <p> Archinect is proud to feature Massey's piece in full, in line with our ongoing investigation of architectural accountability. "Risk Design" was originally ...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/83843068/nyc-design-chief-on-climate-resilience-after-hurricane-sandy NYC Design Chief on Climate Resilience after Hurricane Sandy Places Journal 2013-10-10T19:20:00-04:00 >2013-10-14T18:32:57-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/q4/q4blwzw201am7m7v.jpg" width="514" height="409" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>I step out into the street but realize that I&rsquo;d better not &mdash; there&rsquo;s a current &mdash; and as my hallway fills, I remember the electrical panel in the basement. It shorts out, and I hear the breakers fall. Then there is an explosion outside, and the neighborhood goes dark.</p></em><br /><br /><p> In October 2012, as Hurricane Sandy approached New York, Alexandros Washburn defied evacuation orders and stayed fast in his home in Red Hook, watching as his street flooded and became a "full-fledged river." But he had good reason; the city's chief urban designer wanted to observe first-hand "the dynamics of the storm surge and its effect on our streets and structures." In an excerpt on Places from his new book <em>The Nature of Urban Design</em>, Washburn&nbsp;recounts his experience during the storm and the hugely complicated &mdash; and ongoing &mdash; municipal recovery and response.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/80594824/waterworld-koen-olthuis-floating-structures-from-slums-to-stadiums Waterworld: Koen Olthuis' floating structures, from slums to stadiums Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2013-08-29T14:17:00-04:00 >2013-09-02T19:48:34-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/c8/c8bqo48pc7ryc5st.jpg" width="514" height="654" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>[It] is the same technology as we use in Holland. It&rsquo;s made up of concrete caisson, boxes, a shoebox of concrete. We fill them with styrofoam. So with [these] you get unthinkable floating foundations [...] The house itself is the same as a normal house, the same material. Then you want to figure out how to get water and electricity and remove sewage and use the same technology as cruise ships." - Koen Olthuis</p></em><br /><br /><p> Dutch architect Koen Olthuis sees the future of architecture floating out to sea -- quite literally. Responding to undeniable ecological shifts of rising sea levels and seasonal flooding, Olthuis has proposed floatable-projects all along the social spectrum, designing prefabricated multi-use units for waterfront slums in Dhaka, "amphibious" housing in Holland and Columbia,&nbsp;private island-villas for the "stupidly rich", and foldable Olympic stadiums.</p> <p> See projects from Olthius'&nbsp;<a href="http://www.waterstudio.nl/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Waterstudio.NL</a>, in the tradition of <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/49772782/floating-architecture-finding-ways-to-live-with-rising-water" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">floating architecture inspired by Dutch history and worldwide realities</a>.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/80156742/can-cities-adjust-to-a-retreating-coastline Can Cities Adjust to a Retreating Coastline? Archinect 2013-08-23T17:59:00-04:00 >2013-08-26T18:31:17-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/23/2391yl2d89zk5iqs.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>&ldquo;The problem is we&rsquo;re still building the city of the past,&rdquo; says Jacob. &ldquo;The people of the 1880s couldn&rsquo;t build a city for the year 2000&mdash;of course not. And we cannot build a year-2100 city now. But we should not build a city now that we know will not function in 2100. There are opportunities to renew our infrastructure. It&rsquo;s not all bad news. We just have to grasp those opportunities.&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/78286760/the-alaskan-village-set-to-disappear-under-water-in-a-decade The Alaskan village set to disappear under water in a decade Archinect 2013-07-30T12:18:00-04:00 >2013-07-30T13:08:15-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/08/08fdf1b5c82522ceb8cba8bda0b0bc9d.jpg" width="514" height="265" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Almost no one in America has heard of the Alaskan village of Kivalina. It clings to a narrow spit of sand on the edge of the Bering Sea, far too small to feature on maps of Alaska, never mind the United States. Which is perhaps just as well, because within a decade Kivalina is likely to be under water. Gone, forever. Remembered - if at all - as the birthplace of America's first climate change refugees.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/75811039/goodbye-miami-why-the-city-is-doomed-to-drown Goodbye, Miami: Why the City Is Doomed to Drown Alexander Walter 2013-06-24T17:59:00-04:00 >2013-06-28T16:29:19-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/6d/6d210e08d8bd47db1e267a248999a9cb.jpg" width="514" height="350" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>By century's end, rising sea levels will turn the nation's urban fantasyland into an American Atlantis. But long before the city is completely underwater, chaos will begin</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/65970051/climate-change-and-public-works Climate Change and Public Works Places Journal 2013-01-21T17:24:00-05:00 >2013-01-29T09:10:02-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/2p/2pbi0gxtvmrt9bym.jpg" width="514" height="331" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>We seem to have lost the political capacity to grapple with the big picture, the long range, the global scale. To a degree we've even lost the vocabulary. In design circles it's as if the perceived failures of mid 20th-century planning &mdash; exemplified by top-down urban renewal and personified by the power-brokering Robert Moses &mdash; have induced a kind of conceptual paralysis, an inability to formulate the public sector, or public works, in terms not beholden to a discredited history.</p></em><br /><br /><p> On Places, editor Nancy Levinson argues for an intensified political agenda for designers.</p> <p> As Barack Obama takes the oath of office for his second term, the longstanding tension between the pressing need for public action and the tenacious culture of privatization remains the critical dilemma of U.S. politics. Nothing underscores the need to resolve this tension &mdash; and to commit once again to the ideals of collective purpose and common good &mdash; than the accelerating crisis of climate change.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/61860335/sponge-parks-sand-dunes-may-boost-resilience-to-storms Sponge Parks, Sand Dunes May Boost Resilience to Storms Archinect 2012-11-21T15:11:00-05:00 >2012-11-26T19:07:37-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/l2/l2d1hzzmcty7sg07.jpg" width="514" height="450" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>I looked back on resilience work designed for a Museum of Modern Art exhibition two years ago, called &ldquo;Rising Currents.&rdquo; It now seems prophetic. Among the proposals by Susannah Drake of Dlandstudio and Stephen Cassell of Architecture Research Office was the &ldquo;Sponge Slip,&rdquo; which would have replaced a Lower Manhattan parking lot with a sunken park. The idea was to guide floodwaters into the park basin and away from the subway tunnels and electrical infrastructure that Sandy crippled.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/55406926/melting-permafrost-plagues-dawson-city Melting permafrost plagues Dawson City Archinect 2012-08-16T15:42:00-04:00 >2012-08-20T14:47:15-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/z3/z3kje1bxs3qqltpq.jpg" width="514" height="344" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Dawson City spent more than $600,000 last year dealing with damage to roads and pipes caused by melting permafrost. A recently-published report says the shifting ground, a result of climate change, can do a lot of damage to infrastructure such as water and sewer systems.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html>