Archinect - News 2015-04-27T14:55:29-04:00 http://archinect.com/news/article/125909615/book-review-designed-for-the-future-80-practical-ideas-for-a-sustainable-future Book review: Designed for the Future: 80 Practical Ideas for a Sustainable Future Nicholas Korody 2015-04-22T18:40:00-04:00 >2015-04-22T18:42:25-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ls/lspw0ezv0s5tj87z.jpg" width="514" height="582" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>I have to admit to a degree of wariness when I first opened <a href="https://www.papress.com/html/book.details.page.tpl?isbn=9781616893002" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><em>Designed for the Future: 80 Practical Ideas for a Sustainable World</em></a>, a new book edited by Jared Green and published by Princeton Architectural Press. The introduction makes some bold claims for a rather slim book with little text. &ldquo;We have the answers. We are both the cause of the problems and the solution to them,&rdquo; Green writes with supreme optimism. The book is a collection of eighty projects that leading architects, urban planners, artists, critics and thinkers chose as a response to the question: &ldquo;What gives you hope for the future?&rdquo; The criteria for their responses stipulated that they must discuss a project they admire, not their own. And the results are as varied as one might imagine for a question that is both vague and expansive.&nbsp;</p><p>More than anything else, the responses highlighted the mutability of the term &ldquo;sustainable&rdquo; within contemporary architecture discourse. &nbsp;Some of the responses, such as that of Katrin Kling...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/125359981/could-this-revolutionary-new-material-replace-concrete Could this revolutionary new material replace concrete? Nicholas Korody 2015-04-15T14:46:00-04:00 >2015-04-20T19:45:53-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/bc/bcdwuzo19lysj7ap.jpg" width="514" height="383" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Perhaps the most important and widely-used building material, concrete also has an enormous environmental impact. This is largely because in order to produce one ton of cement &ndash; the material that binds together rock aggregate in concrete &ndash; about 900 kg of C02 are emitted. In fact, the concrete industry is responsible for roughly 5% of carbon emissions worldwide, making it one of the two largest industrial producers of the greenhouse gas.&nbsp;</p><p>But, thanks to an accidental discovery, a environmentally-friendly substitute to cement may be on the horizon. A recent <a href="http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/cement-alternative-absorbs-carbon-dioxide-like-sponge/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">report</a> by PBS features the invention of environmental chemist David Stone: a cement-like material that isn't just carbon-neutral but actually carbon-<em>negative</em>. Called 'Ferrock,' the material primarily contains iron dust and silica, both of which can be sourced via recycling. In fact, in order to obtain silica (basically crushed glass), Stone has employed a local man to collect glass bottles that have been left in the desert. While m...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/125206423/case-studies-in-water-management-from-los-angeles-the-great-lakes-and-nyc Case studies in water management from Los Angeles, the Great Lakes, and NYC Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-04-13T14:41:00-04:00 >2015-04-20T19:01:20-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/fd/fd300040721f2b05c477641d1375d336.jpg" width="514" height="342" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The issue of water supply in the context of climate change was the topic for the recent 5KL: Water symposium, organized by The Architectural League and The Cooper Union Institute for Sustainable Design. Twelve experts in water resource design and management &mdash; from architects to geographers to former government officials &mdash; addressed the carbon intensity of providing a clean and adequate water supply and how design and planning can contribute to that goal.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/124816981/could-scientists-engineer-synthetic-organisms-to-stop-climate-change Could scientists engineer synthetic organisms to stop climate change? Nicholas Korody 2015-04-08T14:12:00-04:00 >2015-04-13T19:39:10-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/8c/8c69151b1b9262c3fc825b720f16e952.jpg" width="514" height="322" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Scientists and politicians the world over are looking for ways to halt or reverse [climate changes], a task that is fraught with difficulties in a world hooked on fossil fuels. One option increasingly discussed is terraforming&mdash;deliberately altering the environment in a way that cools the planet... Instead of creating global engineering projects, why not create life forms that do a similar job instead...</p></em><br /><br /><p>Ricard Sole and his associates at the ICREA-Complex Systems Lab in Barcelona are experimenting with the potentials of using synthetic organisms to terraform the planet. One advantage to such a project &ndash; as opposed to other terraforming ideas that would require engineering feats of unprecedented scale &ndash; is that the landscape could be changed with minimal human input, using "the growth and colonizing potential that life offers."</p><p>Of course, as the article notes, the potential problems are also massive, like, for example, unintentionally triggering feedback mechanisms that accelerate global warming, or devastate global food supplies. Looking back at <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/114117296/architecture-of-the-anthropocene-pt-2-haunted-houses-living-buildings-and-other-horror-stories" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">other historical attempts to engineer biology</a>&nbsp;to suit human interests, this seems a more likely outcome than not. But Sole and his team are trying to develop preventative measures against such runaway growth. And as the article notes, one day this may be an urgent necessity: "if and when that day comes, let&rsquo;s hope we&rsquo;ll be glad of the researc...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/124665037/kate-orff-to-emphasize-climate-dynamics-as-new-director-of-columbia-gsapp-s-urban-design-program Kate Orff to emphasize "climate dynamics" as new Director of Columbia GSAPP's Urban Design Program Justine Testado 2015-04-06T15:24:00-04:00 >2015-04-13T20:42:33-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/9c/9cebwed0qvx3hxw9.jpg" width="514" height="341" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/firms/cover/6019084/scape" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">SCAPE</a> founder and <a href="http://archinect.com/schools/cover/3109814/columbia-university" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Columbia GSAPP</a> Associate Professor Katherine Orff will succeed leading urban housing authority Professor Richard Plunz as the new GSAPP Director of the Urban Design Program starting this June. As a longtime GSAPP and Urban Design Program faculty member and landscape architect, Orff is best known for her eco-sensitive and resilient approach in her projects that integrate urban design, landscape design, and architecture.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/61/61i80v3by4b3cntw.jpg"></p><p>Strongly reflecting SCAPE's design philosophy, Orff plans to expand the Program with an emphasis on interdisciplinary research and engagement in dealing with timely issues of climate change and social topics. "My goal is to magnify the social and humanitarian ethos that the Program is well known for, and bring it together with themes of infrastructure, urbanism and climate dynamics," Orff said in a statement.&nbsp;</p><p>Evidently, Orff's work throughout her time in Columbia is heavy in collaboration. In the past, she has led various multi-disciplinary collaborat...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/124294140/california-governor-mandates-water-restrictions California Governor Mandates Water Restrictions Nicholas Korody 2015-04-01T18:49:00-04:00 >2015-04-06T17:04:05-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/o7/o7es3oy926117n7g.jpg" width="514" height="685" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>California Gov. Jerry Brown on Wednesday imposed mandatory water restrictions for the first time on residents, businesses and farms, ordering cities and towns in the drought-ravaged state to reduce usage by 25%... [amounting] to roughly 1.5 million acre-feet of water (an acre-foot of water equals about 325,000 gallons) over the next nine months... "We're in a new era," Brown said. "The idea of your nice little green grass getting lots of water every day, that's going to be a thing of the past."</p></em><br /><br /><p>Brown's executive order will also mandate:</p><ul><li>Require agriculture to report more on their water usage so as to better "enforce against illegal diversions and waste"</li><li>A ban on watering lawns on public street medians</li><li>Significant cuts in water use for large landscapes like universities, golf courses, and cemeteries.</li><li>Switching out some 50 million sq. ft. of lawn for "drought tolerant landscaping"</li><li>A temporary rebate program for consumers to replace their appliances with water efficient models</li><li>Prohibiting new homes and developments from using potable water in their irrigation systems unless using efficient drip irrigation systems</li></ul><p>Here's hoping these mandates are enough to somehow provide the <strong>11 trillion gallons of water</strong>&nbsp;that California needs to recover from this very real and unprecedented natural disaster...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/123303072/stay-comfortable-during-climate-change-in-a-rowhouse Stay comfortable during climate change in a rowhouse Nam Henderson 2015-03-20T12:43:00-04:00 >2015-03-20T12:53:23-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/il/ilepa7dmbcmdyjld.jpg" width="514" height="385" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>In both cold and hot conditions, the study found, a rowhouse would be the best place to be. Being attached to other houses limits its exposure and keeps it better insulated</p></em><br /><br /><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/nj/nj5fuz8aka1ob21n.jpg"></p><p>Ginia Bellafante reported on the release of a report by the&nbsp;<a href="http://www.nyas.org/Publications/Annals/Detail.aspx?cid=5c5c2bdd-795f-4904-acd5-e3fe4a5c338a" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">New York City Panel on Climate Change</a>. Titled '<em>Building the Knowledge Base for Climate Resilienc</em>y' it assesses impact of climate trends and advises resiliency and monitoring. Another group,&nbsp;the Urban Green Council also found the rowhouse (compared to a&nbsp;single-family detached house or glass towers)&nbsp;to be particularly energy resilient in times of disaster or extreme weather events.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/122586756/did-florida-ban-environmental-workers-from-talking-about-climate-change Did Florida ban environmental workers from talking about climate change? Nicholas Korody 2015-03-10T14:44:00-04:00 >2015-03-11T09:12:38-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/51/51sounykk5jqpg7e.jpg" width="514" height="231" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Florida is largely seen as the U.S. state that is most vulnerable to the effects of global warming. But even uttering the term global warming in official communications can get employees at the state&rsquo;s Department of Environmental Protection in trouble...&ldquo;We were told not to use the terms climate change, global warming, or sustainability,&rdquo; said Christopher Byrd, who worked at the DEP from 2008 to 2013.</p></em><br /><br /><p>On Tuesday, Gov. Rick Scott, an open skeptic of climate change (who is also openly, "<a href="http://www.politico.com/story/2015/03/florida-rick-scott-global-warming-talk-115910.html" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">not a scientist</a>") <a href="http://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory/florida-gov-scott-denies-banning-phrase-climate-change-29526774" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">denied</a> the allegations.&nbsp;"Well, first off, that's not true," Scott told reporters.&nbsp;&nbsp;"At our Department of Environmental Protection, there's lots of conversation about this issue. From my standpoint, like every issue, my goal is: Instead of talking about it, let's do something about it."</p><p>Environmental workers in the state re-asserted that while the ban may not have been official, it was heavily implied. Byrd is quoted saying,&nbsp;"We decided it was important for us to maintain jobs and continue projects and just keep our head down and stay out of the attention of the governor's office." He continued with an ironically appropriate choice of language:&nbsp;"We didn't want to do anything to create waves."</p><p>We've <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/103936244/miami-the-great-world-city-is-drowning-while-the-powers-that-be-look-away" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">noted</a> before on Archinect the particular vulnerability of Florida to rising sea levels generated by a warming planet. While the Governor may be sticking his head in the sand, there are many...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/122213377/the-pragmatics-of-adaptating-to-sea-level-rise-the-next-wave-ucla The Pragmatics of Adaptating to Sea Level Rise: The Next Wave @ UCLA Nicholas Korody 2015-03-09T15:49:00-04:00 >2015-03-11T18:44:36-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/sd/sdnfdluqp1as2uvd.jpg" width="514" height="514" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Beneath the vertiginous LED-strip lighting of Michael Maltzan's Billy Wilder Theater, a diverse audience gathered last Tuesday for a talk entitled "The Next Wave: Urban Adaptations for Rising Sea Levels." Co-presented by the Hammer Museum and UCLA&rsquo;s Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, the event brought together coastal geomorphologist Jeremy Lowe and civil engineer Peter Wijsman in a conversation moderated by Kristina Hill, a UC Berkeley Professor of Landscape Architecture. The talk was part of an on-going lecture series on "the most pressing issues surrounding the current and future state of water."</p><p>Hill began the evening's panel with a brief introduction to the unfolding realities of sea level rise, as well as some of the efforts underway to mitigate its impact. Pointing to an image of the San Francisco's Embarcadero embattled by high tides, Hill discussed the urgency of our particular temporal moment: we are in the last slow period of sea level rise that the Earth wil...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/120674751/relocation-or-adaptation-earth-home-project-brings-relief-to-pakistanis-reeling-from-floods Relocation or Adaptation: Earth Home Project Brings Relief to Pakistanis Reeling from Floods Nicholas Korody 2015-02-14T11:58:00-05:00 >2015-02-14T11:58:44-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/wz/wz4o4l51zjpjbuhi.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>In July 2010, heavy monsoon rains <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_Pakistan_floods" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">flooded</a> nearly 20% of Pakistan, producing a crisis later <a href="http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia/2010/08/201081552627441712.html" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">described</a> by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon as the worst disaster he had ever seen. The floods affected around 20 million people and claimed the lives of nearly 2,000. Ravaging infrastructure and agriculture, the total economic impact has been estimated to be as much as $43 billion. Pakistan is still far from recovering, in no small part because of a calamitous lack of relief funds and international aid.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/7h/7ht7k4g5tuyyzai7.jpg"></p><p>In total, the floods left six million people homeless. Already in a precarious state afters decades of conflict and terrorist attacks, Pakistan&rsquo;s infrastructure crumbled beneath the torrents of water. Then, in the fall of 2014, the strongest post-monsoon ever recorded in the country <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2014_India%E2%80%93Pakistan_floods" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">produced</a> another round of disastrous floods in the Kashmir region of Pakistan and neighboring India. Affecting a total of more than 1.1 million people, the floods devastated an already-desperate population.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/8n/8njmp9km74tfcyju.jpg"></p><p>And, <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/105264254/architectures-of-the-disaster" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">li...</a></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/120665101/facing-the-realities-of-climate-change-staten-island-s-complicated-strategy-of-managed-retreat Facing the realities of climate change: Staten Island's complicated strategy of Managed Retreat Alexander Walter 2015-02-13T15:07:00-05:00 >2015-02-19T20:23:09-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/60/60fee64c4445f9f3f4a64114df403594.jpg" width="514" height="342" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Living at land&rsquo;s edge has always come with a certain amount of risk: storms coming off the ocean can be violent and proximity to water always carries with it a possibility of getting wet. [...] in three communities on Staten Island, a New York State program to encourage managed retreat through homeowner buyouts has elicited strong interest and vocal support.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/119268663/relocation-or-adaptation-copenhagen-braces-for-climate-change Relocation or Adaptation: Copenhagen Braces for Climate Change Nicholas Korody 2015-01-26T12:51:00-05:00 >2015-02-02T19:01:23-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/n2/n2w17ui72olizmun.jpg" width="514" height="321" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Should a storm, flood or rising sea levels hit the Danish capital again, the bucolic mini-parks will turn into water basins, the hills essentially functioning as the sides of a bowl. Thanks to a new pipe system, the squares will even be able to collect water from surrounding buildings&rsquo; roofs. Surrounding streets will, for their part, be turned into &ldquo;cloudburst boulevards.&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/118758339/miami-2100-exhibition-reinforces-the-urgent-need-for-designing-resilient-cities "Miami 2100" exhibition reinforces the urgent need for designing resilient cities Justine Testado 2015-01-19T22:59:00-05:00 >2015-01-23T18:16:12-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/8u/8u2j9uahq0xv9h8i.jpg" width="514" height="266" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Miami, Florida is one of those cities that is projected to be underwater over the next 100 years. And with climate change and rising sea levels continuing to occur worldwide, it's never too early to start preparing for what natural disasters may lie ahead. Students at the Florida International University School of Architecture took a proactive approach to this grim outlook with the exhibition, <em>Miami 2100: Envisioning a Resilient Second Century</em>, currently at the <a href="http://coralgablesmuseum.org" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Coral Gables Museum</a> until March 1.</p><p>Funded by the National Science Foundation, the exhibition showcases the projects conducted by graduate research studios and seminars in the school's Departments of Architecture and Landscape Architecture over the course of three years. With a solution-driven focus in architecture, landscape architecture, and urban design, <em>Miami 2100</em> includes models, drawings, video interviews, and various digital materials and projections.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/33/336rmo5atnqcrcy7.jpg"><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/63/63tot4bx8py7eb40.jpg"><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/tl/tlgmsces5r5gfkni.jpg"><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/n8/n8huonklt3igce1i.jpg"><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/dr/dra1og5409g6c3xe.jpg"><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/jy/jyouem2dtzcnkr9k.jpg"></p><p>Find more exhibition photos <a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/fiucarta/sets/72157650202948491/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">here</a>.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/117123658/the-most-relevant-news-of-2014-for-architects The Most Relevant News of 2014 (for Architects) Nicholas Korody 2014-12-30T14:02:00-05:00 >2015-01-05T18:25:46-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/xn/xnawzkr1kg61094f.jpg" width="514" height="309" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Sometimes it's easy to pretend that architecture exists outside of this world, erupting instead in the blank of a 3D space governed only by the laissez-fair laws of software. But sometimes a news headline will penetrate through this fog of imagination, appearing as a blazing light shining forth from an image of some distant row of houses hollowed by mortar fire and colored with the blood of a strangers' body. "This is the real of architecture," the news seems to silently implore.</p><p>As gravity serves as the counterweight to the feverish, technofuturism fashionable to today's students, news events seem to ground architecture just at the moment it seems like it may finally escape into the vapors of idealism. While it may seem that architecture is increasingly consigned to the building of institutions or expensive residences, the demand for buildings and dwellings simultaneously grows louder and more desperate with every unfolding disaster.</p><p>A year-end round-up is as fraught as a ranking. If...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/116047218/relocation-or-adaptation-is-a-2-degree-limit-for-global-warming-not-enough Relocation or Adaptation: Is a 2-Degree Limit for Global Warming Not Enough? Nicholas Korody 2014-12-15T18:35:00-05:00 >2014-12-18T20:32:53-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/uy/uyegezm7bezkvfhg.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>...As a practical matter, limiting global warming to no more than 2C seemed like the most ambitious target that could possibly be achieved, since it would require virtually ending fossil fuel emissions within 30 to 40 years... Yet even as the 2C target has become a touchstone for the climate talks, scientific theory and real-world observations have begun to raise serious questions about whether the target is stringent enough."</p></em><br /><br /><p>As is documented in the article, the recent climate talks in Lima ended with an agreement to try to limit the long-term warming of the planet to below 2 degree celsius above the global average temperature at the start of the Industrial Revolution. This limit has been central to talks aimed at mitigating global warming, but, as the author notes, may not be enough. Already, the disastrous and damaging effects of global warming are felt worldwide. Moreover, scientists are realizing they had underestimated&nbsp;the potential rapidity of sea level rise from the melting glaciers of Greenland and Antarctica.&nbsp;</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ac/achj1t7xh4wpwtq5.jpg"></p><p>To put this in perspective, in order to remain below the 2 degree threshold, the building sector alone must steadily transition to carbon neutrality by 2030, a radical change in the way architecture and construction currently operate. According to the project <a href="http://architecture2030.org/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Architecture 2030</a>, whose name alone shows the centrality of the 2 degree limit, this could feasibly be accomplished if:</p><ul><li>"All new build...</li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/115505365/relocation-or-adaptation-from-sprawl-to-archipelago Relocation or Adaptation: From Sprawl to Archipelago Nicholas Korody 2014-12-08T16:05:00-05:00 >2014-12-11T19:41:01-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/83/833f3cbd4ffcfe4824750530025a024f.jpg" width="514" height="514" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>1. By current estimates, if the polar ice caps melt, sea levels around the world will rise by between 80 and 100m. 2. Many cities (and, by default, around 70 per cent of the world's population) border on a body of water of some kind. According to 2010 government figures, 39 per cent of US population live on a coast. Half live within 50 miles of the ocean.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Based on worst-case scenarios for sea-level rise, cartographer Jeremy Linn imagined the future of three of America's major Western cities. He used topographic information to speculate on what an 80m &ndash; &asymp;262 ft &ndash; &nbsp;rise would look like as well as coming up with new names for this new geography. While such an increase in sea levels won't occur in our lifetime, our grandchildren could one day live in cities like this (if drastic food shortages, violent conflict, drug-adapted 'superbugs,' drought, and extreme weather don't get them first...). Such a rise in sea level would require every ice sheet on the planet to melt.</p><p>In Linn's imaginings, Portland (pictured above) has become a veritable archipelago of islands dominated by the spine of what-is-now Northwest Portland.</p><p>Likewise, much of contemporary Seattle will be replaced by a network of waterways. Only the city's hills would remains as isolated islands.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/47/47c88c7636fab03140c59c0cd8125d3e.jpg"></p><p>Los Angeles-of-the-future is almost entirely inundated. To get from Baldwin Island (Hil...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/112435990/relocation-or-adaptation-s-o-paulo-nears-collapse-as-drought-continues Relocation or Adaptation: São Paulo Nears Collapse as Drought Continues Nicholas Korody 2014-10-29T20:12:00-04:00 >2014-10-30T18:58:32-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/4r/4radelsa5y6klcau.jpg" width="514" height="308" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>South America's biggest and wealthiest city may run out of water by mid-November if it doesn't rain soon. S&atilde;o Paulo, a Brazilian megacity of 20 million people, is suffering its worst drought in at least 80 years, with key reservoirs that supply the city dried up after an unusually dry year.</p></em><br /><br /><p>One of the most important reservoirs in Brazil is the&nbsp;Cantareira watershed, which supplies around 45% of the city of S&atilde;o Paulo's water. Back in August, authorities <a href="http://www.weather.com/news/science/environment/nasa-photos-sao-paulo-drought-20141027" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">warned</a> that the city, which is the largest on the continent, could run out of water in 100 days if the waters dropped to 12%. Now, supplies are at a record 3.3% and creating <a href="http://www.trust.org/item/20141024121030-es9ea/?source=hpMostPopular" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">shortages</a> for over 30% of the city's 44 million residents. According to the Financial Times, residents in 70 other cities in the state of S&atilde;o Paulo have experienced water outages, some of which have gone on for days. Despite some minor efforts to curb usage &ndash; <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/weather/2014/sep/05/brazil-drought-crisis-rationing" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">such as reducing water pressure by 75% at night</a> &ndash;,&nbsp;Vicente Andreu, president of Brazil's Water Regulatory Agency, has <a href="http://www.trust.org/item/20141024121030-es9ea/?source=hpMostPopular" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">stated</a> that S&atilde;o Paulo should prepare for a&nbsp;"collapse like we've never seen before" in the next few weeks.</p><p>President Dilma Rousseff, who <a href="http://www.cnn.com/2014/10/26/world/americas/brazil-presidential-election/index.html?hpt=wo_bn5" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">just won reelection</a>, had used the drought as a major campaign issue. She <a href="http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-10-21/sao-paulo-warned-to-brace-for-more-dramatic-water-shortages.html" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">claimed</a> that Governor&nbsp;Geraldo Alckmin, whose a member of the opposition p...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/112413471/louisiana-is-disappearing-into-the-sea Louisiana is Disappearing into the Sea Nicholas Korody 2014-10-29T13:23:00-04:00 >2014-10-29T13:23:33-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/pa/panl4gel80kftvg0.jpg" width="514" height="361" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The US state of Louisiana is slowly disappearing into the Gulf of Mexico as its fragile wetlands are eroded by rising sea levels. Approximately 75 square kilometres are lost each year and the US Geological Survey has warned that the entire habitat - which represents 40% of all wetlands in the US - could be destroyed within 200 years. The loss is partly down to natural evolutionary processes, but experts say human behaviour... has made the region more vulnerable to storm surges.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/112275285/turning-boston-into-venice Turning Boston into Venice Nam Henderson 2014-10-27T19:35:00-04:00 >2014-10-27T21:20:40-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/rh/rhmy9fdeh5cq67ky.jpg" width="514" height="301" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>"So we wanted to turn that conversation on its head and say, well what if we let water in? How can we make life better in Boston by bringing water in?" - Dennis Carlberg</p></em><br /><br /><p>Joanna Jolly talked to Boston city planners and architects, who are a proposing solutions to combat sea-level rise. One big idea, is canals which would criss-cross the streets of the Back Bay. Less radical ideas include; constructed wetlands and elevating critical equipment for new development.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/111972700/how-has-the-world-changed-since-you-were-born How has the world changed since you were born? Nicholas Korody 2014-10-23T20:54:00-04:00 >2014-10-29T19:51:16-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/wf/wfr3jnt1fcpoov9a.jpg" width="514" height="362" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Find out how, since the date of your birth, your life has progressed; including how many times your heart has beaten, and how far you have travelled through space. Investigate how the world around you has changed since you've been alive; from the amount the sea has risen, and the tectonic plates have moved, to the number of earthquakes and volcanoes that have erupted. Grasp the impact we've had on the planet in your lifetime...</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/110855253/tidal-flooding-expected-to-wreak-havoc-on-american-cities Tidal Flooding Expected to Wreak Havoc on American Cities Nicholas Korody 2014-10-09T09:29:00-04:00 >2014-10-15T22:13:20-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/1h/1ha5z0fm6jymyw5r.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Many major U.S. coastal cities will face a huge surge in the number of tidal floods they experience as sea levels rise due to climate change, a new report has warned. The study, conducted by the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS), covered 52 cities on the Atlantic and Gulf coasts, from Portland, Maine, to Freeport, Texas, and predicts a dramatic increase in flooding linked to high tides over the next few decades.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/108434944/the-end-of-history The End of History? Orhan Ayyüce 2014-09-08T00:14:00-04:00 >2014-09-16T10:19:05-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/yy/yyhsi06w9vfgrvjb.jpg" width="514" height="359" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>One index of human impact is the extinction of species, now estimated to be at about the same rate as it was 65 million years ago when an asteroid hit the Earth. That is the presumed cause for the ending of the age of the dinosaurs, which opened the way for small mammals to proliferate, and ultimately modern humans. Today, it is humans who are the asteroid, condemning much of life to extinction.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Probably one of the most prompt and tell it the way it is style of Noam Chomsky, 'where we are going account' of recent history and our as a matter of factly demise depicted. Enjoy your last milleniums.., humans!</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/107496087/recently-discovered-underwater-methane-leaks-contribute-to-global-warming Recently-Discovered Underwater Methane Leaks Contribute to Global Warming Nicholas Korody 2014-08-26T18:30:00-04:00 >2014-08-26T19:16:09-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/n2/n2aku23qhfbpyi4y.jpg" width="514" height="324" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Scientists have recently discovered deep deposits of a powerful warming gas leaking into the ocean from previously hidden vents just off North America's East Coast, kicking up underwater carbon dioxide levels [...] Most of the vents are located about 1,600 feet down, the perfect spot for the ocean's temperature and water pressure to combine and create an oozing mix of ice and methane gas, a powerful substance with an impact on global warming that's 20 times more damaging than that of [CO2].</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/107197418/scientists-propose-using-lasers-to-fight-global-warming Scientists Propose Using Lasers to Fight Global Warming Nicholas Korody 2014-08-24T23:21:00-04:00 >2014-08-28T09:05:05-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/yz/yzcaf4xwshpvkx87.jpg" width="514" height="319" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>At the world's first major geoengineering conference, two separate scientists put forward proposals to use lasers to modify the Earth's climate and fight global warming, from space. One suggested that a satellite equipped with a high-powered laser could grow clouds in the atmosphere below; the other proposed lasers that would blast greenhouse gases from orbit to effectively erase the agents of climate change.</p></em><br /><br /><p>For those unaware, <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_engineering" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">geoengineering</a>, in this context, refers to large-scale, intentional interventions in the Earth's climate, particularly towards the end of fighting global warming. There are two main categories of proposed technologies: carbon-dioxide removal and solar radiation management. In general, many in the scientific community and general public reject most proposed geoengineering projects for various technical reasons, as well as feasibility, cost, and their potentially devastating repercussions. Moreover, one could contend that the hubris behind the idea that humans can tinker with delicate systems that we don't fully understand is exactly what got us in this "mess." On the other hand, the other two ways to potentially combat climate change or reduce future devastation &ndash; mitigation and adaptation &ndash; <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/nov/05/carbon-emissions-must-be-cut-significantly-by-2020-says-un-report" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">aren't exactly going accordingly to plan</a>.&nbsp;</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/7m/7mx8vn94i41xi3qf.jpg"></p><p>While generally sounding more like science fiction than reality, weather manipulation has actually been going on for decades although ...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/104722607/relocation-or-adaptation-construction-on-steel-wall-along-jersey-shore-set-to-begin Relocation or Adaptation: Construction on Steel Wall Along Jersey Shore Set to Begin Nicholas Korody 2014-07-21T18:10:00-04:00 >2014-07-21T18:10:10-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/fw/fwv3scadh9uze9ec.jpg" width="514" height="347" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Construction of a four-mile long steel wall going up along a stretch of the Jersey Shore ripped apart during Hurricane Sandy is expected to begin next month [...] The state Department of Environmental Protection awarded a $23.8 million contract to Springfield-based EIC Associates in May to build the steel wall that will stretch from Lyman Street in Mantoloking through Brick.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/103936244/miami-the-great-world-city-is-drowning-while-the-powers-that-be-look-away Miami, the great world city, is drowning while the powers that be look away Alexander Walter 2014-07-11T13:11:00-04:00 >2014-07-16T19:59:53-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/1a/1a5cc05d2bd5875dcf39f3d33f9ef447.jpg" width="460" height="276" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Low-lying south Florida, at the front line of climate change in the US, will be swallowed as sea levels rise. Astonishingly, the population is growing, house prices are rising and building goes on. The problem is the city is run by climate change deniers.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/103718360/typhoon-threatens-japan-s-already-vulnerable-infrastructure Typhoon Threatens Japan's Already Vulnerable Infrastructure Nicholas Korody 2014-07-08T17:29:00-04:00 >2014-07-08T17:29:51-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/p0/p0tqjo5ww41xn3bw.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>As Okinawa and Kyushu prepare to take the brunt of what was until Monday categorized as a &ldquo;super typhoon,&rdquo; local infrastructure will be pushed to its limits, especially in Kyushu, where the area is saturated from heavy rains last week.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Typhoon Neoguri is the strongest typhoon of the 2014 season, thus far. As it barrels through the Ryukyu island chain and towards mainland Japan, the storm is already taking its toll. Reports claim <a href="http://www.weather.com/news/weather-hurricanes/typhoon-neoguri-japan-okinawa-pacific-20140708" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">25 people have been injured, thousands are without electricity, and 540,000 have been ordered to evacuate to temporary shelters.</a></p><p>Japan is particularly vulnerable as it struggles to recover from the tsunami that led to the catastrophic&nbsp;Fukushima Daiichi nuclear reactor meltdown in 2011. While new national policies have temporarily shut down other nuclear facilities, apparently <a href="http://www.ibtimes.com/super-typhoon-threatens-three-japans-nuclear-power-plants-1620626" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">three are currently at risk from Typhoon Neoguri.</a>&nbsp;</p><p>Scientists believe that <a href="http://www.usatoday.com/story/weather/2013/07/08/climate-change-global-warming-hurricanes/2498611/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">hurricanes and typhoons will continue to increase in severity as global warming raises ocean temperatures</a>. Maintaining aging infrastructure systems will become increasingly difficult in the next few decades, particularly for countries with extensive coastlines. And without them, providing adequate shelter and resources to temporary climate refuge...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/103244853/relocation-or-adaptation-kiribati-buys-land-in-fiji Relocation or Adaptation: Kiribati buys land in Fiji Nicholas Korody 2014-07-02T13:23:00-04:00 >2014-07-08T23:30:22-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/13/13qppanvx00re5k5.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Aiming to avoid a humanitarian crisis, Kiribati recently purchased land in Fiji &mdash; about 1,200 miles away &mdash; where its residents would be relocated in the event that sea-level rise drowns the Pacific island nation and displaces its population of just over 100,000 people [...] Contributing very little to the greenhouse gases that most scientists agree fuel climate change, Kiribati is among the least responsible for the present climate crisis.</p></em><br /><br /><p>As atmospheric CO2 levels near 402 ppm without any significant curtailing of industrial production by the major nations of the global economy, time is running out for many of the poorest and most vulnerable countries. The UN and other transnational bodies are beginning to seem like echo chambers for the leaders of island nations like Kiribati and the Marshall Islands. The sad irony of global warming is that it is countries least responsible for it that will bear the most burden.</p><p>Some architects are producing imaginative designs for adaptive structures. For example, <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/76244" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">LILYPAD</a> is a project by Belgian architect&nbsp;&nbsp;Vincent Callebaut. Described as a "prototypical auto-sufficient amphibious city," the project would adapt to rising sea levels while serving as a shelter for &nbsp;climate refugees.</p><p>But let's be real: adaptive strategies are fundamentally out of the question for countries without the resources for expensive architectural projects &ndash; ie. the countries that need them the most. Efforts by n...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/102558685/relocation-or-adaptation-creating-resilience-against-natural-disaster Relocation or Adaptation: Creating resilience against natural disaster Nicholas Korody 2014-06-23T15:34:00-04:00 >2014-06-23T15:38:18-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/jh/jhd0h5t0w9om58r7.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>U.S. disaster rebuilding has traditionally focused on merely replacing what has been lost. But a little-noticed federal design competition, Rebuild by Design, has done something different: engage communities to develop a more porous relationship between land and water that recognizes the dynamism of rising seas and more violent storms...</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/102197126/relocation-or-adaptation-preparing-for-global-warming Relocation or Adaptation: Preparing for Global Warming Nicholas Korody 2014-06-19T13:11:00-04:00 >2014-06-19T17:27:38-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/bu/bu5he0xyea7dmvfr.jpg" width="514" height="341" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>"...just as planning for response to an industrial accident doesn&rsquo;t make an industrial accident more likely, so too planning for relocations should not make them more likely... It is .... likely that the slow-onset effects of climate change will lead many to voluntarily migrate in anticipation that conditions will worsen. Those who are left behind &ndash; and who will need government assistance to relocate &ndash; thus may be particularly vulnerable."</p></em><br /><br /><p>The pressure to start preparing for inevitable relocations due to global warming and the resultant rise in sea levels is growing for many communities around the world. For some, the time for preparation is already running out and the time for action is now. In the United States, <a href="http://www.npr.org/2013/05/18/185068648/impossible-choice-faces-americas-first-climate-refugees" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">the first "climate refugees" are in the largely-native communities along Alaska's coastline</a>. Many of the small island nations of Oceania are beginning to<a href="http://www.npr.org/2013/05/18/185068648/impossible-choice-faces-americas-first-climate-refugees" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"> ask their neighbors for asylum</a> preemptively. This will certainly present one of the most challenging realities facing architects in the future as the global refugee population begins to increase. An important strategy will be to learn from existing "refugee cities" such as <a href="http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/settlement.php?id=176&amp;region=77&amp;country=107" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Zaatari</a> in Lebanon, currently the country's fourth largest city. Populated by people fleeing the violence in neighboring Syria, a <a href="http://www.euronews.com/2014/06/12/water-resources-under-strain-in-zaatari/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">current water shortage crisis</a>&nbsp;proves that, today, nearly every situation is in some ways affected by environmental conditions.</p><p>For places without as drastic a d...</p>