Archinect - News 2016-02-10T17:18:28-05:00 http://archinect.com/news/article/147663869/big-s-concept-for-a-spiraling-landscape-tower-in-nyc-s-hudson-yards BIG's concept for a spiraling-landscape tower in NYC's Hudson Yards Justine Testado 2016-02-08T18:56:00-05:00 >2016-02-10T16:53:58-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/tl/tlfx5mbvc6z56lha.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>The New York cityscape might get another tower from Bjarke Ingels. At 1,005 feet, <a href="http://www.thespiralny.com" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">"The Spiral"</a> is a new office building proposed to fill up an entire block on 66 Hudson Boulevard in Manhattan's West Side. The concept was unveiled today.&nbsp;</p><p>The 65-story Spiral is set to be the fourth tallest tower in the rapidly redeveloping Hudson Yards neighborhood.&nbsp;The 2.85 million square-foot structure shows off a glass exterior and, most notably, cascading landscaped terraces and hanging gardens, akin to BIG's affinity for incorporating slopes and spirals into their designs. As its name describes, the Spiral's terraces will wrap around the tower in an ascending motion to create a continuous green pathway and give easy access to outdoor space on each floor.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/6f/6f3ppp59w1ign5tu.jpg"></p><p>Located at the intersection of the four-acre Hudson Boulevard Park and The High Line, the Spire&nbsp;"will punctuate the northern end of...the linear park [and it] will appear to carry through into the tower, forming an ascending ribbon of lively green...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/147192471/get-lectured-university-at-buffalo-spring-16 Get Lectured: University at Buffalo, Spring '16 Justine Testado 2016-02-02T13:44:00-05:00 >2016-02-02T13:44:07-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/2j/2jgcpyibywyjhw1w.jpg" width="514" height="788" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/688597/2016-lectures" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><strong>Archinect's Architecture School Lecture Guide for Winter/Spring 2016</strong></a></p><p>Archinect's&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/336082/get-lectured" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><em>Get Lectured</em></a>&nbsp;is back in session.&nbsp;<em>Get Lectured</em>&nbsp;is an ongoing series where we feature a school's lecture series&mdash;and their snazzy posters&mdash;for the current term. Check back frequently to keep track of any upcoming lectures you don't want to miss.</p><p><strong><em>Want to share your school's lecture series? Send us your school's lecture series poster and details to&nbsp;</em><a href="mailto:connect@archinect.com" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><em>connect@archinect.com</em></a><em>.</em></strong></p><p>The next featured poster comes from&nbsp;the <a href="http://archinect.com/schools/cover/12906389/university-at-buffalo" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">University at Buffalo,&nbsp;School of Architecture and Planning</a>.</p><p>Their Spring '16 series focuses on 'Shipping Architecture', an intermittent series of events that pairs speakers whose work may have as-yet unknown relationships. The word "shipping" is used colloquially, in reference to relationships, celebrity couples or imaginary ones. In this series, Shipping "serves as a structure that is playful but also productive of new discourse."</p><p>All events take place at 6 p.m. in 301 Crosby Hall, unless noted.</p><p><strong>Feb 17</strong><br>Ron He...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/146731731/ds-r-led-moma-redesign-scaled-back-more-details-released DS+R-led MoMA redesign scaled back, more details released Nicholas Korody 2016-01-27T13:02:00-05:00 >2016-02-05T06:33:10-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/nr/nrgb3zr5q95coq0u.jpg" width="514" height="342" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Gone is the &ldquo;Art Bay,&rdquo; with a glass garage-like door that would have allowed visitors to enter galleries straight from the street. Gone, too, is the fourth-floor &ldquo;Gray Box,&rdquo; with acoustic absorption panels through which passers-by could have peered up at performance art in progress. And there will be no new public entrance to the sculpture garden on 54th Street. The Museum of Modern Art has eliminated these polarizing elements of its sweeping redesign, museum officials said on Tuesday...</p></em><br /><br /><p>MoMA officials also released more information on the construction, slated to begin in February with total costs estimated between $390 million and $400 million.</p><p>The Diller, Scofidio + Renfro-led renovation is the second major redesign for the influential museum in recent memory. Just over ten years ago, Yoshio Taniguchi completed a major, $858 million overhaul of the facilities.</p><p>According to&nbsp;<em>the Times,&nbsp;</em>the renovation will be divided into three stages: changes to the museum's easternmost site, then renovations to the Taniguchi-designed space, and finally new construction on the former site of the American Folk Art Museum, which was <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/98032091/as-demolition-of-folk-art-museum-begins-archinect-reflects-on-historical-implications" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">controversially demolished in 2014</a>.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/d4/d45j66pqf2qyqhet.jpg"></p><p>The eastern building is set to be opened up to improve flow to the main lobby, which will be significantly expanded with the bookstore and gift shop moved underground. Galleries on the third floor will be opened up forming two much larger spaces &ndash; one 5,000 sq. ft. and the other 10,000. New spaces won't have permanent walls...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/146668906/michael-kimmelman-on-the-state-of-affordable-housing-in-nyc Michael Kimmelman on the state of affordable housing in NYC Alexander Walter 2016-01-26T17:28:00-05:00 >2016-01-26T17:28:36-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/d6/d614d3067fcce7406e9c9b417704aa9a.jpg" width="514" height="342" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>New York City once set the standard for subsidized housing. The city started out building and maintaining tens of thousands of apartments for working families, sponsoring job training and social programs. It ran a budget surplus. [...] Now the Village is like a gated playground for runaway wealth. Subsidized apartments all across town are converting to market-rate rentals and condos faster than City Hall can build affordable units or preserve old ones.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Related stories in the Archinect news:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/127597504/nyc-s-public-housing-woes" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">NYC's public-housing woes</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/139598283/the-promising-affordable-housing-of-hunters-point-south" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The promising affordable housing of Hunters Point South</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/141813298/my-micro-nyc-apartment-complex-is-officially-renting" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">My Micro NYC Apartment Complex Is Officially Renting</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/146650375/the-future-of-new-york-s-skyline The Future of New York’s Skyline Richard Meier & Partners 2016-01-26T11:44:00-05:00 >2016-01-29T11:52:23-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/w9/w9bt2ibsswmkqsub.jpg" width="514" height="295" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The biggest names impacting New York&rsquo;s skyline come together to discuss the projects that now epitomize the city, the ever-evolving real estate market and what&rsquo;s next for New York&rsquo;s neighborhoods.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/146584514/the-hills-park-in-nyc-scheduled-to-open-almost-a-year-in-advance "The Hills" park in NYC scheduled to open almost a year in advance Justine Testado 2016-01-25T15:14:00-05:00 >2016-01-25T15:19:33-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ew/ewyz8hyerii2ycwq.jpg" width="514" height="311" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The Hills on Governors Island will welcome visitors this summer &mdash; nearly a year ahead of schedule, it was announced last week &mdash; and add 10 acres of green space to the city, largely in the form of four artificial hills. Made of recycled construction debris and clean fill, the hills rise as high as 70 feet above the island...An unseasonably warm fall contributed to faster-than-expected construction times.</p></em><br /><br /><p>You can find more photos and renderings from the Governors Island's Flickr <a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/govisland/albums/72157662570690459" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">here</a> and&nbsp;<a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/govisland/albums/72157634796959189" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">here</a>.</p><p>Scroll down for a drone video of the park under construction.</p><p>More about public parks on Archinect:</p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/143923223/pershing-square-renew-competition-narrows-down-to-four-finalist-teams" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Pershing Square Renew competition narrows down to four finalist teams</a></p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/141437838/big-unveils-28-acre-master-plan-for-pittsburgh-s-lower-hill-district" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">BIG unveils 28-acre master plan for Pittsburgh's Lower Hill District</a></p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/133486545/taking-a-stand-against-privately-owned-public-spaces" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Taking a stand against privately-owned public spaces</a></p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/129171831/locals-welcome-the-606-a-k-a-chicago-s-high-line-but-anxiety-for-its-future-remains" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Locals welcome The 606, a.k.a. Chicago's "High Line", but anxiety for its future remains</a></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/146579679/get-lectured-columbia-gsapp-spring-16 Get Lectured: Columbia GSAPP, Spring '16 Justine Testado 2016-01-25T14:00:00-05:00 >2016-02-10T00:34:28-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/4v/4vckcdavvgfnfg6j.jpg" width="514" height="794" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/688597/2016-lectures" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><strong>Archinect's Architecture School Lecture Guide for Winter/Spring 2016</strong></a></p><p>Archinect's&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/336082/get-lectured" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><em>Get Lectured</em></a>&nbsp;is back in session.&nbsp;<em>Get Lectured</em>&nbsp;is an ongoing series where we feature a school's lecture series&mdash;and their snazzy posters&mdash;for the current term. Check back frequently to keep track of any upcoming lectures you don't want to miss.</p><p><strong><em>Want to share your school's lecture series? Send us your school's lecture series poster and details to&nbsp;</em><a href="mailto:connect@archinect.com" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><em>connect@archinect.com</em></a><em>.</em></strong></p><p>Our next featured poster comes from the&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/columbiagsapp" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Columbia University GSAPP</a>. Upcoming events are listed below.</p><p><strong>Jan 25</strong><br>Joshua Bolchover and John Lin / Rural Urban Framework<br>Response by Amale Andraos</p><p><strong>Jan 29</strong><br>Architecture in Print: New Approaches to Graphic Design<br>Yoonjai Choi, Glen Cummings, and Neil Donnelly<br>Response by Michael Rock and Susan Sellers</p><p><strong>Feb 1</strong><br>Zhu Pei / Studio Pei-Zhu<br>Response by Jeffrey Johnson</p><p><strong>Feb 4</strong><br>Les Levine: Bio-Tech Rehearsals 1965&ndash;1975<br>Les Levine with Michelle Kuo, Felicity Scott and Mark Wasiuta<br>Exhibition Opening and Discussion</p><p><strong>Feb 8</strong><br>Frank Barkow / Ba...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/146363126/you-can-now-explore-the-guggenheim-rotunda-galleries-online-via-google-street-view You can now explore the Guggenheim rotunda galleries online via Google Street View Alexander Walter 2016-01-22T18:28:00-05:00 >2016-02-10T00:35:21-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/cy/cyh7p3i6jjyf1k8h.jpg" width="514" height="338" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Online visitors from around the world can now explore the interior of the iconic Frank Lloyd Wright&ndash;designed Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum through Google Street View technology. Additionally, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, in collaboration with the Google Cultural Institute, has made available over 120 artworks from its collection for online viewing. [...] The Guggenheim&rsquo;s architecture presented unique challenges for Google&rsquo;s engineers and Street View team.</p></em><br /><br /><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/1l/1l3ku3vj1nwrban1.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/5r/5r54my4mtydqa7o0.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/yc/ycue6s3wwizi0uv7.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/dv/dv8zckcnvypx73g9.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/fr/fr0ktsot7iw5gk8n.jpg"></p><p>Ready to immerse yourself? Click <a href="https://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/asset-viewer/solomon-r-guggenheim-museum-interior-streetview/jAHfbv3JGM2KaQ?projectId=art-project" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">here</a> to start your stroll down the rotunda.</p><p><em>All images courtesy of Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York.&nbsp;</em></p><p>Related stories in the Archinect news:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/115731034/google-is-letting-you-visit-museums-around-the-world-using-street-view-and-youtube" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Google is letting you visit museums around the world using Street View and Youtube</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/135747100/google-street-view-captures-beautiful-public-space-transformations" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Google Street View captures beautiful public space transformations</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/107640149/alvar-aalto-gets-a-close-look-from-google-s-cultural-institute" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Alvar Aalto gets a close look from Google's Cultural Institute</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/146115557/get-lectured-nyit-spring-16 Get Lectured: NYIT, Spring '16 Justine Testado 2016-01-19T13:44:00-05:00 >2016-01-20T11:23:39-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/5z/5zb9c25mq3oo41r0.jpg" width="514" height="771" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/688597/2016-lectures" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><strong>Archinect's Architecture School Lecture Guide for Winter/Spring 2016</strong></a></p><p>Archinect's&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/336082/get-lectured" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><em>Get Lectured</em></a>&nbsp;is back in session.&nbsp;<em>Get Lectured</em>&nbsp;is an ongoing series where we feature a school's lecture series&mdash;and their snazzy posters&mdash;for the current term. Check back frequently to keep track of any upcoming lectures you don't want to miss.</p><p><strong><em>Want to share your school's lecture series? Send us your school's lecture series poster and details to&nbsp;</em><a href="mailto:connect@archinect.com" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><em>connect@archinect.com</em></a><em>.</em></strong></p><p>Our next featured poster comes from the <a href="http://archinect.com/schools/cover/3277909/new-york-institute-of-technology-nyit" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">New York Institute of Technology</a>. Lectures are free and begin at 6:30 p.m. (March 1 lecture begins at 6 p.m.). Note each lecture's location.&nbsp;Center Gallery is open M-F, 9 a.m. - 5 p.m.</p><p><strong>Feb 2</strong><br>Mathew Ford and Jason Van Nest / Assistant Professors, NYIT School of Architecture and Design - New York<br>"SIMULATING PARADOXES"&nbsp;<br>at&nbsp;16 W. 61st St., 11th floor, Manhattan campus&nbsp;</p><p><strong>March 1</strong><br>Stephen Kieran / Principal Architect, KieranTimberlake - Philadelphia<br>"UNDERSTANDING PLACE:&nbsp;7 Years Researching Dhaka, Bangladesh"<br><em>Exhibition:...</em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/146115559/port-authority-officially-confirms-march-opening-date-for-wtc-transportation-hub-oculus Port Authority officially confirms March opening date for WTC Transportation Hub Oculus Alexander Walter 2016-01-19T13:21:00-05:00 >2016-01-26T10:58:02-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/w0/w0tii4qoe0il5uha.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Sure, the news was all but confirmed, but today the Port Authority made it official: The transit org announced that the World Trade Center Transportation Hub&mdash;anchored by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava's Oculus&mdash;will officially open in "the first week of March," per a press release. [...] What that actually means for commuters: There will finally be a link between the World Trade Center PATH station and 11 NYC subway lines, along with the East River ferries.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Read the Port Authority's announcement in full <a href="http://www.panynj.gov/wtcprogress/press_releasesItem.cfm?headLine_id=2353" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">here</a>.</p><p>The&nbsp;WTC Transportation Hub previously in the Archinect news:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/141212275/leaking-water-delays-opening-of-world-trade-center-transit-hub-s-luxury-shopping-mall" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Leaking water delays opening of World Trade Center Transit Hub's luxury shopping mall</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/132336245/massive-spine-skylight-in-calatrava-s-wtc-oculus-nears-completion" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Massive 'spine' skylight in Calatrava's WTC Oculus nears completion</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/122737225/nymag-talks-to-santiago-calatrava-about-his-wtc-station-budget-reputation" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">NYMag talks to Santiago Calatrava about his WTC Station, budget, reputation</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/115115396/how-cost-of-train-station-at-world-trade-center-swelled-to-4-billion" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">How Cost of Train Station at World Trade Center Swelled to $4 Billion</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/146052786/rupert-murdoch-suddenly-pulls-out-of-2-world-trade-center-deal Rupert Murdoch suddenly pulls out of 2 World Trade Center deal Alexander Walter 2016-01-18T17:48:00-05:00 >2016-01-20T11:24:49-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/3p/3pzbhlwq9puy4d64.jpg" width="514" height="350" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Rupert Murdoch has dropped his plans to relocate 21st Century Fox and News Corp. to 2 World Trade Center. In a statement issued Friday afternoon, World Trade Center developer Larry Silverstein declared himself &ldquo;disappointed&rdquo; by the news. [...] In June, the two media companies signed a letter of intent with Silverstein to occupy 1.5 million square feet for 30 years at a 2 World Trade Center designed by architect Bjarke Ingels.</p></em><br /><br /><p>2 WTC previously in the Archinect news:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/143436084/2-world-trade-center-receives-9m-rent-assistance-from-port-authority-to-expedite-project" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">2 World Trade Center receives $9M rent assistance from Port Authority to expedite project</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/138339682/bjarke-ingels-and-the-challenges-of-designing-two-world-trade-center" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Bjarke Ingels and the challenges of designing Two World Trade Center</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/133642467/2-world-trade-center-could-be-the-most-expensive-office-tower-in-the-world" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">2 World Trade Center Could Be the Most Expensive Office Tower in the World</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/146032640/u-s-to-start-tracking-secret-buyers-of-luxury-real-estate U.S. to start tracking secret buyers of luxury real estate davvid 2016-01-18T11:32:00-05:00 >2016-01-19T01:23:07-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/0g/0gul28lzbpqro7g2.jpg" width="514" height="367" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>"Concerned about illicit money flowing into luxury real estate, the Treasury Department said Wednesday that it would begin identifying and tracking secret buyers of high-end properties." "The initiative is part of a broader federal effort to increase the focus on money laundering in real estate."</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/145730937/updated-renderings-revealed-for-bjarke-ingels-high-line-twin-ish-towers Updated renderings revealed for Bjarke Ingels' High Line twin(ish) towers Alexander Walter 2016-01-14T14:10:00-05:00 >2016-01-19T20:02:24-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/49/491d773c072f91ded6c66bb3b97b5d7d.jpg" width="514" height="376" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The project&rsquo;s makeup is evidently still undergoing changes, as the developers have waffled between either hotel or office options in the base of the buildings... Given the sky-high prices developers can obtain for office space in Meatpacking and surrounding blocks, office may indeed make more sense than hotel... In any case, the buildings will become the most prominent in the neighborhood by a significant margin. The two towers will stand 28 and 38 floors apiece...</p></em><br /><br /><p>Previously:&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/141735417/revealed-bjarke-ingels-brand-new-high-line-towers" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">REVEALED: Bjarke Ingels&rsquo; Brand New High Line Towers</a></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/145128863/governor-cuomo-announces-new-penn-station-private-public-partnership-rfp Governor Cuomo Announces New Penn Station Private-Public Partnership RFP Center for Ants 2016-01-06T17:34:00-05:00 >2016-01-18T01:26:44-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/g5/g59mfzpojdv89mpw.jpg" width="514" height="368" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Governor Cuomo unveiled the sixth signature proposal of his 2016 agenda: transform Penn Station and the historic James A. Farley Post Office into a world-class transportation hub. The project, known as the Empire Station Complex.... is anticipated to cost $3 billion &ndash; will be expedited by a public-private partnership in order to break ground this year and complete substantial construction within the next three years.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Governor Andrew Cuomo announced another piece of his proposal to revitalize New York's transportation infrastructure at Madison Square Garden this afternoon. Looking towards a private-public enterprise to develop the site, the proposal is budgeted at $3 billion and take three years to build.</p><p>While the details are unclear, the proposal calls for utilizing the Farley Post Office site in concert with the current Penn Station and Madison Square Garden site. The two blocks will be connected below 8th Avenue via a subterranean connection. Expanding north, the plan will shut down 33rd street adjacent to Penn Station/MSG and create a pedestrian focused entry along 33rd as well as 7th and 8th Avenues.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/143992226/the-challenges-and-opportunities-of-updating-midtown-ny-s-aging-office-towers The challenges and opportunities of updating Midtown NY’s aging office towers Alexander Walter 2015-12-22T18:20:00-05:00 >2015-12-28T22:34:04-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/hm/hmtvx4z9fx227e8o.jpg" width="514" height="338" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Amid contentious debate on rezonings across the city, the late 2013 hubbub around an upzoning proposal for East Midtown has, for the moment, abated &mdash; but hasn&rsquo;t disappeared. In a bid to spur significant new development for the first time in decades, the de Blasio administration is currently retooling the Bloomberg-era plan to allow developers to construct much larger buildings [...] Whether this rezoning eventually occurs or not, the buildings in Manhattan&rsquo;s core aren&rsquo;t getting any younger.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Related news on Archinect:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/141299783/scroll-through-the-new-new-york-skyline-with-this-interactive-infographic" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Scroll through the "new New York Skyline" with this interactive infographic</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/142525054/new-renderings-video-of-one-vanderbilt-midtown-ny-s-future-tallest-office-tower" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">New Renderings &amp; Video of One Vanderbilt, Midtown NY&rsquo;s Future Tallest Office Tower</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/126947698/historic-190-bowery-to-be-restored" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Historic 190 Bowery to be Restored</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/143979370/michael-kimmelman-in-praise-of-nyc-s-new-garage-and-salt-shed-complex-best-examples-of-new-public-architecture-in-the-city Michael Kimmelman in praise of NYC's new garage-and-salt-shed complex: "Best examples of new public architecture in the city" Alexander Walter 2015-12-22T14:14:00-05:00 >2015-12-24T01:32:21-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ru/rud467zz8idz3d89.jpg" width="514" height="355" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>After years of noisy protests, the New York City Department of Sanitation&rsquo;s new garage-and-salt-shed complex has opened in Hudson Square, on the northern edge of TriBeCa. [...] The garage and shed have ended up being not just two of the best examples of new public architecture in the city but a boon to the neighborhood, whether the wealthy neighbors have come around to it or not. I can&rsquo;t think of a better public sculpture to land in New York than the shed.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/143609533/something-like-a-new-golden-age-of-public-art-in-nyc Something like a new golden age of public art in NYC Nam Henderson 2015-12-18T09:06:00-05:00 >2015-12-18T12:40:14-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/bk/bkg80yf7or3ohsnp.jpg" width="514" height="342" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>I hate this historical turn, which for me is contained most neatly in the High Line...The trend I mean is this: toward ersatz, privatized public spaces built by developers; sterile, user-friendly, cleansed adult playgrounds with generic environments that produce the innocuous stupor of elevator music; inane urban utopias with promenades, perches, pleasant embellishments, rest stops, refreshments, and compliance codes.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Jerry Saltz analyzes how the rise of bad,&nbsp;privatized public spaces&nbsp;has actually been great for public art. However, these "<em>nightmares of synthetic space</em>" bring&nbsp;with them significant&nbsp;downsides such as a loss of "<em>quietness, slowness, whimsy, stillness, different rhythms, anything uneasy, aimless, inner-directed, accidental, odd...room for silence</em>".</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/143440911/what-if-perkins-eastman-s-green-line-proposal-turns-broadway-into-a-40-block-park-in-the-heart-of-manhattan What if: Perkins Eastman's "Green Line" proposal turns Broadway into a 40-block park in the heart of Manhattan Alexander Walter 2015-12-15T14:39:00-05:00 >2015-12-16T07:24:52-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/12/12b099bd80f111f732c548a34a3dcc34.jpg" width="514" height="367" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Perkins Eastman is taking two of the best-loved urban land-use stories of the Bloomberg era&mdash;the High Line and Times Square&mdash;and combining them into one. The Green Line extends the logic of changes that have already taken root along the limited stretch of Broadway running through Times Square. [...] proposal builds on the work of Jan Gehl and Sn&oslash;hetta, the architects who pedestrianized Times Square. Yet it also echoes the High Line by James Corner Field Operations and Diller Scofidio + Renfro.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/143436084/2-world-trade-center-receives-9m-rent-assistance-from-port-authority-to-expedite-project 2 World Trade Center receives $9M rent assistance from Port Authority to expedite project Alexander Walter 2015-12-15T13:14:00-05:00 >2015-12-15T13:16:07-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/pc/pcrimpviuwmw2w1k.jpg" width="514" height="350" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey approved subsidies to help expedite the construction of lower Manhattan&rsquo;s 2 World Trade Center [...]. Developer Silverstein Properties Inc., which leases the sites for 2 World Trade Center and two other towers from the Port Authority, would receive a rent break that amounts to $9 million over the life of the lease [...]. The agency had previously maintained that 2 World Trade would be built entirely without public assistance.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Previously in the Archinect news:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/138339682/bjarke-ingels-and-the-challenges-of-designing-two-world-trade-center" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Bjarke Ingels and the challenges of designing Two World Trade Center</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/133642467/2-world-trade-center-could-be-the-most-expensive-office-tower-in-the-world" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">2 World Trade Center Could Be the Most Expensive Office Tower in the World</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/117113216/port-authority-reveals-plan-to-sell-world-trade-center-site" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Port Authority reveals plan to sell World Trade Center site</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/142525054/new-renderings-video-of-one-vanderbilt-midtown-ny-s-future-tallest-office-tower New Renderings & Video of One Vanderbilt, Midtown NY’s Future Tallest Office Tower Alyssa Alimurung 2015-12-03T18:43:00-05:00 >2015-12-15T22:53:55-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/4q/4qj1xom0242p8sn6.jpg" width="514" height="391" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The digital production studio Visualhouse has released film and renderings of how SL Green&rsquo;s One Vanderbilt will meet the street, and also remind us just how gargantuan the tower will be. According to the tower&rsquo;s architects Kohn Pedersen Fox, the tower will rise 1,501 feet to its spire, making it the third tallest building in the city upon completion.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/142440798/tadao-ando-and-elyn-zimmerman-win-the-2016-isamu-noguchi-award Tadao Ando and Elyn Zimmerman win the 2016 Isamu Noguchi Award Justine Testado 2015-12-02T14:49:00-05:00 >2015-12-15T22:41:43-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ud/udpw988d4x5i0dq9.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>The Noguchi Museum in New York announced the one and only Tadao Ando and artist Elyn Zimmerman as the 2016 recipients of the Isamu Noguchi Award. Established in 2014, the award recognizes individuals whose work conveys collaborative, multi-disciplinary, and innovative qualities like that of influential landscape architect and artist Isamu Noguchi. In the last two editions, Norman Foster and artist Hiroshi Sugimoto <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/98904715/norman-foster-as-one-of-the-first-recipients-to-receive-isamu-noguchi-award" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">won the inaugural award</a>, while architect Yoshio Taniguchi and industrial designer Jasper Morrison <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/115051989/yoshio-taniguchi-jasper-morrison-to-receive-2nd-isamu-noguchi-award" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">received the 2015 award</a> earlier this year.</p><p>During a special ceremony at the Museum's Spring Benefit on May 10, 2016, Ando and Zimmerman will each be presented with the award &mdash; which resembles Noguchi's iconic "Red Cube" sculpture. The Museum selected Ando for his masterful "minimalist approach, sensitivity to light, and incorporation of natural elements" that he is widely known for.&nbsp; Zimmerman, who started out as a painter and photographer, was recognized for her signature use ...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/141893584/revealed-shop-architects-long-island-city-waterfront-development REVEALED: SHoP Architects’ Long Island City Waterfront Development Alyssa Alimurung 2015-11-25T12:00:00-05:00 >2015-11-30T11:08:12-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/b4/b4uud69lq4fdxvt0.jpg" width="514" height="437" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Here&rsquo;s our first peek at Simon Baron Development, Quadrum Global and CRE Development&rsquo;s three-tower Long Island City development slated to rise alongside the former Paragon Paint factory building at 45-40 Vernon Boulevard. Permits for the first tower were filed with the DOB back in June and detail a 28-story, 296-unit rental tower designed by SHoP Architects.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/141822131/explore-the-history-of-brooklyn-in-one-block Explore the history of Brooklyn in "One Block" Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-11-24T13:38:00-05:00 >2015-12-01T00:02:35-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/le/le60193lqkizqdw8.jpg" width="514" height="357" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>From farmland to stately brownstones to battleground for million-dollar bidding wars, Brooklyn&rsquo;s transformation has fundamentally altered the city&rsquo;s geography&mdash;and the way New York now thinks of itself. It has also altered the lives of the residents who call the borough home. To understand those changes, we dispatched a team of reporters to find a place where Brooklyn&rsquo;s past and future are next-door neighbors.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>New York Magazine</em>&nbsp;has a fascinating and highly addictive piece looking at how Brooklyn came to be Brooklyn, combining personal stories, shoe-leather reporting, and data studies to craft a compelling, interactive story of "One Block" in the borough's Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood.</p><p>For more news from Brooklyn, check out:</p><ul><li><a title="How an &quot;egalitarian incubator&quot; music venue hopes to revive Brooklyn's art scene" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/132953936/how-an-egalitarian-incubator-music-venue-hopes-to-revive-brooklyn-s-art-scene" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">How an "egalitarian incubator" music venue hopes to revive Brooklyn's art scene</a></li><li><a title="Mapping Brooklyn: making sense of the world through art and maps" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/125832455/mapping-brooklyn-making-sense-of-the-world-through-art-and-maps" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Mapping Brooklyn: making sense of the world through art and maps</a></li><li><a title="Urban Omnibus travels the Brooklyn-Queens Divide" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/118506903/urban-omnibus-travels-the-brooklyn-queens-divide" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Urban Omnibus travels the Brooklyn-Queens Divide</a></li><li><a title="Can NYC Create a New Neighborhood Without Displacing an Old One?" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/115731033/can-nyc-create-a-new-neighborhood-without-displacing-an-old-one" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Can NYC Create a New Neighborhood Without Displacing an Old One?</a></li><li><p><a title="Bed-Stuy In Memoriam" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/113348899/bed-stuy-in-memoriam" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Bed-Stuy In Memoriam</a></p></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/141506795/rex-revealed-as-the-architects-redesigning-the-200m-wtc-performing-arts-complex REX Revealed as the Architects Redesigning the $200M WTC Performing Arts Complex DianePham 2015-11-20T11:22:00-05:00 >2015-11-30T23:14:21-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/y7/y7ka0f92ef38cjn9.jpg" width="514" height="517" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Since July, the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation (LMDC) has been working with an anonymous architectural firm to hash out a new concept for the Performing Arts Center at the World Trade Center, and now, nearly five months later, the Performing Arts Center board has finally released the name of the lead architect: Brooklyn-based studio REX led by Joshua Prince-Ramus, a former prot&eacute;g&eacute; starchitect Rem Koolhaas.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/141212275/leaking-water-delays-opening-of-world-trade-center-transit-hub-s-luxury-shopping-mall Leaking water delays opening of World Trade Center Transit Hub's luxury shopping mall Alexander Walter 2015-11-16T15:54:00-05:00 >2015-11-18T23:13:52-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/c7/c7cdip7przdif8f0.jpg" width="514" height="682" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>A persistent water leak is among the problems that have delayed the opening of the mall, which was supposed to be operating by now, to the first half of 2016. It is the latest setback to bedevil the World Trade Center Transportation Hub, the $3.7 billion rail terminal that will also house Westfield&rsquo;s $1.4 billion shopping center. [...] The latest twist involves water penetration around the construction site of 3 World Trade Center, an office tower abutting the hub, which began in late summer.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Related on Archinect:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/132336245/massive-spine-skylight-in-calatrava-s-wtc-oculus-nears-completion" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Massive 'spine' skylight in Calatrava's WTC Oculus nears completion</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/135106623/there-s-a-chance-the-hudson-is-leaking-into-the-wtc-site" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">There's a chance the Hudson is leaking into the WTC site</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/122737225/nymag-talks-to-santiago-calatrava-about-his-wtc-station-budget-reputation" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">NYMag talks to Santiago Calatrava about his WTC Station, budget, reputation</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/140899262/flying-firefighters-the-jetpack-is-quickly-becoming-a-reality Flying firefighters: the jetpack is quickly becoming a reality Nicholas Korody 2015-11-11T22:18:00-05:00 >2015-11-12T12:45:29-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/1e/1erj4qugxg2027ay.jpg" width="514" height="442" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>In the near-future, Dubai Civil Defence officers may be zooming in on to the scene of building fires using futuristic personal jetpacks. Designed by New Zealand-based Martin Aircraft Company, the jet-packs can be operated by a single pilot for 30 minutes at ranges of between 30 and 50 kilometres at altitudes of up to 3,000 feet. The pilot stands on a platform in a 'pilot module' between two propeller engines, which look like large versions of those commonly found on civilian drones.</p></em><br /><br /><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/in/inff896nw7hk2jjw.jpg"><br><br>I'm not sure when or how it happened, but apparently jet packs are a real thing now.&nbsp;On Tuesday, the Dubai Civil Defense service signed a deal with Martin Aircraft for the future delivery of jetpacks, training material, and spare parts. Dubai's towering skyline necessitates a degree of vertical mobility in its emergency respondents. Equipped with jetpacks, firefighters can rapidly rescue people stranded near the top of a building if an emergency renders the elevators inoperable (as they tend to do).&nbsp;<br><br>And then last week, the US Coast Guard and Federal Aviation Administration let an Australian named David Mayman fly around the Statue of Liberty with a jetpack made by Jetpack Aviation. According to a <a href="http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/nation-now/2015/11/11/man-jetpack-flies-around-statue-liberty/75570734/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">report</a>, this satisfied Mayman's dream to become a "real life Ironman" (which is a bit odd, because I'm pretty sure Elon Musk already called dibs on that).<br><br><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/uploads/m0/m0olp5j4toi2mwxv.gif"><br><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/uploads/gm/gm085moxcgqyba0z.gif"><br><br>In any case, the videos are really fun and the technology is obviously quite interesting, with a lot of possible applications. The articl...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/139598283/the-promising-affordable-housing-of-hunters-point-south The promising affordable housing of Hunters Point South Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-10-23T13:04:00-04:00 >2015-10-23T13:56:36-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/20/204q9y9v9x56y15a.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>good architecture can survive budgetary rigors &mdash; at Hunters Point South, for instance, where a pair of hulking towers designed by SHoP and Ismael Levya Architects expresses de Blasio&rsquo;s urgency even though it&rsquo;s a holdover from the era of the allegedly Nero-like Michael Bloomberg. [...] SHoP&rsquo;s new towers are not world-beating architecture, but they&rsquo;re more than good enough to plug into an evolving network of ferries, parks, schools, shops, all of which foster more investment.</p></em><br /><br /><p>More on affordable housing in New York:</p><ul><li><a title="New York's &quot;poor doors&quot; are no more" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/130736452/new-york-s-poor-doors-are-no-more" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">New York's "poor doors" are no more</a></li><li><a title="NYC's public-housing woes" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/127597504/nyc-s-public-housing-woes" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">NYC's public-housing woes</a></li><li><a title="The Chinese government is building affordable housing in Brooklyn" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/116117898/the-chinese-government-is-building-affordable-housing-in-brooklyn" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The Chinese government is building affordable housing in Brooklyn</a></li><li><a title="Architecture vs. Housing: The Case of Sugar Hill" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/108102546/architecture-vs-housing-the-case-of-sugar-hill" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Architecture vs. Housing: The Case of Sugar Hill</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/138899215/archinect-s-must-do-picks-for-archtober-2015-week-3-oct-17-24 Archinect's Must-Do Picks for Archtober 2015 - Week 3 (Oct. 17-24) Archinect 2015-10-15T20:10:00-04:00 >2015-10-15T20:12:06-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/zh/zhjgi1q35pkl63vi.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Looking for exciting things to do in New York City this month? Lucky you, <a href="http://archtober.org/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Archtober</a> is back for another year with a rich program of engaging exhibitions, lectures, conferences, films, tours, parties, and other activities to celebrate the value of architecture and design in everyday life.</p><p>For the fifth year, Archinect &amp; <a href="http://www.bustler.net/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Bustler</a> are proud to once again be Archtober's digital media sponsors.</p><p>From the plethora of exciting <a href="http://archtober.org/calendar/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Archtober events</a>, we've compiled some highlights from Oct. 17-24:</p><ul><li><strong><a href="http://www.afhny.org/events/2015/10/17/second-annual-day-of-impact" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">AFHny&rsquo;s Day of Impact | Oct. 17</a></strong><br><em>Join fellow architects and design professionals in making an impact in our boroughs, through AFHny&rsquo;s annual city-wide service day! Participants will collaborate with some of New York City&rsquo;s best volunteer-based organizations by getting hands-on with painting, planting, and rebuilding projects, all of which will improve our neighborhoods on both physical and social levels.</em><br>&nbsp;</li><li><a href="http://cfa.aiany.org/index.php?section=calendar&amp;evtid=8503" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><strong>Family Day @ the Center: Everyone Builds with LEGO Bricks! | Oct. 17</strong></a><br><em>Families will explore architecture, de...</em></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/138506784/archinect-s-must-do-picks-for-archtober-2015-week-2-oct-9-16 Archinect's Must-Do Picks for Archtober 2015 - Week 2 (Oct. 9-16) Archinect 2015-10-08T19:01:00-04:00 >2015-10-08T19:04:14-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/d7/d7kfbml9l73pkcm7.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Looking for exciting things to do in New York City this month? Lucky you, <a href="http://archtober.org/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Archtober</a> is back for another year with a rich program of engaging exhibitions, lectures, conferences, films, tours, parties, and other activities to celebrate the value of architecture and design in everyday life.</p><p>For the fifth year, Archinect &amp; <a href="http://www.bustler.net/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Bustler</a> are proud to once again be Archtober's digital media sponsors.</p><p>From the extensive <a href="http://archtober.org/calendar/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">roster of Archtober events</a>, here are some highlights to take note of from Oct. 9-16:</p><ul><li><a href="http://www.mcny.org/event/paul-rand-closing-party-kyle-cooper" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><strong>Paul Rand Closing Party with Kyle Cooper | Oct. 9</strong></a><br><em>Join us for the grand finale of the exhibition Everything Is Design: The Work of Paul Rand. Star designer Kyle Cooper will reflect on how Rand impacted him as Cooper's teacher at Yale University. Donald Albrecht, MCNY&rsquo;s Curator of Architecture and Design, will join Cooper afterwards for a brief conversation. We will keep the Rand gallery open for late viewing and signature &ldquo;Rand&rdquo; cocktails!</em><br>&nbsp;</li><li><a href="http://www.cooperhewitt.org/national-design-awards/national-design-week/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><strong>National Design Week | Oct. 10-18</strong></a><br><em>National Design Week celebra...</em></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/138339682/bjarke-ingels-and-the-challenges-of-designing-two-world-trade-center Bjarke Ingels and the challenges of designing Two World Trade Center Alexander Walter 2015-10-06T13:41:00-04:00 >2015-10-09T19:54:18-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/f4/f4377462132cb1b38255d60c1c85dec9.jpg" width="514" height="350" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>He has coined a punning term, BIGamy, to describe his own up-for-anything style. He rejects the idea that an architect must adhere to a single personal aesthetic, which enables him to be cheerfully flexible in meeting the demands of corporate clients. Ingels&rsquo; creative impulse to say yes to everything, even contradictions, often leads him into hybridism.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Previously in the Archinect News:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/133642467/2-world-trade-center-could-be-the-most-expensive-office-tower-in-the-world" target="_blank">2 World Trade Center Could Be the Most Expensive Office Tower in the World</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/129256230/archinect-s-critical-round-up-of-big-s-two-world-trade-center-design" target="_blank">Archinect's critical round-up of BIG's Two World Trade Center Design</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/129172637/renderings-of-big-designed-two-world-trade-center-revealed" target="_blank">Renderings of BIG-Designed Two World Trade Center Revealed</a></li></ul>