Archinect - News 2016-10-27T07:11:46-04:00 In less than 10 years, India's construction market will become the third largest in the world Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2016-08-22T13:07:00-04:00 >2016-09-01T00:37:47-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="458" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Up to 12 million people are &ldquo;urbanising&rdquo; every year in India, a rate surpassed only by China. It means the country will need a sustained building spree that would see more than 75 million people employed in construction by 2022. As it races to build 110 million extra homes needed, plus necessary transport infrastructure, by 2025 the size of India&rsquo;s construction market would reach $1 trillion, the third largest in the world, according to KPMG.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Related on Archinect:</p><ul><li><a title="Poverty, corruption and crime: how India's 'gully rap' tells story of real life" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Poverty, corruption and crime: how India's 'gully rap' tells story of real life</a></li><li><a title="India on the brink: what's in store for the country's architectural future" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">India on the brink: what's in store for the country's architectural future</a></li><li><a title="World's first Slum Museum is coming to Mumbai" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">World's first Slum Museum is coming to Mumbai</a></li><li><a title="New Delhi mandates odd-even car rationing to fight world's worst air pollution" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">New Delhi mandates odd-even car rationing to fight world's worst air pollution</a></li></ul> Halfway there? The limits to Aravena's social housing Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2016-06-14T12:52:00-04:00 >2016-06-17T23:45:19-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="434" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>"In most cities in Latin America, most of the building over last 50 years&mdash;depending on the city&mdash;40, 50, 60, 70 percent has been through incremental construction.&rdquo; [...] The majority of Aravena&rsquo;s social housing work has also rested on the unique conditions and high level of investment from Chile&rsquo;s social housing program. [...] Isn&rsquo;t asking the poor to shoulder more of the housing burden an inherently unfair proposition?</p></em><br /><br /><p>More discussion of Aravena's practice and impact can be found here:</p><ul><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">News coverage of Aravena's 2016 Venice Biennale</a></li><li><a title='"Making A Pritzker Laureate" &ndash; Martha Thorne, executive director of the Pritzker Architecture Prize, gives us an inside look at the prestigious award, on Archinect Sessions #48' href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">"Making A Pritzker Laureate" &ndash; Martha Thorne, executive director of the Pritzker Architecture Prize, gives us an inside look at the prestigious award, on Archinect Sessions #48</a></li><li><a title="Watch a live tour of the Venice Biennale with curator Alejandro Aravena" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Watch a live tour of the Venice Biennale with curator Alejandro Aravena</a></li><li><a title="Chile's local hero: Michael Kimmelman profiles Alejandro Aravena" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Chile's local hero: Michael Kimmelman profiles Alejandro Aravena</a></li><li><a title="Decoding Alejandro Aravena's Pritzker" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Decoding Alejandro Aravena's Pritzker</a></li></ul> Take a look at the rapid urbanization of China's Pearl River Delta Nicholas Korody 2016-05-10T15:23:00-04:00 >2016-05-19T22:04:22-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="476" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The region where the Pearl River flows into the South China Sea has seen some of the most rapid urban expansion in human history over the past few decades &ndash; transforming what was mostly agricultural land in 1979 into what is the manufacturing heartland of a global economic superpower today.</p></em><br /><br /><p><strong>Shenzen (1964)</strong></p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p><strong>Shenzen (2015)</strong></p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p><strong>Macau (1991)</strong></p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p><strong>Macau (2015)</strong></p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p><strong>Hong Kong (1964)</strong></p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p><strong>Hong Kong (2015)</strong></p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p><strong>Guangzhou (1949)</strong></p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p><strong>Guangzhou (2015)</strong></p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p>Some related content:</p><ul><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">China plans to build a fleet of floating nuclear power plants</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">A more optimistic view on China's ghost cities</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Smog-choked Beijing plans "ventilation corridors" to provide much-needed fresh air</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">China says no to "weird" architecture</a></li></ul> Architect turned sea-flooding specialist keeps Panama City afloat Julia Ingalls 2016-04-21T18:33:00-04:00 >2016-05-04T23:42:01-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="366" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Banfield&rsquo;s dedication to environmental issues was born by chance in 2000, when she moved with her husband and three children to Clayton...Together with Carlos Varela, her legal-minded neighbor, Banfield created a community association to defend the rainforest. She remained on the front lines for years, sacrificed her architectural career and eventually began public campaigns for a variety of environmental causes.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Although <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">the Harvard GSD formed the Office for Urbanization</a> recently to study the effects of sea rise and climate change, Vice Mayor of Panama City Raisa Banfield has taken a more direct approach, physically halting flood-prone projects during construction and connecting with like-minded colleagues around the globe to find solutions.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p>As the article notes, <em>"As glaciers melt and oceans flow higher, 'sea-level rise is an issue on almost every coast,' says Rosetta Elkin, landscape architect and professor at Harvard University Graduate School of Design. It&rsquo;s particularly tough in Panama City, because the entire town was built too far to the east, 'where sea levels are precipitously low' &mdash; thanks in part to American bases &mdash; says Arosemena. As Banfield goes through the rigmarole of finding a solution and calling together a global group of problem-solvers like the Dutch, she may stand a chance at creating some scaffolding for the many other cities that will have to look this same issue in th...</em></p> Win the "Architectural Guide China", a handy travel book of the country's architectural history Justine Testado 2016-02-23T12:25:00-05:00 >2016-02-28T01:11:05-05:00 <img src="" width="650" height="1195" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><em>Architectural Guide China</em>&nbsp;is a unique travel guidebook that presents up-to-date insight into the rich architectural histories in Eastern China's megacities, which continue to create widespread impact through rapid urbanization, population growth, and the consequential effects on the natural environment.</p><p>In this volume of <em>Architectural Guide</em>, authors&nbsp;Evan Chakroff, Addison Godel, and Jacqueline Gargus give an architectural overview of nine major urban sites in mainland China as well as Hong Kong and Macau. If you're planning a trip to any of those places, this book can definitely come in handy.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p>Thanks to <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">DOM-publishers</a>, Archinect is giving away Architectural Guide China to three of our readers!</p><p>Read on for more about the book, and find out how to enter the giveaway.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p>"The 'Reform and Opening' era affected these metropolises in different ways and has influenced the existing structures of dynastic capitals, trade centers, former European colonies and discovery areas.&nbsp;</p><p>The volume contains 620...</p> A Parisian architect's plan to solve housing shortages by adding pre-fab houses to existing structures Nicholas Korody 2016-02-11T12:52:00-05:00 >2016-02-11T17:57:15-05:00 <img src="" width="600" height="400" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Parisian designer St&eacute;phane Malka Architecture has suggested creating affordable housing in the French capital by adding prefabricated elements on top of and between existing buildings. The &ldquo;3box&rdquo; system does not require the purchase of sites. Instead, the right to build is obtained in exchange for renovating existing buildings. According to St&eacute;phane Malka, the housing would cost 40% less than the usual market price and could be built quickly and cheaply in workshops.</p></em><br /><br /><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p><em>"The units would work with a new Parisian law, the Loi ALUR, which states that 70,000 new dwellings should be built each year, and that rents should be stabilised."</em></p><p>Interested in other novel housing solutions? Check out some related Archinect coverage:</p><ul><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">To each their own home: A peek into the &ldquo;HOME(less)&rdquo; exhibition at USC</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">London's Bleak Housing</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Finding "Shelter" in Los Angeles' housing chaos</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">"Pay to stay" may boot 60,000 UK families from their homes</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">S&atilde;o Paulo's big bet on housing policy</a></li></ul><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p> As LA densifies, its iconic roadside restaurants disappear Nicholas Korody 2016-01-27T14:18:00-05:00 >2016-01-28T13:38:30-05:00 <img src="" width="650" height="488" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The hamburger stand is part of southern California&rsquo;s rich tradition of roadside architecture. These buildings are typically 100 square-foot boxes, with an outdoor window to order and pick up food. Next to the structures are rudimentary dining areas, often consisting of no more than a plastic tarp and a few fold-up chairs and tables [...] The hipsterfication of LA&rsquo;s hamburger stands may... prove the final chapter in the saga of these half-century-old structures.</p></em><br /><br /><p><strong>Related:</strong></p><ul><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Regarding the remarkable range of prefab, self-built, movable, and vernacular dwellings</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">L.A. City Council Officially Votes Norms Restaurant as "Historic and Cultural Landmark"</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Moments in Fast Food Urbanism: First Taco Bell may be demolished</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Googie: Architecture of the Space Age</a></li></ul> A fairy tale for an age of global urbanization Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-12-30T17:26:00-05:00 >2016-01-17T22:01:09-05:00 <img src="" width="650" height="490" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The people understood that the monster&rsquo;s power was fed by liquid gold. It could go anywhere and set up a tower, even in the middle of an old neighbourhood where nobody had asked it to come. [...] The city, however, was not about to go down without a fight. After all, it had survived many a bad period across the centuries, and was still alive &ndash; unlike those kings and queens and powerful companies of old. The neighbourhoods could see they had to get together and fight this monster.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Saskia Sassen and her son, Hilary Koob-Sassen, wrote and illustrated an urban fairy tale for, complete with villainous gentrifiers, Chinese skyscrapers, Jane Jacobs-style wisdom, and a cautionary conclusion on "smart" cities.</p><p>More on Archinect:</p><ul><li><a title="Fairy Tales 2015 competition winners revealed" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Fairy Tales 2015 competition winners revealed</a></li><li><a title="Submit your Fairy Tales 2016 entries by January 16!" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Submit your Fairy Tales 2016 entries by January 16!</a></li><li><a title="&ldquo;Hortus Conclusus Andersen&rdquo; - 1st-prize for H C Andersen House of Fairytales, Denmark" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">&ldquo;Hortus Conclusus Andersen&rdquo; - 1st-prize for H C Andersen House of Fairytales, Denmark</a></li></ul> China relaxes restrictions on who gets perks of urban public services Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-12-14T14:52:00-05:00 >2015-12-27T23:24:25-05:00 <img src="" width="600" height="429" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Chinese citizens have for decades been limited in public services they can access by their household registration [...] The problem is especially acute for the millions of migrant workers who are often forced to either leave their children in the countryside or place them in unregistered and often sub-standard schools in the city. [...] &ldquo;The move is to improve basic public services in urban areas and provide conveniences for residential permit cardholders&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><p>More news from China:</p><ul><li><a title="Touring China's past, present, and future: an examination of &quot;Architectural Guide China&quot;" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Touring China's past, present, and future: an examination of "Architectural Guide China"</a></li><li><a title="Beijing's latest &quot;airpocalypse&quot; is bad enough for city to issue first ever red alert" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Beijing's latest "airpocalypse" is bad enough for city to issue first ever red alert</a></li><li><a title="Four O Nine's Andrei Zerebecky shares his must-see architectural sites in Shanghai" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Four O Nine's Andrei Zerebecky shares his must-see architectural sites in Shanghai</a></li><li><a title="Exploring China's urban decay " href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Exploring China's urban decay</a></li><li><a title="In weaker market, architecture firms in China are cutting back" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">In weaker market, architecture firms in China are cutting back</a></li></ul> The GSD vs. the sea: school's new Office for Urbanization tackles climate change in Miami Beach Julia Ingalls 2015-11-11T12:58:00-05:00 >2015-11-18T00:18:54-05:00 <img src="" width="650" height="383" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>The times&mdash;specifically, the sea levels&mdash;are a changin'. Luckily, <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Harvard's Graduate School of Design</a> has just launched a new initiative, the Office for Urbanization, to start amassing design research for new urban realities for cities around the world. The Office is described as being "a venue for the advancement of knowledge on the role of design research in relation to the social and environmental challenges associated with ongoing urbanization."&nbsp;The first project for the Office takes on the challenges facing <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Miami Beach</a>.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p>As founding director <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Charles Waldheim</a>, the John E. Irving Professor of Landscape Architecture, explained,&nbsp;&ldquo;This foundational project of the Office for Urbanization will examine the implications of rising sea levels and increased storm events on the economy and ecology, infrastructure and identity of Miami Beach in relation to its metropolitan and regional contexts. The study will develop design strategies and scenarios to mitigate present threats and to anticipate ...</p> In weaker market, architecture firms in China are cutting back Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-08-11T13:31:00-04:00 >2015-08-12T22:42:08-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="484" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>After a boom in construction and investment in real estate projects in recent years, work is drying up amid a slowdown in the world&rsquo;s second largest economy. Property developers are cutting back on new projects, and with construction starts down 16% in the first half this year from a year ago, many firms are cutting salaries or letting staff go. [...] &ldquo;We are adjusting to a slower pace of urbanization in China with a recovery of the American and Middle East markets&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><p>More from the architecture market in China:</p><ul><li><a title='How the "Chinese Steve Jobs" is trying to build the ideal city' href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">How the "Chinese Steve Jobs" is trying to build the ideal city</a></li><li><a title="Construction stalled on 'world's tallest building', so locals made its foundation into a fish farm" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Construction stalled on 'world's tallest building', so locals made its foundation into a fish farm</a></li><li><a title="A landscape architect just joined China's roster of billionaires" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">A landscape architect just joined China's roster of billionaires</a></li><li><a title="Chinese prefab company builds a 57-story skyscraper in just 19 days" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Chinese prefab company builds a 57-story skyscraper in just 19 days</a></li></ul> "Great City...Terrible Place": A discussion on the urban future of India Laura Amaya 2015-03-27T14:00:00-04:00 >2015-04-05T00:03:24-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="432" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>India is currently the second most populated country in the world, closely following China, at 1.25 billion people. Around 30 percent of its inhabitants, roughly the population of the entire United States, live in urban areas that continue to grow. The astonishing numbers are proof of the country&rsquo;s demographic explosion, and make Indian cities a fascinating combination of chaos and vitality rarely found elsewhere. Great City&hellip;Terrible Place, this year&rsquo;s Z-AXIS symposium curated by the Charles Correa Foundation in Goa, explored the complex forces shaping global cities in an effort to understand the dynamism of India&rsquo;s ever-changing urban centers. Held over three days at Kala Academy, one of Correa&rsquo;s masterworks, the conference brought together speakers from different corners of the world to share their views with an audience eager to take an active role in India&rsquo;s urban transformation.</p><p>The conference&rsquo;s moderator, Pratyush Shankar, described cities as places of will, where people forge ...</p> China used more cement in 3 years than the U.S. did in the entire 20th century Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-03-26T13:45:00-04:00 >2015-03-26T17:35:59-04:00 <img src="" width="598" height="285" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>All of America&rsquo;s cement consumption during the [20th] century adds up to around 4.4 gigatons (1 gigaton is roughly 1 billion metric tons). In comparison, China used around 6.4 gigatons of cement in the three years of 2011, 2012 and 2013 [...] The country is urbanizing at a historic rate, much faster than the U.S. did in the 20th Century. More than 20 million Chinese relocate to cities each year, which is more people than live in downtown New York City, Los Angeles and Chicago combined.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><head><meta></head></html> Editor's Picks #406 Nam Henderson 2015-02-27T12:32:00-05:00 >2015-02-28T22:24:09-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Julia Ingalls</a>&nbsp;published another edition of Archinect&rsquo;s <strong>UpStarts:</strong>&nbsp;featuring <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Martha Read Architects</a>.&nbsp;Referring to the design for a Marina authorities Building in Porto Montenegro,&nbsp;<strong>Olaf Design Ninja_</strong> commented "<em>it's like it's dancing, right Kristofer?...a little twist on the water kind of thing</em>"</p><p><br><strong>&nbsp;News</strong><br>Architecture professor Jane Porter <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">wrote an essay in memory o</a>f Razan Mohammad Abu-Salha.&nbsp;<strong>Lye__Nerd____Sky__Nerd</strong> thought the whole thing tragic beyond words and proposed the establishment of "<em>a scholarship fund in her name</em>". On a related note check out <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">this</a> StoryCorps interview with from May 2014 with Yusor Abu-Salha &ndash; one of the other victims of the shooting in Chapel Hill &ndash; recorded a StoryCorps interview with Mussarut Jabeen (L), who was her 3rd grade teacher.</p><p><img alt="" src=""></p><p><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Nicholas Korody</a>&nbsp;reported in <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">from S&uuml;ha &Ouml;zkan recent talk at SCI-Arc</a> which "<em>convincingly explicated the radicalism of socially-aware architecture, even when it appears traditional</em>".&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Orhan Ayy&uuml;ce</a>&nbsp;argued he "<em>is either guilty by associati...</em></p> David Adjaye: Contextualizing Approaches to Urbanization Alexander Walter 2014-12-12T13:31:00-05:00 >2014-12-18T20:36:26-05:00 <img src="" width="570" height="238" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The undoing of the master narratives of modernism should not be taken as an opportunity for an architecture of spectacle and fantasy, but instead one that, utilizing the lessons of the past, speaks to the complexities of the present and the forces that shape us. It is crucial to deconstruct the idea that design can be universal and instead, to think in terms of an architecture that derives inspiration from the specificity of geography, culture and place.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><head><meta></head></html> 'Re-education' campaigns teach China's new ghost city-dwellers how to behave Alexander Walter 2014-11-13T15:43:00-05:00 >2014-11-19T20:02:17-05:00 <img src="" width="620" height="372" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The region of Ordos made headlines in 2010 for the pre-built metropolis that had everything but people. Now, however, Kangbashi city is rapidly filling up with country people who are being encouraged to live in cities and diversify China&rsquo;s economy. For ageing farmers who&rsquo;ve spent their whole life on the land, however, becoming &ldquo;urbanites&rdquo; is a tall order.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Related:</p><ul><li><p><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Ordos: The biggest ghost town in China</a></p></li><li><p><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Ordos in 2014 - "Brave City of The Future"</a></p></li></ul> China's obsession with vertical cities Alexander Walter 2014-10-30T14:04:00-04:00 >2014-11-05T18:48:49-05:00 <img src="" width="620" height="372" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>By the end of next year one-in-three of the world&rsquo;s 100m+ skyscrapers will be in China, as its state-orchestrated urbanisation drive prompts a megacity building bonanza [...] China now has over 140 cities of more than one million people; America has nine</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><head><meta></head></html> Hanoi: is it possible to grow a city without slums? Alexander Walter 2014-08-11T13:28:00-04:00 >2014-08-11T13:29:06-04:00 <img src="" width="460" height="276" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Hanoi has faced the same population pressures as other Asian cities. But thanks to vague and informal conventions, the state has been able to avoid extreme levels of disservice, even to the most impoverished new urban areas. And the construction of homes themselves has remained at least loosely connected to the regulations of the more formal suburbs. Together these factors have prevented the formation of slums as they are typically defined. But how has this come about?</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><head><meta></head></html> China Moves to Ease Home-Registration Rules in Urbanization Push Alexander Walter 2014-08-06T13:48:00-04:00 >2014-08-12T21:51:56-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="439" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The Chinese government issued proposals on Wednesday to break down barriers that a nationwide household registration system has long imposed between rural and urban residents and among regions, reinforcing inequality, breeding discontent and hampering economic growth. Yet even as officials promoted easier urbanization [...], they said changes to the system [...] must be gradual and must protect big cities like Beijing.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><head><meta></head></html> City: Ways of Making, Ways of Using Places Journal 2014-02-28T18:53:00-05:00 >2014-02-28T18:54:29-05:00 <img src="" width="525" height="426" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>In the projects shown here, architects and artists reflect on the problems and possibilities of economic and urban growth. How is rapid urbanization happening? Who is benefiting, and who is being displaced or excluded? What can architects and citizens do to exert leverage on processes at once local and global?</p></em><br /><br /><p>On Places, Jonathan Massey reviews the 10th Sao Paulo Architecture Biennial, and presents a slideshow of selected works.</p> Pluralizing or Provincializing Urban Political Ecology? [In a World of Cities] Nam Henderson 2014-02-18T13:02:00-05:00 >2014-02-18T13:02:20-05:00 <img src="" width="463" height="551" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Indeed, at heart of our SUPE Platform lies a sincere wish to contribute to a broad conversation on urban political ecology that takes a broader experience of urbanization into account...We wish to participate in building a collaborative and supportive community open for conversation to all those interested in understanding the politics of urban ecologies and environments in a world of cities</p></em><br /><br /><p>Henrik Ernstson reflects on the difference between &ldquo;pluralizing&rdquo; and &ldquo;provincializing&rdquo; urban political ecology.</p> China tries to promote “human-centered” urbanization with a policy ode to nature Archinect 2013-12-20T18:13:00-05:00 >2013-12-23T18:35:30-05:00 <img src="" width="650" height="366" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>&ldquo;What hides behind the literary aspect of this report are deep reflections on the lessons, errors, approaches and paths of China&rsquo;s previous urbanizations efforts,&rdquo; concluded an editorial in the newspaper Southern Metropolis Daily. The state-controlled People&rsquo;s Daily gushed: &ldquo;If we want high rises, we even more need the fresh mountain waters. Only by seeing the past can we grasp the future.&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><head><meta></head></html> UCLA's Patricia Greenfield Tracks Urban Psychology With Words Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2013-08-13T18:21:00-04:00 >2013-08-19T21:10:33-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="260" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>As a society slowly urbanizes over time, its psychology and culture change, too... If American culture and psychology grew more individualistic as the country urbanized, wouldn't that transformation be clear in the words from American books (and the concepts that lie behind them)?</p></em><br /><br /><p> Urban and rural environments impact personal psychology differently, according to research published by UCLA psychologist Patricia Greenfield in&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Psychological Science</a>. While observational evidence may draw a clear line between current city- and country-mindsets, Greenfield's source material draws on data from over 200 years of publishing in the United States. Using <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Google Books Ngram Viewer</a>, Greenfield tracked English words that refer to certain trends or larger ideas, such as "obliged" vs. "choose", to see if urbanization accompanies a more individualistic mentality. It's given that a word's frequency of use will change over time, but seeing how that frequency correlates with urbanization is an exciting metric for the collective urban unconscious.</p> China Builds Museums, But Filling Them Is Another Story Archinect 2013-05-23T17:12:00-04:00 >2013-05-27T15:30:56-04:00 <img src="" width="624" height="415" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Jeffrey Johnson, an architect who runs the &#65279;&#65279;China Megacities Lab at Columbia, is among a number of scholars who study China's rapid urbanization. He says local governments are building museums to create a cultural life and competitive identity for their cities. But China lost a lot of art because of its civil war in the 1940s, as well as the Cultural Revolution, looting and overseas sales. Johnson says many museums are going up faster than curators can fill them with works and audiences.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><head><meta></head></html> Architecture is 'about solving living problems' Archinect 2012-11-09T12:44:00-05:00 >2012-11-12T09:20:33-05:00 <img src="" width="450" height="370" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>"The cities are often designed based on an architects' ideal understanding of what a modern or a sustainable city should be like, but it is the people living in it that eventually make it modern or sustainable," he says. "How these former farmers adapt to living in a modern city environment is what we still need to wait and find out."</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><head><meta></head></html> Thinking of the city as a system Nam Henderson 2012-07-23T18:16:00-04:00 >2012-07-23T18:44:30-04:00 <img src="" width="650" height="533" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>the city-as-a-system approach described earlier can be applied as a methodology to identify how complex problems that may appear unrelated...interact with each other in the context of a given city or threat network. Taking this approach may allow planners to identify emergent patterns within the complex adaptive system of a relevant city, make sense of the system logic, and thus begin to design tailored interventions.</p></em><br /><br /><p> David J. Kilcullen (former Senior Advisor to General David Petraeus in Iraq in 2007 and author of the bestselling books The Accidental Guerrilla and Counterinsurgency) analyzes three megatrends; urbanization, littoralization and connectedness as well as their implications for future conflict.</p>