Archinect - News 2015-08-03T04:41:16-04:00 http://archinect.com/news/article/133044789/just-add-balconies-sydney-deliberates-future-of-brutalist-housing-landmark Just add balconies? Sydney deliberates future of brutalist housing landmark Justine Testado 2015-07-29T18:51:00-04:00 >2015-07-29T21:31:11-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/66/66jgnj56wkrnu8wm.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>At what cost? The LAVA plan could be difficult to manage structurally, cost a significant amount of money and see Sirius occupants relocated anyway. But it could also be a more sustainable option than knocking down and rebuilding.</p></em><br /><br /><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/6o/6o5lhzvmnvggp7l7.jpg"><br><em>SIRIUS in 2014.</em></p><p>Alas, the curse of the "brutalist eyesore" continues with the <a href="http://www.powerhousemuseum.com/insidethecollection/2013/05/sirius-on-the-rocks/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">historic SIRIUS apartment building</a> in Sydney, designed by architect Tao (Theodore) Gofers in 1978-79. Adding a third option to the demolish-preserve debate that typically ensues, local architecture firm <a href="http://archinect.com/firms/cover/52226868/lava-laboratory-for-visionary-architecture" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">LAVA</a> proposed the addition of "clip-on" curved balconies as an amenity upgrade that the firm says would spruce up the building's appearance while also preserve the original structure.</p><p>More on Archinect:</p><p><a title="Art college professor suggests makeover for brutalist Boston City Hall" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/132873614/art-college-professor-suggests-makeover-for-brutalist-boston-city-hall" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Art college professor suggests makeover for brutalist Boston City Hall</a></p><p><a title="Paul Rudolph's Government Center won't be saved, despite preservationist pleas" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/130791045/paul-rudolph-s-government-center-won-t-be-saved-despite-preservationist-pleas" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Paul Rudolph's Government Center won't be saved, despite preservationist pleas</a></p><p><a title="Now sitting empty, brutalist Berkeley Art Museum building faces unclear future" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/121446283/now-sitting-empty-brutalist-berkeley-art-museum-building-faces-unclear-future" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Now sitting empty, brutalist Berkeley Art Museum building faces unclear future</a></p><p><a title="Brutalism's Bullies" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/101803501/brutalism-s-bullies" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Brutalism's Bullies</a></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/133025445/an-unsung-architectural-oasis An Unsung Architectural Oasis Nam Henderson 2015-07-29T12:49:00-04:00 >2015-07-29T15:14:58-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/rk/rk230pwk1mtqfpmt.jpg" width="448" height="336" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>one of the city&rsquo;s better-kept secrets is how often these places occupy structures that could easily be counted among the more significant examples of mid-20th century architecture in the country. That is, if anyone were bothering to look.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Guy Trebay sings the praises of Tuscon for architectural tourism: from the&nbsp;Arizona Inn (listed on the&nbsp;<a title="National Register of Historic Places" href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Register_of_Historic_Places" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">National Register of Historic Places</a>) to the&nbsp;iconic buildings and glowing signs of&nbsp;"<a href="http://www.tucsonaz.gov/files/pdsd/projects/drivingmap_color_print_final.pdf" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Miracle Mile</a>&rdquo;. Or for the many examples of&nbsp;midcentury Modern architecture adapted to the local climate/terrain.</p><p>For more information on the preservation of Modern architecture in Tuscon, check out the website of&nbsp;<a href="http://capla.arizona.edu/mapptucsonorg/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">MAPP</a>&nbsp;or a&nbsp;<a href="http://blog.preservationleadershipforum.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Broadway-map-FINAL-web-10-31-12.pdf" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">PDF</a>&nbsp;which offers&nbsp;a small glimpse into the rich architectural history of Broadway Boulevard.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/132288763/editor-s-picks-424 Editor's Picks #424 Nam Henderson 2015-07-20T09:23:00-04:00 >2015-07-20T14:08:22-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/i8/i88rsr7s87o94vqt.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><strong>News&nbsp;</strong><br>Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/132101061/zaha-s-tokyo-olympic-stadium-cancelled-abe-calls-for-a-redesign-from-scratch" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">announced</a> that Zaha Hadid Architect's design for the <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/130483595/tokyo-will-stay-the-course-with-zaha-s-olympic-stadium" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Tokyo Olympic Stadium </a>would be scratched in favor of a complete redesign.&nbsp;Prior to the cancellation Tadao Ando (chairman of the design committee) <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/132028782/i-thought-what-when-i-heard-it-would-cost-252-billion-tadao-ando-says-about-national-stadium" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">stated</a> "<em>We shouldn&rsquo;t drop Ms. Hadid&rsquo;s design, otherwise we&rsquo;ll lose credibility internationally</em>".</p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/JaimeRobertsArchitect" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Jaime Roberts</a>&nbsp;believes "<em>The world is holding architects to higher expectations of budget control on projects...If you get paid millions for a design, you should be able to hire good cost estimators and value engineers.</em>"&nbsp;<strong>Thayer-D</strong> was disappointed "<em>That's too bad, I thought the design was attractive.</em>" <strong>midlander</strong>&nbsp;argued "<em>Those who suggest that architects are shirking some responsibility here fail to observe that no one else is good at cost control either...Its simply unrealistic to expect a government to project realistic budgets; they would be rejected immediately.</em>"</p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/people/cover/1970535/will-galloway" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Will Galloway</a>&nbsp;provided some local perspective "<em>It is most certainly very little about Zah...</em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/131960517/berlin-lists-communist-era-towers-of-alexanderplatz-as-historical-monuments-gehry-high-rise-still-happening Berlin lists communist-era towers of Alexanderplatz as historical monuments; Gehry high-rise still happening Alexander Walter 2015-07-15T17:07:00-04:00 >2015-07-18T14:03:34-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/fi/fipusd6q9gk0uoy1.jpg" width="514" height="324" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Berlin has just said &ldquo;yes&rdquo; to Communist-era blocks and &ldquo;no&rdquo; to more new skyscrapers. On Monday, the city announced that it was listing some key Communist-era structures in Alexanderplatz, East Berlin&rsquo;s central square, as historical monuments. It is an irremovable nail in the coffin of a 22-year-old plan to demolish the square and replace it with a &ldquo;little Manhattan&rdquo;&mdash;a set of 10 new 150-meter high towers.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>"<a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/395227/alexanderplatz" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Alexanderplatz</a> won&rsquo;t stay entirely unchanged. Two new towers will still be built, one of them a twisting number from Frank Gehry."</em></p><p>Previously:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/125819570/berlin-s-alexanderplatz-high-rise-developments-continue-to-take-shape" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Berlin's Alexanderplatz high-rise developments continue to take shape</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/92304250/berlin-hopes-germany-s-tallest-residential-tower-has-the-bilbao-effect" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Berlin hopes Germany's tallest residential tower has the 'Bilbao effect'</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/113961523/berlin-after-the-wall-a-microcosm-of-the-world-s-chaotic-change" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Berlin After the Wall: A Microcosm of the World&rsquo;s Chaotic Change</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/126889741/berlin-heals-war-scars-with-ambitious-architecture" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Berlin heals war scars with ambitious architecture</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/131877038/postmodern-no-1-poultry-divides-architects-in-debate-over-recent-heritage Postmodern No 1 Poultry divides architects in debate over recent heritage Alexander Walter 2015-07-14T15:09:00-04:00 >2015-07-18T20:05:53-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/44/44z7x84nd9dc26qc.jpg" width="514" height="685" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>It might be the City&rsquo;s most contested site. A new call to list No 1 Poultry, designed by architect Sir James Stirling and one of the last monuments of postmodernism, has revived a debate about the position and the protection of recent heritage. A proposal by Perella Weinberg [...] to make changes to an imperfect building has provoked the Twentieth Century Society to call for its listing at Grade II*, the second highest status available (and the highest possible for such a recent structure).</p></em><br /><br /><p>Related:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/130268199/robin-hood-gardens-residents-dare-lord-rogers-to-spend-a-night-in-the-blighted-estate" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Robin Hood Gardens residents dare Lord Rogers to spend a night in the blighted estate</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/122146647/how-a-postmodernist-department-store-is-trying-to-become-the-youngest-monument-in-poland" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">How a postmodernist department store is trying to become the youngest monument in Poland</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/131580214/chicago-s-iconic-marina-city-could-be-headed-for-landmark-status Chicago's iconic Marina City could be headed for landmark status Alexander Walter 2015-07-10T19:15:00-04:00 >2015-07-18T19:49:59-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/p3/p3t03w75ub79eiv4.jpg" width="514" height="685" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Marina City, the iconic Chicago riverfront complex famed for its corncob-shaped towers, could soon be on the way to becoming an official city landmark. [...] Goldberg's design, a poetic expression in concrete that combined residential, commercial and entertainment uses to form a "city within a city," is one of the most recognizable images on the Chicago skyline.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Other Goldberg buildings in Chicago weren't so lucky: the <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/12096/prentice-women-s-hospital" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Prentice Women's Hospital</a> could not be saved from the wrecking ball &mdash;&nbsp;despite enormous public outcry.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/131271818/unesco-names-hamburg-s-speicherstadt-and-kontorhaus-district-a-world-heritage-site UNESCO names Hamburg's Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District a World Heritage Site Nicholas Korody 2015-07-06T18:46:00-04:00 >2015-07-11T21:11:17-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/4t/4t41uct4cx88xaq6.jpg" width="514" height="280" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>The UNESCO World Heritage Committee has declared two districts of the German city of Hamburg a world heritage site: the Speicherstadt and Chilehaus with the Kontorhaus District. Declared following a meeting in Bonn, the designation was based on the belief that the areas represent "an outstanding example" of an urban area that "illustrate[s] significant stages in human history."</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ci/ciu48uu643k50x4j.jpg"></p><p>The districts comprise Hamburg's historic warehouse area, with a complex of connecting waterways, bridges and roads. The area was built primarily between 1885 and 1927, and housed the city's bustling port-related industry.&nbsp;</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/87/879vvdajoed8j9qc.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ec/ec8n8fuongskdjtq.jpg"></p><p>Spiecherstadt, the world's largest historic warehouse ensemble, includes 17 buildings in the Gothic red-brick style and once held goods such as spices, tobacco, coffee and tea. In recent years, the area has become a major tourist hub, with such destinations as the world's largest miniature railway and the Hamburg Dungeon.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ri/ri6cpztwsfp7qj1j.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/h9/h9tug7m5zlvah3rh.jpg"></p><p>Opposite the Spiecherstadt, the Kontorhaus district is considered "Cont...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/131169047/editor-s-picks-422 Editor's Picks #422 Nam Henderson 2015-07-06T13:40:00-04:00 >2015-07-08T09:55:43-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/fa/fapmxhyg78ew8wc7.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/nicholaskorody" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Nicholas Korody</a>&nbsp;interviewed <a href="http://andresjaque.net/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Andr&eacute;s Jacque (of the Office for Political Innovation</a><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/129810359/as-cosmo-gets-ready-to-warm-up-we-sit-down-with-andr-s-jaque-of-the-office-for-political-innovation" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">) about </a><a href="http://momaps1.org/yap/view/19" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">COSMO</a>, the winning entry of this year&rsquo;s <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/47555/young-architects-program" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">MoMA PS1 </a><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/120059665/yap-2015-winner-andr-s-jaque-office-to-install-cosmo-at-moma-ps1-this-summer" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Young Architect&rsquo;s Program</a> competition.&nbsp;Therein he argued "<em>I believe that the architect&rsquo;s role nowadays can also be providing alternatives, and enriching through diversity the collective catalogue of desirable possibilities</em>."</p><p><strong>Thayer-D</strong> commented "<em>I don't think this qualifies as architecture, but it's very interesting</em>"&nbsp;to which <strong>Kozumelle</strong> responded "<em>I have seen this in person and it is not architecture in the strictest sense but still a wonderful, fantastic idea. Jaque's ideas are always politically charged and veer into other territories and he does it well</em>."</p><p>Plus, for <strong>Screen/Print #34</strong> <a href="http://archinect.com/AmeliaTH" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Amelia Taylor-Hochberg</a>&nbsp;featured the latest edition of <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/130486011/screen-print-34-ktisma-s-lick-your-buildings" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">KTISMA</a><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/130486011/screen-print-34-ktisma-s-lick-your-buildings" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">, from the </a><a href="http://archinect.com/schools/cover/200284/university-of-oregon" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">University of Oregon&rsquo;s School of Architecture and Allied Arts</a>.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/7y/7y6o9y88pr5oip5y.jpg"></p><p><br><strong>News</strong><br>The <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/386053/guggenheim-helsinki" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Guggenheim Helsinki Design Competition</a> selected <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/130249664/a-black-museum-for-the-white-city-of-the-north-moreau-kusunoki-architectes-selected-to-design-guggenheim-helsinki" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Paris-based </a><a href="http://archinect.com/firms/cover/82586027/moreau-kusunoki" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Moreau Kusunoki Architectes</a><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/130249664/a-black-museum-for-the-white-city-of-the-north-moreau-kusunoki-architectes-selected-to-design-guggenheim-helsinki" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"> as the grand-prize winners</a>.</p><p><strong>midlander</strong> likes...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/130950866/only-8-2-of-the-great-wall-of-china-is-in-good-condition-according-to-recent-study Only 8.2% of the Great Wall of China is in good condition, according to recent study Justine Testado 2015-07-02T14:55:00-04:00 >2015-07-05T09:12:09-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/wh/whfwnketvcq19815.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Citing a recent report from the Great Wall of China Society, the [Beijing Times] claims that more than 30% of the original structure has disappeared. Approximately 74.1% is poorly preserved, and only 8.2% is in good condition. While concerns about the wall&rsquo;s condition have deepened in recent years, the study appears to be the first to actually quantify the problem.</p></em><br /><br /><p>More on Archinect:</p><ul><li><a title="Paul Rudolph's Government Center won't be saved, despite preservationist pleas" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/130791045/paul-rudolph-s-government-center-won-t-be-saved-despite-preservationist-pleas" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Paul Rudolph's Government Center won't be saved, despite preservationist pleas</a></li><li><a title="U.S. LGBTQ preservation group pushes to preserve more heritage sites at the national level" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/130505301/u-s-lgbtq-preservation-group-pushes-to-preserve-more-heritage-sites-at-the-national-level" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">U.S. LGBTQ preservation group pushes to preserve more heritage sites at the national level</a></li><li><a title="New list of America's Most Endangered Historic Places keeps fragile memories alive" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/130424991/new-list-of-america-s-most-endangered-historic-places-keeps-fragile-memories-alive" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">New list of America's Most Endangered Historic Places keeps fragile memories alive</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/130870554/the-childhood-home-of-muhammad-ali-is-about-to-get-a-250-000-facelift The childhood home of Muhammad Ali is about to get a $250,000 facelift Nicholas Korody 2015-07-01T13:52:00-04:00 >2015-07-05T08:58:04-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/5p/5p44lufsrulawmta.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>The Louisville house where boxing legend Muhammad Ali &ndash; then known as Cassius Clay Jr. &ndash; first began training at the age of 12 is about to undergo a <a href="http://curbed.com/archives/2015/07/01/muhammad-ali-childhood-home-museum.php" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">$250,000 restoration</a>. Currently in a dilapidated state, the small house on Grand Avenue was purchased by real estate investor and boxing fan Jared Weiss. The project seeks to restore the home to its original appearance, including a pink paint job. In 2012, a historic marker was placed in&nbsp;front of the site.</p><p>A program called Jesus and a Job that provides jobs to former felons will be in charge of the labor. When the restoration is finished, the house will open to the public as a museum, joining the <a href="https://alicenter.org/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Muhammad Ali Center</a> in commemorating one of Louisville's most notable athletes.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/130505301/u-s-lgbtq-preservation-group-pushes-to-preserve-more-heritage-sites-at-the-national-level U.S. LGBTQ preservation group pushes to preserve more heritage sites at the national level Justine Testado 2015-06-26T20:14:00-04:00 >2015-07-04T23:12:15-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/lr/lr9vix9u2w995r3n.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>'Recently, people were more worried about preserving their jobs, not preserving their history...Now a new generation is aware there was a history that came before them...Not a lot of our history has been preserved. People without a history can be erased.' &mdash; Mark Meinke, co-founder of the Rainbow Heritage Network</p></em><br /><br /><p>History was made today in American civil rights with the <a href="http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/06/26/us-usa-court-gaymarriage-idUSKBN0P61SW20150626" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Supreme Court ruling</a> that legalizes same-sex marriage across all 50 states. The ruling is a major push toward marriage equality in the U.S., but like several historically marginalized communities, one giant obstacle that the LGBTQ community continues to face is cultural preservation and protection, in addition to spreading the awareness of that historical legacy both externally and internally.</p><p>You win some and unfortunately lose some in the unpredictable nature of preserving heritage sites, but proactivity is key. One such group is the <a href="https://www.facebook.com/groups/439557382858786/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Rainbow Heritage Network</a>, a developing coalition of over 400 preservationists and gay rights activists who advocate for the protection of LGBTQ heritage sites in the U.S. as one of their primary missions. Reportedly established only this past January, the group is working to gain more traction in their long-term efforts to protect LGBTQ sites on a local, state and federal level.</p><p>For starters, Rain...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/130424991/new-list-of-america-s-most-endangered-historic-places-keeps-fragile-memories-alive New list of America's Most Endangered Historic Places keeps fragile memories alive Alexander Walter 2015-06-25T19:15:00-04:00 >2015-07-04T22:56:48-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ug/ugt0har7bw42kv86.jpg" width="514" height="385" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>This year&rsquo;s list of America&rsquo;s 11 Most Endangered Historic Places is our most diverse list ever. Several of the places on the 2015 list focus on chapters in our history that have sometimes been overlooked, reinforcing the message that preserving the full American experience means everyone has a seat at the table and that all voices are heard.</p></em><br /><br /><p>The 2015 List of America's Most Endangered Historic Places, compiled by the National Trust for Historic Preservation,&nbsp;comprises:</p><ul><li>A.G. Gaston Motel, Alabama</li><li>Carrollton Courthouse, Louisiana</li><li>Chautauqua Amphitheater, New York</li><li>East Point Historic Civic Block, Georgia</li><li>Fort Worth Stockyards, Texas</li><li>Grand Canyon, Arizona</li><li>Little Havana, Florida</li><li>Oak Flat, Arizona</li><li>Old U.S. Mint, California</li><li>South Street Seaport, New York</li><li>The Factory, California</li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/130268199/robin-hood-gardens-residents-dare-lord-rogers-to-spend-a-night-in-the-blighted-estate Robin Hood Gardens residents dare Lord Rogers to spend a night in the blighted estate Alexander Walter 2015-06-23T18:12:00-04:00 >2015-06-28T07:45:09-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/fh/fh9rpm5ivb5f43bd.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>When Lord Rogers launched a campaign to save one of London&rsquo;s most notorious housing estates from demolition, he was adamant that it was a desirable place to live. [...] It is a claim he may regret. Unhappy residents of the estate have challenged the peer to be true to his word and swap his &pound;12 million Chelsea townhouse for a few nights in one of their blighted flats.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Previously: <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/42890487/robin-hood-gardens-set-for-demolition" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Robin Hood Gardens Set For Demolition</a></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/129095383/as-the-okura-says-sayonara-tokyo-doesn-t-seem-to-care-much As the Okura says sayonara, Tokyo doesn't seem to care much Alexander Walter 2015-06-08T13:11:00-04:00 >2015-06-11T00:15:10-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/6t/6t52nin7g9tn56rj.jpg" width="514" height="351" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The Hotel Okura, built in 1962 in time for the 1964 Olympics, is slated to be torn down in September to make way for a bigger, fancier Okura, in time for the 2020 Olympics. (The less-good, less-famous southern wing of the old Okura, added in 1973, will be allowed to stay.) [...] There will never be this particular hush again in the middle of Tokyo. You will have to have been there to know what you will soon miss.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Previously:&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/106634364/farewell-to-the-old-okura" target="_blank">Farewell to the Old Okura</a></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/128819380/editor-s-picks-418 Editor's Picks #418 Nam Henderson 2015-06-05T09:22:00-04:00 >2015-06-10T19:23:40-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/3k/3khr8ne2sfhdjkah.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/Julia_Ingalls" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Julia_Ingalls</a>&nbsp;presented tips from firms about <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/126437034/what-should-be-in-your-portfolio-firms-tell-you-what-they-re-looking-for-and-how-to-get-hired" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">What should be in your portfolio</a>.&nbsp;One common theme was that applicants aren't expected to tailor their work to the specific types of projects the firm undertakes. As <a href="http://archinect.com/LOHA" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Lorcan O&rsquo;Herlihy</a> explained "<em>Don&rsquo;t target work that mimics ours&mdash;we look for evidence of thoughtfulness about architecture, whether that&rsquo;s demonstrated through research, entries into projects, or work at other firms</em>".<br>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>News</strong></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/yr/yreaqksbkyn0zfo7.jpg"></p><p>Two pieces of good news for fans of historic preservation.&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/127715909/landmarked-four-seasons-restaurant-must-not-be-changed-nyc-landmarks-commission-rules" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">First</a>, New York City&rsquo;s Landmarks Preservation Commission rejected a plan which would have changed the interior of the Modernist (designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Philip Johnson in 1958) <a href="http://fourseasonsrestaurant.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Four Seasons</a> restaurant. <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/127711075/l-a-city-council-officially-votes-norms-restaurant-as-historic-and-cultural-landmark" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Second</a>,&nbsp;the LA City Council backed a plan to designate Norms restaurant (a rare example of Googie architecture) as a historic monument.</p><p><strong>Mr_Wiggin</strong> rejoiced "<em>it's disheartening to see a money-chasing developer messing with history. &nbsp;As a human being I say, payback's a bitch to those in the...</em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/128097280/philip-johnson-s-tent-of-tomorrow-still-stands-but-what-should-happen-to-it Philip Johnson's Tent of Tomorrow still stands, but what should happen to it? Justine Testado 2015-05-26T14:13:00-04:00 >2015-06-01T22:01:43-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/b5/b5z5be163de8f0wa.jpg" width="514" height="306" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>During the [1964-65 World's Fair], the elliptical Tent of Tomorrow was used as a versatile performance space...But not much has been done to preserve the structure since the fair ended in 1965...At the moment, there are no formal proposals, and ['Modern Ruin' film director Matthew Silva] admits it&rsquo;ll be hard to raise funds without one. But he hopes the film, as well as his advocacy group, will get people thinking about what can be done.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Related:</p><p><a title="The NY Mets Are Trying to Save the 'Tent of Tomorrow'" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/105404053/the-ny-mets-are-trying-to-save-the-tent-of-tomorrow" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The NY Mets Are Trying to Save the 'Tent of Tomorrow'</a></p><p><a title="Vandals break into the historic New York State Pavilion and set fire to a stolen van, damaging the 50-year-old terrazzo map" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/104956551/vandals-break-into-the-historic-new-york-state-pavilion-and-set-fire-to-a-stolen-van-damaging-the-50-year-old-terrazzo-map" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Vandals break into the historic New York State Pavilion and set fire to a stolen van, damaging the 50-year-old terrazzo map</a></p><p><a title='"Modern Ruin" documents the rise, fall, and revival efforts of historic New York State Pavilion' href="http://archinect.com/news/article/93323418/modern-ruin-documents-the-rise-fall-and-revival-efforts-of-historic-new-york-state-pavilion" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">"Modern Ruin" documents the rise, fall, and revival efforts of historic New York State Pavilion</a></p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/99380155/kickstart-this-archinect-s-kickstarter-picks-for-may-2014" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Kickstart this! Archinect's Kickstarter picks for May 2014</a></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/127726371/the-hudson-river-valley-in-ny-is-the-next-stop-for-gehry-s-winton-guest-house The Hudson River Valley in NY is the next stop for Gehry's Winton Guest House Justine Testado 2015-05-21T18:50:00-04:00 >2015-06-01T22:04:01-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/4q/4qgkinqhi6urgk5f.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>The Frank Gehry-designed Winton Guest House will embark on another lengthy roadtrip, moving roughly 1,200 miles from its current location in Owatonna, Minnesota to its new home in New York's Hudson River Valley. The geometric house <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/127579373/frank-gehry-s-winton-guest-house-to-be-auctioned-in-chicago-today" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">sold for $750,000</a> at the Wright auction house in Chicago on Tuesday. The new owners, who wish to remain unidentified, paid an additional "buyer's premium" of $155,000 for the guest house, bringing up the total to $905,000. Wright listed the house's starting bid at $850,000.</p><p>The new owners pledged to restore and preserve the Guest House on private property, according to Dr. Victoria M. Young, professor of modern architectural history and chair of the Art History Department at the University of St. Thomas, which owned the house since 2007 as part of the Daniel C. Gainey Conference Center.&nbsp;Since the university <a href="http://www.stthomas.edu/news/st-thomas-sells-gainey-center-property/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">sold</a> the Gainey Center to Meridian Behavioral Health Services last summer, the house was scheduled to begin relocation this June to meet its August 201...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/127715909/landmarked-four-seasons-restaurant-must-not-be-changed-nyc-landmarks-commission-rules Landmarked Four Seasons restaurant must not be changed, NYC landmarks commission rules Alexander Walter 2015-05-21T15:25:00-04:00 >2015-05-22T17:59:25-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/po/pomcx7r27oq2uzqf.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The interior of the Four Seasons restaurant, a vision of Modernist elegance with its French walnut paneling and white marble pool of bubbling water, should not be changed, New York City&rsquo;s Landmarks Preservation Commission decided [...]. The decision was a setback to Aby J. Rosen, the owner of the Seagram Building, which is home to the restaurant. Mr. Rosen had proposed what he characterized as minor changes to the interior that was designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Philip Johnson in 1958.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Phyllis Lambert &mdash;&nbsp;part of the group of architects passionately opposing Rosen's revamp plans and personally interwoven with the history of the Seagram Building like no one else &mdash;&nbsp;penned this Op-Ed in the <em>New York Time</em>s last week: <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/16/opinion/save-new-yorks-four-seasons.html?_r=0" target="_blank">Save New York's Four Seasons</a>.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/127711075/l-a-city-council-officially-votes-norms-restaurant-as-historic-and-cultural-landmark L.A. City Council Officially Votes Norms Restaurant as "Historic and Cultural Landmark" Julia Ingalls 2015-05-21T13:43:00-04:00 >2015-06-01T22:02:43-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/xf/xfk7mkvct51sf9x4.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The effort to save Norms comes at a time when historic preservationists say postwar buildings &mdash; especially on a smaller scale &mdash; face an increased threat from development pressure.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Anyone who has ever grabbed a post-Largo meal or 2 a.m. existential coffee at Los Angeles&nbsp;restaurant&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/123052385/los-angeles-famously-googie-norms-to-become-focal-point-in-new-community-of-shops" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Norms</a> will be delighted to hear that The Los Angeles City Council has deemed the Googie-style building a cultural and historic landmark. Although this demarcation doesn't guarantee that it will never be knocked down, the move does require the Council to review proposed demolition to the site.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/nv/nvl7jjhbc3jsnx6m.jpg"></p><p>As the Times notes, "Googie is an exuberant, postwar Southern California style of sharp angles and sweeping curves meant to grab the attention of passing drivers." Located on a vibrant stretch of La Cienega Boulevard that is home to the benign monolith of the Beverly Center, the recently revamped Largo at the Coronet, and a handful of Vegan restaurants, antiques dealers and vintage dive bars, Norms architecture is arguably reflective of a wilder time in Los Angeles's urban development. Demarcating the building tangibly preserves elements of an era that will likely become only rarer as Los Angeles...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/127354098/germany-to-help-fund-renovations-of-tel-aviv-s-historic-bauhaus-buildings Germany to help fund renovations of Tel Aviv's historic Bauhaus buildings Nicholas Korody 2015-05-15T15:29:00-04:00 >2015-05-18T22:02:49-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/2g/2g29s1dz57dnw2l2.jpg" width="514" height="686" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Thousands of Bauhaus buildings are concentrated in a central district of Tel Aviv, called the "White City." It became a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2003. These houses were built by Jewish architects who fled Nazi Germany and emigrated to what was the British Mandate of Palestine at the time. They designed their houses according to the principles developed by Walter Gropius [...] Germany plans to invest 2.8 million euros ($3.2 million) to help preserve the cultural heritage.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/127116917/is-nyc-losing-its-new-yorkiness Is NYC losing its "New Yorkiness"? Alexander Walter 2015-05-11T13:03:00-04:00 >2015-05-18T09:33:57-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/71/714d32f793a9d0ec901b1f34f02a2fe0.jpg" width="514" height="342" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Amanda Burden often said that, thanks to Bloomberg, "we are building and rezoning today once again like Moses on an unprecedented scale, but with Jane Jacobs in mind." That's oxymoronic. You can't do both. As for who's winning the future of New York, it's clearly the followers of Moses. The preservationists are the underdogs here.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/126712339/eileen-gray-s-e1027-masterpiece-reopens-to-the-public-today Eileen Gray’s E1027 masterpiece reopens to the public today Alexander Walter 2015-05-04T13:28:00-04:00 >2015-05-12T22:50:48-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/a2/a2bd119b9764e6c87eee3cf1dc6a2f8c.jpg" width="300" height="200" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>This modernist villa on the C&ocirc;te d&rsquo;Azur, designed by Irish architect Eileen Gray, has witnessed wartime shootings, murder and vandalism by Le Corbusier. Now, at last, it has been brought back to life [...] Le Corbusier visited and, apparently outraged that a woman could have made such a significant work in a style he considered his own, assaulted it with a series of garish and ugly wall paintings, which he chose to execute completely naked.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/126377080/old-royal-naval-college-aims-to-restore-40-000-sq-ft-of-its-painted-hall-plan-to-be-unveiled-in-nyc-next-month Old Royal Naval College aims to restore 40,000 sq.ft of its Painted Hall, plan to be unveiled in NYC next month Justine Testado 2015-04-28T19:44:00-04:00 >2015-04-29T19:03:08-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/zq/zqkjkv1orzi61smp.jpg" width="514" height="799" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Arts patrons continue to support the restoration of the Painted Hall at the Christopher Wren-designed <a href="http://www.ornc.org/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Old Royal Naval College</a> at the Maritime Greenwich World Heritage Site in Greenwich, London. Over the next three years, the ORNC's three-stage conservation project would clean and restore the remaining 3,700 sq.m. (approx. 40,000 sq.ft) of the Painted Hall, sometimes dubbed "the Sistine Chapel of the U.K." The first phase restored 560 sq.m. of paintings in the Upper Hall back in 2013. The second phase focuses on the Lower Hall, the Vestibule, and the semi-underground King William Undercroft directly beneath the Painted Hall.</p><p>Housed inside King William Court, the Painted Hall was originally built as a dining hall for British naval veterans who lived at the Royal Hospital for Seamen. Once the hall was built, English painter James Thornhill began his 19-year endeavor of painting the interior from 1708 to 1727. As instructed, Thornhill's paintings largely pay tribute to the British Navy a...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/124970457/frank-lloyd-wright-house-causes-controversy-in-wealthy-phoenix-neighborhood Frank Lloyd Wright house causes controversy in wealthy Phoenix neighborhood Alexander Walter 2015-04-10T13:07:00-04:00 >2015-04-13T19:19:23-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/8j/8j8jeueqh8qr0zqp.jpg" width="514" height="357" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>New plans for the Frank Lloyd Wright house in Arcadia has neighbors riled up. Owners of the 1952 house want to turn it into more than just a home, but those living in the wealthy neighborhood aren't too happy about it. [...] said the Frank Lloyd Wright-designed house is "an example of what I consider to be an architecture embodiment of Arizona exceptionalism." However, this landmark home now finds itself in the middle of controversy.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/123833084/this-modernist-rudolph-schindler-church-in-south-la-could-be-yours-for-1-85m This modernist Rudolph Schindler church in South LA could be yours for $1.85M Alexander Walter 2015-03-26T19:01:00-04:00 >2015-04-05T00:02:55-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/69/6945aunxhm6gmu4w.jpg" width="514" height="347" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Prolific Los Angeles Modernist Rudolph Schindler designed dozens of timeless duplexes, apartments, houses, and office buildings, but he only ever designed one church. Bethlehem Baptist Church in Central-Alameda was built in 1944 for a small, black church congregation. Now, just after a much-needed restoration to what was for many years a pretty rough-looking building, the architecturally significant church&mdash;an official Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Landmark&mdash;is up for sale.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/123814576/wilkinson-eyre-renovated-weston-library-at-oxford-now-reopened Wilkinson Eyre-renovated Weston Library at Oxford now reopened Justine Testado 2015-03-26T13:58:00-04:00 >2015-04-05T08:49:58-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/v8/v85aehd21lhlkwmi.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Beginning as the New Bodleian Library, the <a href="http://www.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/weston" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Weston Library</a> at Oxford University was designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott and constructed in the 1930s. Although construction finished in 1940, wartime purposes delayed the building's official opening in 1946. For the most part, the building remained unaltered other than the addition of the Indian Institute as a south-facing roof extension in 1966-69 by architect Robert Potter and other minor changes in 2010. Then in 2011, London-based <a href="http://archinect.com/firms/cover/11712/wilkinson-eyre-architects" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Wilkinson Eyre Architects</a> began renovating the Grade II building, which reopened to the public this past weekend.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/1k/1kpjgrtftjgo722q.jpg"></p><p>The &pound;80 million redesign is part of the Bodleian's efforts to better preserve -- and promote -- their vast special collection of books, manuscripts, and other historical objects. In their redesign, Wilkinson Eyre vied to revamp the building's infrastructure while respecting its heritage. As if the collections weren't already enough to gaze in awe at, Wilkinson Eyre also added new reading rooms, r...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/123200242/mackintosh-library-restore-or-create-anew Mackintosh Library: restore or create anew? Alexander Walter 2015-03-18T16:07:00-04:00 >2015-03-23T23:40:04-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/36/365166903068415d934a055ece2e1188.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>After almost a year of impassioned debate, the Glasgow School of Art&rsquo;s Director has announced that its Library will be restored to its original state. [...] In response to Professor Inns' statement, Professor of Architecture Alan Dunlop asserts below that Mackintosh himself sought new forms in architecture and that there are architects capable of designing a new Library to live within his original masterpiece.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Previously:&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/117883736/five-firms-shortlisted-for-mackintosh-library-renovation-after-devastating-fire" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Five firms shortlisted for Mackintosh Library renovation after devastating fire</a></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/122996207/editor-s-picks-408 Editor's Picks #408 Nam Henderson 2015-03-16T11:50:00-04:00 >2015-03-16T18:43:36-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/6x/6xfwav4xoahiej7e.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/nicholaskorody" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Nicholas Korody</a>&nbsp;profiled the <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/122742069/art-architecture-the-los-angeles-nomadic-division-sets-up-camp" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Los Angeles Nomadic Division</a> (LAND).&nbsp;<strong>jla-x</strong>&nbsp;was excited as has "<em>been looking for a way to get involved with something like this</em>".&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;</p><p><strong>News</strong></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/rp/rpksum3853iikizn.jpg"></p><p>&nbsp;- The world lost visionary Frei Otto and his death moved up the announcement of <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/122595638/frei-otto-wins-2015-pritzker-prize" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">his winning the 2015 Pritzker Prize</a>.&nbsp;Plus,&nbsp;the renowned <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/122750119/michael-graves-has-died-at-the-age-of-80" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Michael Graves died</a> and his firm promised to "<em>continue to honor Michael&rsquo;s humanistic design philosophy</em>".</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/kp/kpalmx50v0jgcrtk.jpg"></p><p>While&nbsp;<strong>EKE</strong> thought Otto was "<em>a spectacular choice. &nbsp;Bravo.</em>",&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/people/cover/22610164/eric-chavkin" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Eric Chavkin</a>&nbsp;noted "<em>Frei Otto's work inspired Glen Small's BIOMORPHIC BIOSPHERE and much of early SCI_Arc student work</em>".&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/rmagoon" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">RJ Magoon</a>&nbsp;also opined "<em>No matter your opinion on the man or his work, it's hard to deny Graves' enormous influence on the practice and education in the last quarter of the Twentieth Century</em>".</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ok/oksnbyw1tucscl3h.jpg"></p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/ayeshaghosh" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Ayesha Ghosh</a>&nbsp;reported in from <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/122752532/aranda-lasch-and-cc-arquitectos-give-first-emerging-voices-lecture-of-2015" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">the first of the Architectural League of New York 2015 </a><a href="http://archleague.org/events/emerging-voices-events/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Emerging Voices</a><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/122752532/aranda-lasch-and-cc-arquitectos-give-first-emerging-voices-lecture-of-2015" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"> lecture series</a>, with firms <a href="http://arandalasch.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Aranda\Lasch</a> and <a href="http://www.ccarquitectos.com.mx/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">MANUEL CERVANTES CESPEDES / CC ARQUITECTOS</a>. There Aranda claimed "<em>we like th...</em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/122146647/how-a-postmodernist-department-store-is-trying-to-become-the-youngest-monument-in-poland How a postmodernist department store is trying to become the youngest monument in Poland Alexander Walter 2015-03-05T14:40:00-05:00 >2015-03-15T20:18:16-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/f3/f33p9rgfqd1a6l08.jpg" width="514" height="642" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>As buildings from the postmodern eon continue to age with their residents, questions about historic significance and aesthetic relevance start to surface, leading to often heated debates whether the structures we used to love so much already merit magisterial protection or should give way for the new "now" architecture.</p><p>The case of the Solpol department store in Wroc&#322;aw, Poland is only the latest in a list of soon to be decided PoMo fates: Built in the early 90s, the color- and shapeful structure embodies Poland's violent optimism of that time, when the tristesse of decades of communism was replaced with capitalism's promise of opportunity over night.</p><p>Hailed as "one of the best examples of postmodern architecture in Poland," the Society for Beautifying the City of Wroc&#322;aw (TUMW) and Fundacja Transformator have now filed a motion to the Lower Silesian Monument Conservation Officer to include Solpol on the list of protected monuments.</p><p>Should everything go as planned, this PoMo gem would ...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/122062298/with-london-s-palace-of-westminster-crumbling-the-british-government-may-have-to-find-a-new-home With London's Palace of Westminster crumbling, the British government may have to find a new home Alexander Walter 2015-03-03T18:02:00-05:00 >2015-03-05T20:51:06-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/7s/7sutn0qhy0e2h9rb.jpg" width="514" height="344" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Let me share a secret with you. Even those who love the Gothic extravagance that is the Victorian Palace of Westminster know that great swaths of it are out of date. [...] In 2015 the urgent question is again what to do about it. [...] options ranging from staggering on as usual with make-do-and-mending to a new 21st-century building on a new site, possibly far from London.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html>