Archinect - News 2015-07-28T01:57:00-04:00 http://archinect.com/news/article/132888101/a-portrait-of-fairmead-california-where-water-goes-to-crops-first-and-residents-second-if-at-all A portrait of Fairmead, California: where water goes to crops first, and residents second – if at all Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-07-27T17:55:00-04:00 >2015-07-27T17:56:11-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/m2/m2g7jqotpgjne5ed.jpg" width="514" height="324" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>These days, while the almond orchards are kept a perfect green, the surrounding landscape is a dull brown, and the yards in front of most of the houses are little more than dirt and weeds. At least 25 families have seen their wells go dry in recent months. Many others are rationing what little water remains. Those lucky enough to be on the city&rsquo;s system still have to strictly conserve to keep the town&rsquo;s only well from going dry.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>The</em>&nbsp;<em>Nation</em>&nbsp;paints Fairmead &ndash; an agricultural town where many personal wells have dried up, pitting&nbsp;indigent residents further into poverty &ndash;&nbsp;as a cautionary tale for all those living in historic drought conditions.</p><p>More on California's historic drought:</p><ul><li><a title="Fog catchers: squeezing water out of thin air" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/132873615/fog-catchers-squeezing-water-out-of-thin-air" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Fog catchers: squeezing water out of thin air</a></li><li><a title='As a "last resort" in historic drought, Santa Barbara dusts off its desalination plant' href="http://archinect.com/news/article/132659521/as-a-last-resort-in-historic-drought-santa-barbara-dusts-off-its-desalination-plant" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">As a "last resort" in historic drought, Santa Barbara dusts off its desalination plant</a></li><li><a title="Combating drought conditions, California issues stark landscaping restrictions" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/132426477/combating-drought-conditions-california-issues-stark-landscaping-restrictions" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Combating drought conditions, California issues stark landscaping restrictions</a></li><li><a title="California's desert resorts struggle to abide by drought measures while maintaining a lush 'oasis' look" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/129331751/california-s-desert-resorts-struggle-to-abide-by-drought-measures-while-maintaining-a-lush-oasis-look" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">California's desert resorts struggle to abide by drought measures while maintaining a lush 'oasis' look</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/132866354/luxury-patterned-after-old-bohemian-farm-villages Luxury Patterned After Old Bohemian Farm Villages Richard Meier & Partners 2015-07-27T14:16:00-04:00 >2015-07-27T14:16:52-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/eq/eq7dq15v4t0iu535.jpg" width="514" height="428" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The project, estimated at 400 million euros, or $433 million, features designs by the architects Eva Jiricna, Richard Meier and John Pawson, in addition to the 10 emerging firms, three of which are Czech and seven that are British.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/132497273/the-clearing-memorial-to-norway-s-july-22-attacks-opens-on-the-tragedy-s-fourth-anniversary "The Clearing", memorial to Norway's July 22 attacks, opens on the tragedy's fourth anniversary Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-07-22T19:30:00-04:00 >2015-07-25T16:40:11-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/sv/svc1dgegedgwyjs8.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Called Lysningen or &lsquo;The Clearing&rsquo;, it has been designed by the Bergen-based architects 3RW. [...] &ldquo;It is actually much better than I had thought,.&rdquo; [J&oslash;rgen Watne Frydnes, the general manager of Ut&oslash;ya,] said. &ldquo;The frame around the woods and the silence of nature, makes it feel like a well.&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><p>On July 22, 2011, on the island of Ut&oslash;yah, a lone gunman named Anders Breivik attacked a youth summer camp run by the Norwegian Workers&rsquo; Youth League (AUF), killing 69 people. Today, on the fourth anniversary of the attack, a memorial to the victims officially opens on the island. Known as &ldquo;Lysningen" (The Clearing), the memorial is designed by Bergen-based firm 3RW, and was selected through a competition hosted by AUF.</p><p>The design features a large metal ring, inscribed with the victims' names, suspended from pine trees over a clearing made by 3RW.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/d8/d8losmof5r3yqgbi.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/2u/2uu18x6nvmbzypci.jpg"></p><p>Vegard Gr&oslash;slie Wennesland, a survivor of the Ut&oslash;ya attack who served on the memorial committee, <a href="http://3rw.no/3rw-wins-the-competition-to-propose-memorial-on-utoya/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">says of 3RW's design</a>: "the idea is both sophisticated and unpretentious. No matter what social, cultural or religious affiliation, you can feel welcome here. It will be a beautiful place for remembrance."</p><p>Another competition, for two public memorials &ndash; one in Ut&oslash;ya and one in Oslo, where Breivik perpetrated a bombing attack on the same day &ndash; was wo...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/132487606/turning-japan-s-golfing-greens-into-solar-farms Turning Japan's golfing greens into solar farms Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-07-22T13:10:00-04:00 >2015-07-25T16:38:31-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ag/agrpeyaxlorqylwy.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Japan has been hungry for alternative energy ever since the 2011 Fukushima disaster made nuclear power an unattractive option in the country, and golf courses just happen to be perfectly suited for solar power &mdash; they're large open spaces that often get lots of sunlight. Kyocera's first project, now under construction, is a 23 megawatt solar plant on a golf course in Kyoto prefecture. When it goes live in 2017, the plant will produce enough power for about 8,100 households.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/132426477/combating-drought-conditions-california-issues-stark-landscaping-restrictions Combating drought conditions, California issues stark landscaping restrictions Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-07-21T18:09:00-04:00 >2015-07-25T16:38:19-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/5m/5mpui0yng88tpld8.jpg" width="514" height="338" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The California Water Commission, responding to a fourth year of drought, approved sharp new limits on the amount of water that can be used on landscapes surrounding newly constructed buildings, such as houses, businesses and schools. The revised ordinance will limit grass to about 25% of a home's combined front, back and side yards in all new construction. [...] Additionally, grass will be all but banned in landscapes of new commercial, industrial and institutional buildings.</p></em><br /><br /><p>More on California's historic drought:</p><ul><li><a title="The sudden drought gold rush for California landscapers may be over" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/131952486/the-sudden-drought-gold-rush-for-california-landscapers-may-be-over" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The sudden drought gold rush for California landscapers may be over</a></li><li><a title="The best lawn for California's drought may still be green" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/131884271/the-best-lawn-for-california-s-drought-may-still-be-green" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The best lawn for California's drought may still be green</a></li><li><a title="As Californians let their lawns turn golden, water conservation targets were exceeded in May" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/131348933/as-californians-let-their-lawns-turn-golden-water-conservation-targets-were-exceeded-in-may" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">As Californians let their lawns turn golden, water conservation targets were exceeded in May</a></li><li><a title="California's desert resorts struggle to abide by drought measures while maintaining a lush 'oasis' look" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/129331751/california-s-desert-resorts-struggle-to-abide-by-drought-measures-while-maintaining-a-lush-oasis-look" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">California's desert resorts struggle to abide by drought measures while maintaining a lush 'oasis' look</a></li><li><a title="California Governor Mandates Water Restrictions" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/124294140/california-governor-mandates-water-restrictions" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">California Governor Mandates Water Restrictions</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/131952486/the-sudden-drought-gold-rush-for-california-landscapers-may-be-over The sudden drought gold rush for California landscapers may be over Alexander Walter 2015-07-15T14:38:00-04:00 >2015-07-18T15:38:09-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/kp/kp2d3b3wlz7cs72c.jpg" width="514" height="661" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>These have been boom times for companies that rip out lawns and replace them with drought-tolerant landscaping, but now their business might be drying up. The Metropolitan Water District said Thursday it&nbsp;would no longer offer rebates to entice homeowners to get rid of their lawns because the agency ran out of money much sooner than it expected. That is bad news for [...] landscape contractor in Los Angeles. Grass removal has become about 40 percent of his business, driven by the rebates.</p></em><br /><br /><p>As a result of the sudden end of the government incentives, some Los Angeles landscape contractors, that had made turf removal their main business in the past months, began laying off staff. The <em>LA Times</em> <a href="http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-turf-terminators-20150710-story.html" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">reports</a>: "Turf Terminators, which ballooned from a staff of three to more than 450 over the last several months, laid off 30% of its employees and furloughed an additional 40%, the company said Friday in a statement to The Times."</p><p>Previously on the topic of California's severe drought:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/131884271/the-best-lawn-for-california-s-drought-may-still-be-green" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The best lawn for California's drought may still be green</a></li><li><a title="As Californians let their lawns turn golden, water conservation targets were exceeded in May" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/131348933/as-californians-let-their-lawns-turn-golden-water-conservation-targets-were-exceeded-in-may" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">As Californians let their lawns turn golden, water conservation targets were exceeded in May</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/130971783/enlisting-the-internet-of-things-against-california-s-historic-drought" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Enlisting the Internet of Things against California's historic drought</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/124294140/california-governor-mandates-water-restrictions" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">California Governor Mandates Water Restrictions</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/131793502/tree-hugging-in-the-modern-age Tree-hugging in the modern age Alexander Walter 2015-07-13T13:13:00-04:00 >2015-07-17T22:40:23-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/j5/j5t54wxy3gkanbsh.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The city of Melbourne assigned trees email addresses so citizens could report problems. Instead, people wrote thousands of love letters to their favorite trees.</p></em><br /><br /><p>One tree letter excerpt reads: <em>"My dearest Ulmus," the message began.&nbsp;&ldquo;As I was leaving St. Mary&rsquo;s College today I was struck, not by a branch, but by your radiant beauty. You must get these messages all the time. You&rsquo;re such an attractive tree.&rdquo;</em></p><p>Related Archinect news in the trees-are-friends genre:&nbsp;</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/131562508/it-s-official-trees-are-good-for-your-health" target="_blank">It's official: trees are good for your health</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/130810350/the-public-life-of-the-world-s-celebritrees" target="_blank">The public life of the world's celebritrees</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/125279560/new-york-city-s-tree-species-mapped" target="_blank">New York City's tree species mapped</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/131568968/heizer-s-city-now-part-of-national-monument-thanks-to-potus Heizer's "City" now part of national monument, thanks to POTUS Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-07-10T15:23:00-04:00 >2015-07-15T12:30:15-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/sw/sw83j30bb002vcoy.jpg" width="514" height="342" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Using his authority under the Antiquities Act, the president created a protected area spanning roughly 704,000 acres in central Nevada&rsquo;s Basin and Range, as well as smaller ones in California&rsquo;s&nbsp;Berryessa Snow Mountain and Texas&rsquo;&nbsp;Waco Mammoth. [...] Broadly supported by environmentalists, [Basin and Range] is also home to a major earthen sculpture, &ldquo;City&rdquo; which the artist Michael Heizer has worked to create over nearly half a century.</p></em><br /><br /><p>All in all, these new monuments cover more land than the state of Rhode Island, adding significant mileage to Obama's public lands legacy. The Basin and Range (Nevada), Berryessa Snow Mountain (California) and Waco Mammoth (Texas) monuments cover lands that are either completely or mostly undeveloped, and their now-protected status will prohibit mining and energy leasing.</p><p>The designation also encompasses Michael Heizer's "City", the massive land-art project now in the final stage of its creation, located in Garden Valley, Nevada. "City" was an integral part of a public preservation campaign aimed at getting President Obama to act on the area. Heizer will reportedly attend the White House ceremony when the President will sign the monument proclamations.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/1d/1dff2dcc9d10420562ad1981a87c1884.jpg"></p><p>Also now off the table are talks of a possible rail corridor through the Basin and Range area, chiefly for shipping nuclear waste to the nearby Yucca Mountain repository.</p><p>For more on the history of Heizer's&nbsp;"City":</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/123293427/protectcity-campaign-launched-in-support-of-michael-heizer-s-city" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">#ProtectCity campaign l...</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/131562508/it-s-official-trees-are-good-for-your-health It's official: trees are good for your health Alexander Walter 2015-07-10T13:02:00-04:00 >2015-07-24T15:08:54-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/fb/fb9bpg4yytp9pqt2.jpg" width="514" height="685" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>In a new&nbsp;paper published Thursday, a team of researchers present a compelling case for why urban neighborhoods filled with trees are better for your physical health. [...] they found that &ldquo;having 10 more trees in a city block, on average, improves health perception in ways comparable to an increase in annual personal income of $10,000 and moving to a neighborhood with $10,000 higher median income or being 7 years younger.&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><p>"We focused on a large urban population center (Toronto, Canada) and related the two domains by combining high-resolution satellite imagery and individual tree data from Toronto with questionnaire-based self-reports of general health perception, cardio-metabolic conditions and mental illnesses from the Ontario Health Study," reads the abstract of the newly published report led by Omid Kardan. The study goes on to say: "Results from multiple regressions and multivariate canonical correlation analyses suggest that people who live in neighborhoods with a higher density of trees on their streets report significantly higher health perception and significantly less cardio-metabolic conditions (controlling for socio-economic and demographic factors)."</p><p>To read the full report, click <a href="http://www.nature.com/srep/2015/150709/srep11610/full/srep11610.html" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">here</a>.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/131408314/homeowners-fight-to-block-access-to-the-hollywood-sign Homeowners fight to block access to the Hollywood sign Nicholas Korody 2015-07-08T14:07:00-04:00 >2015-07-08T13:39:31-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/as/as285p9q5s1f84f2.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The pull of the Hollywood sign has...generated anger along the winding roads in those hills as homeowners have complained of a crush of motorists clogging roads, hikers in the middle of narrow streets and smokers flicking cigarettes into flammable brush... Now some homeowners are taking their battle to court, demanding that the city close a popular path into Griffith Park used to view the famed sign until the effects on the neighborhood have been fully evaluated.</p></em><br /><br /><p>The residents of Beachwood Canyon, a very affluent neighborhood, argue that traffic to one of the only public trails leading to the iconic Hollywood sign is a public safety issue. Claiming that the city has failed to properly address environmental concerns, they've formed a group, Homeowners on Beachwood Drive United, and sued the city.&nbsp;</p><p>As reported by <a href="http://la.curbed.com/archives/2015/07/hollywood_sign_access_lawsuit.php" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">CurbedLA</a>, this isn't the first time that the neighborhood has raged against the public access point. And, in the past, the city has gone to pretty great lengths to address their concerns, such as putting up permit-only parking and allocating a personal police patrol.&nbsp;</p><p>While the LA Times takes a more-neutral stance, both Curbed and <a href="http://laist.com/2015/07/07/no_hollywood_sign_for_you.php" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">LAist</a> seem pretty confident it's a case of NIMBYism.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/131350538/chicago-to-offer-5-per-year-bike-shares-to-low-income-residents Chicago to offer $5-per-year bike shares to low-income residents Nicholas Korody 2015-07-07T19:08:00-04:00 >2015-07-11T21:38:21-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/fd/fd29xbrrsq1l72hm.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>&ldquo;In two years Divvy has grown to more neighborhoods and become a transit option for more residents, but cost was still a barrier for too many people,&rdquo; said Mayor Emanuel. &ldquo;Divvy only works when everyone has a chance to use it. Today we are bridging gaps by offering $5 annual memberships so more residents can benefit from Divvy, regardless of their ability to pay.&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/r8/r840bocsqhojy8l6.jpg"></p><p>Chicago's Divvy ride-share program is one of the most popular in the country. In its two-year history, a reported 9.25 million miles have been logged on more than 4.4 million trips. This Fourth of July alone, 24,500 trips were taken on the pale blue bikes.</p><p>Earlier this year, the City of Chicago announced that it would greatly expand the reach of the program, adding&nbsp;176 stations and more than 1,750 bikes. This makes Divvy North America's largest bike-share program, both in terms of the amount of stations and its geographic reach. While other bike-share programs, like New York's Citi Bike, remain largely relegated to more affluent areas, the Divvy bikes can be found "as far south as 75th Street and as far west as Pulaski Road."</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/lh/lhge2kqfxblcr92z.jpg"></p><p>Today, Mayor Rahm Emmanuel announced that the city would offer $5/year memberships to the city's low-income residents. Specifically, the 'Divvy for Everyone (D4e) Program' will be made available to "Chicago residents with incomes below 300 percent of the federal ...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/130872169/new-satellite-images-show-progress-in-china-s-island-building-project New satellite images show progress in China's island-building project Nicholas Korody 2015-07-01T14:19:00-04:00 >2015-07-05T10:30:24-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/gg/ggmfojl6oanwnxxy.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>New satellite imagery of remote islands in the South China Sea shows several Chinese island-building projects are finished. In five of seven island projects, attention has turned to the next phase: building bases with potential military uses on the islands.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Taking a cue from the Gulf states, China has been <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/108502429/china-is-busy-building-islands-in-the-south-china-sea" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">engaged</a> in a massive island-building project in the South China Sea. New images from the Washington Post show the staggering progress that is being made, with the first buildings cropping up. While relatively small, the <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_China_Sea" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">South China Sea</a> is one of the most important shipping channels in the world &ndash; and may also hold a massive reserve of oil and gas deposits. Control of the waterway has become a source of increasing geopolitical tension in the region and internationally, with the United States and other countries asking China to cease island-building operations. But according to the Chinese, the artificial islands are a legal expression of their sovereignty.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/tf/tfnv5bhxd743uwfn.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/fp/fp9548ptpse80123.jpg"></p><p>While artificial islands may seem incredibly modern &ndash; if not downright sci-fi &ndash; there's <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_island" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">evidence</a> that humans have been doing it for some time now. The massive Aztec city of Tenochtitlan largely consisted of artificial islands, or <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinampa" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><em>chinamitl</em></a>, surrounding a smaller natural island in Lak...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/130810350/the-public-life-of-the-world-s-celebritrees The public life of the world's celebritrees Alexander Walter 2015-06-30T18:46:00-04:00 >2015-07-24T15:08:39-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/az/az11sxp5nmh2npgt.jpg" width="500" height="923" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>To be recognized as a Great Tree, in New York City, is not just a matter of having the correct heritage or coming from the right family. [...] For a person, achieving fame or prominence comes with both perks and pitfalls. But what are the advantages of being a celebrated tree? And what are the dangers? While humans have long venerated old and large trees, we've also cut them down and razed whole forests of their less superlative brethren.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Need to see how your backyard elm compares to America's greatest trees? Click <a href="http://www.americanforests.org/bigtrees/bigtrees-search/" target="_blank">here</a> to search the 2015 American Forests Champion Trees national register or sign up to become a big-tree hunter in your area.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/130791046/plans-for-mother-canada-statue-face-harsh-opposition Plans for 'Mother Canada' statue face harsh opposition Alexander Walter 2015-06-30T12:50:00-04:00 >2015-06-30T13:17:12-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/o0/o0m1h69lafg1iefe.jpg" width="514" height="297" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>A plan to erect a 10-storey statue in a national park on one of Canada&rsquo;s most scenic shorelines has prompted outrage and sparked a growing political row [...]. The statue of Mother Canada &ndash; a cloaked female figure with her arms outstretched towards the Atlantic Ocean &ndash; is intended to honour the country&rsquo;s soldiers who died overseas. But growing anger over the plan has made it a new focus of opposition to the increasingly unpopular government of Conservative prime minister Stephen Harper.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/130720340/artist-stephen-talasnik-considers-the-legacy-of-mid-century-design-russel-wright Artist Stephen Talasnik considers the legacy of mid-century design Russel Wright Nicholas Korody 2015-06-29T15:17:00-04:00 >2015-07-04T23:57:43-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/lo/lonznye0pvx0z0g7.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>It was the slow retraction of glaciers over centuries that shaped the Hudson Highlands into their gentle, undulating forms, later represented in soft grays and blues by the painters of the Hudson Valley School. By the 19th century, humans had started to hollow them out from below. The hills were extensively quarried, their stone pulverized and turned into asphalt or brought down by train to New York City to be recast as architecture.</p><p>In 1942, the noted industrial designer Russel Wright and his wife purchased 75 acres of devastated property and shifted directions, beginning a slow process of collaboration with the land. Wright redirected streams to cascade into the gaping pit of the quarry and built a home intended to seamlessly fit into the landscape. Today,&nbsp;<a href="http://visitmanitoga.org" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">the Manitoga estate</a>&rsquo;s current artist-in-residence&nbsp;<a href="http://www.stephentalasnik.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Stephen Talasnik</a>&nbsp;continues Wright&rsquo;s legacy with&nbsp;<em>Sanctuary,&nbsp;</em>a large-scale installation of aquatic architecture floating in the Quarry Pool.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/c2/c208u4tmhm6ufrfx.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/fy/fyoq0q5j1ww4vm60.jpg"></p><p>&ldquo;The responsibility of the artist is to t...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/130175688/as-garden-bridge-procurement-process-is-headed-for-review-london-group-claims-that-30-new-parks-could-be-funded-instead As Garden Bridge procurement process is headed for review, London group claims that 30 new parks could be funded instead Alexander Walter 2015-06-22T13:24:00-04:00 >2015-06-23T17:07:10-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/35/357ptbdiparo1uax.jpg" width="514" height="340" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>[...] has ordered a review of the procurement process for London&rsquo;s garden bridge design after the Architects&rsquo; Journal revealed apparent irregularities in the tendering process. [...] Heatherwick&rsquo;s &pound;173,000 fee was more than three times more expensive than the &pound;49,939 offer by Wilkinson Eyre, and more than 11 times that of the &pound;15,125 offer by Marks Barfield. [...] cost of the project could fund 30 new London parks or 30 times the amount of open space the bridge would provide.</p></em><br /><br /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/529656/garden-bridge" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Previously</a></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/129874643/kevin-daly-s-backyard-bi-h-ome-provides-affordable-housing-for-humans-and-wildlife Kevin Daly's Backyard BI(h)OME provides affordable housing for humans and wildlife Julia Ingalls 2015-06-18T15:40:00-04:00 >2015-06-22T21:18:30-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/gn/gnte54xaz8txvwtq.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Fittingly, Poolside&rsquo;s version of &ldquo;Harvest Moon&rdquo; echoed off the wooden planks of the Broad Arts Center at UCLA on June 10th as a crowd of optimists, architects, and Ira-Glass lookalikes drank their way in and out of the opening reception for BI(h)OME, <a href="http://kevindalyarchitects.com" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Kevin Daly Architects</a>&rsquo; proposed &ldquo;granny flat&rdquo; solution to the L.A. Housing Crisis. The music was fitting because it was a laid-back cover of a much older tune: instead of raw passion, a more pragmatic vision of affordable housing was being unveiled, a 350-square foot, EFTE-enveloped, recyclable component-laden dwelling with wall cavities for bats, birds, and bugs. The students from <a href="http://archinect.com/firms/cover/37807656/citylab" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">cityLAB</a> who manually assembled the mock-up of the BI(h)ome formed a lab-coat wearing cluster of &ldquo;house doctors&rdquo; as they stood behind Dana Cuff, <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/105047/frances-anderton" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Frances Anderton</a> of KCRW, and Kevin Daly for a twenty-minute panel-style discussion about the future of housing in Los Angeles.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/dz/dzjpg28y8qkdfiz3.jpg"></p><p>Part sales-pitch, part design lecture, the discussion encompassed the difficulties that Lo...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/129788605/photographer-captures-the-landscapes-of-the-middle-east-s-brutal-building-sites Photographer captures the landscapes of the Middle East's 'brutal building sites' Nicholas Korody 2015-06-17T13:37:00-04:00 >2015-06-22T20:21:30-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/xl/xlwjq5punhdyerd0.jpg" width="514" height="278" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>When most people think of the Arabian peninsula, they think of the opulent man-made islands of Dubai and that city&rsquo;s sparking, futuristic towers... But with his series Crossings, Arko Datto&nbsp;shifts the attention to the millions of migrant workers from throughout Asia who are building these structures. Datto used Google Maps and Google Earth to capture the vast highways, sprawling&nbsp;landscapes, and grand projects that laborers have built under conditions that border on slavery.</p></em><br /><br /><p>&ldquo;The work deals with the issue in a fairly abstract/tangential way,&rdquo; Datto told Wired Magazine. &ldquo;The total lack of human presence in the images is symbolic of the anonymity, facelessness, and lack of representation that the migrant workers suffer.&rdquo;</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/nz/nzr0tk3bma5jstq3.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/pg/pg2lmyizpizkyx9s.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/we/we83cipchdg1t00t.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ac/acz7qew3iaghvn4f.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/wo/wo1yev3sglo27bce.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/av/avxa4pi6878ez1de.jpg"></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/129647148/society-of-architectural-historians-accepting-applications-for-h-allen-brooks-travelling-fellowship Society of Architectural Historians Accepting Applications for H. Allen Brooks Travelling Fellowship Helena Karabatsos 2015-06-15T17:41:00-04:00 >2015-06-16T19:26:06-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/0j/0ji5qr3g2neqetg7.jpg" width="514" height="136" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>The Society of Architectural Historians&rsquo; prestigious H. Allen Brooks Travelling Fellowship will be offered for 2015 and will allow a recent graduate or emerging scholar to study by travel for one year. The fellowship is not for the purpose of doing research for an advanced academic degree. Instead, Professor Brooks intended the recipient to study by travel and contemplation while observing, reading, writing, or sketching.&nbsp;</p><p>The goals are to provide an opportunity for a recent graduate with an advanced degree or an emerging scholar to:</p><ul><li>see and experience architecture and landscapes firsthand</li><li>think about their profession deeply</li><li>acquire knowledge useful for the recipient&rsquo;s future work, contribution to their profession, and contribution to society</li></ul><p>The fellowship recipient may travel to any country or countries during the one-year period. This fellowship is funded completely by the Society of Architectural Historians&rsquo; H. Allen Brooks Travelling Fellowship Fund.</p><p>In 2015 the Brooks Fellowship wil...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/129635045/amsterdam-s-ambitious-ijburg-housing-project-on-10-artificial-islands-keeps-growing Amsterdam's ambitious IJburg housing project on 10 artificial islands keeps growing Alexander Walter 2015-06-15T13:05:00-04:00 >2015-06-16T18:28:54-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/35/35f8ce97adc02b354eddc3e817560e64.jpg" width="514" height="232" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Right now, Amsterdam&rsquo;s Center Island (Centrumeiland in Dutch) doesn&rsquo;t look like much [...] The island, in use for the first time this summer as a campsite-cum-art installation, is in fact an entirely artificial creation, lying at the heart of what could currently be Europe&rsquo;s boldest engineering and housing program. [...] The archipelago will eventually be home to up to 45,000 people in 18,000 homes, 30 percent of which will be earmarked for affordable rent.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/129422514/book-review-shannon-mattern-s-deep-mapping-the-media-city Book Review: Shannon Mattern's "Deep Mapping the Media City" Nicholas Korody 2015-06-13T10:56:00-04:00 >2015-07-02T01:29:31-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/h8/h8j9orctfcg0yfr5.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Amid the seemingly endless barrage of new writings about the imminent arrival of the technologically mediated &ldquo;smart city,&rdquo; a slim volume published by <a href="https://www.upress.umn.edu/book-division/books/deep-mapping-the-media-city" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">the University of Minnesota Press</a> suggests that so-called intelligent urbanism might not be so new after all. In <em>Deep Mapping the Media City</em>, author <a href="http://www.wordsinspace.net/wordpress/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Shannon Mattern</a>, an associate professor at the School of Media Studies at the New School, argues cities have been &ldquo;mediated, and intelligent, for millenia.&rdquo; Rather than arbitrary ruptures, our cities have developed over time, as new infrastructural developments build off &ndash; or plug into&nbsp;&ndash; the infrastructure of the past.</p><p>Mattern takes a broad look at contemporary urban discourses, and compellingly advocates for an &ldquo;urban media archaeology,&rdquo; a &ldquo;materialist, multisensory approach to exploring the deep material history&rdquo; of our cities. She makes clear that her invocation of archaeology shouldn&rsquo;t be read as part of the proliferation of the Foucauldian genealogical methodology <em>en vogue</em> in academia...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/129420910/satirical-folly-for-london-competition-mocks-garden-bridge-project Satirical “Folly for London” competition mocks Garden Bridge project Archinect 2015-06-12T19:22:00-04:00 >2015-06-16T20:48:10-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/d7/d7fb510506e01650b7dd92bcc0163f6a.jpg" width="514" height="342" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>As controversy carries on over the notorious Garden Bridge by Heatherwick Studio proposed for London's South Bank, some opposers of the project are expressing their discontent with good ol' British satire in the soon-to-be-launched "Folly for London" competition. If you have a cheeky sense of humor, you'll have fun in this one.</p></em><br /><br /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/529656/garden-bridge" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Previously on Archinect</a></p><p><strong>UPDATE, June 15, 2015: </strong><a href="http://www.willjennings.info/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Will Jennings</a>, artist and initiator of the "Folly for London" competition, sent us this statement to further explain the cause until the design ideas contest officially opens for entries.</p><p><em>Details of the competition will be announced in due course and we will seek entries from across professional architectural and design circles, established and amateur artists, citizens of London and anyone else with an interest in the capital - adults and children alike - before a panel of judges, including architecture writer Owen Hatherley, will meet to decide the best follies. </em></p><p><em>The <a href="http://www.afollyforlondon.co.uk/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">website</a> is not only intended as a &lsquo;home&rsquo; for the competition, with details being added as we get closer to the launch, but will also have writings and responses to the many issues around the city, politics, finances and architecture which are raised by the problematic Garden Bridge project. </em></p><p><em>While we will invite crazy, ridiculous and satirically nonsensical projects and ask p...</em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/129331751/california-s-desert-resorts-struggle-to-abide-by-drought-measures-while-maintaining-a-lush-oasis-look California's desert resorts struggle to abide by drought measures while maintaining a lush 'oasis' look Alexander Walter 2015-06-11T14:39:00-04:00 >2015-06-15T21:26:06-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/7w/7wspmw9pbf583kqk.jpg" width="514" height="362" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>For decades, tourists have been coming to Southern California's Coachella Valley, drawn by spectacular mountain vistas, great weather and lush landscapes. Those landscapes have been, for the most part, man-made &mdash; an artificial oasis in a land of desert. [...] As California enters a fourth year of drought and state and local water officials unveil a series of conservation dictates, at least some hotels in the valley &mdash; big and small &mdash; have begun launching water conservation measures.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/129327717/luxury-anthropocene-dubai-gets-its-first-private-floating-islands Luxury Anthropocene: Dubai gets its first private floating islands Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-06-11T13:25:00-04:00 >2015-06-15T21:25:23-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/63/6316a0975c1ca5b5c56e87b0e58bce56.jpg" width="514" height="279" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Completely stable on the water, the base of the island is built to last for far over 100 years and will create a new underwater habitat for sea life, the company states, adding, it is building similar islands in Maldives and in Miami in the US.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Dubai's "The World", a man-made archipelago of islands arranged like a world map, is now spawning private floating homes. The "luxury floating private islands" will be designed to specific client wishes, and reportedly will all come with a pool. Developed by Amillarah Private Islands, these aren't in fact the only floating-homes being developed in The World &ndash; Kleindienst Group is selling "floating seahorses", with submerged bedrooms and bathrooms. Just don't call it a houseboat.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/129268297/a-landscape-architect-just-joined-china-s-roster-of-billionaires A landscape architect just joined China's roster of billionaires Alexander Walter 2015-06-10T19:00:00-04:00 >2015-06-15T21:24:57-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/xr/xrde45xcbxbryriq.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The boom in China stock prices that has created more than 100 new billionaires and billionaire families in the past month is continuing this week. [...] Tu Shanzhong, chairman of Pubang Landscape Architecture, became China&rsquo;s newest landscape architecture billionaire after shares in his 31%-owned Pubang Landscape Artchitecture closed at a record high of 38.53 yuan [...]. Our estimate of his fortune, at $1 billion on Wednesday, includes discounts for collateralized shares and includes dividends.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/129253818/old-macdonald-had-a-farm-on-a-toronto-rooftop Old MacDonald had a farm (on a Toronto rooftop) Alexander Walter 2015-06-10T14:53:00-04:00 >2015-06-15T21:16:44-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/cx/cxadu38dqgrjz11k.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Green roofs are nice, but rooftop farms are better. They&rsquo;re the future of living architecture, say international green roof advocates who gathered in Toronto last week. [...] &ldquo;We have a handful of agricultural green roofs and all of them are community projects,&rdquo; like Eastdale Collegiate, Ryerson&rsquo;s Engineering building and the Carrot Common, said Peck. &ldquo;But we don&rsquo;t have any commercial-scale agriculture on roofs &mdash; that&rsquo;s the next thing.&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/129194395/la-county-residents-protest-planned-high-speed-rail LA County residents protest planned high-speed rail Nicholas Korody 2015-06-09T20:21:00-04:00 >2015-06-09T23:44:03-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/eg/egwr7hs6i5e83pt4.jpg" width="514" height="290" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>A diverse alliance of communities &mdash; including Los Angeles County's third-largest city &mdash; is fighting California's long-planned bullet train route into the heart of the San Fernando Valley, saying it would bring irreparable harm... The coalition of communities is demanding that only routes that are predominantly underground should be considered. The growing resistance is coming in part from urban, working-class neighborhoods that are portraying the surface route as an environmental injustice.</p></em><br /><br /><p>In short, the bullet train faces opposition from basically every direction. One proposed route, which would include several above-ground stretches, worries residents of the town of San Fernando &ndash; because it would basically cleave the city in two, wiping out a significant chunk of the downtown. And attempts to pursue underground routes have faced criticism because of the possibility of harmful interactions with the state's complex of fault lines and already-precarious aquifers.</p><p>Meanwhile, in <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/123680434/la-s-arts-district-now-home-to-hyperloop-world-headquarters" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Downtown LA</a>, Elon Musk's team continues to develop the <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/320195/hyperloop" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Hyperloop</a>...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/129176662/book-review-katrina-palmer-s-end-matter Book Review: Katrina Palmer's "End Matter" Nicholas Korody 2015-06-09T20:02:00-04:00 >2015-06-09T20:02:52-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/s4/s44mi659rbtsb9cn.jpg" width="514" height="778" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>On September 2, 1666, a fire began in a bakery on Pudding Lane in London. By the next day, the flames had fanned out north and west, engulfing much of the city&rsquo;s medieval center. The fire, later knowns &nbsp;as the Great Fire of London, destroyed much of the old cathedral of St. Paul as well as the overcrowded, narrow streets that surrounded it. In the aftermath of the fire, a period of social unrest was followed by a large-scale reconstruction, helmed by the noted architect Sir Christopher Wren. He built a new cathedral in the English Baroque style and supervised, to some extent, the city&rsquo;s larger reconstruction. Today, St. Paul&rsquo;s Cathedral and much of the city&rsquo;s core owes its appearance in part to Wren&rsquo;s preference for a particular variety of white, soft stone hewed on the Isle of Portland. The restitution of London spurred the industrial development of Portland&rsquo;s quarries. For every monument that rose up, such as the looming Doric column that memorialized the fire itself, a hole was e...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/128868346/ten-top-images-on-archinect-s-biophilia-pinterest-board Ten Top Images on Archinect's "Biophilia" Pinterest Board Archinect 2015-06-05T15:06:00-04:00 >2015-06-05T15:09:34-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/9j/9jn02xrexjrg78sn.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>In case you haven't checked out <a href="http://pinterest.com/archinect/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Archinect's Pinterest</a> boards in a while, we have compiled ten recently pinned images from outstanding projects on various Archinect <a href="http://archinect.com/firms" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Firm</a> and <a href="http://archinect.com/people" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">People </a>profiles.</p><p>(<strong>Tip:</strong> use the handy <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/69075090/7-reasons-why-you-need-to-be-using-archinect-s-follow-feature" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">FOLLOW feature</a> to easily keep up-to-date with all your favorite Archinect profiles!)</p><p>Today's top images (in no particular order) are from the board <em><a href="http://pinterest.com/archinect/biophilia/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Biophilia</a></em>.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/lq/lq2u97qn1uzqkkgf.jpg"></p><p>&uarr; <a href="http://archinect.com/dspace/project/sculptural-rooftop-garden2" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Sculptural Rooftop + Garden</a> in Chicago, IL by <a href="http://archinect.com/dspace" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">dSpace Studio</a></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/7m/7muuss455w1aqorn.jpg"></p><p>&uarr; <a href="http://archinect.com/firms/project/704/stadthaus-m1-green-city-hotel/117862859" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Stadthaus M1 - Green City Hotel</a> in Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany by <a href="http://archinect.com/firms/cover/704/barkow-leibinger" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Barkow Leibinger</a>; Photo: Zooey Braun</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/va/vafp976ocnjlwdte.jpg"></p><p>&uarr; <a href="http://archinect.com/duvivier/project/pickford-residence2" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Pickford Residence</a> in Culver City, CA by <a href="http://archinect.com/duvivier" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Duvivier Architects</a></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/9h/9h3luxpe3ee9xcz9.jpg"></p><p>&uarr; <a href="http://archinect.com/firms/project/95498741/in-situ-estate/95499547" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">In Situ Estate</a> in Redding, CT by <a href="http://archinect.com/landmorphology" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Land Morphology</a></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/61/61lk4opnyqr34x9g.jpg"></p><p>&uarr; <a href="http://archinect.com/firms/project/7671726/beijing-garden-expo-finite-infinite/87033832" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Finite-Infinite</a> at the Beijing Garden Expo in Beijing, China by&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/firms/cover/7671726/ballistic-architecture-machine" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Ballistic Architecture Machine</a> with <a href="http://archinect.com/firms/cover/5154/peter-walker-and-partners" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Peter Walker Partners</a></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/k9/k94jczevq1n9tyhq.jpg"></p><p>&uarr; <a href="http://archinect.com/pomeroystudio/project/gramercy-residence-sky-park" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Gramercy Residence Sky Park</a> in Mandaluyong, the Philippines by <a href="http://archinect.com/pomeroystudio" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Pomeroy Studio</a></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/0w/0wfhs922pt2lehx1.jpg"></p><p>&uarr; <a href="http://archinect.com/people/project/73477284/outside-in/73484989" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">OUTSIDE-IN</a> at the 22nd International Garden Festival in Chaumont-sur-Loire, France by <a href="http://archinect.com/meirlandulli" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Meir Lobaton Corona and Ulli Heckmann</a>; Photo: Fabio Ferrario</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/uc/ucs5hzufibm3g5yx.jpg"></p><p>&uarr; ...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/128788844/high-line-co-founder-joshua-david-appointed-world-monuments-fund-president High Line co-founder Joshua David appointed World Monuments Fund president Alexander Walter 2015-06-04T13:28:00-04:00 >2015-06-10T00:04:25-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ut/utcl29t5d3rt76vi.jpg" width="200" height="200" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The New York-based World Monuments Fund announced [...] that Joshua David, the co-founder of New York&rsquo;s High Line&mdash;a major urban regeneration project that has inspired similar initiatives in places such as Paris and Philadelphia&mdash;will succeed Bonnie Burnham as president of the non-profit heritage preservation organisation. Burnham is to retire in November after 30 years in the post. [...] David announced in late January that he was stepping down as president of the Friends of the High Line.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html>