Archinect - News 2016-02-06T08:44:08-05:00 http://archinect.com/news/article/147424671/creations-from-catastrophes Creations from Catastrophes Nam Henderson 2016-02-05T13:50:00-05:00 >2016-02-05T14:53:04-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/5t/5tdt2g7m697zaqnh.jpg" width="514" height="289" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>From masterplans to reconfigure London after the Great Fire of 1666 to contemporary responses to earthquakes and tsunamis, the exhibition considers the evolving relationship between man, architecture and nature and asks whether we are now facing a paradigm shift in how we live and build in the 21st century.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Paul Kerley talked with&nbsp;curator Jes Fernie, about a&nbsp;new exhibition, <a href="https://www.architecture.com/Explore/ExhibitionsandEvents/CreationFromCatastrophe/CreationFromCatastrophe.aspx" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Creation from Catastrophe</a>, at the Royal Institute of British Architects.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/147290493/planning-war-zone-the-battle-for-l-a Planning War Zone: The Battle for L.A. Orhan Ayyüce 2016-02-03T20:49:00-05:00 >2016-02-04T18:29:04-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/1n/1nx39vpauttunbcu.jpg" width="514" height="353" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Poised to be the mother of all the&nbsp;initiatives ever to impact the built environment of the city in a while, a proposed ballot initiative called &nbsp;the Neighborhood Integrity Initiative,&nbsp;sponsored by a group called the Coalition to Preserve L.A. (CPLA), is the talk of the architecture, planning and developer circles at the moment.</p><p>Initially underwritten by the&nbsp;AIDS Healthcare Foundation, who emphasizes, among other reasons, the idea that densification can be a public health issue. The proposed initiative has the potential of stopping all the large scale development in Los Angeles. It aims to put a halt on the "vibrant"&nbsp;urban lifestyle which the developers, their political representatives and good number of gentrification people have been advocating at the cost of minorities, low-income&nbsp;communities and the majority of L.A.'s residents who have been struggling to come up with the outrageous rents month after month until they finally fall victim to substandard housing, homelessness or move...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/147190864/you-still-have-to-pay-for-the-public-life You (Still) Have to Pay for the Public Life Orhan Ayyüce 2016-02-02T12:49:00-05:00 >2016-02-02T15:02:00-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/9y/9yg59b55uwhh86w4.jpg" width="514" height="344" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Moore&rsquo;s appreciation of Disneyland was notorious in an era when the &lsquo;truthfulness&rsquo; of modern architecture was largely unquestioned.</p></em><br /><br /><p>"No architectural essay of the time foretold the preoccupations of postmodernism more memorably: &ldquo;You Have to Pay&rdquo; featured the very first architectural appreciation of Disneyland, which had opened just ten years earlier. Moore&rsquo;s provocation would be upped three years later when Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown, and Steven Izenour led their studio at Yale &mdash; where Moore was by then dean of architecture &mdash; on the famous field trip that produced Learning from Las Vegas. Moore&rsquo;s acceptance of the intensely synthetic environment anticipated what French postmodern philosopher Jean Baudrillard, touring Disneyland and California a couple of decades later, would announce as the hyper-real. But already in the mid-&rsquo;60s Moore was registering the difference between the traditional old city and the new theme park."</p><p>INTRODUCTION BY SIMON SADLER. ARCHIVAL TEXT BY CHARLES MOORE.&#8203;</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/146826530/new-york-may-finally-get-open-subway-cars New York may finally get open subway cars Nicholas Korody 2016-01-28T18:21:00-05:00 >2016-01-28T21:18:47-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/e0/e07a71a85c52fe95d853fe8776a9bc23.jpg" width="514" height="371" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Moving from one subway car to another is no easy task. There is the dart-and-hustle option, entailing a sprint between entrances before the doors close, and the perilous &mdash; and prohibited &mdash; passing between the doors at the end of the car. But the Metropolitan Transportation Authority wants to examine another route: a new generation of subway trains with open pathways between cars.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Similar designs already travel through cities like Paris and Toronto, where they have been reported to increase passenger capacity by 10%.</p><p>Currently, riders can face a steep fine for trying to move between subway cars.</p><p><strong>Related:</strong></p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/146115559/port-authority-officially-confirms-march-opening-date-for-wtc-transportation-hub-oculus" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Port Authority officially confirms March opening date for WTC Transportation Hub Oculus</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/141895196/cut-away-confusion-from-your-nyc-commute-with-these-beautiful-subway-maps" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Cut away confusion from your NYC commute with these beautiful subway maps</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/146059263/jakarta-the-world-s-largest-city-without-a-subway-is-drowning-in-traffic" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Jakarta, the world's largest city without a subway, is drowning in traffic</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/146755050/more-and-more-people-are-dying-as-a-result-of-air-pollution-in-england More and more people are dying as a result of air pollution in England Nicholas Korody 2016-01-28T05:00:00-05:00 >2016-01-28T10:15:26-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/za/zamtqwsuqux447sf.jpg" width="514" height="307" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The number of premature deaths attributed to particulate pollution has risen, government figures show. According to Public Health England, the percentage of premature deaths attributable to minute particles known as PM2.5s rose to 5.3% in 2013 in England from 5.1% in 2012. The death rate in London rose to 6.7% from 6.6%. The figures follow significant improvements in air quality across England in 2010 and 2011.</p></em><br /><br /><p><strong>Related:</strong></p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/144970663/new-delhi-mandates-odd-even-car-rationing-to-fight-world-s-worst-air-pollution" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">&#8203;New Delhi mandates odd-even car rationing to fight world's worst air pollution</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/143127994/reducing-turin-s-smog-with-free-public-transit" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Reducing Turin's smog with free public transit</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/142916001/beijing-s-latest-airpocalypse-is-bad-enough-for-city-to-issue-first-ever-red-alert" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Beijing's latest "airpocalypse" is bad enough for city to issue first ever red alert</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/139550931/car-free-events-significantly-improve-air-quality" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Car-free events significantly improve air quality</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/146756658/so-cal-has-dumped-a-lot-of-money-into-transit-projects-but-there-s-been-little-pay-off-so-far So Cal has dumped a lot of money into transit projects, but there's been little pay-off so far Nicholas Korody 2016-01-27T20:36:00-05:00 >2016-01-27T20:36:53-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/j2/j2a6xjux11zmxt8q.jpg" width="514" height="342" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>For almost a decade, transit ridership has declined across Southern California despite enormous and costly efforts by top transportation officials to entice people out of their cars and onto buses and trains. The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority, the region's largest carrier, lost more than 10% of its boardings from 2006 to 2015, a decline that appears to be accelerating.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>"Despite a $9-billion investment in new light rail and subway lines, Metro now has fewer boardings than it did three decades ago, when buses were the county's only transit option."</em></p><p><strong>Related:</strong></p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/145730131/eric-garcetti-vs-the-car-how-la-s-mayor-plans-to-change-the-way-angele-os-get-around" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Eric Garcetti vs the Car: how LA's mayor plans to change the way Angele&ntilde;os get around</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/144421098/la-s-freeway-system-is-becoming-an-increasingly-crowded-neighborhood-for-the-city-s-homeless" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">LA's freeway system is becoming an increasingly crowded 'neighborhood' for the city's homeless</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/136348612/l-a-seeks-to-accelerate-infrastructure-projects-in-advance-of-potential-olympics" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">L.A. seeks to accelerate infrastructure projects in advance of potential Olympics</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/146747015/how-record-low-oil-prices-shape-the-fate-of-america-s-boomtown-williston-north-dakota How record low oil prices shape the fate of America's boomtown, Williston, North Dakota Alexander Walter 2016-01-27T17:55:00-05:00 >2016-01-28T13:38:19-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/5n/5nak6frx1jb2ijmn.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Now, after more than five flush years, oil prices are in a prolonged slump, the flow of workers has reversed [...] But Williston believes it can build something more enduring. [...] The city used its newfound wealth to build a $70-million high school, a $68-million recreation center, and new water and sewer systems. It renovated Main Street and created a city position for someone to write parking tickets. Highways have been widened, and an airport is under development.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Related stories in the Archinect news:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/129097799/a-supermall-grows-in-fracking-country" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">A supermall grows in fracking country</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/129115534/epa-study-finds-no-evidence-that-fracking-has-lead-to-polluted-drinking-water" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">EPA study finds no evidence that fracking has lead to polluted drinking water</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/24445443/north-dakota-is-desperate-to-find-workers" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">North Dakota is desperate to find workers</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/146662467/madrid-is-about-to-get-a-lot-more-green Madrid is about to get a lot more green Nicholas Korody 2016-01-26T15:31:00-05:00 >2016-01-26T15:33:30-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/pv/pvmem2wsuat96jgx.jpg" width="514" height="344" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Nature is poised to reconquer Madrid. Faced with rising summer temperatures, Spain&rsquo;s capital has announced plans, reported in today&rsquo;s El Pais, to seam the city so thoroughly with new green patches that its face could be quite transformed. City parks will be expanded and restored, and 22 new urban gardens created. Vacant public land will be freed up to create community gardens while the banks of the city&rsquo;s scrappy Manzanares River will be thickly planted with trees...</p></em><br /><br /><p>According to the report, other components of the initiative include funding and encouragement for green roofs and fa&ccedil;ades. Plants beds would be added to paved squares and ponds may be created to catch excess stormwater <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/146346245/copenhagen-copes-with-extreme-weather-by-building-parks-that-turn-into-ponds" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">like in Copenhagen</a>.&nbsp;</p><p>Madrid's location &ndash; perched high on a plateau that receives little rain &ndash; has always brought harsh winters and grueling summers. But according to a study made by Arup, rainfall could drop by 25% by the midcentury. When it does arrive, it's probably going to be in massive summer storms that can have more averse effects than positive.</p><p>If put into action, this plan could greatly improve the city today &ndash; and save it from tomorrow.</p><p><strong>Related:</strong></p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/tag/506696/anthropocene" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Architecture of the Anthropocene</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/146346245/copenhagen-copes-with-extreme-weather-by-building-parks-that-turn-into-ponds" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Copenhagen copes with extreme weather by building parks that turn into ponds</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/146194305/last-year-was-the-warmest-since-at-least-1880" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Last year was the warmest since (at least) 1880</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/144962617/our-cities-must-adapt-to-climate-change-and-growing-populations-within-a-single-generation-according-to-the-head-of-arup" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Our cities must adapt to climate change and growing populations within a single generation, according to the head of Arup</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/146650375/the-future-of-new-york-s-skyline The Future of New York’s Skyline Richard Meier & Partners 2016-01-26T11:44:00-05:00 >2016-01-29T11:52:23-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/w9/w9bt2ibsswmkqsub.jpg" width="514" height="295" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The biggest names impacting New York&rsquo;s skyline come together to discuss the projects that now epitomize the city, the ever-evolving real estate market and what&rsquo;s next for New York&rsquo;s neighborhoods.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/146361522/the-strength-of-chinese-suburbia The strength of Chinese suburbia Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2016-01-22T17:38:00-05:00 >2016-01-22T17:38:34-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/gh/ghb2xtx5dnq2tztv.jpg" width="514" height="389" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>As of the 2010 census, the vast majority of Shanghai&rsquo;s population lived in suburban areas. Between 2000 and 2010, suburban areas grew by 50 percent or more, compared to the city&rsquo;s central districts, which grew slower or in some cases even shrank [...] The villagers who join the urban economy, then, don&rsquo;t go downtown, but to the settlements that dot the fringes of the city. The industries that really help China to grow are here, too</p></em><br /><br /><p>More related news:</p><ul><li><a title="China to sustainably build 10 New York City's worth of space in the next decade" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/145119991/china-to-sustainably-build-10-new-york-city-s-worth-of-space-in-the-next-decade" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">China to sustainably build 10 New York City's worth of space in the next decade</a></li><li><a title="In weaker market, architecture firms in China are cutting back" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/134029472/in-weaker-market-architecture-firms-in-china-are-cutting-back" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">In weaker market, architecture firms in China are cutting back</a></li><li><a title="China hopes to improve its cities with newly released urban planning vision" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/144427543/china-hopes-to-improve-its-cities-with-newly-released-urban-planning-vision" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">China hopes to improve its cities with newly released urban planning vision</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/116348258/student-works-townization-a-new-chinese-urbanization-paradigm-from-the-gsd" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Student Works: "Townization", a new Chinese urbanization paradigm from the GSD</a></li><li><a title="China relaxes restrictions on who gets perks of urban public services" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/143363013/china-relaxes-restrictions-on-who-gets-perks-of-urban-public-services" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">China relaxes restrictions on who gets perks of urban public services</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/146354278/nyc-to-receive-176-million-in-federal-funds-for-flood-protection-proposal NYC to receive $176 million in federal funds for flood-protection proposal Justine Testado 2016-01-22T15:25:00-05:00 >2016-01-22T15:25:34-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ah/ah8ltjmh2fxfb91v.jpg" width="514" height="274" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>[Through a national competition by the Department of Housing and Urban Development,] The money would be used to help fortify a stretch of shoreline from Montgomery Street on the Lower East Side to the northern tip of Battery Park City. Specific measures have not yet been determined, but could include adding sea walls and temporary flood walls that could be deployed before a storm, and building grass berms that could double as recreational areas.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Not to be confused with the Rebuild By Design competition-winning proposal, <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/101030520/a-closer-look-into-the-big-u-big-s-winning-proposal-for-rebuild-by-design" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">"The BIG U"</a>, from 2014.</p><p>More on Archinect:</p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/139315335/2015-solar-decathlon-winner-stevens-institute-of-technology-addresses-post-sandy-resiliency-with-the-sure-house" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">2015 Solar Decathlon winner Stevens Institute of Technology addresses post-Sandy resiliency with the SURE HOUSE</a></p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/134262739/when-the-next-disaster-strikes-how-resilient-would-future-proof-cities-in-the-u-s-be" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">When the next disaster strikes, how resilient would future-proof cities in the U.S. be?</a></p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/102558685/relocation-or-adaptation-creating-resilience-against-natural-disaster" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Relocation or Adaptation: Creating resilience against natural disaster</a></p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/116269641/beyond-the-grid-s-vision-to-make-a-lower-manhattan-neighborhood-more-resilient" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Beyond the Grid's vision to make a Lower Manhattan neighborhood more resilient</a></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/146138891/it-s-easier-now-to-tear-down-historic-homes-in-beverly-hills-than-before-is-this-progress-or-folly It's easier now to tear down "historic homes" in Beverly Hills than before – is this progress or folly? Nicholas Korody 2016-01-19T20:22:00-05:00 >2016-01-25T19:43:09-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/1g/1gcdassgjzvdn5j4.jpg" width="514" height="342" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Last July, the Beverly Hills City Council voted to modify the city&rsquo;s historic preservation ordinance, thereby making it easier to demolish buildings that were at one point deemed &ldquo;historic.&rdquo; While the City Council understands this a mark of progress&mdash;allowing more real estate money, and therefore more revenue, to flow into the city&mdash;historically minded citizens believe the modification places architecturally and historically relevant buildings onto a very slippery slope...</p></em><br /><br /><p><strong>Related:</strong></p><ul><li><p><a title="Roam L.A.'s Westside with these travel tips from Ehrlich Architects' Takashi Yanai" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/143597471/roam-l-a-s-westside-with-these-travel-tips-from-ehrlich-architects-takashi-yanai" target="_blank">Roam L.A.'s Westside with these travel tips from Ehrlich Architects' Takashi Yanai</a></p></li><li><p><a title="$500,000,000 spec house under construction in LA" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/140903285/500-000-000-spec-house-under-construction-in-la" target="_blank">$500,000,000 spec house under construction in LA</a></p></li><li><p><a title='MAD unveils "hillside village" project for Beverly Hills' href="http://archinect.com/news/article/129957435/mad-unveils-hillside-village-project-for-beverly-hills" target="_blank">MAD unveils "hillside village" project for Beverly Hills</a></p></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/146059263/jakarta-the-world-s-largest-city-without-a-subway-is-drowning-in-traffic Jakarta, the world's largest city without a subway, is drowning in traffic Alexander Walter 2016-01-19T08:00:00-05:00 >2016-01-19T21:11:30-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/8f/8fscegxm3mkw8hqd.jpg" width="514" height="288" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Since 2000, the world&rsquo;s second-largest megacity, Jakarta, has seen its population swell by a staggering 34 percent. Though the city proper is home to just 10 million, the urban zone is home to 30 million [...] &ldquo;Jakarta is the largest urban metropolitan area in the world without a metro,&rdquo; he [Deden Rukmana] says. &ldquo;And a metro is the most crucial element of transportation for a megacity. There&rsquo;s no way it can exist otherwise.&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><p>Related stories in the Archinect news:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/143358173/jakarta-already-40-below-sea-level-is-building-one-of-the-biggest-sea-walls-on-earth" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Jakarta, already 40% below sea level, is building one of the biggest sea walls on Earth</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/136428986/jakarta-s-car-free-days-are-only-the-start-of-the-city-s-long-journey-to-becoming-bike-friendly" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Jakarta's "car-free days" are only the start of the city's long journey to becoming bike-friendly</a></li><li><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/61721722/mvrdv-jerde-arup-present-peruri-88-for-jakarta-indonesia" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">MVRDV-Jerde-Arup Present Peruri 88 for Jakarta, Indonesia</a></p></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/145730131/eric-garcetti-vs-the-car-how-la-s-mayor-plans-to-change-the-way-angele-os-get-around Eric Garcetti vs the Car: how LA's mayor plans to change the way Angeleños get around Nicholas Korody 2016-01-14T13:15:00-05:00 >2016-01-18T22:18:32-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/vn/vnr0y9gn2bvsonc1.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Now in his third year as mayor, the 44-year-old [Eric Garcetti] wants Los Angeles to be &ldquo;the first postmodern city,&rdquo; as he tells me, speaking in his art-filled office one morning in October. Throughout the past year, he has made a series of proposals that would fundamentally alter the city by deposing the automobile, which has reigned over Los Angeles for a half-century like a cocksure Third World despot... Call him the Che Guevara of Southern California infrastructure.</p></em><br /><br /><p><strong>Related:</strong></p><ul><li><a title="Mayor Eric Garcetti seeks artist to help reduce L.A.'s pedestrian fatalities" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/140008648/mayor-eric-garcetti-seeks-artist-to-help-reduce-l-a-s-pedestrian-fatalities" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Mayor Eric Garcetti seeks artist to help reduce L.A.'s pedestrian fatalities</a></li><li><a title="Will Los Angeles be seeing more housing development along its LA River?" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/126287085/will-los-angeles-be-seeing-more-housing-development-along-its-la-river" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Will Los Angeles be seeing more housing development along its LA River?</a></li><li><a title="L.A. Mayor Calls for Mandatory Earthquake Retrofitting" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/115511004/l-a-mayor-calls-for-mandatory-earthquake-retrofitting" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">L.A. Mayor Calls for Mandatory Earthquake Retrofitting</a></li><li><a title="Garcetti Calls for 100K New Homes in Los Angeles by 2021" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/113050259/garcetti-calls-for-100k-new-homes-in-los-angeles-by-2021" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Garcetti Calls for 100K New Homes in Los Angeles by 2021</a></li><li><a title="Mayor Vows to Make LA More Pedestrian-Friendly" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/110233666/mayor-vows-to-make-la-more-pedestrian-friendly" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Mayor Vows to Make LA More Pedestrian-Friendly</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/145578340/will-tall-towers-and-sky-walks-populate-the-stockholm-of-the-future Will tall towers and sky walks populate the Stockholm of the future? Nicholas Korody 2016-01-12T13:34:00-05:00 >2016-01-18T02:31:39-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/wm/wmsjuyi78uvnt64m.jpg" width="514" height="664" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Could roof-straddling &ldquo;sky walks&rdquo; soon be coming to Stockholm? A new plan proposed for the Swedish capital would see a large slice of its city center built over with densely packed towers, joined at their peaks by a dramatic zigzag of tree-lined, open air gangways... Sweden&rsquo;s capital is one of the fastest growing cities in Europe... If it isn&rsquo;t going to sprawl unmanageably or become overcrowded, it&rsquo;s going to have to find somewhere to put everyone...</p></em><br /><br /><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/va/va8lw3350hmff38m.jpg"><br><br>Proposed by <a href="http://www.andersberenssonarchitects.blogspot.se/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Anders Berensson Architects</a>, the "Klarastaden," or "clear city" plan, was commissioned by the Swedish Center Party, a center-right party with an environmental focus and neoliberal bent. The Swedish capital is poised to grow 17 percent in the next nine years, putting pressure on its historic infrastructure and architecture.</p><p>If you want to avoid sprawling out, you're best options are to go in and up, increasing urban density and height. The Klarastaden proposal does just that, weaving together a matrix of towers of different heights and widths with a series of pathways. Following what is increasingly becoming the go-to trend for marking a project as "green," the building roofs would support a fragmented park.<br><br>But, as is noted by CityLab, the Center Party isn't in power at the moment. So Anders Berensson Architects have also crafted a diagram for how their strategy could be retooled as a retrofit instead of a massive development.<br><br><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/n7/n7uj1a4k4swtkoyi.jpg"></p><p><strong>Related:&nbsp;</strong></p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/132332198/left-to-rot-abandoned-swedish-mid-century-modern-homes" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Left to rot: abandoned Swedish mid-cen...</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/145128863/governor-cuomo-announces-new-penn-station-private-public-partnership-rfp Governor Cuomo Announces New Penn Station Private-Public Partnership RFP Center for Ants 2016-01-06T17:34:00-05:00 >2016-01-18T01:26:44-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/g5/g59mfzpojdv89mpw.jpg" width="514" height="368" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Governor Cuomo unveiled the sixth signature proposal of his 2016 agenda: transform Penn Station and the historic James A. Farley Post Office into a world-class transportation hub. The project, known as the Empire Station Complex.... is anticipated to cost $3 billion &ndash; will be expedited by a public-private partnership in order to break ground this year and complete substantial construction within the next three years.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Governor Andrew Cuomo announced another piece of his proposal to revitalize New York's transportation infrastructure at Madison Square Garden this afternoon. Looking towards a private-public enterprise to develop the site, the proposal is budgeted at $3 billion and take three years to build.</p><p>While the details are unclear, the proposal calls for utilizing the Farley Post Office site in concert with the current Penn Station and Madison Square Garden site. The two blocks will be connected below 8th Avenue via a subterranean connection. Expanding north, the plan will shut down 33rd street adjacent to Penn Station/MSG and create a pedestrian focused entry along 33rd as well as 7th and 8th Avenues.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/145119991/china-to-sustainably-build-10-new-york-city-s-worth-of-space-in-the-next-decade China to sustainably build 10 New York City's worth of space in the next decade Julia Ingalls 2016-01-06T14:38:00-05:00 >2016-01-06T19:05:36-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/yu/yu0fbofz5nqfrgp6.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>In this rush to urbanize, China also has an enormous opportunity to move toward a &ldquo;new pattern of urbanization.&rdquo; Chinese cities could fulfill their potential to be the most energy-efficient human habitat rather than stoking energy consumption.</p></em><br /><br /><p>With a projected urban population of one billion by 2030, <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/142982682/touring-china-s-past-present-and-future-an-examination-of-architectural-guide-china" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">China</a> needs a few more cities&mdash;but it needs them to be sustainable, a challenge that could be met if smart growth and planning is instituted now. According to this article, no perfect eco-city model exists yet, but certain practices could be scaled up to help create urbanities that are both dense yet green, or at least greener than current smog-laden metropolises (<a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/119439038/beijing-mayor-says-air-pollution-makes-his-city-unlivable" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">hello, Beijing</a>). Archinect has been keenly following different strategies for building large-scale sustainable living situations, including:</p><p>&bull; <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/138417575/werner-sobek-believes-we-could-live-in-entirely-renewable-energy-powered-cities-by-2020" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Werner Sobek believes we could live in entirely renewable-energy-powered cities by 2020</a></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/bk/bkjt8mvtmjg7t8im.jpg"></p><p>&bull; <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/139461710/viennese-student-dorms-may-passively-house-refugees" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Viennese student dorms may Passively House refugees</a></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/o0/o00gyheyadzrz5yt.jpg"></p><p>&bull; <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/138958669/powering-your-som-designed-house-with-your-car-and-reverse" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Powering your (SOM-designed) house with your car (and reverse)</a></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/fr/fraz8jjvncw68dkp.jpg"></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/145115960/africa-s-urbanization-must-chart-a-unique-course Africa's urbanization must chart a unique course Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2016-01-06T13:02:00-05:00 >2016-01-06T20:35:36-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/4s/4su44pe6rgzms1fl.jpg" width="514" height="385" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>These urban realities include a population that will double in 25 years, a slum prevalence level of&nbsp;61% (higher than any other region in the world), &nbsp;a labour force where 63% are in vulnerable employment, where congestion can equate to 2% of a country&rsquo;s economy and where 400 million more people will need water connections in the next 20 years. [...] people are being pushed out of rural areas that lack basic services and jobs, into cities which are simply not ready for them</p></em><br /><br /><p>More on emerging forms of urbanism in developing Africa:</p><ul><li><a title="Africa's challenges and opportunities to get urbanization right" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/138955443/africa-s-challenges-and-opportunities-to-get-urbanization-right" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Africa's challenges and opportunities to get urbanization right</a></li><li><a title="Chinese Urbanism takes root in Africa" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/134485774/chinese-urbanism-takes-root-in-africa" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Chinese Urbanism takes root in Africa</a></li><li><a title="Admire the diversity of African vernacular architecture in this growing online database" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/134027043/admire-the-diversity-of-african-vernacular-architecture-in-this-growing-online-database" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Admire the diversity of African vernacular architecture in this growing online database</a></li><li><a title="A Look at Africa's Modernist Architecture" href="http://archinect.com/news/article/121971507/a-look-at-africa-s-modernist-architecture" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">A Look at Africa's Modernist Architecture</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/145109529/revealed-1-7b-streetcar-proposal-connecting-the-brooklyn-queens-waterfront Revealed: $1.7B Streetcar Proposal Connecting the Brooklyn-Queens Waterfront Alyssa Alimurung 2016-01-06T10:58:00-05:00 >2016-01-18T01:13:31-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/is/isn38e64ynts5j96.jpg" width="514" height="382" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The dream of a Brooklyn-Queens light rail is quickly moving into the realm of reality. A non-profit advocacy group called Friends of the Brooklyn Queens Connector has officially formed to address the need for a more robust transportation system that could connect underserved, and now booming, areas of Brooklyn and Queens. They&rsquo;ve just released a detailed proposal revealing the route and the potential design the modern streetcars could take on.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/144964221/turn-the-2-into-housing-or-a-park-or-a-solar-array-christopher-hawthorne-s-pitch-for-one-of-la-s-most-awkward-freeways Turn the 2 into housing (or a park or a solar array): Christopher Hawthorne's pitch for one of LA's most awkward freeways Nicholas Korody 2016-01-04T13:58:00-05:00 >2016-01-17T21:59:53-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/tp/tpmu30msgofmwkrr.jpg" width="514" height="339" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>An elevated park filling a retired stretch of freeway may sound reminiscent of the High Line, the hugely popular park built along an abandoned elevated train line in Manhattan. In symbolic and practical terms, the potential of a remade 2 spur is greater than even that project. It would take a working stretch of freeway in Los Angeles, a city still synonymous with car culture, and reinvent it as a vibrant, diverse urban landscape.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Critics rarely take advantage of their position to propose urban initiatives of their own, but when they do, it usually merits some serious consideration.<br><br>Christopher Hawthorne has issued an inventive, but well-reasoned, proposal to remake the awkward terminus of the 2 Freeway, where it "bends south and west from Interstate 5 and dips into Silver Lake and Echo Park, two miles or so from downtown Los Angeles," into a new urban space.</p><p>Noting the general feasibility of the idea &ndash; similar projects have had little to no harmful effect on traffic conditions &ndash; Hawthorne asserts that transforming the freeway could turn "noise into quiet, gray into green, dangerous into healthful, a no man's land into a destination."<br><br>Hawthorne proposes a variety of possible programs, from parkland to housing to storm water treatment (or all of the above), rather than prescribe a single idea. In the process, his call reads more as an invitation for designers than an edict.<br><br>He concludes by suggesting a glimmering ...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/144962617/our-cities-must-adapt-to-climate-change-and-growing-populations-within-a-single-generation-according-to-the-head-of-arup Our cities must adapt to climate change and growing populations within a single generation, according to the head of Arup Nicholas Korody 2016-01-04T13:43:00-05:00 >2016-01-17T22:00:00-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/pe/pedq2rn1ax5zgz3l.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Cities around the world have only one generation to meet the twin challenges of climate change and a rapidly growing urban population, the head of a global engineering firm has warned. Gregory Hodkinson, chairman of the Arup group, said that with more than half the world&rsquo;s population already living in cities, and the proportion set to rise to 70% by 2050, city leaders need to take urgent action.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Gregory Hodkinsin, the chairman of the engineering giant Arup Group, has warned that cities must adapt to climate change and booming population growth within the timespan of a single generation.&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;If we don&rsquo;t, in my view, we&rsquo;re screwed: my children and my grandchildren and everybody else&rsquo;s children," Hodkinsin told <em>the Guardian</em>.&nbsp;"We need to find a way to do this rapid urbanisation in a way that&rsquo;s not going to kill us &ndash; and to do it once.&rdquo;</p><p>Climate change and urban population growth are "twinned" challenges for a variety of reasons. As global temperatures rise, an increase in natural disasters and resource-driven conflict will likely drive displaced populations to urban centers, where shelter and access to basic necessities are more available. This is a pattern already <a href="http://www.cnn.com/2015/11/23/world/is-the-syrian-conflict-linked-to-climate-change/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">emerging</a>, for instance,&nbsp;in the mass migration of refugees from Syria and Iraq into Europe and elsewhere.</p><p>Cities currently house more than half of the world's population &ndash; and will most likely have to shelter up to 70% in t...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/144427543/china-hopes-to-improve-its-cities-with-newly-released-urban-planning-vision China hopes to improve its cities with newly released urban planning vision Alexander Walter 2015-12-28T14:54:00-05:00 >2016-01-17T00:45:18-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/xv/xvyh7izuk6foeq1a.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>China has detailed its urban planning vision, which has been designed to make its sprawling cities more inclusive, safer and better places to live. [...] policymakers pledged to transform urban development patterns and improve city management. The last time China held such a high-level meeting was in 1978, when only 18 percent of the population lived in cities. By the end of 2011, in excess of 50 percent of the population called the city their home.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Related news on Archinect:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/107557388/china-considering-drastic-ban-on-coal" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">China considering drastic ban on coal</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/143895090/disastrous-landslide-burying-dozens-in-shenzhen-likely-caused-by-piled-up-soil-from-construction-work" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Disastrous landslide burying dozens in Shenzhen likely caused by piled up soil from construction work</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/142916001/beijing-s-latest-airpocalypse-is-bad-enough-for-city-to-issue-first-ever-red-alert" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Beijing's latest "airpocalypse" is bad enough for city to issue first ever red alert</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/120430562/china-s-most-influential-architect-is-not-pleased-with-the-state-of-chinese-urbanism" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">China&rsquo;s "most influential architect" is not pleased with the state of Chinese urbanism</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/144421098/la-s-freeway-system-is-becoming-an-increasingly-crowded-neighborhood-for-the-city-s-homeless LA's freeway system is becoming an increasingly crowded 'neighborhood' for the city's homeless Alexander Walter 2015-12-28T13:00:00-05:00 >2015-12-28T12:52:26-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/7x/7x5yvitfbb3v7dbf.jpg" width="514" height="376" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The freeway system, which Southern Californians once saw as a ticket to freedom, an emblem of L.A.'s love of individuality and movement, increasingly serves as a landscape of hard luck and a desperate sort of community &mdash; a place to hunker down. [...] As the homeless population grows in a city whose public realm is the haggard product of several decades of neglect, the freeway has taken on a crucial, if often dispiriting, neighborhood role despite itself.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>"The ranks of the chronically homeless in Los Angeles County have grown by more than 50% in the last two years, to more than 12,000 people, according to one study. If you count all the people who are homeless at least part of the time, the figure rises to an estimated 44,000."</em></p><p>Related news on Archinect:</p><ul><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/137260707/los-angeles-to-declare-homelessness-in-the-city-an-emergency-and-pledge-100-million" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Los Angeles to declare homelessness in the city an 'emergency' and pledge $100 million</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/128653102/in-los-angeles-homelessness-is-becoming-more-visible" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">In Los Angeles, homelessness is becoming more visible</a></li><li><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/124832288/low-income-housing-in-los-angeles-a-look-at-the-past-present-and-future" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Low-income housing in Los Angeles: A look at the past, present and future</a></li></ul> http://archinect.com/news/article/143997037/cool-roofs-substantially-reduce-temperatures-during-a-heat-wave-according-to-new-study 'Cool roofs' substantially reduce temperatures during a heat wave, according to new study Nicholas Korody 2015-12-22T19:39:00-05:00 >2015-12-28T22:35:43-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/l9/l94dpy351zzi66zf.jpg" width="514" height="326" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>It is well established that white roofs can mitigate the urban heat island effect, reflecting the sun's energy back into space and reducing a city's temperature. In a new study of Guangzhou, China, researchers found that during a heat wave, the effect is significantly more pronounced. Reflective roofs, also called cool roofs, save energy by keeping buildings cooler, thus reducing the need for air conditioning.</p></em><br /><br /><p>According to a new study by Berkeley lab researchers&nbsp;Dev Millstein, Ronnen Levinson, and Pablo Rosado, alongside Meichun Cao and Zhaohui Lin of the Institute of Atmospheric Physic in Beijing, so-called "cool roofs," or roofs painted white, substantially reduce the urban heat island effect during a heat wave.<br><br><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/d4/d4segr6qig2fij59.jpg"><br>&nbsp;</p><p>Prior research had shown that cool roofs could mitigate the urban heat island effect, but the new study shows just how drastically this can make a difference during a heat wave. Heat waves affect both public health and energy resources, requiring massive amounts of air conditioning and other cooling systems that can overtax the electric grid.<br><br>"The hotter it is, the more cooling you get with cool roofs--and it is a significant difference, compared to the margin of error," Millstein told ScienceDaily. "We found that the stagnant conditions of a heat wave, where the air is just sitting over the city, was one of the main factors."<br><br>The research was conducted in&nbsp;Guangzhou, a large city ...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/143988201/see-2-000-years-of-urban-growth-around-the-world-with-this-interactive-map See 2,000 Years of Urban Growth Around the World With This Interactive Map Alyssa Alimurung 2015-12-22T19:20:00-05:00 >2015-12-22T19:20:33-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/rc/rc8u9akd6cj5c57t.jpg" width="514" height="290" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Back in 1 A.D., ancient civilizations like the Mayans experienced &ldquo;urban booms&rdquo; of their own. This mind-boggling interactive map made by Esri puts thousands of years of global population growth into perspective, ultimately showing us that NYC is kind of just a blip on the radar&mdash;or in this case, the 2,000-year timeline of life.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/143913586/mayor-less-rome-s-logistical-battle-to-invest-in-its-past-and-present Mayor-less Rome's logistical battle to invest in its past and present Justine Testado 2015-12-21T17:43:00-05:00 >2016-01-04T18:59:46-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ro/ro6oxks0e9n8cmnd.jpg" width="514" height="308" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>While some residents may be more concerned about their overflowing rubbish bins than maintaining ancient monuments, for many the survival of modern Rome will depend on the preservation of the past.</p></em><br /><br /><p>As Rome moves forward without a mayor, the city is taking on the restoration of both the Colosseum and the&nbsp;Porta Maggiore basilica while updating the modern city.</p><p>More about Rome on Archinect:</p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/122515225/was-rome-really-a-city-of-marble" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Was Rome really a "City of Marble"?</a></p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/121377224/a-breakneck-tour-of-contemporary-architecture-in-rome" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">A breakneck tour of contemporary architecture in Rome</a></p><p><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/123353657/contemporary-art-in-an-8th-century-roman-church" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Contemporary Art in an 8th-Century Roman Church</a></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/143912782/the-disappearing-barsati-or-rooftop-dwellings-of-delhi The disappearing barsati, or rooftop dwellings, of Delhi Nicholas Korody 2015-12-21T17:33:00-05:00 >2015-12-28T21:17:15-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/bb/bb5c98c11b697b56a2529327c4773925.jpg" width="300" height="180" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Buildings in Delhi&rsquo;s residential areas were restricted to two storeys, with construction permitted on only a fraction of the space on the third floor, so on top of homes, families built small dwellings for their own use, as accommodation for domestic staff or to rent out cheaply. Exposed to the elements, the single room on the top floor became known evocatively as the barsati &ndash; derived from the Hindi word for rain, barsaat.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>"These apartments &ndash; generally, a small shack with a large terrace &ndash; afforded a new generation of urbanites cheap living space near the centre of town...&nbsp;But it&rsquo;s a typology that, as land values rise and the population grows, is fast disappearing. While there are no official figures, anecdotal evidence suggests that in the 1980s, 75% of small rentable properties in many residential suburbs were barsatis &ndash; the same areas today have only a few dozen such properties, but many more apartment blocks."</em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/143660106/30th-st-station-district-plan-proposes-mixed-use-neighborhood-above-rail-yards 30th St. Station District Plan Proposes Mixed-Use Neighborhood Above Rail Yards Alexander.Ayala 2015-12-18T12:46:00-05:00 >2015-12-18T16:48:59-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/xa/xa4mv2f327x5lwa6.jpg" width="514" height="317" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>In addition to the dense mixed-use development above the rail yards, the new draft calls for doubling the size of Drexel Park, a river overlook, a series of boardwalks and green spaces along the west bank trail of the Schuylkill, and a transit terminal for buses.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/loose.dtd"> <html><head><meta></head></html> http://archinect.com/news/article/143609533/something-like-a-new-golden-age-of-public-art-in-nyc Something like a new golden age of public art in NYC Nam Henderson 2015-12-18T09:06:00-05:00 >2015-12-18T12:40:14-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/bk/bkg80yf7or3ohsnp.jpg" width="514" height="342" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>I hate this historical turn, which for me is contained most neatly in the High Line...The trend I mean is this: toward ersatz, privatized public spaces built by developers; sterile, user-friendly, cleansed adult playgrounds with generic environments that produce the innocuous stupor of elevator music; inane urban utopias with promenades, perches, pleasant embellishments, rest stops, refreshments, and compliance codes.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Jerry Saltz analyzes how the rise of bad,&nbsp;privatized public spaces&nbsp;has actually been great for public art. However, these "<em>nightmares of synthetic space</em>" bring&nbsp;with them significant&nbsp;downsides such as a loss of "<em>quietness, slowness, whimsy, stillness, different rhythms, anything uneasy, aimless, inner-directed, accidental, odd...room for silence</em>".</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/143513210/interested-in-how-urban-design-and-mental-health-connect-a-brand-new-journal-wants-your-thoughts Interested in how urban design and mental health connect? A brand new journal wants your thoughts! Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-12-16T12:59:00-05:00 >2015-12-28T00:05:44-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/if/ifkncbaepsna9ogm.jpg" width="514" height="277" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The Centre for Urban Design and Mental Health is planning to launch a new, biannual journal in early 2016. This online journal will help address the challenge of there not being many journals explicitly publishing research on the links between urban design and mental health right now. [...] Do you have a relevant research paper, case study, review, comment piece, photograph, book review or other relevant content, (or a good suggestion for the journal's name)? If yes, please submit</p></em><br /><br /><p>Interested in submitting? Here's the details from the Urban Design / Mental Health <a href="http://www.urbandesignmentalhealth.com/blog/call-for-papers-new-journal-for-urban-design-and-mental-health" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">website</a>:</p><ul><li>This journal is not currently peer-reviewed. Editorial decisions will be made by Layla McCay (UD/MH Director) and Itai Palti (UD/MH Fellow and Guest Editor of the edition). The journal will be open-access. The style of writing and terminology should be clear, succinct, interesting, and accessible to multi-disciplinary professionals including scientists, psychologists, architects, planners, interior designers, planners, policymakers, etc.</li><li><strong>Research papers</strong>: up to 4,000 words (and note we value succinct writing). Please include a 200-300 word abstract including introduction, methods, results, conclusion, and a short comment on what your findings mean practically for those working in urban design/mental health. Please include 1-3 relevant photographs (with description and any attributions). Please ensure your paper is fully referenced, with a link associated with each reference.</li><li><strong>Comment pieces/op-eds...</strong></li></ul>