Archinect - News 2017-03-26T09:33:23-04:00 http://archinect.com/news/article/149999146/kwong-von-glinow-design-office-is-named-the-recipient-of-the-2016-chicago-prize Kwong Von Glinow Design Office is named the recipient of the 2016 Chicago Prize Archinect 2017-03-23T16:37:00-04:00 >2017-03-23T19:50:23-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/1b/1bo71jtjczt19729.jpg" width="650" height="397" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>The Chicago Architecture Club named Lake Forest's <a href="http://www.kwongvonglinow.com" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Kwong Von Glinow Design Office</a> the recipient of the <a href="http://www.chicagoarchitecturalclub.org/2016-CHICAGO-PRIZE-COMPETITION-ON-THE-EDGE" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">2016 Chicago Prize</a>. &nbsp;This is a biennial prize given for the design of an international competition. &nbsp;This year's competition, titled <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149981531/send-your-ideas-to-the-2016-chicago-prize-on-the-edge-competition" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">On the Edge</a>, asked architects and designers to rethink Lake Shore Drive's connection to <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/4611/chicago" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Chicago</a>'s waterfront. &nbsp;Kwong Von Glinow Design Office's proposal, titled <em>Lattices on the Drive</em>, seeks to enhance the pedestrian's relationship to Lake Shore Drive. &nbsp;At each underpass which leads to the Lake, an access point at the media brings pedestrians up to a steel-frame viewing deck from which they can see the Lake, the city, and of course, Lake Shore Drive. &nbsp;An exhibition of their winning proposal will be in the lobby of the <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/289683/chicago-architecture-foundation" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Chicago Architecture Foundation</a> through June.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/4m/4m4svbvzpkgjvj9i.jpg"></p><p>Lap Chi Kwong and Alison Von Glinow co-founded Kwong Von Glinow Design Office in Chicago in 2016. &nbsp;Both partners earned their Masters of Architecture from Harvard University Graduate School of D...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149999145/il-lumen-ating-a-conversation-with-jenny-sabin-winner-of-2017-s-moma-ps1-yap Il[LUMEN]ating; A conversation with Jenny Sabin, winner of 2017’s MoMA PS1 YAP Archinect 2017-03-23T16:26:00-04:00 >2017-03-24T10:46:26-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/ne/nehr5z931a3dlhra.jpg" width="650" height="421" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>In this week's episode, we talk to Jenny Sabin&mdash;<a href="http://www.jennysabin.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">architect, artist</a>,&nbsp;<a href="http://sabinlab.aap.cornell.edu/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">researcher</a>,&nbsp;<a href="https://aap.cornell.edu/people/jenny-sabin" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">educator</a>, and&nbsp;<a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149992863/jenny-e-sabin-is-the-winner-of-moma-ps1-s-2017-young-architects-program" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">winner</a>&nbsp;of the 2017 Young Architect's Program at MoMA PS1.</p><p></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149999111/if-you-can-t-stand-the-heat-get-an-outdoor-kitchen-homeowners-are-says-aia If you can't stand the heat, get an outdoor kitchen (homeowners are, says AIA) Julia Ingalls 2017-03-23T13:02:00-04:00 >2017-03-23T13:06:15-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/ot/otcsw5au4f2ez1er.jpg" width="650" height="431" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Over the past century, <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/149961338/if-you-can-t-stand-the-domesticity-get-out-of-the-kitchen" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">kitchens have gone from being a back room to the center of many homes</a>. Now, according to a <a href="http://info.aia.org/AIArchitect/2017/0324/aia-interactive/index.html#!" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">new study released by the AIA</a>, many homeowners are requesting outdoor kitchens, creating an uptick in work for residential architects.&nbsp;&ldquo;Homeowners continue to find new ways to add value to their homes by creating more functional space, which is apparent in the rise in popularity of outdoor kitchens,&rdquo; said AIA Chief Economist, Kermit Baker, PhD, Hon. AIA. &ldquo;Kitchens have become a hub for the home, now homeowners want to bring some of that activity to their outside space.&rdquo;</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149999095/gimme-customizable-shelter-pop-up-modular-homeless-housing-project-tailor-made-for-each-community Gimme (customizable) shelter: pop-up modular homeless housing project tailor-made for each community Julia Ingalls 2017-03-23T12:44:00-04:00 >2017-03-24T12:18:41-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/y5/y59d7jjt1oaq5fze.jpg" width="650" height="479" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Assembled from containers placed within a scaffolding net, WE Architecture's Jagtevj 69 aims to create alluring public space while simultaneously providing temporary housing for the homeless.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/uploads/df/dfkbi7s77vb5odhl.gif"></p><p>The proposal stresses that it's a temporary solution; by creating a variety of different spaces for different activities, the project ultimately provides an opportunity for social networking for both the community and the homeless population in "urban gardens and semi-public activities." These activity-specific spaces, which include workshops, yoga studios, and offices, form each modular unit, making it easy to swap out or add different functions as needed.&nbsp;</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/80/80zo1uos91ppcwex.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/uploads/73/73mu8ss6dd23p8v6.gif"></p><p>Currently envisioned for a site in Copenhagen, the proposal is designed to be disassembled and then reassembled in different locations, making it a kind of traveling social aid that is also custom tailored to the needs of its particular community.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149998868/the-adrian-smith-prize-for-the-2017-ragdale-ring-goes-to-living-picture-by-t-e-a-m The Adrian Smith Prize for the 2017 Ragdale Ring goes to "LIVING PICTURE" by T+E+A+M Ragdale1260 2017-03-22T19:37:00-04:00 >2017-03-22T19:38:17-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/9o/9oyyeosb54pnpdpv.jpg" width="650" height="364" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Ragdale, the acclaimed artists&rsquo; residency in Lake Forest, announces the winning design of the fifth annual Ragdale Ring competition. Amidst a field of national and international submissions, T+E+A+M, a young, internationally recognized architectural collaborative based in Ann Arbor, Michigan, was selected by jury for their proposal of <a href="http://ragdale.org/residency/ragdale-ring-2017/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">LIVING PICTURE</a>&ndash; a contemporary interpretation of the original Ragdale Ring garden theatre designed by architect Howard Van Doren Shaw in 1912.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/8f/8fb9841fbfct80wc.jpg"></p><p>The winning T+E+A+M exclaims, "We are thrilled to receive the Adrian Smith Prize for the 2017 Ragdale Ring. In its short history, this competition has produced an exciting series of experimental projects, and we&rsquo;re honored to join the ranks of past winners. We look forward to our residency, meeting the other fellows, and watching our project come to life through public programming."</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/5e/5egmybnk4txheuip.jpg"></p><p>Historical elements from the original Ragdale Ring appear&nbsp;on lightweight objects stacked and spread throughout the&nbsp;grounds. Blending ...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149998619/hugh-hardy-dies-at-the-age-of-84 Hugh Hardy dies at the age of 84 Nicholas Korody 2017-03-21T14:17:00-04:00 >2017-03-21T14:17:33-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/gc/gcegx1roimd7jbwj.jpg" width="650" height="542" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Hugh Hardy, the architect best-known for his renovation of many of New York&rsquo;s most famous theatrical landmarks, passed away on Thursday at the age of 84 from a cerebral hemorrhage. He is survived by his wife, Tiziana Hardy.</p><p>Born on July 26, 1932 in Majorca, Spain to American parents, Hardy was raised primarily in New York. He attended Princeton where he earned a bachelor&rsquo;s degree in 1954 and a master of fine arts degree in 1956. Hardy served as a drafting instructor in the Army Corps of Engineers before working with Jo Mielziner, a theatrical and set designer.&nbsp;</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/3w/3wtwbw8cwq4pr6k7.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/3w/3wsmrkbeu39fj5aq.jpg"></p><p>Among Hardy&rsquo;s many restoration and renovation projects are the New Victory Theater, the Majestic Theater, the Central Synagogue, the Rainbow Room at Rockefeller Center and the Windows of the World at the top of the World Trade Center. Other notable projects include the Orchestra Hall in Minneapolis, as well as the Brooklyn Academy of Music (BAM), the Claire Tow Theater and 420 West 42nd Street, all in New York.</p><p>Hardy headed thre...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149998588/architecture-employees-don-t-think-supervisors-think-it-s-important-they-get-licensed Architecture employees don't think supervisors think it's important they get licensed Julia Ingalls 2017-03-21T13:25:00-04:00 >2017-03-21T16:22:28-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/cd/cd0se5zvzmbkk6bs.jpg" width="650" height="372" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Combining all the tension of a passive-aggressive relationship with the clarity of survey-derived data, a new study released by the AIA and NCARB reveals that while both employees and supervisors think attaining licensure is important, employees don't think supervisors think it's important.&nbsp;</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/0t/0tb7k850bdrhgny0.jpg"></p><p>Dubbed the "perception gap," this disparity is quite sharp: as <a href="http://blog.ncarb.org/2017/March/AIA-NCARB-Supervisor-Perception-Survey.aspx" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">the NCARB blog notes</a>,</p><p><em>While the results revealed that almost all supervisors surveyed (98 percent) believe it is important for emerging professionals to obtain licensure, just 66 percent of emerging professionals reported believing that their supervisor thinks it is important for them to become licensed. In fact, just 27 percent of emerging professionals indicate they believe it is &ldquo;very important&rdquo; to their supervisors for them to obtain licensure, while 88 percent of supervisors indicated that it was &ldquo;very important&rdquo; to them for the emerging professionals they supervise to get licensed.</em></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/lv/lv20r5y9irwpfnbz.jpg"></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149998584/how-does-one-design-against-magic-used-to-trap-self-driving-cars How does one design against "magic" used to trap self-driving cars? Julia Ingalls 2017-03-21T12:45:00-04:00 >2017-03-21T12:45:19-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/fe/fevhbt2v7w5028jf.jpg" width="650" height="358" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>As if the challenges of politics, engineering, and weather weren't enough, now self-driving cars face another obstacle: purposeful visual sabotage, in the form of specially painted traffic lines that entice the car in before trapping it in an endless loop. As profiled in <a href="https://creators.vice.com/en_us/article/meet-the-artist-using-ritual-magic-to-trap-self-driving-cars" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Vice</a>, the artist behind "Autonomous Trip 001," James Bridle, is demonstrating an unforeseen hazard of automation: those forces which, for whatever reason, want to mess it all up. Which raises the question: how does one effectively design for an impish sense of humor, or a deadly series of misleading markings?</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149998544/david-adjaye-elected-to-join-the-royal-academy-of-arts David Adjaye elected to join the Royal Academy of Arts Abigail Banfield 2017-03-21T10:10:00-04:00 >2017-03-21T10:11:04-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/5c/5cvdyfaca8vjn2k5.jpg" width="620" height="394" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The Ghanian-British architect David Adjaye, founder of Adjaye Associates, named as the new Royal Academician by the Royal Academy of Arts together with artist Gilbert &amp; George. Sir David Adjaye RA is conceived as a leading architect of his generation. ''David Adjaye joins us at a time when the Royal Academy architects currently comprise a more distinguished group than at any time in its long history'' - Christopher Le Brun, President of the Royal Academy.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Sir David Adjaye becomes the newest addition to&nbsp;a long list of esteemed designers and architects, including Peter Cook, Frank Gehry, and Norman Foster, recognised for their continuing contribution to the field. Adjaye, who founded his firm Adjaye Associates in 2000, was <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149984332/david-adjaye-knighted-by-the-queen-in-annual-new-year-honours" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">knighted earlier this year</a>, for his work&nbsp;which spans the globe and all sectors; from the <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149969926/david-adjaye-on-designing-a-museum-that-speaks-a-different-language" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">National Museum of African American History</a>, to the recently announced<a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149975401/adjaye-associates-to-design-masterplan-for-san-francisco-shipyard-redevelopment" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"> 760-acre masterplan</a> for the San Francisco Shipyard Adjaye is known for his passion for considered designs, and his engagement in architectural discussion; qualities which drive his practice towards greater and greater heights.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149998406/bernardo-fort-brescia-laurinda-spear-philippe-starck-and-marcel-wanders-transform-the-urban-landscape-of-quito Bernardo Fort-Brescia, Laurinda Spear, Philippe Starck and Marcel Wanders transform the urban landscape of Quito trama 2017-03-20T18:19:00-04:00 >2017-03-20T18:19:52-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/vl/vlfuz7hqa9dqlmrq.jpg" width="650" height="366" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Designers Philippe Starck and Marcel Wanders, and architects Bernardo Fort-Brescia and Laurinda Spear (Arquitectonica), along with the ecuadorian architect Tommy Schwarzkopf from Uribe &amp; Schwarzkopf are responsible for this transforming moment in the ecuadorian architecture.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Quito, the capital of Ecuador and the first Cultural Heritage of Humanity, is in the process of renewing its urban and architectural image. Four architectural projects designed by important international studios, which are being built simultaneously, contribute decisively in this process, while others are in the design process.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/7a/7axyhkixmwu249qa.jpg"><br><em>Oh Residencias, Bernardo Fort-Brescia, Laurinda Spear, Arquitectonica and Marcel Wanders, Tommy Schwarzkopf, Uribe &amp; Schwarzkopf, Quito, Ecuador</em></p><p>Designers Philippe Starck and Marcel Wanders, and architects Bernardo Fort-Brescia and Laurinda Spear (Arquitectonica), along with the ecuadorian architect Tommy Schwarzkopf from Uribe &amp; Schwarzkopf are responsible for this transforming moment in the ecuadorian architecture.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/e7/e7i0li5o39zpyh2r.jpg"><br><em>YOO CUMBAYA / Bernardo Fort-Brescia, Laurinda Spear, Philippe Starck , Tommy Schwarzkopf, Uribe &amp; Schwarzkopf, Quito, Ecuador</em></p><p>The construction of a new transportation system; the subway and the exit of the airport from the heart of the city, have mad...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149998385/to-win-recognition-china-s-smaller-cities-bet-on-starchitecture To win recognition, China's smaller cities bet on starchitecture Alexander Walter 2017-03-20T14:38:00-04:00 >2017-03-21T11:21:56-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/zl/zllkm3vd57a6fyl0.jpg" width="650" height="433" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>From egg-shaped concert halls to skyscrapers reminiscent of big pairs of pants, China&rsquo;s top cities are famously full of curious monuments to architectural ambition. But as land prices in the main metropolises have shot into the stratosphere, developers have been scrambling to buy up plots in the country&rsquo;s second and third-tier cities, spawning a new generation of delirious plans in the provinces.</p></em><br /><br /><p><em>"From Harbin &ldquo;City of Music&rdquo; to Dezhou &ldquo;Solar Valley&rdquo;, provincial capitals are branding themselves as themed enclaves of culture and industry to attract inward investment, and commissioning scores of bold buildings to match."</em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149998035/zaha-hadid-s-seminal-artwork-makes-its-hong-kong-debut Zaha Hadid's seminal artwork makes its Hong Kong debut Justine Testado 2017-03-17T19:17:00-04:00 >2017-03-20T01:27:30-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/vz/vzjvyxk8u03ujjok.jpg" width="650" height="283" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Ceaseless experimentation was the root of Zaha Hadid's architectural practice, as depicted in her early drawings and paintings. The Serpentine Galleries and Zaha Hadid Design teamed up to showcase Hadid's artistic prowess in the exhibition, &ldquo;Zaha Hadid: There Should Be No End To Experimentation&rdquo;, which opened today at the ArtisTree gallery in Hong Kong.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Presenting Zaha Hadid's artwork in&nbsp;Hong Kong for the first time, the&nbsp;exhibition&nbsp;shows her&nbsp;paintings, calligraphic drawings, and rarely seen private sketch notebooks, along with VR experiences and screenings of archival footage.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/zq/zq3vimu7dkqidle7.jpg"><br><em>Hafenstrasse Development; Hafenstrasse Development, Hamburg, Germany, 1989; &copy; Zaha Hadid Foundation.</em></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/is/ismq08isvrsscm5o.jpg"><br><em>Concept Painting, Cardiff Bay Opera House, Wales, UK, 1994-1996; &copy; Zaha Hadid Foundation.</em></p><p>Head over to Bustler for <a href="http://bustler.net/news/5522/zaha-hadid-there-should-be-no-end-to-experimentation-exhibition-debuts-in-hong-kong" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">more</a> about the exhibition.</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149997855/foster-partners-wins-upper-orwell-crossings-competition-in-ipswich Foster + Partners wins Upper Orwell Crossings Competition in Ipswich Abigail Banfield 2017-03-17T04:47:00-04:00 >2017-03-17T10:23:27-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/ji/jirp6bcmrrfohjcj.jpg" width="650" height="844" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Winning the Upper Orwell Crossings Competition is Foster + Partners with two new river crossings and a strategic scheme which revives connectivity in the town of Ipswich. &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/k7/k7pgp0mbdyjy43y0.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/ab/abk1kx53tv410uhi.jpg"></p><p>Including the refurbishment of an existing lock, Foster + Partners have created a comprehensive way in which to revitalise the heart of the town through the improved&nbsp;connectivity and new public spaces. The project places the River Orwell at the centre, with a focus on encouraging walking and cycling in this place of natural beauty. Their approach to the site was described by Suffolk County Council as &nbsp;being a &ldquo;very appropriate response to the waterfront context and townscape, as well as acting as a catalyst for regeneration of the wider harbour area.&rdquo; &nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;&nbsp;<img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/vl/vl6k5cfzk2satajg.jpg"><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/p9/p9pv8sda9hl8dsot.jpg"></p><p>The practice, for whom &ldquo;Ipswich holds a special place in [their] hearts&rdquo; (their landmark project, the Willis Faber building,1975, was one of the first to be designed by the firm), were chosen as the winners by a panel including Sir Michael Hopkins CBE with Lady...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149997795/sadar-vuga-declare-humor-is-a-rare-quality-in-architecture-in-a-new-documentary-on-the-influential-slovenian-firm Sadar + Vuga declare, "Humor is a rare quality in architecture" in a new documentary on the influential Slovenian firm Julia Ingalls 2017-03-16T18:32:00-04:00 >2017-03-16T18:36:59-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/jg/jgbs1duc5icwqi2f.jpg" width="650" height="450" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Rejecting self-serious notions in favor of playful, experimental, and bold architecture, Slovenian architects <a href="http://archinect.com/firms/cover/27772/sadar-vuga-arhitekti" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Sadar + Vuga</a> have made a name themselves in the twenty-one years since they founded their practice.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/uploads/95/9555ctow0l467mrd.jpg"><br><a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/88985961/sadar-vuga-s-air-traffic-control-center-atcc-in-slovenia-continues-to-gain-recognition" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><em>Sadar+Vuga&rsquo;s Air Traffic Control Center (ATCC) in Slovenia</em></a></p><p>One of the few firms to openly state that their work is "intentionally imperfect and awkward, robust, and ambiguous," Sadar + Vuga's work is now profiled in a documentary entitled "Sadar + Vuga XX." Watch the trailer below.&nbsp;</p><p><em>From the architects...</em></p><p>Focus of Sadar+Vuga XX documentary by director Damjan Kozole is the design process behind one of the most influential Slovenian architectural studios of the new generation, Sadar+Vuga.</p><p>The documentary Sadar+Vuga XX explores the production and communication of the Slovenian architectural firm Sadar+Vuga established by Jurij Sadar and Bo&scaron;tjan Vuga in Ljubljana in 1996. Individual reflections and talks with Slovenian and foreign architects, architectural critics and policy-makers, co...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149997789/bid-for-art-design-experiences-with-famous-architects-in-van-alen-institute-s-2017-benefit-auction Bid for “Art + Design Experiences” with famous architects in Van Alen Institute's 2017 benefit auction Justine Testado 2017-03-16T18:12:00-04:00 >2017-03-16T18:12:42-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/kk/kklp1qn99mxgoxiz.jpg" width="650" height="445" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Dig into Lina Bo Bardi's own archives at her&nbsp;Casa de Vidro in Sao Paulo, get a&nbsp;VIP preview of Yale&rsquo;s new residential college with&nbsp;Robert A.M. Stern, dine&nbsp;with Neil Denari in the&nbsp;Alan-Voo House in LA,&nbsp;or&nbsp;enjoy cherry blossom season at its peak&nbsp;in&nbsp;Go Hasegawa's office rooftop in Tokyo. Those are only a few of the swanky &ldquo;items&rdquo; open for bidding in&nbsp;the&nbsp;Van Alen Institute's&nbsp;<a href="https://paddle8.com/auction/vanalen/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">2017&nbsp;Art + Design Experiences Auction</a>, which launched online&nbsp;today on Paddle8. (Sorry, no hanging out in the hot tub <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/126959147/van-alen-auctioning-a-hot-tub-roundtable-helicopter-rides-birdwatching-with-famous-architects-for-spring-fundraiser" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">with Charles Renfro</a> this time around.)</p><p>Bids start&nbsp;at $750, so if you've got that extra cash to spare, now's the chance to test your luck. The auction&nbsp;ends on Thursday,&nbsp;March 30 at 5:00 p.m.&nbsp;ET. Curious about what getaways are up for grabs? Take a peek:</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/3i/3iznbgy8f2dvcv7s.jpg"><br><em>Courtesy of Instituto Lina Bo e P.M. Bardi.</em></p><p><strong>Verdant Vidro</strong>: &ldquo;Disappear into the rainforests surrounding S&atilde;o Paulo with Renato Anelli and Sol Camacho to the Casa de Vidro, the former home of Brazilian modernist architect, Lina Bo Bardi. Enjoy lunch amid the t...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149997786/nothing-constant-but-change-in-the-open-workshop-s-malleable-monuments Nothing constant but change in The Open Workshop's "Malleable Monuments" Julia Ingalls 2017-03-16T17:33:00-04:00 >2017-03-17T11:23:28-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/da/da1761ao2epdeedy.jpg" width="650" height="650" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>With a stated goal of "reconciling and choreographing how the human and environmental subject and their individual, transforming, ephemeral, and often contradictory characteristics continuously recompose a permanent work," The Open Workshop's <em>Malleable Monuments</em> exhibition is a tour of three years worth of work by the Toronto/San Francisco-based collective.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/fy/fyleii78xhw70uw6.jpg"><br><em>Photo by&nbsp;Abraham Chan</em></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/8z/8zcbriw34qjj7qs3.jpg"><br><em>Photo by&nbsp;Abraham Chan</em></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/i9/i9wroltppz67422r.jpg"><br><em>Photo by&nbsp;Abraham Chan</em></p><p>With projects including consulting on the redesign of Bruce Mau's office and accolades like the&nbsp;Architectural League of New York Young Architects Prize and the Emerging Leaders Award from Design Intelligence, The Open Workshop is building a solid reputation while delving into the ephemeral. With taxonomic drawings divided into four categories (Frameworks, Living Archives, Articulated Surfaces, and&nbsp;Rewiring States), the exhibition also investigates its constantly evolving territory through two large installations.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/kd/kdnu5bpptnftsin8.jpg"><br><em>Photo by&nbsp;Abraham Chan</em></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/wc/wc69oek84j0tups8.jpg"><br><em>Photo by&nbsp;Abraham Chan</em></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/uploads/yb/ybu3iw11fvrt3max.jpg"></p><p>The <a href="http://bustler.net/events/9089/malleable-monuments" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">exhibition,...</a></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149997564/monu-magazine-review MONU Magazine Review enorarb 2017-03-16T14:32:00-04:00 >2017-03-16T14:32:20-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/h7/h7b6g0khb4al3t01.jpg" width="650" height="487" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>I came across MONU during my early doctoral investigations on critical, non-academic publications looking into this arguably poorly unknown, plural and contested entity that is the city. MONU, does not actually qualify as a non-academic outlet, for the breadth and depth of the analysis it offers, but still provides critical insights on the ways urban forms are shaped by socioeconomic, institutional and political forces without falling in the trap of being highly jargoning, inaccessible or theoretical. It speaks to a wide audience interested in urban policy, activism, architecture, social movements, all from a multidisciplinary lens.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/31/31rknmuhrf49zkgo.jpg"></p><p>MONU mixes text of different textures with images, collages and various forms of writing, including short and long city stories, mixed up with photographic journeys and conversations with architects, artists and urbanists. By treating its form and its content as equally important, MONU de facto invites the reader to think about socio-political processes a...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149997716/studio-ma-s-masterful-texture-wins-aia-arizona-s-firm-of-the-year-award Studio Ma's "masterful texture" wins AIA Arizona's "Firm of the Year" Award Julia Ingalls 2017-03-16T13:21:00-04:00 >2017-03-16T13:27:50-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/gp/gpq0v9dgql4uoc6f.jpg" width="650" height="435" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><a href="http://www.studioma.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Studio Ma</a> may be small, but their work is mighty, at least according to the Arizona chapter of the AIA. The woman-owned firm, which has completed projects for Princeton University as well as a series of museums, public libraries and mixed-use housing developments, won the AIA's "Firm of the Year" award for the wide variety and complexity of their work, which the institute described as being "both smart and palpable, with a masterful use of texture."</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/m6/m66rr8r2ocrq4ovj.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/ea/eau53fel4a6jxj1m.jpg"></p><p>This is yet another in a series of accolades for the firm, including being placed in the "Design Vanguard" by Architectural Record. &ldquo;In our work, we strive to create building solutions that resonate with the surrounding context both large and small, in harmony with their greater environment,&rdquo; said owner Christiana Moss. &ldquo;This is essential to our client promise, to deliver innovative, sustainable and unique designs to forward-thinking institutions and individuals.&rdquo; Congratulations, all!</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/wu/wuto09masblbsch4.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/bq/bq1oguu5qbbsvorc.jpg"></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149997710/oma-s-dubai-based-concrete-is-pretty-transparent OMA's Dubai-based "Concrete" is pretty transparent Julia Ingalls 2017-03-16T12:40:00-04:00 >2017-03-17T15:17:20-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/yf/yf4215npfkbakrbp.jpg" width="650" height="433" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>By placing a semi-transparent facade onto a series of former industrial warehouses in Dubai, OMA has created an arts-oriented, multi-disclipinary space called "Concrete." The completed version doesn't quite match the firm's optimistic renderings (<a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/149935045/oma-releases-renderings-of-event-project-space-in-dubai" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">in part because the concrete ameliorating foliage isn't present in these photos</a>) but one thing is certain: this is the first finished project of OMA's in Dubai, and Rem Koolhaas thinks that the design is very much of its place and time.&nbsp;</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/2r/2reck2545stcl411.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/4d/4d32lj3e7r8nafev.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/ge/ge8b5kdeiskxsm3e.jpg"></p><p>&ldquo;Dubai is one of the cities that has had a deep impact on our work, and I am very happy that this particular building is our first effort here," Rem said. "In Concrete, we are not introducing a new shape but instead were able to infiltrate an existing building with an arts institution. This building is totally produced in Dubai; it is not a foreign ideal, and that I think is significant.&rdquo;&nbsp;</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/t6/t6n51unr84ffg2v5.jpg"></p><p>The 600 square meter building's first art exhibition, "Syria: Into the Light," will be viewable until April 3rd.&nbsp;</p>... http://archinect.com/news/article/149997225/how-should-cities-prepare-for-a-driverless-car-future-here-are-six-tips How should cities prepare for a driverless car future? Here are six tips Julia Ingalls 2017-03-14T20:47:00-04:00 >2017-03-15T01:31:05-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/fc/fc0ipbzr2lxa8gs8.jpg" width="650" height="366" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>The days of driving your own car are coming to a close: as many as seven million driverless cars could be making their self-directed way around major urban hubs across the U.S. within the next few decades. So what should cities do to keep up with these changes? This white paper by Arcadis gives six tips for city planners to prepare for the automated onslaught:</p><p>A study by transportation, economics and urban planning experts has found that ridesharing and ridesourcing services using autonomous vehicles (AV) could shift millions of drivers away from personal cars in major U.S. cities.</p><p>&ldquo;Driverless Future: A Policy Roadmap for City Leaders,&rdquo; the study prepared by Arcadis, HR&amp;A Advisors and Sam Schwartz Consulting, shows that the move to ridesharing and ridesourcing services that don&rsquo;t have a driver could cause a shift of up to 60 percent (3.6 million cars) from traditional to autonomous vehicles in the New York metro area alone over the next 15-20 years.</p><p>The Los Angeles metro area could see...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149997198/tear-down-that-wall-proposal Tear down that wall (proposal) Julia Ingalls 2017-03-14T18:09:00-04:00 >2017-03-14T23:47:21-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/f6/f6gt1ouk193c0vp3.jpg" width="650" height="446" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Rael writes that one of the most devastating consequences of the wall is &ldquo;the division of communities, cities, neighborhoods and families, resulting in the erosion of social infrastructure.&rdquo; When we talked, he wondered how we might create something positive from something so horrible: &ldquo;Can reform happen through borderland investment? If you build 150 libraries along the border, you&rsquo;d get a very different outcome.&rdquo;</p></em><br /><br /><p>The RFP for the border wall is out, but the conscience-bearing architectural community is staying in (and trying to imagine alternatives to this xenophobic concrete smear job). In particular, in this New York Times article they're suggesting building anything but walls, suggesting that perhaps investing in communities instead of splitting them apart is the way to go for the political and social benefit of everyone involved.&nbsp;</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149997179/i-melt-with-you-indoor-city-installation-explores-dissolving-spatial-boundaries-in-an-era-of-climate-change I Melt With You: "Indoor City" installation explores dissolving spatial boundaries in an era of climate change Julia Ingalls 2017-03-14T17:44:00-04:00 >2017-03-16T12:06:23-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/vo/vo2szjkdle1c6nve.jpg" width="650" height="433" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>With layered narration from writers and the input of a climate scientist, the 40-foot long table installation known as "Indoor City" designed by Founder Rome Prize Fellows Phu Hoang and Rachely Rotem (<a href="http://archinect.com/firms/cover/55229883/modu-formerly-phu-hoang-office-and-rachely-rotem-studio" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">MODU</a>)&nbsp;with Jonathan Berger, Hussein Fancy, Christoph Meinrenken, Jack Livings and Matthew Null,&nbsp;tackles the dire conceptual heft of designing for massive systemic weather change.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/1s/1s5trzz1v49164a7.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/ng/ngq5nlj59soq5g4c.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/n5/n5lsnv6uxgvrcyw5.jpg"></p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/uploads/pr/prtpzs9mtzc66k64.gif"></p><p>By placing carbon ice on the installation, the idea is to track how divisions between urban spaces and the environment release more carbon dioxide into the air, thereby creating more stress on the environment (and making the urban spaces quite unpleasant to live in as a result). The project advocates for a more integrated design concept while allowing visitors to enjoy what amounts to a trippy installation. Here's a video of the installation, which is part of the 2017 Cinque Mostre show and&nbsp;will be viewable in person at the American Academy in Rome until April 4th:&nbsp;</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149997104/christopher-gray-wry-architecture-author-researcher-dies-at-age-66 Christopher Gray, wry architecture author/researcher, dies at age 66 Julia Ingalls 2017-03-14T12:48:00-04:00 >2017-03-14T12:48:51-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/lf/lf2un1qciw3akz8a.jpg" width="650" height="434" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Rooting himself less in a strictly academic tradition and more in an observed, on-the-street context, architecture author and researcher Christopher Gray catalogued what he considered to be beautiful and surprising for <em>The New York Times</em> from 1987 to 2014 in his "Streetscapes" column. He also started a kind of architectural detective business known as the Office for Metropolitan History in 1975, which would research the history, deeds, old photographs and any other paperwork connected with a particular building in the days before the instant compendium of the internet. His work was often used to add depth and context to the work of other architects/critics including <a href="http://archinect.com/firms/cover/33199/robert-a-m-stern-architects" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Robert A.M. Stern</a>, who <em><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/13/nyregion/christopher-gray-architecture-writer-and-researcher-dies-at-66.html?_r=0" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The New York Times</a></em> quoted as saying about Gray that he "was generous with his time and always willing to share what seemed like his almost infinite knowledge of the city&rsquo;s architectural and social history.&rdquo; Gray, who died Friday at age 66 from complications due to pneumonia, leaves behind over 1,40...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149996919/this-week-s-picks-for-london-architecture-and-design-events This week's picks for London architecture and design events Abigail Banfield 2017-03-13T13:33:00-04:00 >2017-03-13T13:35:29-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/zr/zrav3b2m602544ka.jpg" width="650" height="433" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>This week considers the roles of artists and architects in our ever-changing world, whether this is discussing the pedagogical directions of architecture schools or the&nbsp;direction of 'Europe's cultural&nbsp;capital'. Storytelling is prevalent in this week's events; including the tale&nbsp;of tracing&nbsp;displaced artists, and hearing personal insights&nbsp;from MJ Long and Lord Peter Palumbo on the unbuilt Mansion House Square and eventual&nbsp;creation of No. 1 Poultry.</p><p>Be sure to visit&nbsp;<a href="http://bustler.net/events/8633/gavin-turk-who-what-when-where-how-why" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Gavin Turk's exhibition</a>, which has just&nbsp;been extended by one week (now&nbsp;closing 26th March); the artist's playful pastiche and skilful use of materials&nbsp;is&nbsp;not to be missed.&nbsp;</p><p><a href="http://uk.archinect.com/news/tag/747353/weekly-events-ldn" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Check back regularly</a> to keep up to date with&nbsp;London's latest happenings and our weekly recommendations!</p><p><img alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/1010x/l5/l5jyi6p4ck44ni2e.jpg"></p><p><em>Image Image: Community Centre, Elephant and Castle by Chris Barnes (Unit 12, The Cass)</em></p><p><strong><a href="http://bustler.net/events/9120/school-work-architectural-conversations-between-pedagogy-and-practice" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">School/Work: Architectural Conversations between Pedagogy and Practice | 17-27 March</a></strong></p><p>Featuring some incredible work of five award-winning architects who teach at the Cass...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149996914/uva-school-of-architecture-selects-bradley-cantrell-as-chair-of-landscape-architecture UVA School of Architecture Selects Bradley Cantrell as Chair of Landscape Architecture CallyBryant 2017-03-13T13:08:00-04:00 >2017-03-13T13:17:14-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/cx/cxfh9yk2zi1ccizv.jpg" width="650" height="446" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>The University of Virginia School of Architecture has appointed Bradley Cantrell as the new chair of Landscape Architecture.&nbsp; Currently an associate professor of landscape architectural technology and director of the Master in Landscape Architecture degree program at Harvard University&rsquo;s Graduate School of Design, Cantrell will assume the role June 25, 2017.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/3n/3necwzhbc4kj9h5n.jpg"></p><p>Cantrell comes to the University with a rich background in environmental and ecological design and its relationship to emerging technologies. His research investigates the role of digital media and computation in directing an environmental design process that operates as living model of landscape.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/qt/qt3k4oh5sn9942fn.jpg"></p><p>Cantrell proposes &ldquo;synthetic ecologies&rdquo;&mdash;infrastructure innovations that use the complexity already in nature to inform data-driven processes and environmental decisions, from river spillways to pollution remediation.&nbsp; &ldquo;Brad&rsquo;s research rethinks the relationship of landscape design to material and ecological systems through the use of comp...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149996834/editor-s-picks-465 Editor's Picks #465 Nam Henderson 2017-03-13T11:51:00-04:00 >2017-03-14T10:31:03-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/ra/ra5i5wtzhjjbtfa5.jpg" width="650" height="383" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/nicholaskorody" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Nicholas Korody</a>&nbsp;profiled an on-going project '<a href="http://http://archinect.com/features/article/149994216/decoding-gender-discrimination-in-design-with-qspace" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Coded Plumbing</a>', by <a href="http://qspacearch.com/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">QSPACE</a>, a "<em>queer architecture research organization</em>"&nbsp;which "<em>juxtaposes the language of these bills with the language of building codes, plumbing codes and best-practice standards, finding that design regulations parallel the binarism of these laws and ordinances&mdash;in other words, the assertion of strictly two, distinct and opposite gender identities. In the process, design enforces and materializes this binary in space, creating environments that are hostile to, or potentially unsafe for, certain bodies...The exhibitions engage the way gender norms are structured into seemingly apolitical building codes.</em>"</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/wy/wy2dhk08h9nj94o3.jpg"><strong>Non Sequitur</strong> noted <em>"I have a very large project for a very large client and they specifically asked for only toilet stalls... no urinals anywhere in the project. So, just walk into whatever room and all you see is 8 identical stall doors. Pick one and do your thing. Still have to label them M &amp; F for permit, but that's ...</em></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149996545/jeanne-gang-brian-carter-and-annette-w-lecuyer-named-2017-raic-honorary-fellows Jeanne Gang, Brian Carter and Annette W. LeCuyer named 2017 RAIC Honorary Fellows Nicholas Korody 2017-03-10T13:03:00-05:00 >2017-03-10T13:03:59-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/7i/7idjrxiu6hetdd4n.jpg" width="650" height="434" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>The <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/429146/raic" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Royal Architectural Institute of Canada</a> has named <a href="http://archinect.com/studiogang" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Jeanne Gang</a> and Brian Carter and Annette W. LeCuyer as recipients of its 2017 Honorary Fellowships. They will be inducted into the RAIC College of Fellows during the annual Festival of Architecture in Ottawa in late May.</p><p>&ldquo;A highly distinguished practitioner, author, and teacher, Jeanne Gang has established herself at the forefront of architecture and urban design in the United States and abroad,&rdquo; says Barry Johns, Chancellor of the College of Fellows. &ldquo;Her numerous awards and honours illustrate the broad strength of her studio; she is clearly a leader and exemplar for the entire profession.&rdquo;</p><p>&ldquo;It is a pleasure to salute two candidates who are both deeply rooted in practice and who also advocate for the profession through their scholarly work and international reach,&rdquo; says Johns. &ldquo;Their exhibitions and publications in particular consistently explore the compelling values of what makes the best of Canadian architecture unique around t...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149996540/big-to-start-its-own-in-house-engineering-unit BIG to start its own in-house engineering unit Nicholas Korody 2017-03-10T12:33:00-05:00 >2017-03-10T19:37:21-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/c6/c6rs51ew5mj4cz4x.jpg" width="650" height="392" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>As <a href="http://archinect.com/firms/cover/39902/big-bjarke-ingels-group" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">BIG</a> grows so does their ambition for <a href="http://archinect.com/news/tag/59323/engineering" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">engineering</a> challenges. To help further facilitate their adventures in building design, the Copenhagen and New York-based studio have hired an in-house engineer, Duncan Horswill, the former CCO at S&oslash;ren Jensen Engineers. BIG Engineering, as the unit will be called, with be &ldquo;dedicated to ensuring the structural, mechanical integrity and resilience of BIG buildings globally. Already, the unit is working on projects around the world, from the new NOMA restaurant in Copenhagen to the <a href="http://archinect.com/news/article/71506057/big-s-marknagil-education-center-breaks-ground-on-faroe-islands" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Faroe Islands Education Centre</a>.&nbsp;</p><p>&ldquo;At BIG we practice knowledge-driven design. We have been fortunate to work with some of the best urbanists, landscapers, sociologists, artists and engineers in the world, and will continue to do so. To be able to stretch the boundaries of the physical, financial, regulatory and environmental limits of design, we need to surround ourselves with the best experts in the fields outside our own expertise in architecture, and bring them in-h...</p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149996312/tour-paris-brutal-landmarks-with-this-new-architectural-guide Tour Paris' Brutal landmarks with this new architectural guide Julia Ingalls 2017-03-09T12:55:00-05:00 >2017-03-14T10:31:03-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/fe/fes2c1rsv0x0h8e2.jpg" width="650" height="434" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Paris is not only the City of Lights, but also one of the great repositories of Brutalist buildings. "Brutalist Paris Map," a new architectural guide book put together by photographer Nigel Crow and edited by Robin Wilson of the Bartlett, marks the sixth in a series of publications touring various architectural genres in different cites.&nbsp;</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/7a/7ax42o300w9c9g3e.jpg"></p><p>The book will point you to monuments such as&nbsp;Les Choux de Creteil, Les Orgues de Flandre Les Damiers,&nbsp;and&nbsp;Bourse by Travail among a slew of others.&nbsp;</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/hp/hpr2auwoifh4vyzn.jpg"></p> http://archinect.com/news/article/149996307/vietnam-s-architectural-past-is-being-erased-by-new-economic-forces Vietnam's architectural past is being erased by new economic forces Julia Ingalls 2017-03-09T12:42:00-05:00 >2017-03-09T12:42:11-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/650x/2u/2uqgve4qfo8wcfox.jpg" width="650" height="488" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>What's the value of history? It's a question that keeps coming up around the world as new projects displace older architecture. In Vietnam, many of Ho Chi Minh City's distinctive (and, in many cases, French-colonial-era) structures are being dispatched to memory in favor of newer developments meant to stimulate the economy. As this article in <a href="http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2017/03/04/vietnam-architectural-gems-disappearing/97098474/" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">USA Today</a> notes:</p><p><em>Preservationists say developers and government officials are&nbsp;intent on making&nbsp;this city&nbsp;modern and care little for the vestiges of its colonial past. But destroying so many historic buildings, they warn, makes the city less livable and less attractive to tourists &mdash; which could undercut&nbsp;economic growth the government hopes to foster.</em></p>