Archinect - News 2015-11-29T21:42:06-05:00 A global shift towards a vegan diet is necessary to stave off the worst of climate change, says new UN report Nicholas Korody 2015-11-25T23:12:00-05:00 >2015-11-29T18:25:21-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="351" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>A global shift towards a vegan diet is vital to save the world from hunger, fuel poverty and the worst impacts of climate change, a UN report said today. As the global population surges towards a predicted 9.1 billion people by 2050, western tastes for diets rich in meat and dairy products are unsustainable, says the report from United Nations Environment Programme's (UNEP) international panel of sustainable resource management.</p></em><br /><br /><p>"Professor Edgar Hertwich, the lead author of the report, said: 'Animal products cause more damage than [producing] construction minerals such as sand or cement, plastics or metals. Biomass and crops for animals are as damaging as [burning] fossil fuels.'"<br><br><strong>Related coverage:</strong></p><ul><li><a title="Unchecked climate change will make the Gulf uninhabitable, claims new study" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Unchecked climate change will make the Gulf uninhabitable, claims new study</a></li><li><a title="Major international companies to set targets to switch to renewable energy" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Major international companies to set targets to switch to renewable energy</a></li><li><a title="Architecture of the Anthropocene, Part 1" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Architecture of the Anthropocene, Part 1</a></li></ul> Are raised bikeways enough to make the San Francisco's riders safer? Nicholas Korody 2015-11-24T12:53:00-05:00 >2015-11-25T06:40:53-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="306" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Our urban centers were not designed with cyclists in mind; we&rsquo;re a car-centric society. American cities&nbsp;can try piecemeal approaches, but the reality is that sharing the road is only a small part of the&nbsp;solution.&nbsp;Bikes and cars need their own dedicated thoroughfares to keep everyone as safe as possible, and to encourage people to&nbsp;choose clip-in pedals over gas ones...</p></em><br /><br /><p>San Francisco recently announced plans &ndash; under the initiative <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Vision Zero SF</a> &ndash; to aggressively tackle traffic-related deaths in the city. Part of that plan includes incorporating elevated bike lanes, with Market Street as a pilot project.&nbsp;</p><p>But according to Jordan Crucchiola, who invokes the successful, large-scale bicycle infrastructure projects of Europe, "Until San Francisco, or any rapidly growing American city, is willing to make that commitment, every slightly raised bike path will just amount to a series of ad hoc fixes."<br><br><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""><br><br><strong>Related coverage:</strong></p><ul><li><a title="The surprisingly ideological debate over roundabouts " href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The surprisingly ideological debate over roundabouts</a></li><li><a title="Chicago to offer $5-per-year bike shares to low-income residents" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Chicago to offer $5-per-year bike shares to low-income residents</a></li><li><p><a title="Copenhagen could ax its pioneering city bike program by month's end" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Copenhagen could ax its pioneering city bike program by month's end</a></p></li><li><p><a title="Archinect's Lexicon: &quot;Bike-Wash&quot;" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Archinect's Lexicon: "Bike-Wash"</a></p></li><li><p><a title="Jakarta's &quot;car-free days&quot; are only the start of the city's long journey to becoming bike-friendly" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Jakarta's "car-free days" are only the start of the city's long journey to becoming bike-friendly</a></p></li><li><p><a title="From California to Texas, car culture is losing its monopoly" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">From California to Texas, car culture is losing its monopoly</a></p></li></ul> Scientists create first detailed map of Earth's hidden groundwater Alexander Walter 2015-11-24T12:07:00-05:00 >2015-11-24T12:08:36-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="232" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>A new study has, for the first time, estimated the total volume of groundwater present on the Earth. The results show that we're using up the water supply quicker than it can be naturally replaced, while future research will seek to determine exactly how long it will be until modern groundwater runs dry. Groundwater is an extremely precious resource, being a key source of sustenance for humanity and the ecosystems we inhabit.</p></em><br /><br /><p>(Ground)water-related articles on Archinect:</p><ul><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">And the winners of Archinect's Dry Futures competition, "Pragmatic" category, are...</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">And the winners of Archinect's Dry Futures competition, "Speculative" category, are...</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">How is water used in California?</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">World Faces Water Crisis in Less Than 30 Years</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Chinese Cities Are Sinking Due to Excess Groundwater Use and Rapid Growth</a></li></ul> Norman Foster says he has "no power as an architect, none whatsoever" – only advocacy Alexander Walter 2015-11-23T12:19:00-05:00 >2015-11-26T01:18:31-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="321" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>"Do you believe in infrastructure?&rdquo; asks Norman Foster, with challenge in his voice. He does. Infrastructure, he says, is about &ldquo;investing not to solve the problems of today but to anticipate the issues of future generations&rdquo;. [...] &ldquo;I have no power as an architect, none whatsoever. I can&rsquo;t even go on to a building site and tell people what to do.&rdquo; Advocacy, he says, is the only power an architect ever has.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Related news on Archinect:</p><ul><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Prairie futurism: designs revealed for the new Chicago Apple store</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The In Crowd: review of "Conversations with Architects: In the Age of Celebrity"</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The selective amnesia of Foster + Partners' Maspero Triangle District Masterplan</a></li></ul> Fuller Challenge winner says his GreenWave 3D ocean farm concept "could feed the world" Alexander Walter 2015-11-20T13:15:00-05:00 >2015-11-20T17:18:51-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="726" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>So Smith invented the world&rsquo;s first 3D ocean farm. Not only does his model aim to reduce overfishing, but it also attempts to mitigate the effects of climate change. [...] With scalability in mind, Smith wanted his model to be simple and replicable. To that end, GreenWave supports other fish farmers to get create their own 3D ocean gardens. &ldquo;If you were to take a network of our farms totaling the size of Washington state, technically you could feed the world,&rdquo; Smith said.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Learn more about Bren Smith's award-winning GreenWave farming system when Archinect first announced him winning the 2015 Fuller Challenge last month:&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">GreenWave's 3D ocean farm initiative wins the 2015 Buckminster Fuller Challenge</a></p> Think driverless cars will reduce traffic? Not so fast. Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-11-20T12:52:00-05:00 >2015-11-22T13:31:38-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="357" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>between population gains and the popularity of fully self-driving mobility services, we&rsquo;ll see the total number of vehicle miles grow by 1 trillion. (Half of the 1 trillion it attributes to population growth.) For perspective, U.S. residents drove 3.1 trillion miles in 2014. KPMG expects this growth to come from trips taken by the very young and very old, who can be immobile only due to their inability to drive. By having access to a self-driving shuttle, a world of opportunity would open up.</p></em><br /><br /><p>We discuss the implications of autonomous vehicles in the built environment with Geoff Manaugh on our latest <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">podcast</a> episode, <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">"In LiDAR We Trust"</a>.</p><p>For more on self-driving vehicles:</p><ul><li><a title="Tokyo's 2020 Olympics won't have Zaha, but it's looking like there will be &quot;Robot Taxi&quot;" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Tokyo's 2020 Olympics won't have Zaha, but it's looking like there will be "Robot Taxi"</a></li><li><a title="Milton Keynes invests in driverless cars over public transit infrastructure" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Milton Keynes invests in driverless cars over public transit infrastructure</a></li><li><a title='The "algorithmic dreams" of driverless cars, and how they might affect real-world urban design' href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The "algorithmic dreams" of driverless cars, and how they might affect real-world urban design</a></li><li><a title="Self-driving trucks may hit UK roads next year (truckers included)" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Self-driving trucks may hit UK roads next year (truckers included)</a></li><li><a title="Driven Away: The Role of Urban Planning in a Car-Dependent Society" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Driven Away: The Role of Urban Planning in a Car-Dependent Society</a></li></ul> Venice Biennale director Alejandro Aravena: "Our challenge must be to go beyond architecture." Alexander Walter 2015-11-20T12:04:00-05:00 >2015-11-20T13:07:21-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="338" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>As architects, we are living at a time of shifting paradigms. [...] It&rsquo;s why I&rsquo;m so interested in how architects and urban planners engage with other fields &ndash; economics, security, the environment and so on. Our challenge must be to go beyond architecture and speak the languages of these other disciplines, before translating our discussions into formal design proposals. [...] Our ultimate focus is still on form, but what informs this has expanded dramatically.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Just a few key takeaways from Alejandro Aravena's piece for <em>The Guardian</em>:</p><ul><li>"As curator of <em>Reporting From The Front</em>, I want to reverse the idea that the Biennale only deals with issues that are of interest to other architects. We have begun by identifying problems that every citizen can not only understand but actually has a say in: immigration, water, land capacity, waste and so on."</li><li>"Unlike military wars where nobody wins and there is a prevailing sense of defeat, however, on the frontlines of the built environment there is a sense of vitality, because architecture is about looking at reality in a proposal key. We should never forget that design can be a very powerful tool in mobilising people to act."</li><li>"There are new actors in this story &ndash; not least those property developers who use buildings to chase huge profits. But we are interested in how architecture can introduce a broader notion of gain: design as added value instead of an extra cost; architecture as a shortcut towards equality...</li></ul> Can Silicon Valley save the Bay Area? Nicholas Korody 2015-11-17T19:09:00-05:00 >2015-11-18T23:13:42-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="399" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>The subject of a thousand think pieces and endless dinner table conversations, the considerable changes unleashed on the Bay Area by the tech industry over the past few decades are pretty undeniable. An influx of money &ndash; and its attendant culture &ndash; has remade San Francisco and the valley to its south largely in its own image, and has touched just about every other city in the Bay in some way.<br><br>But even bigger changes for the Bay Area are on the horizon, as is made clear in a new "interactive documentary" entitled&nbsp;<em>The Water at Bay. </em>Comprising a map, videos, and text, the website highlights&nbsp;the risks posed to region by rising sea levels, and waCs created in part by a coalition of Silicon Valley business leaders.<br><br>Can the same forces blamed for ruining the Bay Area now come to its rescue?<br><br><img title="" alt="" src=""><br><br>In order to educate local people about the dangers and challenges posed by rising sea levels, the Silicon Valley Leadership Group teamed up with the Bay Area Council and Save the Bay under the banner&nbsp;<em><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Our B...</a></em></p> A minimalist pop-up apartment for Bangkok's parking garages Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-11-17T17:59:00-05:00 >2015-11-21T12:43:30-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>In Bangkok, where rents are quickly rising and young professionals often struggle to find places to live, architects created a simple tiny house that can easily pop up in a parking garage or inside one of the city's half-built abandoned buildings. [...] Instead of solid walls, the structure has a lattice-like design that lets breezes pass through. "With the wall, we need as much ventilation as possible," she says. "It is always too hot, not cold."</p></em><br /><br /><p>Bangkok-based firm All(zone) is currently exhibiting their "Light House" shelters at the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Chicago Architecture Biennial</a>.</p> A return to Mexico City's lacustrine origins Nam Henderson 2015-11-16T11:27:00-05:00 >2015-11-16T11:27:43-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="309" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Basically, instead of allowing this anarchic development to continue growing over the bed of the lake &ndash; which is very expensive, because the quality of the soil is very bad &ndash; we wanted to conduct the growth of the city around the lake area, and to recover a huge natural feature that belongs to everyone, which will change the climate of the city.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Shumi Bose learns from&nbsp;Alberto Kalach (of <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Taller de Arquitectura X</a>), why the solution to the capital&rsquo;s future growth may be found in embracing a pre-Hispanic,&nbsp;lacustrine form of urbanism.</p><p>To learn more about the "<em>The hydrological balance of the city</em>", read <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">this</a> weeklong report (also from the Guardian)&nbsp;which&nbsp;reveals "<em>the triumphs of the past, the current battles, and the crisis looming in the future</em>".</p> The world in 2065: what do social scientists think the future holds? Orhan Ayyüce 2015-11-13T11:36:00-05:00 >2015-11-13T13:28:06-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="308" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>There were great ideological battles in the past about work-life balance, but that was before ubiquitous streaming. I think happiness matters more than bitcredit, care dollars and the million other point schemes you could choose. Anyway, while I&rsquo;m on holiday, as long as the geo-climactic conditions and my exertion levels show positive alignment, I get professional development credit and a dopamine rush! Everyone&rsquo;s happy!</p></em><br /><br /><p>Sounds all sad.. Oh.., scratch that. Sounds bleak.</p> POLITICO features mini-doc on the biologically based architecture and urban design work of Terreform ONE TreeArch 2015-11-10T20:29:00-05:00 >2015-11-10T20:31:06-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Bio City -Terreform ONE&rsquo;s Mitchell Joachim pushes the boundaries of architecture with experimental materials such as living trees and engineered animal tissue &mdash; to design future cities that merge with nature.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Mini documentary on the biologically based architecture and urban design work of the nonprofit group Terreform ONE at the Brooklyn Navy Yard in NY.&nbsp;</p> Next Up Mini-Session #6: a panel discussion with Dry Futures jurors Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-11-04T15:32:00-05:00 >2015-11-04T15:36:33-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Tomorrow (!!!) we'll premiere season two of&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Archinect Sessions</a>, and in anticipation of the launch, we've been posting <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Mini-Sessions</a>&nbsp;&ndash; interviews recorded during our&nbsp;first-ever live-podcasting series,&nbsp;"<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Next Up</a>", held at&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Jai &amp; Jai Gallery</a>&nbsp;in Los Angeles' Chinatown and at the opening weekend of the&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Chicago Architecture Biennial</a>.&nbsp;You can listen to past Mini-Sessions&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">here</a>.&nbsp;We'll also be launching a brand new podcast soon.&nbsp;</p><p><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank"><img alt="" src=""></a></p><p>For our last Mini-Session recorded at Jai &amp; Jai, we spoke with a panel of jurors from Archinect's <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Dry Futures</a> competition, featuring: <strong>Charles Anderson</strong> of <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">werk</a>, <strong>Hadley Arnold</strong> of the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Arid Lands Institute</a>, <strong>Ian Quate</strong> and <strong>Colleen Tuite</strong> of <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">GRNASFCK</a> (who joined us via Skype), and <strong>Peter Zellner</strong> of <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Zellner Naecker Architects LLP</a>. The <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">winners</a> had been announced just a few days prior.</p><p>Listen to the "Next Up" interview with select&nbsp;<strong>Dry Futures jurors</strong>:</p><ul></ul><ul></ul><ul><li><strong>iTunes</strong>:&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Click here to listen</a>, and click the "Subscribe" button below the logo to automatically download new episodes.</li><li><strong>Apple Podcast App ...</strong></li></ul> The viral "metropolises" of your skin Nicholas Korody 2015-11-03T19:28:00-05:00 >2015-11-04T09:42:41-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="450" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>In the microbial metropolises that thrive in and on the human body, underground networks of viruses loom large. A closer look at human skin has found that it's teeming with viruses, most of which don't target us but infect the microbes that live there. Almost 95 percent of those skin-dwelling virus communities are unclassified...Those unknown viruses may prune, manipulate, and hide out in the skin&rsquo;s bacterial communities, which in turn can make the difference between human health and disease...</p></em><br /><br /><p>Further reading:&nbsp;</p><ul><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Architecture of the Anthropocene, Pt. 2: Haunted Houses, Living Buildings, and Other Horror Stories</a></li><li><a title="Between Sampling and Dowsing: Field Notes from GRNASFCK" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Between Sampling and Dowsing: Field Notes from GRNASFCK</a></li><li><a title="Study finds antibacterial soap no more effective than regular soap" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Study finds antibacterial soap no more effective than regular soap</a></li><li><a title="Even bacteria are architects" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Even bacteria are architects</a></li><li><a title="Cities Of The Future, Built By Drones, Bacteria, And 3-D Printers" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Cities Of The Future, Built By Drones, Bacteria, And 3-D Printers</a><br>&nbsp;</li></ul> A garden is the roof of a meeting room in a loft office by jvantspijker Jaakko van 't Spijker 2015-11-03T11:28:00-05:00 >2015-11-03T11:29:20-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Jvantspijker urbanism architecture has redesigned the main space of an old steam factory in the Delfshaven neighborhood of Rotterdam, to become an open loft office. A central glass meeting room, with a pantry and stairs leading to the plant-filled roof organizes the large warehouse space in a single sweeping gesture, transforming it into a generous and optimistic working space.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p>The transformed office space is situated in a waterfront factory, called &lsquo;De Fabriek van Delfshaven&rsquo;. De Fabriek is a multi-tenant building in which a large number of creative offices are housed. In the last two years, this factory has become a vibrant working community where design studios, software companies and progressive small businesses are housed together in one of the oldest areas of Rotterdam.&nbsp;</p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p>The central design idea behind the transformation of the office was to keep the scale, transparency and lightness in place and to connect the office to the main atrium of the building. Therefore the central elem...</p> Sprawl isn't just bad for cities – it's bad for friendships too Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-10-29T12:50:00-04:00 >2015-11-05T20:07:59-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="273" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>Our ability to form and maintain friendships is shaped in crucial ways by the physical spaces in which we live. [...] in America we have settled on patterns of land use that might as well have been designed to prevent spontaneous encounters, the kind out of which rich social ties are built. [...] We do not encounter one another in cars. We grind along together anonymously, often in misery.</p></em><br /><br /><p>More on the repercussions of sprawl:</p><ul><li><a title="Urban sprawl costs the American economy more than US$1 trillion per year" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Urban sprawl costs the American economy more than US$1 trillion per year</a></li><li><a title="The true costs of sprawl" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The true costs of sprawl</a></li><li><a title="Seven Myths About New Urbanism" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Seven Myths About New Urbanism</a></li><li><a title="Why sprawl may be bad for your health" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Why sprawl may be bad for your health</a></li></ul> Nonscandinavia: an open-source, image collection for the rest of the world Nicholas Korody 2015-10-27T19:22:00-04:00 >2015-11-04T23:21:43-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="388" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>We believe that renderings reflect our aspirations as architects, and that our decisions about representation matter. Renderings should reflect the people in and around the site, and should project a future that values diversity and acceptance of all people. The goal of NONSCANDINAVIA is to give young architects and students access to a database of free, high-res, PNG images that reflect diversity in all its forms.&nbsp;</p></em><br /><br /><p>The world of architectural renders is a strange place. Here, the air is hazy yet skies are blue. Trees grow translucent and lawns are always green. Buildings are illuminated by perhaps two or three suns. Little girls roam cultural centers alone, clutching red balloons.<br><br>And just about everyone is a young, white, hipster from Northern Europe.<br><br><img title="" alt="" src=""><br><br>Thankfully, life in most cities isn't like this. And, while there's much to be said about the problematic overuse of architectural renders in general, it seems like they're here to stay (at least for the time being). A render can help sell a project, conveying a space much more eloquently to a lay person than a plan or&nbsp;axo &ndash; if not more factually. But that doesn't mean that these imaginary worlds have to be so homogenous.<br><br><img title="" alt="" src=""><br><br>Nonscandinavia, a project from the student group A-Frame at Columbia University GSAPP, comprises a open-source collection of hi-res PNG images, "dedicated to increasing diversity in architectural representation." As the name sugges...</p> Google, Flux, Healthy Building Network and thinkstep launch Quartz database: a resource for comparing building material sustainability Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2015-10-27T14:32:00-04:00 >2015-11-04T23:20:05-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="240" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Choosing building materials is a delicate balance of factors &ndash; looks, quality, price, environmental impact and sustainability all contribute to the success and overall value of the product. When data about building materials are illegible or biased, the construction process can become convoluted and compromise the final structure, straining the architect&rsquo;s role in the process.</p><p>Hoping to streamline and vet a resource for the overall health and utility of building materials, Google, <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Healthy Building Network</a> (HBN), <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Flux</a>, and <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">thinkstep</a> have formed <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The Quartz database</a>: a place where AEC professionals as well as the general public can review a &ldquo;common dataset&rdquo; of building materials&rsquo; effects on both human and environmental health, ultimately to support a more sustainable built environment.</p><p><img alt="" src=""></p><p>Born out of the year-old Quartz Project, which was (according to a Quartz press release)&nbsp;formed to &ldquo;promote the transparency of building product information&rdquo;, the Quartz database aims to create a new AEC i...</p> Unchecked climate change will make the Gulf uninhabitable, claims new study Nicholas Korody 2015-10-26T21:03:00-04:00 >2015-10-27T08:04:05-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="382" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The Gulf in the Middle East, the heartland of the global oil industry, will suffer heatwaves beyond the limit of human survival if climate change is unchecked, according to a new scientific study. The extreme heatwaves will affect Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Doha and coastal cities in Iran as well as posing a deadly threat to millions of Hajj pilgrims in Saudi Arabia, when the religious festival falls in the summer.</p></em><br /><br /><p>"The study shows the extreme heatwaves, more intense than anything ever experienced on Earth, would kick in after 2070 and that the hottest days of today would by then be a near-daily occurrence."<br><br><strong>Related:</strong></p><ul><li><a title="Luxury Anthropocene: Dubai gets its first private floating islands" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Luxury Anthropocene: Dubai gets its first private floating islands</a></li><li><a title="It's only August but humans have already consumed a year's worth of resources" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">It's only August but humans have already consumed a year's worth of resources</a></li><li><a title="The climate is getting hotter, and we're not doing nearly enough" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">The climate is getting hotter, and we're not doing nearly enough</a></li><li><a title="Scientists Propose Using Lasers to Fight Global Warming" href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Scientists Propose Using Lasers to Fight Global Warming</a><br>&nbsp;</li></ul> Car-free events significantly improve air quality Nicholas Korody 2015-10-22T20:29:00-04:00 >2015-10-23T13:26:36-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="395" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>CicLAvia [is] a series of one-day events organized by a local nonprofit in which neighborhood streets are closed to motor vehicles so that people can walk and cycle freely... Now, a study by the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health has found that the event significantly reduces air pollution along the CicLAvia route and even on other streets in the communities where the event is held.</p></em><br /><br /><p>For more information on CicLAvia, visit their <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">website.</a></p> Michigan State University researchers develop completely transparent solar panels Paul Petrunia 2015-10-22T19:57:00-04:00 >2015-10-24T18:38:11-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="328" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>... transparent photovoltaic cells are fundamentally inconceivable, considering that solar panels can develop energy power through a transformation of absorbed protons into electrons [...] light would have to flow unrestrained to the eye, meaning that those protons would have to go wholly through the substance. Therefore what the Michigan State team developed [...] a device that utilize organic salts to take in wavelengths of light that are imperceptible to the human eye.</p></em><br /><br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" ""> <html><head><meta></head></html> GreenWave's 3D ocean farm initiative wins the 2015 Buckminster Fuller Challenge Justine Testado 2015-10-22T16:04:00-04:00 >2015-10-24T18:38:20-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="486" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>The non-profit group <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">GreenWave</a>, which won the prestigious <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">2015 Buckminster Fuller Challenge</a>, is gaining attention for designing reportedly the world's first 3D multi-species ocean farms. Much like the group's marine-oriented initiatives, the ocean farm project aims to restore ocean ecosystems and biodiversity, and work toward a blue-green economy. Another objective is to create more jobs for coastal communities that will turn fishermen into restorative ocean farmers. Restorative aquaculture was a favorite in last year's Fuller Challenge, wherein SCAPE's <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">"oyster-tecture" proposal</a> scored the $100,000 grand prize.</p><p>The GreenWave ocean farms are designed as zero-input "vertical underwater gardens" that consist of layers of seaweed, scallops, and mussels that grow on floating ropes, which are stacked above oyster and clam cages. These crops enable the ocean farmers to produce food, fertilizers, animal feeds, pharmaceuticals, biofuels, and other products.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p>A single acre of the farm would remo...</p> Viennese student dorms may Passively House refugees Julia Ingalls 2015-10-21T17:19:00-04:00 >2015-10-24T18:28:18-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Sustainable, fast, and cheap housing: just what you need when you're escaping <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">oppressive regimes</a>, <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">natural disasters</a>, and other refugee-creating events. Christoph Chorherr, Vienna's Green Party planning spokesperson, has blogged that the mobile&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Passive House</a> dormitories designed by G&uuml;nter&nbsp;Lang for students in Vienna's Seestadt Aspern district&nbsp;could easily be adapted to comfortably house refugees.&nbsp;</p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p>With a construction cost of 1.140 Euro per square meter, the dorms not only can be erected in a few days, but also meet the "Passive House Standard," meaning that they reduce traditional building energy consumption by up to 90%. Passive House Standard dwellings aren't limited to Vienna: from Canada to Germany to South Korea, the form is proving popular with energy-conscious designers.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src="">&nbsp;</p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""></p> Cutting across the Chicago Architecture Biennial: the Myth-Making of New-Territories / M4 Nicholas Korody 2015-10-19T21:11:00-04:00 >2015-11-21T22:25:21-05:00 <img src="" width="514" height="265" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Despite its economy of presentation&nbsp;&ndash; just text and video, nothing flashy or interactive &ndash; the installation #mythomaniaS at the Chicago Architecture Biennial offers a density of thought at once alluring and abstruse. In this, it well conveys the concerns and formal strategies of its slippery authors, the Bangkok-based French-born collective currently known as <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">New-Territories</a>, but also M4 (MindMachineMakingMyths), formerly <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">R&amp;Sie</a>&nbsp;(a near homophone of heresy in French), and occasionally Fran&ccedil;ois Roche and Camille Lacad&eacute;e.&nbsp;</p><p>A set of monitors plays several of their mesmerizing and visually-lush videos that were made in collaboration with some of the most influential artists of the day, including <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Pierre Huyghe</a> and <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Carsten Holler</a>. Filmed across the world, from Bangkok and its environs to the snow-covered Swiss Alps, they should be read as &ldquo;architectural scenarios,&rdquo; something like provocations or insinuations of possible ways of relating to a context. &ldquo;Environments and paranoia as symptoms o...</p> 2015 Solar Decathlon winner Stevens Institute of Technology addresses post-Sandy resiliency with the SURE HOUSE Justine Testado 2015-10-19T14:13:00-04:00 >2015-10-24T16:15:01-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="341" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>The <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Stevens Institute of Technology</a> of Hoboken, New Jersey won the <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">2015 Solar Decathlon</a> with their storm-resilient SURE HOUSE this past weekend. One of the crowd favorites in this year's competition, the SURE HOUSE scored the highest in seven out of the 10 contests, which put the team in the lead with a final score of 950.685 points out of a possible 1,000. Along with more than a dozen U.S. and international teams, Team Stevens spent two years designing and planning the SURE House, and constructed it from the ground up in just nine days before the competition began on October 8.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""><img title="" alt="" src=""><img title="" alt="" src=""></p><p>After witnessing&nbsp;&mdash; and even personally experiencing&nbsp;&mdash; the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy, the Stevens team based their concept of the SURE HOUSE on storm resilience that balances energy efficiency. Built with fiber-composite materials repurposed from the boad-building industry, perhaps the standout element of the house is the bi-folding storm shutters, which are wrapped with fiberglass and made of a composite f...</p> Drought reveals 16th century church beneath Mexican reservoir Nicholas Korody 2015-10-19T13:59:00-04:00 >2015-10-21T20:15:36-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="309" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>The ruins of a 16th century church have emerged from the waters of a reservoir in Mexico. The water level in the Nezahualc&oacute;yotl reservoir in Chiapas state has dropped by 25m (82ft) because of a drought in the area. The church, known as the Temple of Santiago or the Temple of Quechula, has been under nearly 100ft of water since 1966. The church, which is believed to have been built by Spanish colonists, is 183ft long and 42ft wide, with a bell tower that rises 48ft above the ground.</p></em><br /><br /><p><img title="" alt="" src=""><img title="" alt="" src=""><br>&nbsp;</p> Students endure the final home stretch at the U.S. Solar Decathlon 2015 Justine Testado 2015-10-18T16:34:00-04:00 >2015-10-24T16:11:19-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="296" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>The sun beat down onto the asphalt grounds of the Orange County Great Park in Irvine, California, where a village of 14 solar-powered houses popped up for the U.S. Department of Energy&rsquo;s <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Solar Decathlon</a>. Multi-disciplinary <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">teams of college students</a> worldwide dedicate two years to designing and planning their institution&rsquo;s house, then spend just nine days assembling them from scratch in Irvine.&nbsp;Then, the competition begins.</p><p>Teams are tasked with constructing the house that best blends affordability and consumer appeal, and demonstrates optimal energy production and efficiency. The houses are evaluated in <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">10 contests</a>&nbsp;based on merits of performance and livability. The team who scores the most out of a maximum 1,000 points is crowned the overall winner. Held biennially, the Decathlon attracts ambitious students who want to push the boundaries of the future of sustainable technology and housing, while honing their technical skills and toughening their skin for their forthcoming careers.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""><br><img title="" alt="" src=""><br><em>"S...</em></p> Powering your (SOM-designed) house with your car (and reverse) Nicholas Korody 2015-10-14T14:55:00-04:00 >2015-10-14T14:55:30-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>A research team from Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL) Department of Energy has created a new model for how we can connect the way we power our homes and vehicles. Dubbed AMIE... the platform features special technology that allows a bi-directional flow of energy between a dwelling and a vehicle. In other words, the house can fuel the car and the car can fuel the house. What's more, ORNL used 3D printing technology to build the dwelling and the vehicle...</p></em><br /><br /><p><img title="" alt="" src=""><br><br>AMIE, or Additive Manufacturing Integrated Energy, is a hybrid of different futuristic technologies, mashed together into a single platform. First, both the house and the vehicle were 3D printed.<br><br>The former, a single-room structure, was designed in collaboration with Skidmore, Owings and Merril and features vacuum insulated panels, a micro-kitchen, and a rooftop photovoltaic system.<br><br><img title="" alt="" src=""><br><br>The car, despite looking a bit like something from Mad Max, can be modified with new, 3D printed parts. It includes an electric hybrid power-train that uses natural gas to supplement the energy provided by the house.<br><br>Right now, it's a heavy vehicle, but researchers are working to make it lighter, as well as experimenting with external combustion engines, bio-fuel powered internal combustion engines, hydrogen fuel cells, and flow batteries.<br><br><img title="" alt="" src=""><br><img title="" alt="" src=""><br><br>The real jaw-dropping element of the prototype is that it allows a bi-directional flow of energy: from the car to the house, and vice versa.<br><br>Today, many electric cars can b...</p> Africa's challenges and opportunities to get urbanization right Alexander Walter 2015-10-14T14:15:00-04:00 >2015-10-24T00:43:02-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="191" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>This is important for Africa, where despite high urbanisation rates the development focus has been primarily rural. Consider Ghana. The country&rsquo;s urban population has grown from four million in 1984 to more than 14 million today. Fifty one percent of Ghanaians now live in cities. While urbanisation rates vary across Africa, Ghana reflects an overall global trend towards a predominantly urban future. Ghana demonstrates how cities can be highly productive in Africa.</p></em><br /><br /><p>Related on Archinect:</p><ul><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">MASS Design Group to propose "Bauhaus of Africa" at U.N. Summit</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">Chinese Urbanism takes root in Africa</a></li><li><a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">A Look at Africa's Modernist Architecture</a></li></ul> A plan to clean up the River Spree around Museum Island in Berlin Nicholas Korody 2015-10-13T17:31:00-04:00 >2015-10-24T00:39:42-04:00 <img src="" width="514" height="308" border="0" title="" alt="" /><em><p>A proposal under consideration here called the Flussbad (&ldquo;river pool&rdquo;) would clean up a filthy canal, part of the River Spree, that flows around the tourist-mobbed Museum Island. The plan would add new wetlands and some place the public can literally dive into. Despite detractors who picture Berlin&rsquo;s cultural center being upstaged by the equivalent of one long, riotous water-filled bouncy castle, the idea, which has been around for a while, is gaining momentum.</p></em><br /><br /><p><img title="" alt="" src=""><br><br>Over the past few decades and across the globe, cities have been increasingly reimagining their waterways and -fronts. Hydrologic infrastructure projects, from&nbsp;Cheonggyecheon in Seoul to the LA River Revitalization Project (<a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">to be helmed by Frank Gehry</a>),&nbsp;have the potential to inspire renewed relationships between urbanites and their city.<br><br>But they also run the risk of becoming subsumed in preexisting, local political conflicts &ndash; sometimes draining the city's coffers in the process.<br><img title="" alt="" src=""><br><img title="" alt="" src=""><br><img title="" alt="" src=""><br><br>The Flussbad plan for Berlin proposes cleaning up a section of the canal that runs around Museum Island and connects into the River Spree.<br><br>Imagined by the design firm <a href="" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">realities:united</a>,&nbsp;the plan could include a sandy bottom and new plantings to filter the polluted water, making it safe enough for swimming at a beach in front of the landmark museums.</p><p><img title="" alt="" src=""><br><img title="" alt="" src=""><br><img title="" alt="" src=""><br><br>Notably, the plan is backed by a diverse coalition of figures spanning the political spectrum, alongside architects, planners, and environmentalists, which could si...</p>