Archinect - Features 2014-09-16T09:34:28-04:00 http://archinect.com/features/article/108655901/factory-berlin-a-new-tech-incubator-emerges-from-the-ruins-of-the-berlin-wall Factory Berlin, a New Tech Incubator, Emerges from the Ruins of the Berlin Wall Nicholas Korody 2014-09-15T11:06:00-04:00 >2014-09-15T23:55:52-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/mw/mwrmyr451lqw6q64.jpg" width="514" height="342" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>The archives of the <em>New York Times </em>testify to the euphoria that accompanied the fall of the Berlin Wall in November of 1989. An article entitled <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/1989/11/11/opinion/the-end-of-the-war-to-end-wars.html" target="_blank">&ldquo;The End of the War to End Wars&rdquo;</a> reads: &ldquo;Crowds of young Germans danced on top of the hated Berlin wall Thursday night. They danced for joy, they danced for history. They danced because the tragic cycle of catastrophes that first convulsed Europe 75 years ago, embracing two world wars, a Holocaust and a cold war, seems at long last to be nearing an end.&rdquo;&nbsp;</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/101728824/rem-s-venice-biennale-is-like-being-immersed-in-a-stormy-s-m-l-xl-with-a-glass-of-wine-and-hundreds-of-other-people Rem's Venice Biennale is "like being immersed in a stormy S,M,L,XL, with a glass of wine, and hundreds of other people" Terri Peters 2014-06-16T10:46:00-04:00 >2014-06-23T19:43:39-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ru/ru6bcb8mio6w1kv6.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Is Modernism &ldquo;history&rdquo;? How do Modern concepts, especially regarding representation, nature, technology and housing, relate to the current state of architecture? These were some overarching questions embedded in the 14th Venice Biennale of Architecture, curated by Rem Koolhaas. The show opened June 7th under the &ldquo;Fundamentals&rdquo; theme, and it is worth visiting for the important questions it raises about the current state of architecture and building.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/100175622/a-new-nature-interview-with-ma-yansong-of-mad-architecture A new nature: Interview with Ma Yansong of MAD Architecture Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2014-05-22T13:05:00-04:00 >2014-06-05T13:46:11-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/dp/dp9t9yh89308vmts.jpg" width="514" height="386" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>Ma Yansong is a trailblazing figure for Chinese architecture, having made a name for himself around the world as a business leader and innovative architect. Recently named <a href="http://www.i-mad.com/ennews_details.aspx?id=145" target="_blank">2014's Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum</a> and one of <a href="http://www.fastcompany.com/3029521/most-creative-people-2014/ma-yansong" target="_blank">Fast Company's 100 Most Creative People in Business</a>, Yansong founded MAD Architecture ten years ago in Beijing, and earlier this year announced the opening of another office in Los Angeles.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/99380154/cutting-room-listen-to-john-szot-creator-of-architecture-and-the-unspeakable-discuss-cyber-architectural-realities-and-speculative-practice Cutting Room: Listen to John Szot, creator of "Architecture and the Unspeakable", discuss cyber-architectural realities and speculative practice Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2014-05-19T11:08:00-04:00 >2014-05-27T22:36:31-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/jr/jr91hmavy6raywi0.jpg" width="514" height="321" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/firms/cover/1556/john-szot" target="_blank">John Szot</a>, architect and creator of the&nbsp;<a href="http://johnszot.com/archandtheunspeakable/" target="_blank"><em>Architecture and the Unspeakable</em></a>&nbsp;film series, is a pioneer in film's unique architectural exploration, working with digital animation to&nbsp;investigate parts of the built environment that remain hidden at the street level. In our interview for <a href="http://archinect.com/features/tag/445980/cutting-room" target="_blank"><strong>Cutting Room</strong></a>, an audio series at the intersection of architecture and film, Szot spoke with me about his architectural background and how he started making films.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/92535295/student-works-foundhouse-by-patrick-beseda-and-lacy-williams Student Works: FOUNDhouse by Patrick Beseda and Lacy Williams Nam Henderson 2014-02-05T13:56:00-05:00 >2014-04-20T04:04:29-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/vs/vso6478t6bm17bds.jpg" width="514" height="342" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p>When Patrick Beseda and Lacy Williams began realizing their ambition to build a micro-dwelling, they began with a Wikihouse design. The <a href="http://www.wikihouse.cc/" target="_blank">WikiHouse project</a> is an open-source library of construction sets for houses, where anyone can submit, edit, and use the designs. The design's components can all be "printed" from plywood using a CNC machine, and are simple enough to assemble with minimal training. Lacy and Patrick, both MArch students at the University of Colorado, Denver, set out to build their own micro-Wikihouse last summer, personalizing the template along their way.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/92243101/working-out-of-the-box-miguel-mckelvey Working out of the Box: Miguel McKelvey Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2014-01-30T11:46:00-05:00 >2014-02-03T18:24:22-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/88/88qk8ma0n0p3erue.jpg" width="514" height="330" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p><a href="http://archinect.com/features/tag/1149/working-out-of-the-box" target="_blank"><strong>Working out of the Box </strong></a>is a series of features presenting architects who have applied their architecture backgrounds to alternative career paths.</p><p>In this installment, we're talking with Miguel McKelvey, Co-Founder &amp; Chief Creative Officer at <a href="http://wework.com" target="_blank">WeWork</a>.</p><p><em>Are you an architect working out of the box? Do you know of someone that has changed careers and has an interesting story to share? If you would like to suggest an (ex-)architect, <a href="http://archinect.com/contact_us" target="_blank">please send us a message</a>.</em></p> http://archinect.com/features/article/83387409/7-lessons-from-the-3rd-international-architectural-education-summit 7 Lessons from the 3rd International Architectural Education Summit Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2013-10-07T10:45:00-04:00 >2013-10-14T16:33:11-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/l3/l3neq8xemjrpbvoz.jpg" width="514" height="343" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> Just over a year ago, the <em>Architectural Review</em> published &ldquo;Alternative Routes for Architecture&rdquo;, calling for a drastic reinterpretation of architectural education in the face of rigid institutions and extreme financial strains. Certainly this demand is older than a year -- as we allow technology to knit information more thickly into our cultural fabric, we question the nature of education at large as having a physical place and hierarchy, through systems such as MOOCs or mobile workspaces. Add prohibitively high costs, followed by debt and depressing unemployment rates, and the architect is getting fit to reconstitute itself as newly relevant and multi-faceted professional.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/79290654/what-s-next-a-panel-discussion-for-a-d-museum-s-never-built-los-angeles What's Next?: A Panel Discussion for A+D Museum's "Never Built: Los Angeles" Amelia Taylor-Hochberg 2013-08-12T20:19:00-04:00 >2013-08-22T12:24:05-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/vi/viutnqh0sp2ivfnd.jpg" width="514" height="771" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> Does L.A. even want to be defined by a provincial architecture? Is it necessarily a disadvantage that the city serves as an incubator, rather than a fairground, for architectural innovation -- or as Thom Mayne put it, as a world-class global exporter of urban and architectural ideas? It may be that the very landscape of inspiration is an obstruction to execution.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/73381902/op-ed-the-ego-and-the-architect Op-Ed: The Ego and the Architect Beth Mosenthal 2013-05-20T09:36:00-04:00 >2013-07-24T12:39:33-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/w0/w001jefaon3qa2kp.jpg" width="514" height="333" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> A few weeks ago, I witnessed an interaction that I imagine most people in the design industry experience numerous times both in school AND professional life. What transpired was this: a few junior architects were pinning up carefully composed drawings, renderings, and sketches for a client meeting. Under a tight budget and time constraint, the amount of thought, options, and exploration on the wall felt vital and impressive. As the last drawing was being pinned, a visiting architect from a different office briefly stepped into the room, looked at the wall for about thirty seconds, and quickly claimed &ldquo;Oh, I built this building in the 90&rsquo;s&hellip;&rdquo;</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/37129517/contours-on-business-and-bosses CONTOURS: On Business and Bosses Sherin Wing 2012-02-06T13:47:00-05:00 >2012-05-24T21:33:00-04:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/1d/1dddqvxtn8nb4xxe.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> The business of business from the top is changing. The pace of that change for everyone who has directly suffered from the Great Recession is admittedly glacial, though some continue to argue that the Great Recession hasn&rsquo;t done &ldquo;too much&rdquo; harm to the building and design industries.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/34746431/contours-the-divisions-that-bind-us CONTOURS: The Divisions that Bind Us Guy Horton 2012-01-16T20:28:00-05:00 >2013-01-24T23:49:09-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/kr/kreqjmws7jfblx6e.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> As if the narratives and infographics of Occupy weren&rsquo;t loud enough by now, Catherine Rampell, an economics reporter for <em>The New York Times</em>, decided to bang the drum a little louder by writing &ldquo;<a href="http://economix.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/01/05/want-a-job-go-to-college-and-dont-major-in-architecture/" target="_blank">Want a Job? Go to College, and Don&rsquo;t Major in Architecture</a>&rdquo;.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/32418179/top-10-design-initiatives-to-watch-in-2012-for-the-public-good Top 10 Design Initiatives to Watch in 2012—for the public good John Cary 2011-12-27T14:34:00-05:00 >2013-01-31T19:49:07-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/q1/q1xdvl1q1ksa9c4m.jpg" width="514" height="269" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> <em>By John Cary</em></p> <p> Last week&rsquo;s <a href="http://archinect.com/features/article/31829593/top-10-design-milestones-of-2011-for-the-public-good" target="_blank">Top 10 Design Milestones of 2011</a>, published here at Archinect, highlighted advances in design for the public good by profiling leading organizations from <a href="http://www.ideo.org" target="_blank">IDEO.org</a> and <a href="http://www.massdesigngroup.org" target="_blank">Mass Design Group</a> to individuals like Jeanne Gang and Michael Kimmelman. As we round out this year and usher in the next, it feels important to also look towards the future&mdash;though, of course, looking back is always easier than looking forward.</p> <p> With that in mind, this is not an exercise in trend spotting, but rather a simple meditation on initiatives poised to advance the field, and how they can be scaled up, refined, tweaked, borrowed, and leveraged. None of the following is entirely new; some are a long time in the making, while others are testing new directions. Some initiatives also evade mention, either because they&rsquo;re not yet public or because they haven&rsquo;t yet been dreamed up. One thing is for certain: the bar is higher than ever, even&mdash;and perhaps especially&mdash;for design efforts that c...</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/31485476/contours-the-gender-gap-in-top-management CONTOURS: The Gender Gap in Top Management Sherin Wing 2011-12-19T12:47:09-05:00 >2011-12-27T12:36:40-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/iq/iqw3cugkvijsz7m9.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> According to a recent <a href="http://www.economist.com/node/21539932" target="_blank">special report on women and work</a> in the <em>Economist</em>, &ldquo;In America in the early 1970s more than half of all families with children consisted of a breadwinner husband, a stay-at-home wife and two or more kids; now only a fifth do. Instead there are lots of single-parent households, and even if couples live together they no longer necessarily marry. If they do, the wives are likely to go out to work, whether or not they have dependent children, and take only a short break for maternity. Life is too expensive for most families to be able to manage on one pay cheque. In most rich countries the dominant model now is the two-earner family, with both parents working full-time.&rdquo;</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/30681941/contours-immigration-and-the-economy CONTOURS: Immigration and the Economy Sherin Wing 2011-12-12T13:44:43-05:00 >2012-01-27T03:56:08-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/v0/v0xrcec0esg1rccs.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> Listening to the Republican presidential debates, one would think that immigration is the single most important issue pressing on the U.S. economy today and that if it were &ldquo;solved&rdquo;&mdash;i.e. no immigrants of color (especially those from Mexico in particular, though those from Arab nations, China, and South Asia generally are also targeted by this discourse) were ever let across our borders again&mdash;that the economic woes would also be solved. In architecture, the presence of East Asian nationals in particular causes consternation amongst certain circles.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/29870846/contours-edd-de-1101-i-part-2 CONTOURS: EDD DE 1101 I - Part 2 Guy Horton 2011-12-05T13:07:50-05:00 >2011-12-15T19:28:40-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/n4/n4qr44e0xf0upgjx.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> There are so many metaphors for being unemployed. My preference is a burial scenario. You are being buried and the earth keeps getting piled upon you deeper and deeper until you eventually stop trying to dig your way out. It becomes your early grave. Might as well just stay in there. When the economy eventually does improve, 43% of those 13.9 million long-term unemployed Americans may very likely remain buried as the new sidewalks of hope are poured right over them. The new armies with stars and dollar signs in their eyes will blindly stagger along going in and out of gold-plated doors, making their way around the Monopoly board until the next recession&mdash;roughly every ten years.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/29060151/contours-edd-de-1101-i CONTOURS: EDD DE 1101 I Guy Horton 2011-11-28T12:45:19-05:00 >2011-11-29T20:39:42-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/jh/jhrhl2rwaquifq34.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> <em>Author&rsquo;s Disclaimer</em></p> <p> <em>Hello! Author here. Just interjecting at the onset of this article to make it clear that, yes, I am indeed biased and this is not intended to be purely objective in any sense. I&rsquo;m also blatantly stealing this device from David Foster Wallace, who used this little tactic in his posthumous novel, </em>The Pale King<em>. Have you read it? Quite good, I think, as long as you can get beyond the fact that he hanged himself. That&rsquo;s depressing. Another subjective P.O.V. on my part. Sorry.</em></p> http://archinect.com/features/article/28252356/contours-get-a-job CONTOURS: Get a Job! Guy Horton 2011-11-21T12:39:20-05:00 >2012-01-24T11:55:23-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/3i/3i7hbywuuq8pdh6k.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> Disconnects. There are disconnects. You become aware of them when you pass from one reality into another. From employed to unemployed is one such transition. It&rsquo;s hard to understand unless you have gone through it. I would compare the experience to going to war&hellip;without all the weapons and death.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/27444989/contours-what-should-architecture-occupy-part-three CONTOURS: What Should Architecture Occupy? Part Three Sherin Wing 2011-11-14T12:53:28-05:00 >2011-11-24T09:05:52-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/o6/o6jxbxfyfnhqc2i6.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> The results of the OWS poll are in. Now, there are many different approaches to summarizing the responses. One is to rely solely on statistics, but since many of the answers cannot be meaningfully summarized this way, and since OWS itself is about giving people a voice, the best way to encapsulate the results is to quote some responses. Of course, the flip responses were jettisoned because what we wanted were sincere, thoughtful responses, whether we agreed with them or not.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/25372807/contours-what-should-architecture-occupy-part-two CONTOURS: What Should Architecture Occupy? Part Two Guy Horton 2011-11-07T12:00:00-05:00 >2011-11-24T09:05:52-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/cc/ccbysepz5mzdq1ko.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> Of course, we know why architects are quiet on these fundamental issues of wealth and inequality. On the one hand they are just too busy trying to run their businesses and chase after ever fewer projects for less and less money. The other reason is that architects depend on the wealthiest segments of society for their livelihoods. Thus it <em>seems</em> to provide an obvious reason not to support a movement that stands for social and economic justice and an end to rules that favor corporations, banks and wealthy individuals over &ldquo;everyone else.&rdquo; Again, if you aren&rsquo;t sure what the ruckus is all about, you can do some investigating on your own&mdash;start by reading outside the architectural press.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/25370398/contours-what-should-architecture-occupy-part-one CONTOURS: What Should Architecture Occupy? Part One Guy Horton 2011-10-31T12:00:00-04:00 >2011-11-24T09:05:52-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/3m/3mhcq4dfgutyifrb.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> Unless you&rsquo;ve been living under a very remote rock, you know by now that the OWS, or <a href="http://occupywallst.org/" target="_blank">Occupy Wall Street</a> movement, with its many offshoots including <a href="https://www.facebook.com/OccupyTheHood" target="_blank">Occupy the Hood</a>, has been continued for over a month, now. And what&rsquo;s more, unless you are independently wealthy or a trustfund baby (and are therefore the &ldquo;1%&rdquo;), you are also part of the 99% of the population whom this collective movement addresses.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/25018068/gender-and-design-leadership Gender and Design Leadership Sherin Wing 2011-10-24T13:12:37-04:00 >2011-11-24T09:05:52-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/jz/jzsmghrh7k8dkjay.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> Women in the architecture workplace is, oddly, a subject that does not receive a lot of press. Perhaps it is because from the time of school onward, women in the field are indoctrinated into being either as &ldquo;hard,&rdquo; &ldquo;iron-like&rdquo; or on a practical level, unbathed and unhygienic, as their male counterparts in order to be accepted. Indeed, at one school in Los Angeles, the women actively cultivate a hardened exterior that rivals any of their male classmates. Those who do not relinquish obvious signifiers of womanhood are dismissed as either attempting to &ldquo;sleep their way to success&rdquo; or as &ldquo;lightweights.&rdquo;</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/24220512/the-ideal-firm-s-profile The Ideal Firm’s Profile Sherin Wing 2011-10-17T12:34:04-04:00 >2011-11-24T09:05:52-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/cq/cqhhd3x7e1qzv0wm.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> In publications such as <em>The Atlantic Monthly</em> and <em>The Economist</em>, articles have heralded a new economic era. An era that demands that business be done differently in order to survive not only the continuing recession but to create a new, more agile business model. As many economists have asserted, the effects of poor economic policies and deregulation throughout the 2000&rsquo;s will be felt for years to come.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/23438627/a-macro-look-at-unemployment-and-the-economy A Macro Look at Unemployment and the Economy Sherin Wing 2011-10-10T17:48:37-04:00 >2011-11-24T09:05:52-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/lh/lh12db90jdmlz3b8.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> Different approaches to alleviate the Great Recession&rsquo;s intransigence have been suggested. Repeatedly, policy approaches have been examined, only to be jettisoned, based on whether they concur with their own political ideologies. To combat this, we examine a few academic studies that offer views tested by more than mere opinion.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/22836339/contours-the-real CONTOURS: The Real Guy Horton 2011-10-05T12:46:14-04:00 >2011-11-24T09:05:52-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/7h/7hn29x6bap0darhw.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> Let&rsquo;s get real. What we generally call Reality is not something we should lose sight of at this juncture, when our economy is <em>still </em>faltering, protests are erupting in cities across the country (you have heard about this, right?), and conservatives are arguing that taxing the rich will derail the engines of prosperity for all. So much for that &ldquo;recovery.&rdquo; Not in sight.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/21819085/contours-urban-justice CONTOURS: Urban Justice Sherin Wing 2011-09-26T16:45:11-04:00 >2012-01-09T02:01:02-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/ta/tayvu20q5e1mdpl2.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> The Census Bureau just released its latest statistics from 2008 on, amongst other things, <a href="http://www.census.gov/compendia/statab/cats/income_expenditures_poverty_wealth/poverty.html" target="_blank">poverty</a>. In an article on making housing more accessible to the <a href="http://www.metropolismag.com/pov/20110602/the-5000-home-for-developed-nations" target="_blank">poor</a>, I cited some older statistics to highlight the much-neglected need. Too often, people focus on the &ldquo;other&rdquo; poor, those living in developing nations because it is easier than examining those who are impoverished in our own urban centers.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/20989605/contours-whither-goest-thou-green-economy-part-2 CONTOURS: Whither Goest Thou, Green Economy: Part 2 Sherin Wing 2011-09-19T13:12:29-04:00 >2011-11-24T09:05:52-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/cw/cwqw77wes3gzde9x.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> There is an unofficial index in <em>The Economist</em> which they call the &ldquo;<a href="http://www.economist.com/node/21529079" target="_blank">R-word index</a>.&rdquo; It tracks the number of times the word &ldquo;Recession&rdquo; appears in the press. It is on the increase, and no wonder, with unemployment in the U.S. still hovering at around 9-10% (depending upon whose numbers one follows), and with growth flat and the <a href="http://http:/www.economist.com/node/21529029" target="_blank">Fed promising not to raise interest rates until mid-2013</a>. Meanwhile, the Eurozone has continued to falter over what to do about the drag that the so-called &ldquo;PIIGS&rdquo; (Portugal, Italy, Ireland, Greece, and Spain) continue to wreak on the Euro and what to do about it. Japan is not faring much better. In fact, most developed nations have had a very rough time of it over the past few years, and it looks as if the trend may continue.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/20183669/contours-whither-goest-thou-green-economy CONTOURS: Whither Goest Thou, Green Economy? Guy Horton 2011-09-12T11:40:07-04:00 >2011-11-24T09:05:52-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/y2/y200m3q2ycu5mms2.jpg" width="514" height="303" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> <em>Whither goest thou, America, in thy shiny car in the night?</em><br> --Jack Kerouac</p> <p> Did you tune into Obama&rsquo;s jobs speech last Thursday night? Hopefully, you were too busy putting in unpaid overtime at your office. Or maybe you didn&rsquo;t give a damn because you&rsquo;ve been out there looking for a job, shooting your portfolio into a black hole for months and months.</p> http://archinect.com/features/article/7370136/sustainability-of-workers-rights Sustainability of Workers' Rights Ann Lui 2011-05-23T14:33:01-04:00 >2011-11-24T09:05:52-05:00 <img src="http://cdn.archinect.net/images/514x/of/ofpwl0bvbij9p2u7.jpg" width="514" height="397" border="0" title="" alt="" /><p> The USGBC&rsquo;s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system promotes sustainable construction; however, despite the system&rsquo;s focus on occupant health and comfort, LEED turns a blind eye to worker safety. The building practice, by the nature of its scale, will always rely on mass labor for construction. Yet from early monuments like the Egyptian pyramids or the Great Wall of China to recent slavery charges in the UAE documented by the Human Rights Watch, architecture has always had a complicated relationship with labor rights.</p>