Jul '10 - Aug '10
The city of Palmukkale "Cotton Castle", gets its name from the large travertines lining a nearby cliff. These travertines were formed over thousands of years of calcium carbonate impregnated water flowing from hot springs, down the face of the cliff. The warm, calcium rich waters have been bathed in for thousands of years, in fact atop the cliff lies the Roman spa city of Heirapolis.
The city itself was leveled by an earthquake in 60 CE, it was abandoned soon after.
Domitian gate, this is all that remains of the city's center.
Turkey is at the crossroads of the Middle East and Europe, to this day its unique geographic position has brought with it tremendous conflict. It has been occupied by such diverse civilizations as the Hittites, the Trojans, Lyceans, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantine and Ottomans, finally leading to the establishment of the modern Turkish state. In the wake of these periods of occupation, architecture from each has been deposited throughout the country.